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List of town tramway systems in Europe

This is a list of cities and towns in Europe that have (or once had) town tramway (e.g. urban tramway) systems as part of their public transport system. Cities with currently operating systems, and those systems themselves, are indicated in bold and blue background colored rows. The use of the diamond (♦) symbol indicates where there were (or are) two or more independent tram systems operating concurrently within a single metropolitan area. Those tram systems that operated on other than standard gauge track (where known) are indicated in the 'Notes' column.

Separate lists have been created for the following European countries to improve user-friendliness and to reduce this list article's size:

Lists of town tramway systems in other geographic regions:

Contents

AlbaniaEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Vlorë   Horse ? ? A photograph of a horse-drawn tramcar, dated 1963 (Peschkes, Part Three, 1987, Page 19), establishes that Albania did have a town tramway service.

Bosnia-HerzegovinaEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Sarajevo Trams in Sarajevo 760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in) Bosnian gauge Horsecar 1 Jan 1885 1 May 1895
1000
1435
Electric 1 May 1895   In 1960 regauging from 1000 to 1435 mm

BulgariaEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Sofia Trams in Sofia Horsecar "late 19th century"[1] ?
1000
1435
Electric 1 Jan 1901[1] Mix of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge and 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge.[1]

EstoniaEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Kuressaare   Steam 1918 1940 Oct
Tallinn Trams in Tallinn 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)[2] Horse 24 Aug 1888 24 Sep 1919
1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)[2] Electric 28 Oct 1925   Note: Tallinn also operates a trolleybus network.
♦ Tallinn – Kopli   Steam 26 Jan 1916 ? [2]
Petrol 26 Jan 1916 Nov 1953 [2]
Electric 6 Nov 1951 [5 Nov 1953] Connected with main Tallinn tram system, 05 Nov 1953.

Isle of ManEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Douglas Douglas Bay Horse Tramway*
Upper Douglas Cable Tramway*
914 mm (3 ft) Horse 7 Aug 1876   [3][4]
Winter service withdrawn from November 1927, current operating season early May – late September. Operation suspended 30 September 1939 – 22 May 1946 because of war.
914 mm (3 ft) Cable 15 Aug 1896 19 Aug 1929 [5] Winter service withdrawn from 1927.
DouglasKeristalPort Soderick Douglas Southern Electric Tramway (Marine Drive Tramway) Electric 1896 15 Sep 1939 Opened to Keristal 7 August 1896, completed 1897. Operation suspended c.1914 – c.1918 because of war.
Douglas (Derby Castle) – LaxeyRamsey Manx Electric Railway 914 mm (3 ft) Electric 7 Sep 1893   [6][7] Operates seasonally, from March to November.
Note for Manx Electric Railway: Opened to Groudle Glen, 7 September 1893. Extended to Laxey, 27 July 1894. Extended to Ramsey (Ballure), 5 August 1898. Completed to Ramsey (Plaza), 24 July 1899.
Operation suspended LaxeyRamsey, 30 September 1975, restored 25 June 1977.
LaxeySnaefell Summit Snaefell Mountain Railway 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) Electric 21 Aug 1895   Operates only during summer season.
Operation suspended 20 September 1939 – 1 June 1946 because of war.

LatviaEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Daugavpils Daugavpils Tramway Horse ? ?  
1524 Electric 5 Nov 1946   [8]
Jūrmala (Kemeri)   1000 Electric 16 Jun 1912 1935(?) [8]
Liepāja Liepājas tramvajs 1000 Electric 26 Sep 1899   [8]
Riga Rīgas Satiksme 1524 Horse 4 Sep 1882

23 Aug 1903

1901

1909

[8]
1524 Electric 23 Jul 1901   [8] Note: Riga also operates a trolleybus network.

LithuaniaEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Kaunas   Horse 5 Jun 1892 15 Apr 1929 [9]
Steam 1914 1936 [9]
Klaipėda (Memel)   1000 Electric 18 Aug 1904

1950

Oct 1934

1967

[9]
Palanga   Horse ? ? [9]
Vilnius   Horse 15 Jun 1893 1915 [9]
Petrol 1914 1926 [9]
Electric ? ? Gauge: unknown.[9]
Excepting microstates, Podgorica, Reykjavík and Tirana, and possibly Vilnius, are the only European capitals where electric town tramways have not (yet) been built.
Note: Vilnius operates a trolleybus network.

LuxembourgEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Esch-sur-Alzette canton   Electric 29 May 1927 22 Sep 1956  
Luxembourg City  
Horse 22 Feb 1875 ?
Electric 8 Aug 1908 5 Sep 1964  
1435 Electric 12 Dec 2017

MaltaEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Malta   Electric 23 Feb 1905 15 Dec 1929

MoldovaEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Chişinău   1000 Horse 29 Oct 1888 1914  
1000 Electric 25 Jan 1914 13 May 1961  

MonacoEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Monte Carlo   1000 Electric 1898 1932

SlovakiaEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Bratislava Trams in Bratislava 1000 Electric 27 Aug 1895    
Košice   Horse 18 Nov 1891 28 Feb 1914  
Steam 7 Jul 1893 28 Feb 1914  
1435 Electric 28 Feb 1914    
Trenčianske Teplice   760 Electric 27 Jul 1909    

SloveniaEdit

Location Name of System Gauge
mm
Traction
Type
Date
(From)
Date
(To)
Notes
Ljubljana Trams in Ljubljana 1000 Electric 6 Sep 1901 20 Dec 1958 Reintroduction planned
Piran Trams in Piran 760 Electric 20 Jul 1912 31 Aug 1953  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Inline citationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Urban transport – History of Sofia Trams". Sofia Urban Mobility Center. 2013. Retrieved 2014-12-16.
  2. ^ a b c d "Atlas Estonia (ee)". Svenska Spårvägssällskapet [Swedish Tramway Society]. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  3. ^ http://www.douglas.org.im/councilinformation.asp?ID=1026
  4. ^ http://www.douglashorsetramway.net
  5. ^ "Index page – Upper Douglas Cable Car". www.isle-of-man.com.
  6. ^ Society, Manx Electric Railway. "Manx Electric Railway Society, registered charity (IoM) No 276". www.mers.org.im.
  7. ^ "Isle of Man Government – Heritage Railways". www.gov.im.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Atlas Latvia (lv)". Svenska Spårvägssällskapet [Swedish Tramway Society]. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Atlas Lithuania (lt)". Svenska Spårvägssällskapet [Swedish Tramway Society]. Retrieved 2014-12-29.

BibliographyEdit

Sources, references and external links: