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List of things named after John J. Pershing

General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer. His most famous post was when he served as the commander of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) on the Western Front in World War I, 1917–18.

John J. Pershing
General John Joseph Pershing head on shoulders.jpg
Birth nameJohn Joseph Pershing
Nickname(s)"Black Jack"
Born(1860-09-13)September 13, 1860
Laclede, Missouri, U.S.
DiedJuly 15, 1948(1948-07-15) (aged 87)
Walter Reed General Hospital
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Buried
Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1886–1924
RankGeneral of Armies insignia.svg General of the Armies
Service numberO-1
Commands held8th Brigade[1][2]
Mexican Expedition
American Expeditionary Force
First United States Army
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Battles/warsIndian Wars

Spanish–American War

Philippine–American War

Russo-Japanese War
Mexican Revolution

World War I

AwardsDistinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star
Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (United Kingdom)
Légion d'honneur (France)
SignatureJohn J Pershing Signature.svg

Pershing was immensely popular after World War I, and as a result a large number of organizations, equipment, streets and buildings are named after him throughout the United States and abroad:

Contents

OrganizationsEdit

  • The National Society of Pershing Rifles, founded by Pershing, continues on today as America's premier undergraduate military fraternal organization. He also founded the Military Order of the World Wars.
  • The 2nd Brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division (United States) is nicknamed "Black Jack."
  • The 4th Squadron of the 10th US Cavalry, part of the 4th Infantry Division's 3rd Brigade Combat Team, is nicknamed the Blackjack Squadron
  • B Troop (Black Jack Troop) 5/15 Cavalry Regiment at Fort Knox, Kentucky, the home of Armor and Cavalry where brand new 19D Cavalry Scouts are trained. A parade field in front of the B Troop barracks is called "Pershing Field" in honor of the General, and a placard of his works lies in its corner.

Military ordnance and other equipmentEdit

BuildingsEdit

SchoolsEdit

Elementary schoolsEdit

Berwyn, Illinois; Joliet, Illinois; West Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Muskogee, Oklahoma; Lincoln, Nebraska; Killeen, Texas (Fort Hood); Orangevale, California; Dallas, Texas; Saint Joseph, Missouri; Orlando, Florida; Fort Meade, Maryland

Middle schoolsEdit

Houston, Texas; Springfield, Missouri; Sunset Park, Brooklyn, New York City; San Diego, California

High schoolsEdit

Detroit, Michigan

College buildingsEdit

Military buildingsEdit

Other buildingsEdit

PlacesEdit

StreetsEdit

Squares and plazasEdit

ParksEdit

Other placesEdit

MiscellanyEdit

  • A riderless horse was named in honor of Pershing, "Black Jack". This horse was used for many years in funerals for heads of state, including President John F. Kennedy.
  • The Pershing Division of the Clarence Cannon Conference, a high school athletic conference in Northeastern Missouri in the area where the general lived during his youth. The other division in the conference honors Harry S. Truman.
  • The John J. Pershing Grille is a casual dining room at the University Club of Washington, DC. Pershing, a member of the Club, dedicated its current clubhouse, located at 1135 Sixteenth Street, in 1921.
  • The Great Pershing Balloon Derby at Brookfield, Missouri is named in his honor and is held over the Labor Day weekend each year.
  • General Pershing, a British racehorse that took part in the 1995 Grand National Steeplechase.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wilson, John B. (1999) Maneuver and Fire Power: The Evolution of Divisions and Separate Brigades Archived January 13, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 57 ISBN 9780160899447
  2. ^ Vandiver, v.1 p. 576 Archived January 13, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "MSU-Northern: 75th Anniversary". Msun.edu. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  4. ^ "Pershing Hall, The Inn's Main Building" Archived January 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine The Inn at the Presidio website
  5. ^ "Pershing Community Center". Fortleonardwoodmwr.com. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  6. ^ John J Pershing VA Medical Center website Archived June 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Pershing Memorial