List of stretch-curd cheeses

This is a list of stretch-curd cheeses, comprising cheeses prepared using the pasta filata technique. The cheeses manufactured from this technique undergo a plasticising and kneading treatment of the fresh curd in hot water, which gives them fibrous structures.[1]

Bocconcini is a small mozzarella cheese the size of an egg.

Stretch-curd cheesesEdit

 
Straddled forms of caciocavallo hang to age
 
Smoked Parenica
 
Discs of Sulguni
  • Akkawi – a white brined cheese originating from the city of Acre (Akko), Israel.[2][3] Its texture can be compared to mozzarella, feta or a mizithra, since it does not melt easily. The texture and flavor is a result of its specific culturing from its curds that are kept together for a prolonged period longer than simpler tasting curd cheese such as Syrian cheese when akkai is transformed into cheese.[3][2]
  • Braided cheese – made from strips of highly elastic cheese wound together in a braid.[4] Turkey, Armenia, Lebanon, Syria, and many Latin American nations make varieties of braided cheese.
  • Cacio figurato – a type of pasta filata cheese manufactured in Sicily, Italy made from cow's milk.
  • Caciocavallo – is a type of pasta filata cheese made out of sheep's or cow's milk.[5] It is produced throughout Southern Italy,[5] particularly in the Apennine Mountains and in the Gargano peninsula. Shaped like a tear-drop, it is similar in taste to the aged Southern Italian Provolone cheese, with a hard edible rind.
  • Galbanino – a soft, mild, cheese produced by the Italian company Galbani, it most closely resembles a mild provolone cheese.
  • Halloumi – a Cypriot semihard, unripened, brined cheese made from a mixture of goat's and sheep's milk, and sometimes also cow's milk.[6][7][8][9] It is set with rennet[10] and is unusual in that no acid or acid-producing bacterium is used in its preparation.[11]
  • Kashkaval – a hard yellow cheese made of cow's milk, sheep's milk, or both.[12] It dates to the 11th and 12th centuries, and is popular in several mediterranean countries.[12]
  • Mozzarella – a traditionally southern Italian dairy product made by the pasta filata method. Mozzarella received a Traditional Speciality Guaranteed certification from the European Union in 1998. This protection scheme requires that mozzarella sold in the European Union is produced according to a traditional recipe.
  • Oaxaca cheese – a white, semihard cheese from Mexico, similar to un-aged Monterey Jack, but with a mozzarella-like string cheese texture. The production process is complicated and involves stretching the cheese into long ribbons and rolling it up like a ball of yarn.
  • Oscypek is a smoked cheese made using salted sheep's milk and some cow's milk that is made exclusively in the Tatra Mountains region of Poland. Unpasteurized salted sheep's milk is first turned into cottage cheese, which is then repeatedly rinsed with boiling water and squeezed. After this, the mass is pressed into wooden, spindle-shaped forms in decorative shapes. The forms are then placed in a brine-filled barrel for a night or two, after which they are placed close to the roof in a special wooden hut and cured in hot smoke for up to 14 days.[13]
  • Oštiepok is a traditional smoked sheep's milk cheese made in Slovakia; it is a protected trade name under the EU's protected geographical indication.[14][15]
  • Pallone di Gravina is a firm cow's milk cheese from the regions of Basilicata and Apulia in southeast Italy. It is made in the pasta filata style weighing between 1.5 and 2.5 kg (3.3 and 5.5 lb), in a pear-like shape, ball, or balloon (pallone), and was traditionally produced in the area of the city of Gravina, in the Murgia area of the province of Bari. Today, however, production is centered in the province of Matera.
  • Parenica – a protected trade name under the EU's protected geographical indication, it is a traditional Slovak cheese that is semifirm, nonripening, semifat, steamed, and usually smoked, although a nonsmoked version is also produced.
  • Provolone – an aged semihard Italian pasta filata cheese originating in Casilli near Vesuvius, where it is still produced in pear, sausage, or cone shapes varying from 10 to 15 centimetres (3.9 to 5.9 inches) long. Its taste varies significantly, from provolone piccante (sharp/piquant), aged for a minimum of four months and with a very sharp taste, to provolone dolce (sweet) with a very mild taste.[16] In provolone piccante, the distinctive piquant taste is produced with lipase (enzyme) derived from goat. The Dolce version uses calf's lipase instead.
  • Ragusano cheese is an Italian cow's milk cheese produced in Ragusa, in Sicily in southern Italy. It is a firm stretched-curd cheese made with whole milk from cows of the Modicana breed, raised exclusively on fresh grass or hay in the provinces of Ragusa and Syracuse. The cheese was awarded Italian Denominazione di Origine Controllata protection in 1955 and EU DOP status in 1995.[17]
  • Scamorza – an Italian stretched-curd cow's milk cheese, it can also be made from other milks, but this is less common. In its preparation, the fresh curd matures in its own whey for several hours to allow acidity to develop by the process of lactose being converted to lactic acid. Artisanal cheese makers generally form the cheese into a round shape, and then tie a string around the mass one-third of the distance from the top, and hang to dry. The resulting shape is pear-like.
  • Stracciata – a fresh cow's milk pasta filata cheese produced in Italy, it is formed into flat strips of about 4–5 cm wide, 1 cm thick, and folded in on itself in a uniform manner or woven wire.[18][19] The name stracciata means "tattered" in Italian.
  • Stracciatella di bufala is a cheese produced from Italian buffalo milk in the province of Foggia, located in the southern Italian region of Apulia, using a stretching and a shredding technique.[20][21]
  • String cheese refers to several different types of cheese where the manufacturing process aligns the proteins in the cheese, which makes it stringy.[22]
    • Chechil is a brine string cheese that originated in Armenia.[23] It has a consistency approximating that of mozzarella or sulguni, and is produced in the form of dense strings, rolled up in a figure eight of thick braid-shaped ropes.
    • Korbáčik is a type of semihard or medium hard string cheese interwoven into fine braids. It originates from the Orava region of northern Slovakia. The two main variants of Korbáčik are smoked and unsmoked.[24]
  • Sulguni – a brined Georgian cheese from the Samegrelo region.[25][26] It has a sour, moderately salty flavor, a dimpled texture, and an elastic consistency; these attributes are the result of the process used, and the source of its moniker "pickle cheese".[25][26] The fried cheese is a popular dish in Georgia.[26]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ U.S. Patent 7,955,814 citing Kindstedt, Paul S. (1999). "Mozzarella and Pizza cheese". Cheese: Chemistry, Physics & Microbiology (second ed.). Elsevier Science & Technology. 2: Major Cheese groups: 337–341. doi:10.1007/978-1-4615-2800-5_12. ISBN 0834213389. OCLC 634036414.
  2. ^ a b "Ackawi". Cheese.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Tamime, A. Y. (1991). R. K. Robinson and A. Y. Tamime (ed.). Feta and Related Cheeses. Woodhead Publishing. pp. 209–216. ISBN 978-1-85573-278-0.
  4. ^ Koenig, L.; Pugliese, L. (2017). Little Book of Jewish Appetizers. Chronicle Books. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-4521-6308-6. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Donnelly, C.; Kehler, M. (2016). The Oxford Companion to Cheese. Oxford Companions. Oxford University Press. p. 212. ISBN 978-0-19-933090-4. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  6. ^ Gibbs, Paul; Morphitou, Ria; Savva, George (2004). "Halloumi: exporting to retain traditional food products". British Food Journal. 106 (7): 569–576. doi:10.1108/00070700410545755.
  7. ^ "Cyprus - Cultural life - Daily life and social customs - halloumi cheese". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2009-06-16. Geography has left Cyprus heir to numerous culinary traditions—particularly those of the Levant, Anatolia, and Greece — but some dishes, such as the island’s halloumi cheese…are purely Cypriot
  8. ^ Ayto, John (1990). The glutton's glossary: a dictionary of food and drink terms. Routledge. p. 133. ISBN 0-415-02647-4. Haloumi, or halumi, is a mild salty Cypriot cheese made from goat's, ewe's, or cow's milk.
  9. ^ Dew, Philip – Reuvid, Jonathan - Consultant Editors (2005). Doing Business with the Republic of Cyprus. GMB Publishing Ltd. p. 46. ISBN 1-905050-54-2. Cyprus has managed to secure EU recognition of halloumi as a traditional cheese of Cyprus; therefore no other country may export cheese of the same nameCS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Lazarou, Stalo. "Χαλλούμι". foodmuseum.cs.ucy.ac.cy (in Greek). Cyprus Food Virtual Museum. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  11. ^ Charles O'Connor. Traditional Cheesemaking Manual. International Livestock Centre for Africa.
  12. ^ a b Fox, P.F.; McSweeney, P.L.H.; Cogan, T.M.; Guinee, T.P. (2004). Cheese: Chemistry, Physics and Microbiology: Major Cheese Groups. Elsevier Science. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-08-050094-2. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  13. ^ "Scyplawy i twardsy" (in Polish). Tygodnik Powszechny. March 4, 2008. Retrieved June 19, 2008.
  14. ^ Harbutt, J. (2015). World Cheese Book. DK Publishing. p. 261. ISBN 978-1-4654-4372-4. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  15. ^ Albala, K. (2011). Food Cultures of the World Encyclopedia. Food Cultures of the World Encyclopedia. Greenwood. p. 335. ISBN 978-0-313-37626-9. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  16. ^ 1,000 Italian Recipes. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. pt70. ISBN 978-0-544-18942-3. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  17. ^ Amata, F.; Licitra, G.; Mormorio, D. (2000). Ragusano: Heritage and Landscape : the Art of Traditional Cheese-making. Consorzio Ricerca Filiera Lattiero-Casearia. pp. 133–134. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  18. ^ Harbutt, J. (2009). World Cheese Book. DK Publishing. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-7566-6218-9. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  19. ^ Black, Jane (August 15, 2012). "A Mozzarella Treat to Make at Home". The New York Times. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  20. ^ Ottogalli, Giorgio (2001). Atlante dei formaggi: guida a oltre 600 formaggi e latticini provenienti da tutto il mondo (in Italian). Milan: Hoepli Editore. p. 211. ISBN 978-88-203-2822-1.
  21. ^ "Stracciatella di bufala". prodottitipici.com (in Italian). Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  22. ^ Lomont, J.P.; Stewart, I.C. (2013). The Handy Chemistry Answer Book. The Handy Answer Book Series. Visible Ink Press. p. 279. ISBN 978-1-57859-456-6. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  23. ^ Petrosian., I. and Underwood., D. (2006). Armenian Food: Fact, Fiction and Folklore. Yerkir Publishing, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.
  24. ^ "Korbáčiky". Paulines cookbook. 2011-07-31. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  25. ^ a b Hudin, M.; Kholodilina, D. (2017). Georgia: A guide to the cradle of wine. Hudin Varela. p. 76. ISBN 978-1-941598-05-4. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  26. ^ a b c Tuskadze, T. (2017). Supra: A feast of Georgian cooking. Pavilion Books. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-911595-45-8. Retrieved August 16, 2017.