The Colosseum, Rome's second and the world's 39th most popular tourist attraction, with 4 million tourists a year.
Rome is regarded as one of the world's most beautiful ancient cities, and contains vast amounts of priceless works of art, palaces, museums, parks, churches, gardens, basilicas, temples, villas, piazzas, theatres, and other venues in general. As one of the world's most important and visited cities, there are numerous popular tourist attractions. In 2005, the city received 19.5 million global visitors, up of 22.1% from 2001. The 5 most visited places in Rome are: #1 Pantheon (8 million tourists a year), #2 The Colosseum (7.036.104 tourists a year), #3 Trevi Fountain (3.5 million tourists a year), #4 Sistine Chapel (3 million tourists a year) and #5 The Roman Forum (2.5 million tourists a year). The study was conducted by the Ministero dei Beni e della Attivita' Culturali e del Turismo (MIBACT) for the year 2017 . Rome is the city with the most monuments in the world.
Found in the Vatican City, it is near where the Pope resides, and is one of the most important centres for Christian pilgrimage, and commonly regarded as the "home of the Roman Catholic Church", where St Peter set up the first Christian Church.
One of the city's several churches, the San Pietro in Montorio is well known for its "Tempietto", a small circular martyrium designed to look like a classical temple by Donato Bramante, which is found in the church's courtyard.
Found too in the Vatican City, it contains a huge collection of paintings from all periods, and is Rome's leading and most visited chapel. In 2007, the chapel received 3 million visitors, making it Rome's most popular chapel.
One of the most recognizable and iconic monuments in the city, the Trevi Fountain was designed and completed in the 18th century. Tourists come to the fountain in order to throw a coin, which is, according to a local legend, supposed to bring good luck. It was also famous for having featured in a major scene of Federico Fellini's 1960 La Dolce Vita.
One of the city's top attractions, the flight of 138 stairs is the biggest in Europe. They are topped by the Trinita dei Monti church, and below there is the large Piazza di Spagna. The Piazza di Spagna is also a major shopping destination in the city, and hosts several designer boutiques such as Missoni.
One of Rome's busiest, biggest and most important streets, the Via del Corso used to be called the Via Lata. It is one of the very few streets in the city to be completely straight, and contains several monuments, palaces, hotels, restaurants, shops and other forms of commerce in general.
A fine example of early Roman neoclassical architecture, the name means "Square of the people", yet its real name derives from the poplar trees which used to line the square. It contains several status, an obelisk and the Santa Maria del Popolo church.
Constructed in Art Nouveau, or Liberty style in 1914, the Galleria Alberto Sordi is an arcaded shopping gallery, similar in style to the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan, and it contains several shops, cafes, bookstores and boutiques.
Another of Rome's top shopping streets, it too contains some major fashion boutiques, including Gente, Etro, Emporio Armani and Prada Casual, but also several young designer-wear and knitwear stores, antique shops and jewelers. The street also contains il babuino, one of Rome's speaking fountains (a fountain where several people discuss and voice their political and social ideas). Once, the fountain was covered with political graffiti and different notices, messages and placards, yet, all of this has been removed and anti-graffiti paint has been sprayed around the fountain, since several complained that all the messages and slogans were ruining the appearance of the street. Via del Babuino also contains the Church of England All Saints Church, for Rome's Anglican community.
Mixture, notably 18th- and 19th-century architecture, and significant Art Nouveau buildings
One of the city's most expensive, famous and luxurious streets, it was epitomised in the 1950s and 60s in Federico Fellini's 1960 La Dolce Vita. Today, it contains several exclusive apartments, grand hotels and elegant shops.
16th-century Renaissance, including some Baroque 18th- and 19th-century buildings
Originally an ancient Roman square, it currently is flocked by fine Renaissance palazzi and is centred by the ancient Roman Column of Marcus Aurelius. It contains several important governmental and political structures, such as the Palazzo Chigi, the seat of the government of Italy and originally the official embassy of Austria-Hungary.
Relative mixture, predominantly 15th, 16th and 17th century Renaissance and Baroque architecture
One of the city's best known squares, or piazzas, it is known for its impressive Renaissance and Baroque architecture, several fine buildings, monuments and churches, and numerous open-air bars, pizzerias, restaurants, cafes, stalls and artists.
Palace, legal and governmental building
Palazzo di Giustizia ("Palazzaccio")
late-19th century, early 20th century neo-Renaissance architecture
Started in 1889 and completed in 1910, the Palazzo di Giustizia (literally, "Palace of Justice") currently hosts Italy's main law courts. These courts are situated in a grand turn-of-the-century neo-Renaissance palace.
Eclectic, mainly 18th – early-20th century neoclassical architecture
With a semi-circular formation, this piazza is one of the city's finest neoclassical public squares. Today, the buildings surrounding the square host offices, companies, restaurants, banks and insurance and travel agencies. The middle of the square contains the Fontana delle Naidi, made in 1911 and showing fierce sea-nymphs.
A historic and ancient cafe, it was founded in 1760 in the Via dei Condotti, it has 18th and 19th century interior decor. It has hosted several intellectuals and important foreigners, such as Lord Byron, Goethe, Liszt and Keats.
The main villa of the city, once owned by the noble Borghese family and later the Bonapartes (Pauline Bonaparte), it currently is one of Rome's top artistic galleries, and also contains a major park, with several lakes, features, and follies.
Found in the Piazza del Campidoglio on the Capitol Hill, the square and the museums were designed by Michelangelo in 1471. Today, they mainly host ancient Roman and Greek sculptures and works of art. The Piazza del Campidoglio is renowned for its symmetrical Renaissance architecture, and also hosts the Rome city hall.
Built in the early 20th century, the Monument, also called the "Altare della Patria" (Altar of the homeland), is one of Rome's most notable monuments. Built in a neo-classical style, with a grandiose flight of stairs and colonnade, it is a controversial monument – its grandeur and pomp has made it often receive the names of "giant type-writer", "wedding-cake" and "zuppa inglese" (an Italian dessert).
Eclectic, notably late-13th-, 14th-, 15th- and 16th-century buildings
Literally meaning "flower field", due to its status once as a meadow, this public square has for centuries – and still does – serve as an important market-place, and the piazza is flocked with several Medieval and Renaissance palaces and churches.
Notably mid-20th century Fascist, late-neoclassical and modernist architecture
Intended to be the district to host Rome's Universal Exposition, which in the end, never occurred, it was built by Benito Mussolini in the 1930s and '40s, and used to be called the E42. It is often considered one of the best examples of planned Fascist architecture, and is often considered one of the most serene and livable quarters of the city, yet its austere architecture has often arisen to much controversy.
The official residence of the President of the Italian Republic, the Qurinial Palace is built in a Renaissance/Baroque architectural style, and boasts elegant Renaissance gardens and a lavish interior.
Arguably one of Rome's most famous and iconic monuments, it is the Roman world's biggest amphitheatre and is one of the city's most visited attractions. It is regarded as being a wonder of the medieval world
It is a classical building in the city, originally built by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt in the early 2nd century AD. A near-contemporary writer, Cassius Dio, speculates that the name comes from the statues of many gods placed around the building, or from the resemblance of the dome to the heavens.
^Boyer Gillies, Linda (February 1972). "An Eighteenth-Century Roman View Panini's Scalinata della Trinità dei Monti". The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. 30 (4): 176–184. doi:10.2307/3258528. JSTOR3258528.
^I H Evans (reviser), Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (Centenary edition Fourth impression (corrected); London: Cassell, 1975), page 1163