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List of chapters in the Quran

  (Redirected from List of surahs in the Quran)

The Quran is divided into chapters (surah) and further divided into verses (ayat). The real translation of the word Ayat is actually "A Sign". For a preliminary discussion about the chronological order of chapters see page Surah.

The first Sura of the Quran, consisting of seven verses

Each surah, except for the ninth is preceded by the phrase bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm ("In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.").[1] 29 surahs are preceded by Muqatta'at (lit. abbreviated or shortened), unique letter combinations whose meanings remain unclear.[2][3]

Contents

Table of SurasEdit

Surah
# Anglicized title(s) Arabic title(s) English title(s) Number of verses (Number of Rukūʿs) Meccan vs. Medinan Egyptian Standard Chronological Order[4][5][6] Nöldeke's Chronological Order[4] Muqatta'at (isolated letters)[3] Title refers to Main theme
1 Al-Fatihah الفاتحة

al-faatiHah

The Opening, The Opening of the Divine Writ, The Essence of the Divine Writ, The Surah of Praise, The Foundation of the Qur'an, and

The Seven Oft-Repeated [Verses][7]

007 (01) Meccan 5 48 Whole Surah [8]
  • The fundamental principles of the Qur'an in a condensed form.[8]
2 Al-Baqarah البقرة

al-Baqarah

The Calf, The Cow 286 (40) Medinan 87 91 Alif Lam Mim v. 67-73 [8]
3 Al Imran آل عمران

aal-`Imraan

The Family of Imran, The House of 'Imrán 200 (20) Medinan 89 97 Alif Lam Mim v. 33, 35 [8]
4 An-Nisa' النساء

an-Nisaa'

The Women 176 (24) Medinan 92 100 Whole Surah [8]
  • Unity of the human race and the mutual obligations of men and women towards one another. (v. 1) [8]
  • Rights of women.[8]
  • Questions related to family life (including marriage and inheritance).[8]
  • Peace and war.[8]
  • Relations of believers with unbelievers.[8]
  • Striving in the Cause of Allah (Jihad). (v. 95-97) [10]
5 Al-Ma'idah المائدة

al-Maa'idah

The Food, The Repast, The Table 120 (16) Medinan 112 114 v. 112-114 [8]
  • A series of ordinances (incl. Religious rites and social obligations).[8]
  • Corruption of the original message of the Ingeel by Jews and Christians. (v. 68-77, 116-118) [8]
6 Al-An'am الأنعام

al-An`aam

The Cattle 165 (20) Meccan 55 89 v. 136ff.[8]
  • Human nature of Muhammad. (v. 50) [8]
  • Oneness and uniqueness of Allah. (e.g. v. 100, 103) [8]
  • Pre-Islamic superstitions concerning animals. (v. 136ff) [8]
7 Al-A'raf الأعراف

al-A`raaf

The Heights, The Faculty of Discernment 206 (24) Meccan 39 87 Alif Lam Mim Sad v. 46, 48 [8]
8 Al-Anfal الأنفال

al-Anfaal

The Spoils of War 075 (10) Medinan 88 95 v. 1 [8]
9 At-Tawbah التوبة

at-tawbah

The Repentance 129 (16) Medinan 113 113
10 Yunus يونس

Yuunus

Yunus 109 (11) Meccan 51 84 Alif Lam Ra v. 98 [8]
  • The revelation of the Qur'an to Muhammad (not Muhammad’s own work). (v. 15-17, 37-38, 94) [8]
  • References to earlier prophets.[8]
  • Fundamental tenets of Islam.[8]
11 Hud هود

Huud

Hud 123 (10) Meccan 52 75 Alif Lam Ra v. 50-60
  • The revelation of God’s will through his prophets.[8]
  • More stories of earlier prophets.[8]
  • Just dealings between men.[8]
12 Yusuf يوسف

Yuusuf

Joseph 111 (12) Meccan 53 77 Alif Lam Ra Whole Surah
  • The story of the prophet Joseph (as an illustration of God’s unfathomable direction of men’s affairs).[8]
13 Ar-Ra'd الرعد

ar-Ra`d

The Thunder 043 (06) Medinan 96 90 Alif Lam Mim Ra v. 13 [8]
  • God’s revelation, through his prophets, of certain fundamental moral truths, and the concequences of accepting or rejecting them.[8]
14 Ibraheem إبراهيم

Ibraaheem

Abraham 052 (07) Meccan 72 76 Alif Lam Ra v. 35-41 [8]
  • The revelation of God’s word to all mankind, destined to lead man from darkness to light.[8]
15 Al-Hijr الحجر

al-Hijr

The Rocky Tract, The Stoneland, The Rock City, Al-Hijr 099 (06) Meccan 54 57 Alif Lam Ra v. 80 [8]
  • God’s guidance to man through revelation of the Qur'an, which will remain uncorrupted for all times. (v. 9) [8]
16 An-Nahl النحل

an-naHl

The Honey Bees, The Bee 128 (16) Meccan 70 73 v. 68-69 [8]
  • God’s creativeness:[8]
    • Manifested in the instincts of the bee.[8]
    • Culmination: Guidance through his revealed word.[8]
17 Al-Isra الإسراء

al-Israa'

The Night Journey 111 (12) Meccan 50 67 v. 1 [8]
18 Al-Kahf الكهف

al-Kahf

The Cave 110 (12) Meccan 69 69 v. 13-20 [8]
  • A series of parables or allegories on the theme of faith in God versus excessive attachment to the life of this world. Including:[8]
    • The men of the cave. (v. 13-20) [8]
    • The rich man and the poor man. (v. 32-44) [8]
    • Moses and the unnamed sage. (v. 60-82) [8]
    • The allegory of ‘Dhu’l-Qarnayn, the Two-Horned One’. (v. 83-98) [8]
19 Maryam مريم

Maryam

Mary 098 (06) Meccan 44 58 Kaf Ha Ya 'Ayn Sad v. 16-37 [8]
  • The story of Zachariah and his son John, the precursor of Jesus. (v. 2-15) [8]
  • The story of Mary and Jesus. (v. 16-37) [8]
20 Ta-Ha طه

Taa haa

Ta-Ha 135 (08) Meccan 45 55 Ta Ha [notes 1] v. 1 [8]
  • The guidance offered by God through his prophets.[8]
  • The fundamental truths inherent in all revealed religions are identical.[8]
    • The story of Moses. (v. 9-98) [8]
21 Al-Anbiya' الأنبياء

al-Anbiyaa'

The Prophets 112 (07) Meccan 73 65 v. 48-91 [8]
  • The oneness, uniqueness and transcendence of God.[8]
  • The continuity and intrinsic unity of all divine revelation.[8]
    • Stories of the prophets of old. (v. 48-91) [8]
    • The believers of all faiths belong to one single community. (v. 92) [8]
22 Al-Hajj الحج

al-Hajj

The Pilgrimage 078 (10) Medinan 103 107 v. 25-38 [8]
  • The Mecca pilgrimage and some of the rituals connected with it. (v. 25-38) [8]
23 Al-Mu'minoon المؤمنون

al-Mu'minoon

The Believers 118 (06) Meccan 74 64 v. 1 [8]
  • True faith.[8]
  • The evidence of the existence of an almighty Creator, and man’s ultimate responsibility before Him.[8]
  • The unity of all religious communities, broken by man’s egotism, greed and striving after power. (v. 52-53) [8]
  • The impossibility to believe in God, without believing in life after death.[8]
24 An-Nur النور

an-Noor

The Light 064 (09) Medinan 102 105 v. 35 [8]
  • Mutual relations and ethical rules between men and women.[8]
  • The mystic parable of the ‘light of God’ ("Verse of Light"). (v. 35) [8]
25 Al-Furqan الفرقان

al-Furqaan

The Criterion, The Standard, The Standard of True and False 077 (06) Meccan 42 66 v. 1 [8]
  • The purpose of every divine revelation is to provide a stable criterion of true and false.[8]
  • The humanness of every apostle sent by God to man. (v. 20) [8]
  • Divine revelation belongs to God’s creative activity.[8]
26 ash-Shu`ara' الشعراء

ash-shu`araa'

The Poets 227 (11) Meccan 47 56 Ta Sin Mim v. 224 [8]
  • Man’s weakness, which causes him to reject God’s message and worship power and wealth etc.[8]
27 An-Naml النمل

an-Naml

The Ant, The Ants 093 (07) Meccan 48 68 Ta Sin v. 18 [8]
28 Al-Qasas القصص

al-Qasas

The Narrations, The Stories, The Story 088 (09) Meccan 49 79 Ta Sin Mim v. 25 [8]
  • Human aspects of the life of Moses.[8]
29 Al-`Ankabut العنكبوت

al-`Ankaboot

The Spider 069 (07) Meccan 85 81 Alif Lam Mim v. 41 [8]
  • The parable of ‘the spider house’, a symbol of false beliefs that are destined to be blown away by the winds of truth. (v. 41) [8]
30 Ar-Rum الروم

ar-Room

The Romans, The Byzantines 060 (06) Meccan 84 74 Alif Lam Mim v. 1 [8]
  • Predictions of the near victory of the Byzantines [over the Persians] and the Battle of Badr (2 A.H.). (v. 1-7) [8]
  • God’s ability to resurrect the dead at the end of time, and the people’s ignorance of this.[8]
31 Luqman لقمان

Luqmaan

Luqman 034 (04) Meccan 57 82 Alif Lam Mim v. 12-19 [8]
  • The story of Luqman, a legendary sage, counselling his son. (v. 12-19) [8]
32 As-Sajdah السجدة

as-Sajdah

The Prostration, Worship, Adoration 030 (03) Meccan 75 70 Alif Lam Mim v. 15 [8]
  • God's creation.[12]
  • God's revelation and man's acceptance or denial.[12]
  • The Day of Judgement.[12]
33 Al-Ahzab الأحزاب

al-aHzaab

The Clans, The Confederates, The Combined Forces 073 (09) Medinan 90 103 v. 9-27 [8]
34 Saba' سبأ

Sabaa'

Sheba 054 (06) Meccan 58 85 v. 15-20 [8]
  • The insignificance of the knowledge accessible to man. (v. 9) [8]
  • The story of the people of Sheba, as an example of the impermanence of human power, wealth and glory. (v. 15-20) [8]
  • Always be conscious of God. (v. 46) [8]
35 Fatir فاطر

faaTir

The Originator 045 (05) Meccan 43 86 v. 1 [8]
  • God’s power to create and resurrect.[8]
  • God’s revelation of his will through his prophets.[8]
36 Yaseen يس

Yaasiin

Yaseen 083 (05) Meccan 41 60 Yaseen [notes 2] v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s moral responsibility, resurrection and God’s judgment.[8]
  • To be recited over the dying and in the prayers of the dead.[8]
37 As-Saffat الصافّات

aS-Saaffaat

Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks, Those Ranged in Ranks 182 (05) Meccan 56 50 v. 1 [8]
  • Resurrection and the certainty that all human beings will have to answer before God.[8]
  • Man’s constant need of prophetic guidance.[8]
    • Stories of earlier prophets. (v. 75-148) [8]
38 Sad ص

Saad

Sad 088 (05) Meccan 38 59 Sad v. 1 [8]
  • Divine guidance and its rejection by those who are lost in fast pride.[8]
39 Az-Zumar الزمر

az-zumar

The Crowds, The Troops, Throngs 075 (08) Meccan 59 80 v. 71, 73 [8]
  • The evidence of the existence and oneness of God in all manifestations of nature.[8]
  • God forgives all sins to him who repents before his death.[8]
  • Allegories of the Last Hour and the Day of Judgment.[8]
40 Ghafir غافر

Ghaafir

The Forgiver (God), Forgiving 085 (09) Meccan 60 78 Ha Mim v. 3 [8]
  • Man’s false pride, worship of false values (wealth, power etc.) and his denial of divine guidance.[8]
    • Stories of earlier prophets.[8]
41 Fussilat فصلت

FuSSilat

Expounded, Explained In Detail, Clearly Spelled Out 054 (14) Meccan 61 71 Ha Mim v. 3[8]
  • Man’s acceptance or rejection of divine revelation.[8]
42 Ash-Shura الشورى‎

ash-shūrā

The Consultation 053 (05) Meccan 62 83 Ha Mim 'Ayn Sin Qaf v. 36 [8]
  • God is undefinable and unfathomable. (v. 11, 16) [8]
  • All prophets taught the oneness of God, so all believers of all ‘denominations’ should see themselves as ‘one single community’. (v. 13, 15) [8]
  • The law of cause and effect: In the life to come man will only harvest ‘what his own hands have wrought’ in this world.[8]
43 Az-Zukhruf الزخرف

az-zukhruf

The Gold Adornments, The Ornaments of Gold, Luxury, Gold 089 (07) Meccan 63 61 Ha Mim v. 35 [8]
  • To equal anyone or anything with God is sprititually destructive and logically unacceptable.[8]
  • People’s blind adherence to the faith of their forefathers. (v. 22-23) [8]
44 Ad-Dukhan الدخان

ad-dukhān

The Smoke 059 (03) Meccan 64 53 Ha Mim v. 10 [8]
  • Through revelation worldly pride is eventually brought to naught.[12]
45 Al-Jathiyah الجاثية

al-Jaathiyah

The Kneeling Down, Crouching 037 (04) Meccan 65 72 Ha Mim v. 28 [8]
  • The humility with which all human beings will face their final judgment on resurrection. (v. 28) [8]
46 Al-Ahqaf الأحقاف

al-aHqaaf

Winding Sand-tracts, The Dunes, The Sand-Dunes 035 (04) Meccan 66 88 Ha Mim v. 21 [8]
47 Muhammad محمد

Muhammad

Muhammad 038 Medinan 95 96 v. 2 [8]
  • Fighting (qital) in God’s cause.[8]
48 Al-Fath الفتح

al-fatH

The Victory, Conquest 029 Medinan 111 108 v. 1 [8]
49 Al-Hujurat الحجرات

al-Hujuraat

The Private Apartments, The Inner Apartments 018 Medinan 106 112 v. 4 [8]
  • Social ethics.[8]
    • Reverence to Muhammad and the righteous leaders after him.[8]
    • The brotherhood of all believers and all mankind. (v. 10, 13) [8]
    • The difference between true faith and outward observance of religious formalities. (v. 14 ff.) [8]
50 Qaf ق

Qaaf

Qaf 045 Meccan 34 54 Qaf v. 1 [8]
51 Ad-Dhariyat الذاريات

adh-dhaariyaat

The Wind That Scatter, The Winnowing Winds, The Dust-Scattering Winds 060 Meccan 67 39 v. 1 [8]
52 At-Tur الطور

aT-Toor

The Mount, Mount Sinai 049 Meccan 76 40 v. 1 [8]
53 An-Najm النجم

an-Najm

The Star, The Unfolding 062 Meccan 23 28 v. 1 [8]
  • Muhammad’s experience of an ascension to heaven (Mi’raj, including his vision of the Sidrat al-Muntaha, the Lote-Tree of the Extremity). (v. 13-18) [8]
54 Al-Qamar القمر

al-Qamar

The Moon 055 Meccan 37 49 v. 1 [8]
55 Ar-Rahman الرحمن

ar-raHmaan

The Most Merciful, The Most Gracious 078 Medinan 97 43 v. 1 [8]
56 Al-Waqi'ah الواقعة

al-Waaqi`ah

The Inevitable, The Event, That Which Must Come to Pass 096 Meccan 46 41 v. 1 [8]
57 Al-Hadeed الحديد

al-Hadeed

The Iron 029 Medinan 94 99 v. 25 [8]
58 Al-Mujadilah المجادلة

al-Mujaadilah

The Pleading, The Pleading Woman 022 Medinan 105 106 v. 1 [8]
  • Divorce.[8]
  • Faith and denial.[8]
  • Hypocrisy.[8]
  • The attitude believers should have toward non-believers.[8]
59 Al-Hashr الحشر

al-Hashr

The Mustering, The Gathering, Exile, Banishment 024 Medinan 101 102 v. 2 [8]
  • The conflict between the Muslim coummunity and the Jewish tribe of Banu’n-Nadir of Medina.[8]
60 Al-Mumtahanah الممتحنة

al-MumtaHanah

The Examined One, She That Is To Be Examined 013 Medinan 91 110 v. 10 [8]
  • The believers’ relations with unbelievers.[8]
61 As-Saff الصف

as-Saff

The Ranks, Battle Array 014 Medinan 109 98 v. 4 [8]
  • A call to unity between professed belief and actual behaviour.[8]
62 Al-Jumu'ah الجمعة

al-Jumu`ah

The Congregation, Friday 011 Medinan 110 94 v. 9-10 [8]
63 Al-Munafiqun المنافقون

al-Munaafiqoon

The Hypocrites 011 Medinan 104 104 Whole Surah [8]
64 At-Taghabun التغابن

at-taghaabun

The Cheating, The Mutual Disillusion, The Mutual Loss and Gain, Loss and Gain 018 (02) Medinan 108 93 v. 9 [8]
65 At-Talaq الطلاق

aT-Talaaq

Divorce 012 (02) Medinan 99 101 Whole Surah
  • Divorce (waiting period, remarriage).[8]
66 At-Tahreem التحريم

at-taHreem

The Prohibition 012 (02) Medinan 107 109 v. 1 [8]
  • Certain aspects of Muhammad’s personal and family life.[8]
67 Al-Mulk الملك

al-Mulk

The Dominion, Sovereignty, Control 030 (02) Meccan 77 63 v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s inability to understand the mysteries of the universe, and his dependence on guidance through divine revelation.[8]
68 Al-Qalam القلم

al-Qalam

The Pen 052 (02) Meccan 2 18 Nun v. 1 [8]
69 Al-Haqqah الحاقة

al-Haaqqah

The Sure Reality, The Laying-Bare of the Truth 052 (02) Meccan 78 38 v. 1
70 Al-Ma'aarij المعارج

al-Ma`aarij

The Ways of Ascent, The Ascending Stairways 044 (02) Meccan 79 42 v. 3 [8]
  • The unwillingness to believe, caused by the restlessness inherent in human nature.[8]
71 Nuh نوح

Nooh

Noah 028 (02) Meccan 71 51 Whole Surah
  • The story of Noah.[8]
    • The struggle against blind materialism and the lack of spiritual values.[8]
72 Al-Jinn الجن

al-Jinn

The Spirits, The Unseen Beings 028 (02) Meccan 40 62 v. 1 [8]
73 Al-Muzzammil المزمل

al-Muzzammil

The Enfolded One, The Enshrouded One, Bundled Up, The Enwrapped One 020 (02) Meccan 3 23 v. 1 [8]
74 Al-Muddathir المدثر

al-Muddaththir

The One Wrapped Up, The Cloaked One, The Man Wearing A Cloak, The Enfolded One 056 (02) Meccan 4 2 v. 1 [8]
  • This short early surah outlines almost all fundamental Qur'anic concepts.[8]
75 Al-Qiyamah القيامة

al-Qiyaamah

Resurrection, The Day of Resurrection, Rising Of The Dead 040 (02) Meccan 31 36 v. 1 [8]
  • The concept of resurrection.[8]
76 Al-Insan الإنسان

al-Insaan

The Human, Man 031 (02) Medinan 98 52 v. 1 [8]
77 Al-Mursalat المرسلات

al-Mursalaat

Those Sent Forth, The Emissaries, Winds Sent Forth 050 (02) Meccan 33 32 v. 1 [8]
  • The gradual revelation of the Qur'an.[8]
78 An-Naba' النبأ

an-Naba'

The Great News, The Announcement, The Tiding 040 (02) Meccan 80 33 v. 2 [8]
  • Life after death.[8]
  • Resurrection and God’s ultimate judgment.[8]
79 An-Nazi'at النازعات

an-Naazi`aat

Those Who Tear Out, Those Who Drag Forth, Soul-snatchers, Those That Rise 046 (02) Meccan 81 31 v. 1 [8]
80 `Abasa عبس

`Abasa

He Frowned 042 (01) Meccan 24 17 v. 1 [8]
81 At-Takweer التكوير

at-takweer

The Folding Up, The Overthrowing, Shrouding in Darkness 029 (01) Meccan 7 27 v. 1 [8]
  • The Last Hour and man’s resurrection.[8]
82 Al-Infitar الإنفطار

al-infiTaar

The Cleaving Asunder, Bursting Apart 019 (01) Meccan 82 26 v. 1 [8]
83 Al-Mutaffifeen المطففين

Al-Mutaffifeen

The Dealers in Fraud, Defrauding, The Cheats, Those Who Give Short Measure 036 (01) Meccan 86 37 v. 1 [8]
84 Al-Inshiqaq الإنشقاق

al-Inshiqaaq

The Rending Asunder, The Sundering, Splitting Open, The Splitting Asunder 025 (01) Meccan 83 29 v. 1 [8]
85 Al-Burooj البروج

al-Burooj

The Mansions Of The Stars, Constellations, The Great Constellations 022 (01) Meccan 27 22 v. 1 [8]
86 At-Tariq الطارق

aT-Taariq

The Night-Visitant, The Morning Star, The Nightcomer, That Which Comes in the Night 017 (01) Meccan 36 15 v. 1 [8]
87 Al-A'la الأعلى

al-A`laa

The Most High, The All-Highest, Glory To Your Lord In The Highest 019 (01) Meccan 8 19 v. 1 [8]
88 Al-Ghashiyah الغاشية

al-Ghaashiyah

The Overwhelming Event, The Overshadowing Event, The Pall 026 (01) Meccan 68 34 v. 1 [8]
89 Al-Fajr الفجر

al-Fajr

The Break of Day, The Daybreak, The Dawn 030 (01) Meccan 10 35 v. 1 [8]
90 Al-Balad البلد

al-Balad

The City, The Land 020 (01) Meccan 35 11 v. 1 [8]
91 Ash-Shams الشمس

ash-Shams

The Sun 015 (01) Meccan 26 16 v. 1 [8]
92 Al-Lail الليل

al-Layl

The Night 021 (01) Meccan 9 10 v. 1 [8]
93 Ad-Dhuha الضحى

aD-DuHaa

The Glorious Morning Light, The Forenoon, Morning Hours, Morning Bright, The Bright Morning Hours 011 (01) Meccan 11 13 v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s suffering and God’s justice.[8]
  • A message of hope and consolation is given to man from Allah's past mercies.
  • Man is bidden to pursue the path of goodness and proclaim the bounties of Allah.
94 Ash-Sharh الشرح‎

Ash-Sharh

The Expansion of Breast, Solace, Consolation, Relief, Patient, The Opening-Up of the Heart 008 (01) Meccan 12 12 v. 1
95 Al-Teen التين

al-teen

The Fig Tree, The Fig 008 (01) Meccan 28 20 v. 1 [8]
  • A fundamental moral verity, common to all true religious teachings.[8]
96 al-`Alaq العلق

al-`Alaq

The Clinging Clot, Clot of Blood, The Germ-Cell 019 (01) Meccan 1 1 v. 2 [8]
  • The first five verses revealed to Muhammad. (v. 1-5) [8]
97 Al-Qadr القدر

al-Qadr

The Night of Honor, The Night of Decree, Power, Fate, Destiny 005 (01) Meccan 25 14 v. 1 [8]
98 Al-Bayyinah البينة

al-Bayyinah

The Clear Evidence, The Evidence of the Truth 008 (01) Medinan 100 92 v. 1 [8]
99 Az-Zalzala الزلزلة

Az-zalzala

The Earthquake 008 (01) Medinan 93 25 v. 1 [8]
100 Al-Adiyat العاديات

al-`Aadiyaat

The Courser, The Chargers, The War Horse 011 (01) Meccan 14 30 v. 1 [8]
101 al-Qari`ah القارعة

al-Qaari`ah

The Striking Hour, The Great Calamity, The Stunning Blow, The Sudden Calamity 011 (01) Meccan 30 24 v. 1 [8]
102 At-Takathur التكاثر

at-takaathur

The Piling Up, Rivalry in World Increase, Competition, Greed for More and More 008 (01) Meccan 16 8 v. 1 [8]
  • Man’s greed and tendencies.[8]
103 Al-Asr العصر

al-`Asr

The Time, The Declining Day, The Epoch, The Flight of Time 003 (01) Meccan 13 21 v. 1 [8]
104 Al-Humazah الهمزة

al-humazah

The Scandalmonger, The Traducer, The Gossipmonger, The Slanderer 009 (01) Meccan 32 6 v. 1 [8]
105 Al-Feel الفيل

al-Feel

The Elephant 005 (01) Meccan 19 9 v. 1 [8]
106 Quraish قريش

Quraish

Quraysh 004 (01) Meccan 29 4 v. 1 [8]
  • The Quraysh, custodians of the Kaaba, should be thankful to God for protecting them from hunger and danger.[12]
107 Al-Maa'oun الماعون

al-Maa`oon

The Neighbourly Assistance, Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Assistance 007 (01) Meccan 17 7 v. 7 [8]
  • The meaning of true worship through sincere devotion and helping those in need.[12]
108 Al-Kawthar الكوثر

al-Kauthar

Abundance, Plenty, Good in Abundance 003 (01) Meccan 15 5 v. 1 [8]
  • Spiritual riches through devotion and sacrifice.
  • Hatred results in the cutting off of all hope.[12]
109 Al-Kafiroun الكافرون

al-Kaafiroon

The Disbelievers, The Kafirs, Those Who Deny the Truth 006 (01) Meccan 18 45 v. 1 [8]
  • The correct attitude towards those who reject faith.[12]
110 An-Nasr النصر

an-naSr

The Help, Divine Support, Victory, Succour 003 (01) Medinan 114 111 v. 1 [8]
  • The last complete surah revealed before Muhammad’s death.[8]
111 Al-Masad المسد

Al-Masad

The Plaited Rope, The Palm Fibre, The Twisted Strands 005 (01) Meccan 6 3 v. 5 [8]
112 Al-Ikhlas الاخلاص

al-ikhlaaS

Purity of Faith, The Fidelity, The Declaration of [God's] Perfection 004 (01) Meccan 22 44
  • The oneness of God.[8]
113 Al-Falaq الفلق

al-Falaq

The Daybreak, Dawn, The Rising Dawn 005 (05) Meccan 20 46 v. 1 [8]
  • Seek refuge in God from evil of others.[12]
114 Al-Nas الناس

an-Naas

Mankind, Men 006 (01) Meccan 21 47 v. 1 [8]
  • Trust in God's protection from temptations.[12]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 'Ta Ha' has also been interpreted as the invocation 'O man'. In this case, it is not counted as a Muqatta'at. Asad 1980, Footnote to the verse.
  2. ^ 'Ya Sin' has also been interpreted as the invocation 'O thou human being'. In this case, it is not counted as a Muqatta'at. Asad 1980, Footnote to the verse.

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Asad 1980, Introduction to Sura 1.
  2. ^ https://www.scribd.com/doc/296556298/Who-Rearranged-the-Quran)
  3. ^ a b Asad 1980, Appendix II.
  4. ^ a b Robinson, Neal (2003). Discovering the Qurʼan: A Contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text (PDF). Georgetown University Press. pp. 25–97. ISBN 1589010248.
  5. ^ Qran.org: Quran Verses in Chronological Order
  6. ^ Chronological Order of Quranic Surahs, by Kevin P. Edgecomb (2002).
  7. ^ Asad 1980, Introduction to the Sura..
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii Asad 1980, Introduction to the Sura.
  9. ^ Peters, F.E. (1993). A Reader on Classical Islam. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. pp. 176–177. ISBN 9781400821181.
  10. ^ a b c Asad 1980, Footnote(s) to the verse(s).
  11. ^ Gwynne, Rosalind Ward (2014). Logic, Rhetoric and Legal Reasoning in the Qur'an: God's Arguments. Routledge Studies in the Qur'an. Routledge, UK. ISBN 1134345003. pp. 1-2.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1934). The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary. Introduction to the Sura.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit