Open main menu

In the English language, terms for types of killing often end in the suffix -cide.

Contents

Killing of selfEdit

  • Suicide, intentional killing of self
    • Autocide, suicide by automobile
    • Medicide, a suicide accomplished with the aid of a physician
    • Murder-suicide, a suicide committed immediately after one or more murders
    • Self-immolation, suicide as a form of protest, often by fire
    • Suicide by cop, acting in a threatening manner so as to provoke a lethal response from law enforcement

Killing of other peopleEdit

All of these are considered types of homicide.

Killing of familyEdit

  • Avunculicide - the act of killing an uncle. (Avunculus being Latin for uncle, specifically a maternal uncle)
  • Familicide – is a multiple-victim homicide where a killer's spouse and children are slain.(Familia being Latin for family)
  • Filicide – the act of a parent killing their child. (Filius being Latin for son.)
  • Fratricide – the act of killing a brother, also in military context death by friendly fire. (Frater being Latin for brother)
  • Geronticide – the abandonment of the elderly to die, commit suicide or be killed. See also Senicide.
  • Honour killing – the act of killing a family member who has or was perceived to have brought disgrace to the family.
  • Infanticide – the act of killing a child within the first year of its life.
  • Mariticide – the act of killing one's husband.
  • Matricide – the act of killing one's mother. (Mater being Latin for mother)
  • Neonaticide – the act of killing an infant within the first twenty-four hours or month (varies by individual and jurisdiction) of its life.
  • Nepoticide – the act of killing one's nephew
  • Parricide – (also parenticide) the killing of one's mother or father or other close relative.
  • Patricide – the act of killing of one's father. (Pater being Latin for father)
  • Pedicide - the act of killing a child.
  • Prolicide – the act of killing one's own children.
  • Senicide – the killing of one's elderly family members when they can no longer work or become a burden. (Senex being Latin for old man)
  • Siblicide – the killing of an infant individual by its close relatives (full or half siblings)
  • Sororicide – the act of killing one's sister.(Soror being Latin for sister)
  • Uxoricide – the act of killing one's wife (Uxor being Latin for wife)

Killing of othersEdit

  • Amicicide – the act of killing a friend. ("Amicus" being Latin for friend)
  • Androcide – the systematic killing of men.
  • Capital punishment – the judicial killing of a human being for crimes.
  • Casualty (person) – death (or injury) in wartime.
  • Collateral damage – Deaths during wartime due to imprecise or incorrect targeting or friendly fire
  • Democide – the murder of any person or people by a government.
  • Ecocide – the destruction of the natural environment by such activity as war, overexploitation of resources, or pollution.
  • Extrajudicial killing – killing by government forces without due process
  • Euthanasia (also known as "mercy killing") – the killing of any being for compassionate reasons, e.g., significant injury or disease.
  • Familiaricide in commutatione eius possessio – the act of killing a family for their property and/or possessions (From "familiaris" being Latin for of a household,"in commutatione eius" being Latin for in exchange for, and "possessio" being Latin for a possession or property)
  • Femicide (also gynecide, gynaecide, or gynocide) – the systematic killing of women.
  • Feticide – the act of killing a fetus.
  • Gendercide – the systematic killing of members of a specific sex or gender.
  • Genocide – the systematic extermination of an entire national, racial, religious, or ethnic group.
  • Homicide – the act of killing of a person. ("Homo" being Latin for man)
  • Justifiable homicide
  • Human sacrifice – the killing of a human for sacrificial, often religious, reasons.
  • Massacre or mass murder – the killing of many people.
  • Murder – the malicious and unlawful killing of a human by another human.
  • Manslaughter – murder, but under legally mitigating circumstances.
  • Omnicide – the act of killing all humans, to create intentional extinction of the human species. ("Omni" meaning all)
  • Populicide – see Democide above.
  • Xenocide – The genocide of an entire alien species. Often used in science fiction, one famous example being the novel "Xenocide" by Orson Scott Card.

Killing of superiorsEdit

Killing of animals, disease, and pestsEdit

  • Algaecide – a chemical agent that kills algae
  • Acaricide – a chemical agent that kills mites
  • Avicide – a chemical agent that kills birds
  • Bactericide – a chemical agent that kills bacteria.
  • Biocide – a chemical agent that kills a broad spectrum of living organisms.
  • Canicide – the killing of dogs. (Canis being Latin for dog)
  • Fungicide – chemical agents or biological organisms used to kill or inhibit fungi or fungal spores.
  • Germicide – an agent that kills germs, especially pathogenic microorganisms; a disinfectant
  • Herbicide – an agent that kills unwanted plants, a weed killer.
  • Insecticide – an agent that kills unwanted insects.
  • Larvicide (also larvacide) – an insecticide targeted against the larval life stage of an insect.
  • Microbicide – an agent used to kill or reduce the infectiousness of microorganisms.
  • Miticide – {a chemical to kill mites.
  • Nemacide (also nematicide, nematocide) – a chemical to eradicate or kill nematodes.
  • Parasiticide – a general term to describe an agent used to destroy parasites.
  • Pediculicide – an agent that kills head lice.
  • Pesticide – a general term to describe an agent used to destroy or repel a pest.
  • Scabicide – a chemical agent for killing scabies.
  • Spermicide – a contraceptive agent to render sperm inert and prevent fertilization.
  • Teniacide (also taeniacide, tenicide)– a chemical agent that kills tape worms.
  • Vermicide – an agent used to kill parasitic intestinal worms.
  • Virucide (also viricide) – an agent capable of destroying or inhibiting viruses.
  • Vulpicide (also vulpecide)- the killing of a fox by methods other than by hunting it with hounds.

Killing of intangiblesEdit

  • Famacide, defamation or slander, the killing of another's reputation
  • Linguicide, intentionally causing the death of a language
  • Urbicide, the destruction of a city or the stifling of urbanisation (urbs is Latin for "city")

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Webster's 1913.