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List of tallest buildings in the European Union

Tallest buildings in the European Union.

This list ranks the tallest buildings in the European Union that stand at least 140 metres (459 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This means that spires and other architectural details are included in the official height, but not antenna masts, as it is defined by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Only habitable buildings are ranked, which excludes radio masts and towers, observation towers, cathedrals, steeples, chimneys and other tall architectural structures. Since 2011, the tallest building in the EU has been The Shard in London, United Kingdom, at 310 metres (1,017 feet).

Contents

Existing buildingsEdit

 
Canary Wharf in London at night
 
City of London with currently the tallest building in the European Union The Shard
 
Skyline of Frankfurt in Germany
 
Skyline of La Défense in Paris
 
Skyline of Milan in Italy
 
Skyline of Warsaw in Poland

This list includes buildings under construction that have already been architecturally topped out. Architectural height is considered, so masts and other elements added after completion of building are not considered.

  Was the union's tallest building upon completion
  Was the country's tallest building upon completion
Rank Name Image City Height in m (ft)[1] Floors Year built
1 The Shard   London 310 m (1,017 ft)[2] 73 2012
2 Commerzbank Tower   Frankfurt 259 m (850 ft) 56 1997
3 Messeturm   Frankfurt 256.5 m (842 ft) 63 1990
4 Torre de Cristal   Madrid 249 m (817 ft) 45 2009
5 Torre Cepsa   Madrid 248.3 m (815 ft) 45 2008
6 Torre PwC   Madrid 236 m (774 ft) 52 2008
One Canada Square   London 236 m (774 ft) 50 1991
8 Tour First   Paris 231 m (758 ft) 52 2011
Unicredit Tower   Milan 231 m (758 ft) 35 2011
10 Palace of Culture and Science   Warsaw 230.7 m (757 ft) 42 1955
11 Heron Tower   London 230 m (755 ft) 46 2010
12 Torre Espacio   Madrid 224.2 m (736 ft) 57 2008
13 122 Leadenhall Street   London 224 m (735 ft) 50 2013
14 DC Towers   Vienna 220 m (722 ft) 60 2013
Warsaw Spire   Warsaw 220 m (722 ft) 49 2016
16 Newfoundland   London 219.8 m (721 ft) 60 2018
17 Sky Tower   Wrocław 212 m (696 ft) 50 2012
18 Allianz Tower   Milan 209 m (686 ft) 50 2014
19 Tour Montparnasse   Paris 209 m (686 ft) 59 1972
Piedmont Region Headquarters[3]   Turin 209 m (686 ft) 42 2017
21 Westendstraße 1   Frankfurt 208 m (682 ft) 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower   Warsaw 208 m (682 ft) 43 1999
23 Millennium Tower   Vienna 202 m (663 ft) 50 1999
24 25 Canada Square   London 201 m (659 ft) 45 2001
25 Deansgate Square - South Tower   Manchester 200.5 m (658 ft) 65 2019
26 Main Tower   Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 55 1999
Tower 185   Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 55 2011
Intempo   Benidorm 200 m (656 ft) 55 2014
Tour Incity   Lyon 200 m (656 ft) 39 2015
29 8 Canada Square   London 199.5 m (655 ft) 45 2002
30 Tour Majunga   Paris 194 m (636 ft) 45 2014
31 The Scalpel   London 192.1 m (630 ft) 38 2018
32 Złota 44   Warsaw 192 m (630 ft) 54 2012
33 Turning Torso   Malmö 190 m (623 ft) 54 2005
34 Omniturm[4]   Frankfurt 189.9 m (623 ft) 45 2019
35 Trianon   Frankfurt 186 m (610 ft) 45 1993
Gran Hotel Bali   Benidorm 186 m (610 ft) 52 2002
37 Tour GDF Suez   Paris 185 m (607 ft) 37 2008
38 European Central Bank Headquarters   Frankfurt 183.7 m (603 ft) 45 2014
39 Tower 42   London 183 m (600 ft) 47 1980
40 Tour Granite Paris 183 m (600 ft) 35 2008
41 St George Wharf Tower   London 180.6 m (593 ft) 52 2014
42 Olivia Star   Gdańsk 180.6 m (593 ft) 47 2016
43 Cajasol Tower   Seville 180.5 m (592 ft) 40 2016
44 30 St Mary Axe   London 179.8 m (590 ft) 41 2003
45 Tour Total   Paris 179 m (587 ft) 48 1985
46 Tour Areva   Paris 178 m (584 ft) 44 1974
47 Generali Tower   Milan 177.4 m (582 ft) 44 2017
48 BT Tower   London 177 m (581 ft) 37 1964
49 Grand Tower[5] Frankfurt 172 m (564 ft) 47 2019
50 Tour D2   Paris 171 m (561 ft) 37 2014
51 Opernturm   Frankfurt 170 m (558 ft) 42 2010
Taunusturm[6]   Frankfurt 170 m (558 ft) 40 2014
53 Beetham Tower   Manchester 169 m (554 ft) 47 2006
54 Tours Société Générale (Tour Alicante)   Paris 167 m (548 ft) 37 1995
Tours Société Générale (Tour Chassagne)   Paris 167 m (548 ft) 37 1995
Torre Intesa Sanpaolo[7]   Turin 167 m (548 ft) 39 2014
57 Tour CB21   Paris 166 m (545 ft) 42 1974
Silberturm   Frankfurt 166 m (545 ft) 32 1978
Tour Carpe Diem Paris 166 m (545 ft) 34 2013
60 Tour Part-Dieu   Lyon 165 m (541 ft) 42 1977
Maastoren   Rotterdam 165 m (541 ft) 44 2009
Torre Iberdrola   Bilbao 165 m (541 ft) 41 2011
1 Blackfriars   London 165 m (541 ft) 52 2018
64 InterContinental Warsaw   Warsaw 164 m (538 ft) 45 2003
65 Post Tower   Bonn 162 m (531 ft) 41 2002
66 Principal Tower   London 161.3 m (529 ft) 50 2018
67 Cœur Défense   Paris 161 m (528 ft) 40 2001
Broadgate Tower   London 161 m (528 ft) 33 2009
Palazzo Lombardia   Milan 161 m (528 ft) 44 2010
70 Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4[8]   Warsaw 160 m (525 ft) 46 2013
20 Fenchurch Street   London 160 m (525 ft) 36 2014
73 Tribunal de Paris[9] Paris 159.7 m (524 ft) 38 2018
74 Westend Gate   Frankfurt 159 m (522 ft) 47 1976
Rondo 1   Warsaw 159 m (522 ft) 40 2006
Q22   Warsaw 159 m (522 ft) 47 2016
77 Torre Lúgano[10]   Benidorm 158 m (518 ft) 43 2007
New Orleans   Rotterdam 158 m (518 ft) 43 2010
Torre Picasso   Madrid 156 m (512 ft) 43 1988
One Churchill Place   London 156 m (512 ft) 32 2004
81 Deutsche Bank I   Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 40 1984
Deutsche Bank II   Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 38 1984
Torre Eurosky   Rome 155 m (509 ft) 35 2012
Tour Egée   Paris 155 m (509 ft) 40 1999
Tour Adria Paris 155 m (509 ft) 40 2002
86 Torre Mapfre   Barcelona 154 m (505 ft) 40 1992
Hotel Arts   Barcelona 154 m (505 ft) 44 1994
Skyper   Frankfurt 154 m (505 ft) 38 2004
89 25 Bank Street   London 153 m (502 ft) 33 2003
40 Bank Street   London 153 m (502 ft) 33 2003
91 Tour Ariane   Paris 152 m (499 ft) 36 1975
Montevideo   Rotterdam 152 m (499 ft) 43 2005
93 Gebouw Delftse Poort I   Rotterdam 151 m (495 ft) 41 1991
Torre Pontina   Latina 151 m (495 ft) 37 2010
10 Upper Bank Street   London 151 m (495 ft) 32 2003
96 South Bank Tower   London 150.4 m (493 ft) 42 2016
97 Tour Les Poissons   Paris 150 m (492 ft) 42 1970
Rembrandt Tower   Amsterdam 150 m (492 ft) 41 1992
Hochhaus Neue Donau[11]   Vienna 150 m (492 ft) 33 2002
100 Carrara Tower London 149.6 m (491 ft) 43 2018
101 Baltimore Tower   London 149.1 m (489 ft) 44 2017
102 Millennium Tower   Rotterdam 149 m (489 ft) 34 2000
De Rotterdam[12]   Rotterdam 151 m (495 ft) 44 2013
104 KölnTurm   Cologne 148 m (486 ft) 43 2001
Tour EDF   Paris 148 m (486 ft) 41 2001
Neguri Gane[13]   Benidorm 148 m (486 ft) 40 2002
Europa Tower   Vilnius 148 m (486 ft) 39 2004
Eurotower   Frankfurt 148 m (486 ft) 39 1977
Tour du Midi   Brussels 148 m (486 ft) 38 1967
Strata SE1   London 148 m (486 ft) 43 2010
111 Pan Peninsula East Tower   London 147 m (482 ft) 48 2009
Colonia-Haus   Cologne 147 m (482 ft) 42 1973
Atlantic Hotel Sail City[14]   Bremerhaven 147 m (482 ft) 21 2008
114 CMA CGM Tower Marseille 147 m (482 ft) 33 2010
Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations   The Hague 147 m (482 ft) 37 2012
Ministry of Justice and Security   The Hague 147 m (482 ft) 37 2012
117 Hochhaus Uptown München   Munich 146 m (479 ft) 38 2004
118 Tour des Finances   Brussels 145 m (476 ft) 36 1984
119 JenTower   Jena 144.5 m (474 ft) 29 1972
120 Deansgate Square West Tower   Manchester 144.1 m (473 ft) 44 2018
121 Tour Bretagne   Nantes 144 m (472 ft) 37 1976
Warsaw Financial Center   Warsaw 144 m (472 ft) 35 1999
Torre Agbar   Barcelona 144 m (472 ft) 33 2004
Sea Towers   Gdynia 144 m (472 ft) 36 2009
125 Maine Tower[15] London 172 m (564 ft) 42 2019
126 Tour Dexia Paris 143 m (469 ft) 34 2005
Torre Solaria   Milan 143 m (469 ft) 37 2013
Tour Pleyel   Paris 143 m (469 ft) 38 1973
Guy's Hospital   London 143 m (469 ft) 34 1974
Manhattan Loft Gardens   London 143 m (469 ft) 42 2017
131 Torre de Madrid   Madrid 142 m (466 ft) 37 1957
City-Hochhaus Leipzig   Leipzig 142 m (466 ft) 36 1972
City-Haus   Frankfurt 142 m (466 ft) 42 1974
Frankfurter Büro Center   Frankfurt 142 m (466 ft) 40 1980
Hoftoren   The Hague 142 m (466 ft) 30 2003
Westpoint Tower   Tilburg 142 m (466 ft) 47 2004
UP-site[16]   Brussels 142 m (466 ft) 42 2014
138 New Babylon City Tower[17]   The Hague 141.8 m (465 ft) 45 2013
139 Mennica Legacy Tower[18] Warsaw 141 m (463 ft) 38 2019
140 Centrum LIM   Warsaw 140 m (459 ft) 43 1989
Torre Diamante   Milan 140 m (459 ft) 32 2012
West Tower   Liverpool 140 m (459 ft) 40 2008
Edificio Kronos   Benidorm 140 m (459 ft) 41 2008
New Henninger Turm[19]   Frankfurt 140 m (459 ft) 37 2017


Buildings by pinnacle heightEdit

Some skyscraper enthusiasts prefer this measurement, claiming that the extensions that can or cannot be deemed "architectural" are subjective. However, many non-architectural extensions (such as radio antennas) are easily added and removed from tall buildings without significantly changing the style and design of the building, which is seen as a significant part of the value of these buildings.

The list includes all skyscrapers of at least 180 metres (591 ft) tall. However the height data is subject to fluctuations due to simple changing of mast extensions. This list includes buildings under construction that have already been architecturally topped out.

bold †Denotes building with pinnacle height higher than architectural
Name City Height in m (ft) Floors Completed
The Shard London 306 m (1,004 ft) 72 2012
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 300 m (984 ft) 56 1997
Messeturm Frankfurt 256.5 m (842 ft) 55 1990
DC Towers Vienna 250 m (820 ft) 60 2013
Torre de Cristal Madrid 250 m (820 ft) 45 2007
Allianz Tower Milan 249 m (817 ft) 50 2014
Torre Cepsa Madrid 248.3 m (815 ft) 45 2008
Main Tower Frankfurt 240 m (787 ft) 55 1999
Palace of Culture and Science Warsaw 237 m (778 ft) 43 1955
Torre PwC Madrid 236 m (774 ft) 52 2007
One Canada Square London 236 m (774 ft) 50 1991
Tour First Paris 231 m (758 ft) 56 2010
Unicredit Tower Milan 231 m (758 ft) 35 2011
Torre Espacio Madrid 230 m (755 ft) 57 2007
Heron Tower London 230 m (755 ft) 47 2010
122 Leadenhall Street London 224 m (735 ft) 50 2014
Warsaw Spire Warsaw 220 m (722 ft) 49 2016
Newfoundland London 219.8 m (721 ft) 60 2018
European Central Bank Headquarters Frankfurt 217.3 m (713 ft) 45 2014
Sky Tower Wrocław 212 m (696 ft) 50 2012
Tour Montparnasse Paris 209 m (686 ft) 59 1972
Piedmont Region Headquarters[3] Turin 209 m (686 ft) 42 2017
Westendstrasse 1 Frankfurt 208 m (682 ft) 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower Warsaw 208 m (682 ft) 43 1999
Millennium Tower Vienna 202 m (663 ft) 51 1999
Tour Incity Lyon 202 m (663 ft) 39 2015
25 Canada Square London 201 m (659 ft) 45 2001
Tower 185 Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 51 2011
Intempo Benidorm 200 m (656 ft) 55 2014
8 Canada Square London 199.5 m (655 ft) 45 2002
Tour Majunga Paris 194 m (636 ft) 45 2014
The Scalpel London 192.1 m (630 ft) 38 2018
Złota 44 Warsaw 192 m (630 ft) 54 2012
Generali Tower Milan 191.5 m (628 ft) 44 2017
Turning Torso Malmö 190 m (623 ft) 54 2005
Omniturm[20] Frankfurt 189.9 m (623 ft) 45 2019
Grand Tower†[21] Frankfurt 187 m (614 ft) 47 2019
Trianon Frankfurt 186 m (610 ft) 45 1993
Gran Hotel Bali Benidorm 186 m (610 ft) 52 2002
Tour GDF Suez Paris 185 m (607 ft) 37 2008
Tour Granite Paris 183 m (600 ft) 35 2008
Tower 42 London 182.9 m (600 ft) 47 1980
St George Wharf Tower London 180.6 m (593 ft) 52 2014
Cajasol Tower Seville 180.5 m (592 ft) 40 2016
many lower buildings

Buildings under constructionEdit

This lists buildings that are under construction in European Union and are planned to rise at least 140 metres (459 ft).Approved or proposed buildings are not included in the table. Included are renders of the finished towers or images of the current construction sites.

Image Name City Metres Feet Floors Planned
completion
  Varso Tower Warsaw 310 1017 53 2020
  22 Bishopsgate London 278 912 62 2019
Karlatornet Gothenburg 245 804 73 2021
Landmark Pinnacle London 233 764 75 2020
  Tour Hekla Paris 220 722 51 2022
South Quay Plaza London 215 705 60 2020
Zalmhaventoren Rotterdam 215 705 58 2021
One Park Drive London 205 673 57 2019
Spinnaker Office Tower Warsaw 203 666 46 2019
Sky Fort Sofia 202 666 47 2019
Skyliner Warsaw 195 640 50 2020
ONE Frankfurt 191 627 49 2020
TRILOGY 1 Limassol 190 623 39 2023
Wardian London (East Tower) London 187 614 55 2019
The Madison London 184 604 53 2019
  Caleido Tower Madrid 181 603 33 2020
  Generation Park Warsaw 180 591 34 2019
Tour Duo 1 Paris 180 591 39 2020
  Tour Saint-Gobain Paris 178 584 44 2019
  PwC Tower Milan 175 574 28 2020
TRILOGY 2 Limassol 175 574 37 2023
Limassol NEO Tower 1 Limassol 173 568 43 2024
  100 Bishopsgate London 172 564 40 2019
One Limassol 170 558 37 2019
Wardian London (West Tower) London 168 552 50 2019
TRILOGY 3 Limassol 165 541 36 2023
Port Praski Warsaw 160 525 ? 2022
Tour Alto Paris 160 525 38 2020
Marienturm Frankfurt 155 509 38 2019
Openville Timisoara 155 508 27 2019
Tour Trinity Paris 151 495 33 2019
10 Park Drive London 150 492 43 2019
Limassol NEO Tower 2 Limassol 148 486 38 2024
Liberty Tower Warsaw 140 459 42 2020
One Forty West Frankfurt 140 459 40 2019

Timeline of the tallest buildings in the EU/EECEdit

The following is a timeline of the tallest buildings in the European Union (EU) and its direct predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC) established in 1957.

Name
City
Years as tallest
Metres
Feet
Floors
The Shard London 2011–present 306 1,004 87
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 1997–2011 259 850 56
Messeturm Frankfurt 1990–1997 257 843 55
Tour Montparnasse Paris 1972–1990 210 689 59
Tour du Midi / Zuidertoren Brussels 1966–1972 150 492 38
Pirelli Tower Milan 1958–1966 127 416 32

Note: Until 1990, the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw surpassed the height of the then tallest EU building; however, Poland did not become a member of the European Union until 2004. Also, Madrid buildings Edificio España and Torre de Madrid also surpassed the height of the then tallest EU building until 1966, but Spain became a European Union member in 1986.

See alsoEdit

Footnotes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ The Skyscraper Center: Buildings in Europe, No Min. Year-No Max. Year
  2. ^ "A Vertical City". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b GmbH, Emporis. "La Muratella, Rome - 256356 - EMPORIS". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Omniturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  5. ^ "Grand Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  6. ^ "TaunusTurm". Tishman Speyer.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4 Warszawa – inwestycja Tacit Development Polska". Urbanity.pl.
  9. ^ "Tribunal de Paris". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  10. ^ "Torre Lugano - The Skyscraper Center". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Hochhaus Neue Donau". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  12. ^ "De Rotterdam". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  13. ^ "Edificio Neguri Gane". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  14. ^ "Atlantic Hotel Sail City". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  15. ^ "Harbour Central-Maine Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  16. ^ "UP-site". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  17. ^ "New Babylon City Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  18. ^ "Mennica Legacy Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  19. ^ "Henninger Turm Website". henninger-turm.com. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
  20. ^ "Omniturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  21. ^ "Grand Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.

BibliographyEdit