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List of tram and light rail transit systems

  (Redirected from List of tram and light-rail transit systems)

The Melbourne tram network is the longest tram system by route length.
The New Orleans streetcar system is the oldest tram system.

The following is a list of cities that have current tram/streetcar (including heritage trams/heritage streetcars), or light rail systems as part of their regular public transit systems.[1] In other words, this list only includes systems which operate year-round and provide actual transit service, not ones that are primarily tourist services, are seasonal-only, or are excursion-type tram operations.

Some transit systems branded as "light rail" such as the Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia qualify as metro systems (see medium-capacity rail system) and thus are not listed here – see List of metro systems.

Only currently operational tram and LRT systems are included in this listing – tram and LRT systems that have "suspended operation" or are presently under construction are excluded.

Contents

Legend

Location
Primary city served by the tram/streetcar or light rail system.
Country
Sovereign state in which the tram/streetcar or light rail system is located.
System
The English name of the tram system or overview article for city.
Year opened
The year the system opened for passenger service. For older systems, this may refer to horsecar service for those systems continuously in operation since their horsecar era.
Stations
The number of stations in the network, as quoted by the system's operator.
System length
The system length of a tram/streetcar or light rail network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers (or miles). Each section of track is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.
Type
Defines whether the system in question is a tram/streetcar system or a light rail transit system (or, in a few cases, whether the system is a heritage streetcar system).

Africa

Asia

All systems in Russia, including those in Asia, are listed together, for convenience, in the Europe section of this article.

Location Country System Year opened Type
Anren   China Anren Tram 2016[16] Heritage tram
Beijing[note 1]   China Xijiao Line 2017[17] Light rail
Changchun[note 1]   China Changchun Tram[18] 1941[19] Tram
Changchun Light Rail Transit[18] 2002[19] Light rail
Chengdu[note 1]   China Chengdu Modern Tram 2018[20] Tram
Dalian[note 1]   China Trams in Dalian[21] 1909[22] Tram
Guangzhou[note 1]   China Haizhu Tram[23] 2014[22] Tram
Hong Kong[note 1]   China Hong Kong Tramways[24] 1904[24] Tram
Light Rail[25] 1988[25] Light rail
Huai'an   China Huai'an Tram 2015[22] Tram
Nanjing[note 1]   China Nanjing Tram 2014[22] Tram
Qingdao[note 1]   China Qingdao Tram 2016[26] Tram
Sanya   China Sanya Tram 2019[27] Tram
Shanghai[note 1]   China Zhangjiang Tram[note 2] 2010[28] Translohr
Songjiang Tram[note 2] 2018[29] Tram
Shenyang[note 1]   China Shenyang Modern Tram[note 3] 2013[22] Tram
Shenzhen[note 1]   China Longhua Tram 2017[30] Tram
Suzhou[note 1]   China Suzhou Tram 2014[31][22] Tram
Tianjin[note 1]   China TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram[32][note 4] 2007[22] Translohr
Zhuhai   China Trams in Zhuhai 2017[33] Tram
Kolkata[note 1]   India Trams in Kolkata 1873[34] Tram
Jerusalem   Israel Jerusalem Light Rail[35] 2011[36] Light rail
Fukui   Japan Fukui Railway[37] 1933[38][note 5] Interurban, Tram-train
Hakodate   Japan Hakodate City Transportation Bureau[39] 1913[38] Tram
Hiroshima[note 1]   Japan Hiroshima Electric Railway[40] 1912[38] Tram
Kagoshima   Japan Kagoshima City Transportation Bureau 1912[38] Tram
Kamakura, Fujisawa   Japan Enoshima Electric Railway 1902[41] Interurban
Kitakyūshū   Japan Chikuhō Electric Railroad 1956[42] Light rail
Kōchi   Japan Tosaden Kōtsū 1904[38] Tram
Kumamoto   Japan Kumamoto City Transportation Bureau 1924[38] Tram
Kyoto[note 1]   Japan Keifuku Electric Railroad 1910[38] Light rail
Kyoto,[note 1] Ōtsu   Japan Keishin Line, Keihan Ishiyama Sakamoto Line (operated by Keihan Electric Railway) 1912[38] Interurban
Matsuyama   Japan Iyo Railway 1911[38] Tram
Nagasaki   Japan Nagasaki Electric Tramway 1915[38] Tram
Okayama   Japan Okayama Electric Tramway 1912[38] Tram
Osaka,[note 1] Sakai   Japan Hankai Electric Tramway 1911[38] Light rail
Sapporo[note 1]   Japan Sapporo Streetcar 1918[38] Tram
Takaoka, Imizu   Japan Man'yōsen Corporation 1948[38] Tram
Tokyo[note 1]   Japan Toden Arakawa Line 1913[43] Tram
Tōkyū Setagaya Line 1925[44] Light rail
Toyama   Japan Toyama Light Rail[45] 2006[45] Light rail
Toyama city tram 1913[38] Tram
Toyohashi   Japan Toyohashi tramway 1925[38] Tram
Oskemen   Kazakhstan Trams in Oskemen[46] 1959[47] Tram
Pavlodar   Kazakhstan Public transportation in Pavlodar 1965[48][47] Tram
Temirtau   Kazakhstan Trams in Temirtau 1959[47] Tram
Chongjin   North Korea Chongjin trams 1999[49] Tram
Pyongyang[note 1]   North Korea Pyongyang tram system[50][51] 1991[51] Tram
Manila   Philippines Line 1 1984 Light rail/Rapid transit
Manila   Philippines Line 3 1999 Light rail/Rapid transit
Kaohsiung[note 1]   Taiwan Circular light rail 2016 Light rail
New Taipei[note 1]   Taiwan Danhai light rail 2018[52] Light rail
Antalya   Turkey Antalya nostalgic tramway[53] 1999 Heritage tram
AntRay[53] 2009[54] Light rail
Bursa[note 1]   Turkey Trams in Bursa 2011[55] Tram, Heritage tram
Eskişehir   Turkey EsTram 2004[56] Tram
Gaziantep   Turkey Trams in Gaziantep 2011[56] Tram
Istanbul[note 1]   Turkey Istanbul Tram[note 6][note 7] 1992[56] Tram
Istanbul nostalgic tramways[note 8] 1990[57] Heritage tram
İzmir[note 1]   Turkey Tram İzmir 2017[58] Tram
İzmit   Turkey Akçaray [tr] 2017[59] Tram
Kayseri   Turkey Kayseray 2009[60] Light rail
Konya   Turkey Trams in Konya 1992[56] Tram
Samsun   Turkey Transport in Samsun 2010[56] Tram
Dubai[note 1]   United Arab Emirates Dubai Tram 2014[61] Tram
Samarkand   Uzbekistan Trams in Samarkand 2017[62] Tram

Europe

All systems in Turkey, including those in Europe, are listed together, for convenience, in the Asia section of this article.

Location Country System Year opened Stations System length Type
Gmunden   Austria Gmunden Tramway 1894 8 2.3 km (1.4 mi) Tram/Heritage tramway
Graz   Austria Trams in Graz 1878 165 59.8 km (37.2 mi)[63] Tram
Innsbruck   Austria Trams in Innsbruck 1891 40 19.5 km (12.1 mi) Tram
Linz   Austria Trams in Linz 1880 59 26.8 km (16.7 mi) Tram
Vienna[note 1]   Austria Trams in Vienna 1897 1071[64] 176.9 km (109.9 mi)[64] Tram
Wiener Lokalbahn 1873 36 30.4 km (18.9 mi) Tram-train
Mazyr   Belarus Trams in Mazyr 1988 19.6 km (12.2 mi) Tram
Minsk[note 1]   Belarus Local transport in Minsk 1892 62.8 km (39.0 mi) Tram
Navapolatsk   Belarus Trams in Navapolatsk 1974 11 km (6.8 mi) Tram
Vitebsk   Belarus Trams in Vitebsk 1898 115 36 km (22 mi) Tram
Antwerp   Belgium Trams in Antwerp 1873 72 km (45 mi) Tram
Belgian coast   Belgium Coast Tram (Belgium) 1885 67 68 km (42 mi) Interurban tramway
Brussels[note 1]   Belgium Trams in Brussels 1869[65] 291 138.9 km (86.3 mi)[66] Tram, Heritage tram
Charleroi   Belgium Charleroi Metro
(was: Charleroi Premetro)
1976 48 33 km (21 mi) Light rail
Ghent   Belgium Trams in Ghent 1874 30 km (19 mi) Tram
Sarajevo   Bosnia-Herzegovina Trams in Sarajevo 1884[67] 22.9 km (14.2 mi)[67] Tram
Sofia[note 1]   Bulgaria Trams in Sofia 1901[68] 165 154 km (96 mi)[68] Tram
Brno   Czech Republic Trams in Brno 1869[69] 70 km (43 mi)[70] Tram
Liberec   Czech Republic Liberec–Jablonec tramway 1897 21.5 km (13.4 mi) Tram
MostLitvínov   Czech Republic Trams in Most and Litvínov 1901 Tram
Olomouc   Czech Republic Trams in Olomouc 1899 32 13.6 km (8.5 mi) Tram
Ostrava   Czech Republic Trams in Ostrava 1894[71] 100[72] 65.7 km (40.8 mi)[72] Tram
Plzeň   Czech Republic Trams in Pilsen 1899 20.4 km (12.7 mi) Tram
Prague[note 1]   Czech Republic Trams in Prague 1891[73] 629[74] 142.4 km (88.5 mi)[75] Tram
Osijek   Croatia Trams in Osijek 1884 41 12 km (7.5 mi) Tram
Zagreb   Croatia Trams in Zagreb 1891[76] 256[77] 54.2 km (33.7 mi)[77] Tram
Aarhus   Denmark Aarhus Letbane 2017[78] 32[78] 44 km (27 mi)[78] Light rail
Tallinn   Estonia Trams in Tallinn[79] 1888[79] 39 km (24 mi) Tram
Helsinki[note 1]   Finland Trams in Helsinki 1891[80] 266[81] 96 km (60 mi)[82] Tram
Angers   France Angers tramway 2011[83] 25 12.3 km (7.6 mi) Tram
Aubagne   France Aubagne tramway [fr] 2014[84] 7[84] 2.7 km (1.7 mi)[84] Tram
Besançon   France Trams in Besançon 2014[83] 31 14.5 km (9.0 mi) Tram
Bordeaux   France Bordeaux tramway 2003[83] 90[85] 66.1 km (41.1 mi)[85] Tram
Brest   France Brest tramway 2012[83] 28 14.3 km (8.9 mi) Tram
Clermont-Ferrand   France Clermont-Ferrand tramway 2006[83] 31 14.2 km (8.8 mi) Translohr
Dijon   France Dijon tramway 2012[83] 35 19 km (12 mi) Tram
Grenoble   France Grenoble tramway 1987[83] 63 29.6 km (18.4 mi) Tram
Le Havre   France Le Havre tramway 2012[83] 23 13 km (8.1 mi) Tram
Le Mans   France Le Mans tramway 2007[83] 29 15.4 km (9.6 mi) Tram
Lille[note 1]
(to Roubaix & Tourcoing)
  France Lille tramway 1909[83] 36 22 km (14 mi) Tram
Lyon[note 1]   France Lyon tramway 2001[86] 80[86] 53.3 km (33.1 mi)[86] Tram
Rhônexpress (airport link) 2010[87] 4[88] 22 km (14 mi)[88] Tram/Interurban
Marseille[note 1]   France Marseille tramway 1893[83][note 9] 28[89] 11.5 km (7.1 mi)[89] Tram
Montpellier   France Montpellier tramway 2000[83] 84[90] 56 km (35 mi)[90] Tram
Mulhouse   France Mulhouse tramway 2006[83] 29 16.2 km (10.1 mi) Tram
Nancy   France Nancy Guided Light Transit[note 10] 2000[83] 28 11.1 km (6.9 mi) TVR
Nantes   France Nantes tramway 1985[83] 82 42 km (26 mi)[91] Tram
Nice   France Nice tramway 2007[83] 36 17.4 km (10.8 mi) Tram
Orléans   France Orléans tramway 2000[83] 49 29.3 km (18.2 mi) Tram
Paris[note 1]   France Tramways in Île-de-France 1992[92] 186[92][93] 105 km (65 mi)[92][93][94] Tram, Translohr, Tram-train
Reims   France Reims tramway 2011[83] 23 11.2 km (7.0 mi) Tram
Rouen   France Rouen tramway 1994[83] 31 15.1 km (9.4 mi) Tram
Saint-Etienne   France Saint-Étienne tramway 1881[83] 38 11.7 km (7.3 mi) Tram
Strasbourg   France Strasbourg tramway 1994[83] 67[95] 55.5 km (34.5 mi)[96] Tram
Toulouse[note 1]   France Toulouse tramway 2010[97] 18[97] 11 km (6.8 mi)[97] Tram
Tours   France Tours tramway 2013[83] 29 15 km (9.3 mi) Tram
Valenciennes   France Valenciennes tramway 2006[83] 28 18.3 km (11.4 mi) Tram
Augsburg   Germany Trams in Augsburg 1881 45.4 km (28.2 mi) Tram
Bad Schandau   Germany Kirnitzschtal tramway 1898 13 7.9 km (4.9 mi) Tram
Berlin[note 1]   Germany Trams in Berlin 1865[98] 800 (about)[98] 190 km (120 mi)[98] Tram
Bielefeld   Germany Bielefeld Stadtbahn 1991[note 11][99] 62[99] 36.9 km (22.9 mi)[99] Stadtbahn
Bochum, Herne[note 12]   Germany Bochum Stadtbahn 1989[note 11] 21 15 km (9.3 mi) Stadtbahn
Trams in Bochum/Gelsenkirchen 1894 208 84 km (52 mi) Tram
Bonn   Germany Bonn Stadtbahn 1975[note 11] 81[100] 95.8 km (59.5 mi)[100] Stadtbahn
Trams in Bonn 1891 29.5 km (18.3 mi)[100] Tram
Braunschweig   Germany Trams in Braunschweig 1879 83 39.5 km (24.5 mi) Tram
Bremen   Germany Trams in Bremen 1876[101] 114.6 km (71.2 mi)[102] Tram
Cologne   Germany Cologne Stadtbahn 1968[note 11] 235 245.7 km (152.7 mi)[103] Stadtbahn
Cottbus   Germany Trams in Cottbus 1903 20.1 km (12.5 mi) Tram
Darmstadt   Germany Trams in Darmstadt 1886 76 42 km (26 mi)[104] Tram
Dortmund[note 12]   Germany Dortmund Stadtbahn 1976[note 11] 125 75.0 km (46.6 mi)[105] Stadtbahn
Dresden   Germany Trams in Dresden 1872[106] 154[107] 132.7 km (82.5 mi)[107] Tram
Duisburg[note 12]   Germany Trams in Duisburg 1881 76 43.7 km (27.2 mi) Tram
Düsseldorf[note 12]   Germany Düsseldorf Stadtbahn 1988[note 11] 99[108] 68.5 km (42.6 mi)[108] Stadtbahn
Trams in Düsseldorf 1876 178[108] 78.0 km (48.5 mi)[108] Tram
Erfurt   Germany Erfurt Stadtbahn 1997[note 11][109] Stadtbahn
Essen[note 12]   Germany Essen Stadtbahn 1977[note 11][110] 19.6 km (12.2 mi)[110] Stadtbahn
Trams in Essen 1893[110] 52.4 km (32.6 mi)[110] Tram
Frankfurt am Main   Germany Frankfurt U-Bahn 1968[note 11][111] 86[112] 64.9 km (40.3 mi)[112] Rapid transit/Stadtbahn
Trams in Frankfurt am Main 1872[113] 136[112] 67.3 km (41.8 mi)[112] Tram
Frankfurt (Oder)   Germany Trams in Frankfurt (Oder) 1898 73 19.5 km (12.1 mi) Tram
Freiburg im Breisgau   Germany Trams in Freiburg im Breisgau 1901 64 28 km (17 mi) Tram
Gotha   Germany Trams in Gotha 1894 30 25 km (16 mi) Tram
Halle   Germany Trams in Halle (Saale) 1882[114] 87.6 km (54.4 mi)[115] Tram
Hanover   Germany Hanover Stadtbahn 1975[note 11][116] 196[116] 121 km (75 mi)[116] Stadtbahn
Jena   Germany Trams in Jena 1901 48 23.7 km (14.7 mi) Tram
Karlsruhe   Germany Karlsruhe Stadtbahn
(see also: Karlsruhe model)
1992[117] 190[118] 262.4 km (163.0 mi)[119] Stadtbahn
Trams in Karlsruhe 1877 71.5 km (44.4 mi)[120] Tram
Kassel   Germany Kassel RegioTram[121] 2007 184 km (114 mi)[121] Stadtbahn
Trams in Kassel 1877 127 93.3 km (58.0 mi)[122] Tram
Krefeld[note 12]   Germany Trams in Krefeld 1883 Tram
Leipzig   Germany Trams in Leipzig 1872 510 148.3 km (92.1 mi) Tram
Magdeburg   Germany Trams in Magdeburg 1877 131 Tram
Mainz   Germany Trams in Mainz 1883 42 42 km (26 mi) Tram
Mannheim/Ludwigshafen   Germany Trams in Mannheim/Ludwigshafen 1878 61 km (38 mi) Tram
Mülheim/Oberhausen[note 12]   Germany Trams in Mülheim/Oberhausen 1897 32 km (20 mi) Tram
Munich[note 1]   Germany Trams in Munich 1876[123] 165[123] 79 km (49 mi)[123] Tram
Naumburg   Germany Trams in Naumburg (Saale) 1892[124] 9 2.8 km (1.7 mi)[124] Heritage tramway
Nuremberg[note 1]   Germany Trams in Nuremberg 1881[125] 74[126] 33 km (21 mi)[126] Tram
Plauen   Germany Trams in Plauen 1894 40 30.1 km (18.7 mi) Tram
Potsdam   Germany Trams in Potsdam 1880 127 28.9 km (18.0 mi) Tram
Rostock   Germany Trams in Rostock 1881 64 35.6 km (22.1 mi) Tram
Saarbrücken   Germany Saarbahn 1997[note 11][127] 34[128] 33.6 km (20.9 mi)[127] Stadtbahn
Schwerin   Germany Trams in Schwerin 1908 37 21 km (13 mi) Tram
Strausberg   Germany Strausberg Railway 1893 10 6.2 km (3.9 mi) Tram
Stuttgart   Germany Stuttgart Stadtbahn 1985[note 11][129] 200[130] 128 km (80 mi)[130] Stadtbahn
Ulm   Germany Trams in Ulm 1897 23 10.2 km (6.3 mi) Tram
Würzburg   Germany Trams in Würzburg 1892 46 19.7 km (12.2 mi) Tram
Zwickau   Germany Trams in Zwickau 1894 40 18.5 km (11.5 mi) Tram
Athens[note 1]   Greece Athens tram 2004[131] 48[131] 27 km (17 mi)[132] Tram
Budapest[note 1]   Hungary Trams in Budapest 1866[133] 627[134] 156.9 km (97.5 mi)[134] Tram
Debrecen   Hungary Trams in Debrecen 1911 13 4.4 km (2.7 mi) Tram
Miskolc   Hungary Trams in Miskolc 1897 22 11.5 km (7.1 mi) Tram
Szeged   Hungary Trams in Szeged 1908 49 16.5 km (10.3 mi) Tram
Dublin   Ireland Luas 2004 54 42.1 km (26.2 mi) Tram/Light rail
Bergamo   Italy Bergamo–Albino light rail 2009 16 12.5 km (7.8 mi) Light rail
Cagliari   Italy Cagliari light rail 2008 9 12 km (7.5 mi) Light rail
Florence   Italy Trams in Florence 2010 14 7.6 km (4.7 mi) Tram
Messina   Italy Trams in Messina 2003 18 7.7 km (4.8 mi) Tram
Mestre   Italy Trams in Mestre 2010 18 6.3 km (3.9 mi) Translohr
Milan[note 1]   Italy Trams in Milan 1881 170 km (110 mi) Tram
Naples[note 1]   Italy Trams in Naples 1875 11.8 km (7.3 mi) Tram
Padua   Italy Trams in Padua 2007 25 10.4 km (6.5 mi) Translohr
Palermo   Italy Trams in Palermo [it] 2015[135] 44 17.7 km (11.0 mi) Tram
Rome[note 1]   Italy Trams in Rome 1877 192 39 km (24 mi) Tram
Sassari   Italy Trams in Sassari 2006 8 4.3 km (2.7 mi) Tram
Turin[note 1]   Italy Trams in Turin 1871 58 km (36 mi) Tram
Trieste   Italy Trieste–Opicina tramway 1902 13 5.2 km (3.2 mi) Tram/Funicular Hybrid
Daugavpils   Latvia Daugavpils Tramway 1946 42 25 km (16 mi) Tram
Liepaja   Latvia Liepājas tramvajs 1899 14 6.9 km (4.3 mi) Tram
Riga   Latvia Trams in Riga[136] 1901[136] 227 182 km (113 mi) Tram
Luxembourg   Luxembourg Trams in Luxembourg 2017[137] 8[137] 4.6 km (2.9 mi)[137] Tram
Amsterdam[note 1]   Netherlands Trams in Amsterdam 1875[138] 80.5 km (50.0 mi)[139] Tram
Rotterdam[note 1]   Netherlands Trams in Rotterdam 1878[140] 75 km (47 mi) Tram
The Hague   Netherlands Trams in The Hague 1864[141] 241[142] 105 km (65 mi) Tram
Utrecht   Netherlands Utrecht sneltram 1983 25 10.5 km (6.5 mi) Tram
Bergen   Norway Bergen Light Rail 2010 27 19.9 km (12.4 mi) Light rail
Oslo[note 1]   Norway Trams in Oslo 1875 99 131.4 km (81.6 mi) Tram
Trondheim   Norway Trondheim Tramway 1901 21 8.8 km (5.5 mi) Tram
Bydgoszcz   Poland Trams in Bydgoszcz 1888 61 29.1 km (18.1 mi) Tram
Częstochowa   Poland Trams in Częstochowa 1959[143] 32 14.7 km (9.1 mi) Tram
Elbląg   Poland Trams in Elbląg 1895[143] 35 15 km (9.3 mi) Tram
Gdańsk   Poland Trams in Gdańsk 1873 211 52.2 km (32.4 mi) Tram
Gorzów Wielkopolski   Poland Trams in Gorzów Wielkopolski 1899[143] 28 25 km (16 mi) Tram
Grudziądz   Poland Trams in Grudziądz 1896 20 9 km (5.6 mi) Tram
Katowice and the Upper Silesian Industrial Region   Poland Silesian Interurbans 1898 323 299.7 km (186.2 mi)[144] Tram
Kraków   Poland Trams in Kraków 1903 358 85 km (53 mi) Tram
Kraków Fast Tram 2008 14 km (8.7 mi) Light rail
Łódź   Poland Trams in Łódź 1898[143] 230 141 km (88 mi) Tram
Olsztyn   Poland Trams in Olsztyn [de; pl][145] 2015[146] 20[146] 11 km (6.8 mi)[146] Tram
Poznań   Poland Trams in Poznań 1898 65.6 km (40.8 mi) Tram
Poznań Fast Tram 1997 6 6.1 km (3.8 mi) Light rail/Tram
Szczecin   Poland Trams in Szczecin 1879 95 60 km (37 mi) Tram
Toruń   Poland Trams in Toruń 1891 44 22 km (14 mi) Tram
Warsaw[note 1]   Poland Trams in Warsaw 1908 124 km (77 mi)[147] Tram
Wrocław   Poland Trams in Wrocław 1877 382 84 km (52 mi) Tram
Almada-Seixal   Portugal Metro Transportes do Sul 2007 19 13.5 km (8.4 mi) Light rail
Lisbon[note 1]   Portugal Trams in Lisbon 1901 84 48 km (30 mi) Tram
Porto   Portugal Porto Metro 2002 81 70 km (43 mi) Light rail
Trams in Porto 1895 14 km (8.7 mi) Heritage streetcar
Sintra   Portugal Trams in Sintra[148] 1904 8 12.7 km (7.9 mi) Heritage streetcar
Arad   Romania Transport in Arad [de; ro] 1946 64 48 km (30 mi) Tram
Botoșani   Romania Trams in Botoșani 1991 15 8 km (5.0 mi) Tram
Brăila   Romania Transport in Brăila 1900 36 22.7 km (14.1 mi) Tram
Bucharest[note 1]   Romania Trams in Bucharest (RATB[149]) 1871[149] 785 143 km (89 mi) Tram
Bucharest Light rail (RATB[150]) 2002 10 Light rail
Cluj-Napoca   Romania Trams in Cluj 1987 19 13 km (8.1 mi) Tram
Craiova   Romania Craiova trams 1984 19 16.7 km (10.4 mi) Tram
Galați   Romania Public transport in Galați 1900 37 20.4 km (12.7 mi) Tram
Iași   Romania Public transport in Iași (RATP Iași) 1900 56 76 km (47 mi) Tram
Oradea   Romania Oradea trams (OTP) 1906 37 37.1 km (23.1 mi) Tram
Ploiești   Romania Transportation in Ploiești 1987 25 10.3 km (6.4 mi) Tram
Timișoara   Romania Transport in Timișoara (RATT) 1869[151] 85 37.5 km (23.3 mi) Tram
Achinsk   Russia Transportation in Achinsk 1967 Tram
Angarsk   Russia Transportation in Angarsk 1953 Tram
Barnaul   Russia Transportation in Barnaul 1948 Tram
Biysk   Russia Trams in Biysk 1960 Tram
Chelyabinsk   Russia Transportation in Chelyabinsk 1932 Tram
Cherepovets   Russia Trams in Cherepovets 1956 Tram
Cheryomushki [ru]   Russia Trams in Cheryomushki[152] 1991[153] Tram
Irkutsk   Russia Trams in Irkutsk 1947 Tram
Izhevsk   Russia Trams in Izhevsk 1935 75.5 km (46.9 mi) Tram
Kaliningrad   Russia Transportation in Kaliningrad 1881 Tram
Kazan[note 1]   Russia Public transit in Kazan 1899 Tram
Kemerovo   Russia Trams in Kemerovo 1940 Tram
Khabarovsk   Russia Trams in Khabarovsk 1956 Tram
Kolomna   Russia Public transportation in Kolomna 1948 Tram
Komsomolsk-on-Amur   Russia Trams in Komsomolsk-on-Amur 1957 Tram
Krasnodar   Russia Transportation in Krasnodar 1900 Tram
Krasnoturinsk   Russia Trams in Krasnoturinsk 1954 Tram
Krasnoyarsk   Russia Trams in Krasnoyarsk 1958 Tram
Kursk   Russia Transportation in Kursk 1898 Tram
Lipetsk   Russia Transport in Lipetsk 1947 Tram
Magnitogorsk   Russia Transportation in Magnitogorsk 1935 Tram
Moscow[note 1]   Russia Trams in Moscow 1872 181 km (112 mi) Tram
Naberezhnye Chelny   Russia Public transport in Naberezhnye Chelny 1973 Tram
Nizhnekamsk   Russia Trams in Nizhnekamsk 1967 Tram
Nizhny Tagil   Russia Trams in Nizhny Tagil 1937 Tram
Nizhny Novgorod[note 1]   Russia Public transportation in Nizhny Novgorod 1896 Tram
Novocherkassk   Russia Trams in Novocherkassk 1954 Tram
Novokuznetsk   Russia Transportation in Novokuznetsk 1933 Tram
Novosibirsk[note 1]   Russia Trams in Novosibirsk 1934 Tram
Novotroitsk   Russia Novotroitsk culture 1956 Tram
Omsk   Russia Transportation in Omsk 1936 Tram
Orsk   Russia Trams in Orsk 1948 Tram
Oryol   Russia Trams in Oryol 1898[154] 17 km (11 mi)[154] Tram
Osinniki   Russia Trams in Osinniki 1960 Tram
Perm   Russia Transportation in Perm 1929 Tram
Prokopyevsk   Russia Trams in Prokopyevsk 1936 Tram
Pyatigorsk   Russia Trams in Pyatigorsk 1904 Tram
Rostov-on-Don   Russia Public transport in Rostov-on-Don 1902 Tram
St. Petersburg[note 1]   Russia Trams in Saint Petersburg 1902 205.5 km (127.7 mi)[155] Tram
Salavat   Russia Trams in Salavat 1957 Tram
Samara[note 1]   Russia Transportation in Samara 1915 Tram
Saratov   Russia Trams in Saratov 1908 Tram
Smolensk   Russia Transportation in Smolensk 1901 Tram
Stary Oskol   Russia Trams in Stary Oskol 1981 Tram
Taganrog   Russia Trams in Taganrog 1932 Tram
Tomsk   Russia Public transportation in Tomsk 1949 Tram
Tula   Russia Transportation in Tula 1927 Tram
Tver   Russia Transportation in Tver 1901 Tram
Ufa   Russia Transportation in Ufa 1937 Tram
Ulan-Ude   Russia Transportation in Ulan-Ude 1958 Tram
Ulyanovsk   Russia Transportation in Ulyanovsk 1954 Tram
Usolye-Sibirskoye   Russia Infrastructure in Usolye-Sibirskoye 1967 Tram
Ust-Ilimsk   Russia Infrastructure in Ust-Ilimsk 1988 Tram
Vladikavkaz   Russia Transportation in Vladikavkaz 1904 Tram
Vladivostok   Russia Urban transportation in Vladivostok 1912 Tram
Volchansk   Russia Trams in Volchansk[note 13] 1951 7.9 km (4.9 mi) Tram
Volgograd   Russia Transportation in Volgograd 1913 Tram
Volgograd Metrotram 1984 22 17.3 km (10.7 mi) Light Rail
Volzhsky   Russia Trams in Volzhsky 1963 Tram
Yaroslavl   Russia Public transportation in Yaroslavl 1900 Tram
Yekaterinburg[note 1]   Russia Transportation in Yekaterinburg 1929 Tram
Zlatoust   Russia Trams in Zlatoust 1934 18 km (11 mi) Tram
Belgrade   Serbia Trams in Belgrade 1892 43.5 km (27.0 mi) Tram
Bratislava   Slovakia Public transport in Bratislava 1895 152 39.6 km (24.6 mi) Tram
Košice   Slovakia Public transport in Košice 1914 48 46 km (29 mi) Tram
Trenčianske Teplice   Slovakia Trenčianske Teplice Electric Railway [de] 1909 5.9 km (3.7 mi) Heritage interurban
Alicante   Spain Alicante Tram 1999[156] 52[157] 78.3 km (48.7 mi)[157] Tram/Tram-train
Barcelona[note 1]   Spain Trams in Barcelona 1901[158] 61 30.4 km (18.9 mi) Tram & heritage tramway
Bilbao[note 1][note 14]   Spain Euskotren Tranbia [es] 2002[159] 14 5.6 km (3.5 mi) Tram
Granada   Spain Metropolitano de Granada 2017[160] 26[160] 15.9 km (9.9 mi)[160] Light rail
Madrid[note 1]   Spain Metro Ligero 2007[159] 36 27.8 km (17.3 mi) Light rail
Murcia   Spain Transportation in Murcia [es] 2011[note 15][161] 28[161] 17.5 km (10.9 mi)[161] Tram
Parla   Spain Parla Tram 2007[162] 15[162] 8.3 km (5.2 mi)[162] Tram
Santa Cruz de Tenerife   Spain Tenerife Tram 2007[159] 27 15.1 km (9.4 mi) Tram
Seville[note 1]   Spain MetroCentro (Seville) 2007[159] 5 2.2 km (1.4 mi) Tram
Sóller, Mallorca   Spain Tranvía de Sóller 1913[163] 17 4.9 km (3.0 mi)[163] Heritage tramway
Valencia   Spain Metrovalencia 1994[159] 43 45 km (28 mi) Light rail
Vitoria-Gasteiz[note 14]   Spain Euskotren Tranbia [es] 2008[159] 20 7.8 km (4.8 mi) Tram
Zaragoza   Spain Zaragoza tram 2011[159] 11 12.8 km (8.0 mi) Tram
Gothenburg   Sweden Gothenburg tram 1879 131 94 km (58 mi) Tram
Norrköping   Sweden Trams in Norrköping 1904 47 21.0 km (13.0 mi) Tram
Stockholm[note 1]   Sweden Trams in Stockholm 1901 59,[note 16] 10[note 17] 39.5 km (24.5 mi)[note 18] Light rail, Tram & heritage tramway
Basel    Switzerland Trams in Basel[note 19] 1895 65.7 km (40.8 mi) Tram
Bern    Switzerland Trams in Bern 1890 71 33.4 km (20.8 mi) Tram
Geneva    Switzerland Trams in Geneva 1862 76 36 km (22 mi) Tram
Lausanne[note 1]    Switzerland Lausanne Modern Tram[note 20][note 20] 1991 15[note 20] 7.8 km (4.8 mi)[note 20] Light rail
Neuchâtel    Switzerland Trams in Neuchâtel 1892 12 8.85 km (5.50 mi) Tram
Zürich    Switzerland Trams in Zürich (Stadtbahn Glattal) 1882 72.9 km (45.3 mi)[164] Tram
Istanbul   Turkey see Asian section, above.
Avdiivka   Ukraine Trams in Avdiivka 1965 12 km (7.5 mi) Tram
Dnipro[note 1]   Ukraine Transportation in Dnipro 1897 87.8 km (54.6 mi) Tram
Donetsk   Ukraine Transport in Donetsk 1928 65.7 km (40.8 mi) Tram
Druzhkivka   Ukraine Trams in Druzhkivka 1945 9.8 km (6.1 mi) Tram
Horlivka   Ukraine Trams in Horlivka 1933 28.4 km (17.6 mi) Tram
Kamianske (formerly Dniprodzerzhynsk)   Ukraine Trams in Kamianske 1935 39.5 km (24.5 mi) Tram
Kharkiv[note 1]   Ukraine Trams in Kharkiv 1906 Tram
Kiev[note 1]   Ukraine Trams in Kiev 1892 141.1 km (87.7 mi) Tram
Kiev Light Rail 1978 19 21 km (13 mi) Light rail
Konotop   Ukraine Transport in Konotop 1949 13.9 km (8.6 mi) Tram
Kryvyi Rih   Ukraine Kryvyi Rih Metrotram 1986 11 17.7 km (11.0 mi) Tram
Lviv   Ukraine Trams in Lviv 1894 100 73.5 km (45.7 mi) Tram
Mariupol   Ukraine Transportation in Mariupol 1933 Tram
Mykolaiv   Ukraine Trams in Mykolaiv 1922 72.8 km (45.2 mi)[citation needed] Tram
Odessa   Ukraine Trams in Odessa 1910 Tram
Vinnytsia   Ukraine Vinnytsia Tramway 1913 Tram
Yevpatoria   Ukraine Trams in Yevpatoria 1914 Tram
Yenakiieve   Ukraine Trams in Yenakiieve 1932 39.7 km (24.7 mi) Tram
Zaporizhia   Ukraine Transportation in Zaporizhia 1932 Tram
Zhytomyr   Ukraine Transport in Zhytomyr 1899 Tram
Birmingham   United Kingdom West Midlands Metro 1999[165] 23 20.2 km (12.6 mi) Tram/Light rail
Blackpool   United Kingdom Blackpool tramway 1885[166] 29 17.7 km (11.0 mi) Tram/Heritage tram
Edinburgh   United Kingdom Edinburgh Trams 2014[167] 16 14 km (8.7 mi)[167] Tram
London[note 1]   United Kingdom Tramlink 2000[165] 39 28 km (17 mi) Tram/Light rail
Greater Manchester   United Kingdom Metrolink 1992[165] 93 92.5 km (57.5 mi)[168] Tram/Light rail[169]
Newcastle   United Kingdom Tyne and Wear Metro 1980 60 74.5 km (46.3 mi) Light rail
Nottingham   United Kingdom Nottingham Express Transit 2004[165] 51 32 km (20 mi) Tram/Light rail
Sheffield   United Kingdom Sheffield Supertram 1994[165] 50 34.7 km (21.6 mi) Tram/Light rail/
Tram-train[170]

See also

North America

The following systems provide regular transit service daily and year-round in North America. The bottom of the table lists those specific systems or lines using vintage or faux-vintage streetcars. For other heritage streetcar lines, ones with more limited service, see Streetcars in North America.

Location Country System Year opened Type
Calgary   Canada CTrain 1981 Light rail
Edmonton   Canada Edmonton Light Rail Transit[171] 1978[171] Light rail
Ottawa   Canada O-Train[172] 2001[173] Light rail
Toronto[note 1]   Canada Toronto streetcar system[174] 1861[175] Streetcar
Guadalajara   Mexico Guadalajara light rail system[176] 1989[176] Light rail
Mexico City[note 1]   Mexico Xochimilco Light Rail[177] 1986 Light rail
Atlanta[note 1]   United States Atlanta Streetcar[178] 2014[179] Streetcar
Baltimore[note 1]   United States Baltimore Light Rail[180] 1992[179] Light rail
Boston[note 1]   United States MBTA Green Line[181][note 21] 1897[179][182] Light rail
Ashmont–Mattapan High Speed Line[181] 1929[183] Heritage light rail
Buffalo   United States Buffalo Metro Rail 1984[184] Light rail
Camden, New Jersey
/Trenton, New Jersey
  United States River Line (NJ Transit)[185] 2004 Diesel light rail (Tram-train)
Charlotte   United States LYNX Blue Line[186] 2007[187] Light rail
CityLYNX Gold Line[188] 2015[179] Streetcar
Cincinnati   United States Cincinnati Bell Connector[189] 2016[190] Streetcar
Cleveland[note 1]   United States Blue, Green, and Waterfront lines[191][note 22] 1913[192] Light rail
Dallas   United States Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART)[193] 1996[194] Light rail
Dallas Streetcar 2015[179] Streetcar
McKinney Avenue Transit Authority 1989[179] Heritage streetcar
Denver   United States RTD Light Rail[195] 1994[196] Light rail
Detroit   United States QLine 2017[197] Streetcar
El Paso   United States El Paso Streetcar[198] 2018[199] Heritage streetcar
Houston   United States METRORail[200] 2004[179] Light rail
Hudson County, New Jersey   United States Hudson–Bergen Light Rail (NJ Transit)[185] 2000[179] Light rail
Kansas City, Missouri   United States KC Streetcar 2016[201] Streetcar
Little Rock   United States Metro Streetcar[202] 2004[179] Heritage streetcar
Los Angeles[note 1]   United States Metro Rail[203][note 23] 1990[179] Light rail
Memphis   United States Memphis Area Transit Authority Trolley 1993[204][205] Heritage streetcar
Milwaukee   United States The Hop 2018[206] Streetcar
Minneapolis–Saint Paul   United States METRO: Blue & Green lines[207][208] 2004[179] Light rail
New Orleans   United States New Orleans Streetcars[209][210] 1835[179] Heritage streetcar
Newark   United States Newark Light Rail (NJ Transit)[185] 1935[179] Light rail
Norfolk   United States The Tide[211] 2011[179] Light rail
Oceanside, California   United States SPRINTER[212] 2008[212] Diesel light rail
Oklahoma City   United States Oklahoma City Streetcar 2018[213] Streetcar
Philadelphia[note 1]   United States SEPTA Routes 101 and 102[214][215][216] 1906[217] Light rail
SEPTA Subway–Surface Trolley Lines and Route 15 (Girard Avenue Trolley)[214][215][216] 1906[218] Streetcar, Heritage streetcar
Phoenix   United States Valley Metro Rail[219] 2008[179] Light rail
Pittsburgh   United States Pittsburgh Light Rail[220] 1984[218] Light rail
Portland, Oregon   United States MAX Light Rail 1986[221] Light rail
Portland Streetcar[222] 2001[222] Streetcar
Sacramento   United States Sacramento Regional Transit District Light Rail[223] 1987[223] Light rail
St. Louis   United States St. Louis MetroLink[224] 1993[225] Light rail
Salt Lake City   United States TRAX[226] 1999[179] Light rail
S Line[227] 2013[227] Streetcar
San Diego   United States San Diego Trolley[228] 1981[228] Light rail
San Francisco[note 24]   United States Muni Metro[229] 1980[229][note 25] Light rail/Streetcar hybrid
F Market & Wharves and E Embarcadero lines[230] 1995[230] Heritage streetcar
San Francisco cable car system[231] 1878[232] Heritage cable car
eBART

2018

Diesel light rail
San Jose   United States VTA Light Rail[233] 1987[179] Light rail
Seattle   United States Sound Transit Central Link 2009[179] Light rail
Seattle Streetcar[234] 2007[179] Streetcar
Tacoma, Washington   United States Sound Transit Tacoma Link 2003[179] Light rail
Tampa   United States TECO Line Streetcar System[235] 2002[179] Heritage streetcar
Tucson   United States Sun Link 2014[179] Streetcar
Washington, D.C.[note 1]   United States DC Streetcar 2016[236] Streetcar

See also

Oceania

South America

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf This city also has a metro/rapid transit system, in addition to its light rail/tram system - see the List of metro systems.
  2. ^ a b See Trams in Shanghai for former Shanghai tram network.
  3. ^ See Trams in Shenyang for former Shenyang tram network.
  4. ^ See Trams in Tianjin for former Tianjin tram network.
  5. ^ Start of tramway operations.
  6. ^ The Istanbul modern tramways (T1 & T4) run only on the European side of Istanbul.
  7. ^ See Trams in Istanbul for former Istanbul tram network.
  8. ^ The Nostalgic tramways of Istanbul consists of two completely separate heritage tram systems, one on the European side (T5, opened in 1990), and the other on the Asian side (T3, opened in 2003).
  9. ^ 2004-2007 passenger service suspended due to upgrade and expansion works; line 68, last surviving portion of the original network, reopened afterwards as part of the current line T1.
  10. ^ This is a "rubber-tyred tramway" system featuring a single guide rail. The system is proposed to be phased out by 2022.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Converted from a street running Straßenbahn.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g This system is part of the larger Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr (VRR) transport network which was founded in 1980 and operates the Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn system. The VRR transport network is composed of transit systems in the following cities: Bochum, Castrop-Rauxel, Dortmund, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Hattingen, Herne, Krefeld, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Oberhausen, Wattenscheid, and Witten.
  13. ^ Purportedly the smallest town (pop. approx. 10,000) in the world with its own stand-alone tram system.
  14. ^ a b This system is operated under the common brand "Euskotren Tranbia", which groups tramways in the cities of Bilbao and Vitoria-Gasteiz, by the public controlled railway company Euskotren. Euskotren transport network is composed by transit systems of the whole Basque Country.
  15. ^ A two-year free trial service started in 2007 on an "experimental section" (2.2 km - 4 stops).
  16. ^ Stations for the tram line(s) only.
  17. ^ Stations for the heritage tramway line(s) only.
  18. ^ Total length for both tram and heritage tramway portions combined.
  19. ^ A small portion of Basel's tram network serves stops within France or Germany.
  20. ^ a b c d The Lausanne Metro has two lines: Line M1 is light rail; Line M2 is a rapid transit/metro system. Statistics shown are for the M1 line only. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Lausanne" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  21. ^ While the MBTA Green Line is light rail, the MBTA Blue, Orange, and Red lines of the system are rapid transit/subways.
  22. ^ While the Blue and Green Lines are light rail, Cleveland's other rail transit line, the Red Line, is rapid transit.
  23. ^ The light rail portion of L.A. Metro consists of Blue, Expo, Gold and Green lines only. The Red and Purple lines of L.A. Metro are rapid transit/subway lines.
  24. ^ The San Francisco Bay Area is also served by the rapid transit BART system.
  25. ^ Rebuilt as light rail from the streetcar system established in 1912; opened 1980–1982.
  26. ^ See Trams in Medellin for former Medellin tram network.

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