Open main menu

Wikipedia β

List of census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada

  (Redirected from List of the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada)
Toronto
Montreal
Vancouver
Calgary
Ottawa
Edmonton
Quebec City
Winnipeg
Hamilton
Kitchener

The table below lists the census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2016 Census.[1] Each entry is identified as a census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) as defined by Statistics Canada. Any other census subdivision that comprises at least 10 per cent of the CMA or CA population is listed in parentheses.[2]

Note that a city's metropolitan area in colloquial or administrative terms may be different from its CMA as defined by Statistics Canada, resulting in differing populations. Such is the case with the Greater Toronto Area where its metro population is notably higher than its CMA population due to its inclusion of the neighbouring Oshawa CMA to the east and the Burlington portion of the neighbouring Hamilton CMA to the west.[3]

Contents

Recent growth

Between 2006 and 2011, four of the five fastest growing CMAs were located in Western Canada with Alberta's two CMAs, Calgary and Edmonton, leading the country. Saskatoon, Kelowna and Moncton rounded out the top five in the country, while nine other CMAs registered growth that outpaced the national average. Of the remaining nineteen CMAs, all but two of them recorded population growth. Those that experienced population decline were Thunder Bay and Windsor.[4][5] From 2011 to 2016, the population grew the fastest in five CMAs located in the Prairie provinces: Calgary (+14.6%), Edmonton (+13.9%), Saskatoon (+12.5%), Regina (+11.8%) and Lethbridge (+10.8%). The three fastest growing CMAs were unchanged from the previous intercensal period.[6]

Ten of the fifteen fastest growing CAs in Canada between the two most recent censuses were located in Alberta. The other five were located in British Columbia with two, and Manitoba, Ontario and Yukon each with one. Twenty-four CAs experienced population decline between 2006 and 2011. The fifteen CAs that experienced the greatest population decline were located in British Columbia (two), Manitoba (one), New Brunswick (one), Nova Scotia (three), Ontario (four) and Quebec (four). Okotoks experienced the greatest increase while Thompson experienced the greatest decline.[4][5]

List

Canada had 33 CMAs and 114 CAs as of the 2011 census. For the 2016 census, the number of CMAs will increase to 35 by promoting the Belleville and Lethbridge CAs.[7] The number of CAs will increase to 117 through the creation of eight new CAs – Arnprior, Carleton Place, Gander, Nelson, Sainte-Marie, Wasaga Beach, Weyburn and Winkler – the demotion of two CAs – Amos and Temiskaming Shores – and the promotion of Belleville and Lethbridge to CMAs.[7]

Rank
(2016)
Rank
(2011)
Geographic name Province Type Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
Change
1 1 Toronto (Mississauga, Brampton) Ontario CMA 5,928,040 5,583,064 +6.18%
2 2 Montreal (Laval) Quebec CMA 4,098,927 3,934,078 +4.19%
3 3 Vancouver (Surrey) British Columbia CMA 2,463,431 2,313,328 +6.49%
4 5 Calgary Alberta CMA 1,392,609 1,214,839 +14.63%
5 4 Ottawa–Gatineau Ontario/Quebec CMA 1,323,783 1,254,919 +5.49%
6 6 Edmonton Alberta CMA 1,321,426 1,159,869 +13.93%
7 7 Quebec City (Lévis) Quebec CMA 800,296 767,310 +4.30%
8 8 Winnipeg Manitoba CMA 778,489 730,018 +6.64%
9 9 Hamilton (Burlington) Ontario CMA 747,545 721,053 +3.67%
10 10 Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo Ontario CMA 523,894 496,383 +5.54%
11 11 London Ontario CMA 494,069 474,786 +4.06%
12 12 St. Catharines - Niagara (Niagara Falls, Welland) Ontario CMA 406,074 392,184 +3.54%
13 13 Halifax Nova Scotia CMA 403,390 390,328 +3.35%
14 14 Oshawa (Whitby, Clarington) Ontario CMA 379,848 356,177 +6.65%
15 15 Victoria (Saanich) British Columbia CMA 367,770 344,580 +6.73%
16 16 Windsor (Lakeshore) Ontario CMA 329,144 319,246 +3.10%
17 17 Saskatoon Saskatchewan CMA 295,095 262,215 +12.54%
18 18 Regina Saskatchewan CMA 236,481 211,519 +11.80%
19 19 Sherbrooke (Magog) Quebec CMA 212,105 202,261 +4.87%
20 20 St. John's (Conception Bay South, Mount Pearl, Paradise) Newfoundland and Labrador CMA 205,955 196,954 +4.57%
21 21 Barrie (Innisfil) Ontario CMA 197,059 187,013 +5.37%
22 22 Kelowna (West Kelowna) British Columbia CMA 194,882 179,839 +8.36%
23 23 Abbotsford - Mission British Columbia CMA 180,518 170,191 +6.07%
24 24 Greater Sudbury Ontario CMA 164,689 163,067 +0.99%
25 25 Kingston (South Frontenac, Loyalist) Ontario CMA 161,175 159,561 +1.01%
26 26 Saguenay Quebec CMA 160,980 158,658 +1.46%
27 27 Trois-Rivières Quebec CMA 156,042 151,773 +2.81%
28 28 Guelph Ontario CMA 151,984 141,097 +7.72%
29 29 Moncton (Dieppe, Riverview) New Brunswick CMA 144,810 139,287 +3.97%
30 30 Brantford (Brant) Ontario CMA 134,203 135,501 −0.96%
31 31 Saint John (Quispamsis) New Brunswick CMA 126,202 129,057 −2.21%
32 33 Peterborough (Selwyn) Ontario CMA 121,721 118,975 +2.31%
33 32 Thunder Bay Ontario CMA 121,621 121,596 +0.02%
34 34 Lethbridge Alberta CMA 117,394 105,999 +10.75%
35 38 Nanaimo British Columbia CA 104,936 98,021 +7.05%
36 37 Kamloops British Columbia CA 103,811 98,754 +5.12%
37 40 Belleville (Quinte West) Ontario CMA 103,472 101,668 +1.77%
38 35 Chatham-Kent Ontario CA 102,042 104,075 −1.95%
39 39 Fredericton New Brunswick CA 101,760 98,320 +3.50%
40 42 Chilliwack British Columbia CA 101,512 93,882 +8.13%
41 43 Red Deer Alberta CA 100,418 90,564 +10.88%
42 36 Cape Breton Nova Scotia CA 98,722 101,619 −2.85%
43 44 Sarnia (St. Clair) Ontario CA 96,151 97,131 −1.01%
44 45 Drummondville Quebec CA 96,118 91,222 +5.37%
45 46 Prince George British Columbia CA 86,622 84,232 +2.84%
46 48 Granby (Bromont) Quebec CA 85,056 80,863 +5.19%
47 47 Sault Ste. Marie Ontario CA 78,159 79,800 −2.06%
48 50 Medicine Hat (Cypress County) Alberta CA 76,522 72,807 +5.10%
49 49 Kawartha Lakes Ontario CA 75,423 73,219 +3.01%
50 51 Wood Buffalo Alberta CA 73,320 66,896 +9.60%
51 53 North Bay Ontario CA 70,378 72,241 −2.58%
52 52 Charlottetown (Stratford) Prince Edward Island CA 69,325 65,523 +5.80%
53 54 Norfolk Ontario CA 64,044 63,175 +1.38%
54 59 Grande Prairie Alberta CA 63,166 55,655 +13.50%
55 56 Vernon (Coldstream) British Columbia CA 61,334 58,584 +4.69%
56 55 Cornwall (South Stormont) Ontario CA 59,699 58,957 +1.26%
57 57 Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec CA 59,614 56,794 +4.97%
58 61 Brandon Manitoba CA 58,003 54,847 +5.75%
59 62 Rimouski Quebec CA 55,349 53,711 +3.05%
60 60 Shawinigan Quebec CA 54,181 54,489 −0.57%
61 58 Courtenay (Comox, Comox Valley A & B) British Columbia CA 54,157 51,787 +4.58%
62 65 Joliette (Notre-Dame-des-Prairies, Saint-Charles-Borromée, Saint-Paul) Quebec CA 49,439 46,932 +5.34%
63 66 Victoriaville Quebec CA 49,151 46,354 +6.03%
64 63 Leamington (Kingsville) Ontario CA 49,147 49,765 −1.24%
65 67 Truro (Colchester, Subd. B & C) Nova Scotia CA 45,753 45,888 −0.29%
66 68 Duncan (North Cowichan) British Columbia CA 44,451 43,252 +2.77%
67 70 Prince Albert Saskatchewan CA 44,160 43,680 +1.10%
68 71 Penticton (Okanagan-Similkameen D) British Columbia CA 43,432 42,361 +2.53%
69 72 Rouyn-Noranda Quebec CA 42,334 41,012 +3.22%
70 69 Timmins Ontario CA 41,788 43,165 −3.19%
71 64 Sorel-Tracy Quebec CA 41,629 41,520 +0.26%
72 76 Woodstock Ontario CA 40,902 37,754 +8.34%
73 74 Salaberry-de-Valleyfield Quebec CA 40,745 40,077 +1.67%
74 75 Brockville (Elizabethtown-Kitley, Augusta) Ontario CA 38,553 39,024 −1.21%
75 77 Campbell River (Strathcona D) British Columbia CA 37,861 36,096 +4.89%
76 79 Midland (Tay, Penetanguishene) Ontario CA 35,859 35,419 +1.24%
77 81 Moose Jaw Saskatchewan CA 35,053 34,421 +1.84%
78 87 Lloydminster Alberta/Saskatchewan CA 34,583 30,798 +12.29%
79 78 New Glasgow (Pictou, Subd. C & B, Stellarton, Westville) Nova Scotia CA 34,487 35,809 −3.69%
80 83 Val-d'Or Quebec CA 33,871 33,265 +1.82%
81 84 Alma Quebec CA 32,849 33,018 −0.51%
82 80 Saint-Georges Quebec CA 32,513 31,173 +4.30%
83 94 Corner Brook (Pasadena) Newfoundland and Labrador CA 31,917 31,417 +1.59%
84 85 Owen Sound (Georgian Bluffs) Ontario CA 31,820 32,092 −0.85%
85 86 Stratford Ontario CA 31,465 30,903 +1.82%
86 NR Carleton Place (Mississippi Mills, Beckwith) Ontario CA 31,451 29,180 +7.78%
87 73 Orillia Ontario CA 31,166 30,586 +1.90%
88 82 Bathurst (Beresford Parish, Bathurst Parish, Beresford) New Brunswick CA 31,110 31,936 −2.59%
89 NR Winkler (Stanley, Morden) Manitoba CA 30,297 26,838 +12.89%
90 92 Parksville (Qualicum Beach, Nanaimo G) British Columbia CA 28,922 27,822 +3.95%
91 93 Rivière-du-Loup (Saint-Antonin) Quebec CA 28,902 28,987 −0.29%
92 101 Okotoks Alberta CA 28,881 24,511 +17.83%
93 89 Sept-Îles Quebec CA 28,534 28,487 +0.16%
94 91 Thetford Mines Quebec CA 28,448 28,927 −1.66%
95 96 Fort St. John (Peace River C) British Columbia CA 28,396 26,380 +7.64%
96 98 Whitehorse Yukon CA 28,225 26,028 +8.44%
97 95 Centre Wellington Ontario CA 28,191 26,693 +5.61%
98 88 Baie-Comeau Quebec CA 27,692 28,465 −2.72%
99 90 Miramichi New Brunswick CA 27,523 28,115 −2.11%
100 97 Kentville (Kings, Subd. B & C) Nova Scotia CA 26,222 26,359 −0.52%
101 100 Cranbrook (East Kootenay C) British Columbia CA 26,083 25,037 +4.18%
102 99 Port Alberni (Alberni-Clayoquot E) British Columbia CA 25,112 25,465 −1.39%
103 103 Brooks (Newell County) Alberta CA 24,662 23,430 +5.26%
104 105 Edmundston New Brunswick CA 23,524 23,819 −1.24%
105 102 Pembroke (Laurentian Valley) Ontario CA 23,269 24,017 −3.11%
106 104 Quesnel (Cariboo A & B) British Columbia CA 23,146 23,566 −1.78%
107 106 Collingwood Ontario CA 21,793 19,241 +13.26%
108 NR Wasaga Beach Ontario CA 20,675 17,537 +17.89%
109 116 Squamish British Columbia CA 19,893 17,479 +13.81%
110 108 North Battleford (Battleford) Saskatchewan CA 19,623 18,850 +4.10%
111 107 Yellowknife Northwest Territories CA 19,569 19,234 +1.74%
112 109 Cobourg Ontario CA 19,440 18,519 +4.97%
113 112 Yorkton Saskatchewan CA 18,905 18,238 +3.66%
114 117 Camrose Alberta CA 18,742 17,286 +8.42%
115 115 Swift Current (Swift Current No. 137) Saskatchewan CA 18,536 17,535 +5.71%
116 NR Nelson (Central Kootenay F & E) British Columbia CA 18,307 17,987 +1.78%
117 110 Williams Lake (Cariboo D & E) British Columbia CA 18,277 18,490 −1.15%
118 111 Matane Quebec CA 17,926 18,368 −2.41%
119 114 Salmon Arm British Columbia CA 17,904 17,683 +1.25%
120 123 Petawawa Ontario CA 17,187 15,988 +7.50%
121 119 Powell River (Powell River C) British Columbia CA 16,783 16,689 +0.56%
122 121 Port Hope Ontario CA 16,753 16,214 +3.32%
123 120 Summerside Prince Edward Island CA 16,587 16,488 +0.60%
124 NR Arnprior (McNab/Braeside) Ontario CA 15,973 15,485 +3.15%
125 126 Tillsonburg Ontario CA 15,872 15,301 +3.73%
126 130 Steinbach Manitoba CA 15,829 13,524 +17.04%
127 113 Campbellton, New Brunswick (Atholville) New Brunswick CA 15,746 17,361 −9.30%
128 124 Terrace (Kitimat-Stikine E) British Columbia CA 15,723 15,569 +0.99%
129 122 Dolbeau-Mistassini Quebec CA 15,673 15,826 −0.97%
130 136 Sylvan Lake Alberta CA 15,302 12,797 +19.57%
131 125 Kenora Ontario CA 15,096 15,348 −1.64%
132 127 Cold Lake Alberta CA 14,961 13,839 +8.11%
133 128 Grand Falls-Windsor Newfoundland and Labrador CA 14,171 13,725 +3.25%
134 141 Canmore Alberta CA 13,992 12,288 +13.87%
135 140 Strathmore Alberta CA 13,756 12,305 +11.79%
136 135 Thompson Manitoba CA 13,678 12,829 +6.62%
137 139 Cowansville Quebec CA 13,656 12,489 +9.34%
138 133 Estevan (Estevan No. 5) Saskatchewan CA 13,615 12,973 +4.95%
139 134 High River Alberta CA 13,584 12,930 +5.06%
140 NR Sainte-Marie Quebec CA 13,565 12,889 +5.24%
141 132 Portage la Prairie Manitoba CA 13,304 12,996 +2.37%
142 NR Gander Newfoundland and Labrador CA 13,234 12,683 +4.34%
143 144 Lacombe Alberta CA 13,057 11,707 +11.53%
144 137 Lachute Quebec CA 12,862 12,551 +2.48%
145 142 Ingersoll Ontario CA 12,757 12,146 +5.03%
146 131 Prince Rupert British Columbia CA 12,687 13,052 −2.80%
147 138 Wetaskiwin Alberta CA 12,655 12,525 +1.04%
148 145 Dawson Creek British Columbia CA 12,178 11,583 +5.14%
149 143 Hawkesbury (Grenville) Ontario/Quebec CA 11,974 12,128 −1.27%
150 147 Bay Roberts (Spaniard's Bay, Upper Island Cove) Newfoundland and Labrador CA 11,083 10,871 +1.95%
151 NR Weyburn Saskatchewan CA 10,870 10,484 +3.68%
152 146 Elliot Lake Ontario CA 10,741 11,348 −5.35%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 and 2011 censuses (table). 2016 Census.". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 19, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses. 2011 Census.". Statistics Canada. January 15, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ "What's the difference between the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and CMA Toronto (census metropolitan area)?". Computing in the Humanities and Social Sciences University of Toronto. May 9, 2001. Retrieved August 5, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2011 and 2006 censuses (table). 2011 Census.". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "The Canadian Population in 2011: Population Counts and Growth" (PDF) (PDF). Statistics Canada. February 2012. pp. 13–17. Retrieved October 12, 2014. 
  6. ^ http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/170208/dq170208a-eng.htm
  7. ^ a b "Statistical Area Classification - Variant of SGC 2016 (Census metropolitan area and census agglomeration)". Statistics Canada. November 16, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2016. There are 35 CMAs and 117 CAs in 2016. Two new CMAs were created: Belleville (Ont.) and Lethbridge (Alta.). Eight new CAs were created: Gander (N.L.), Sainte-Marie (Que.), Arnprior (Ont.), Carleton Place (Ont.), Wasaga Beach (Ont.), Winkler (Man.), Weyburn (Sask.) and Nelson (Alta.). The CAs of Amos (Que.) and Temiskaming Shores (Ont.) were retired because the population of their cores dropped below 10,000 in 2011. 

External links