List of species used in bonsai

List of species commonly used in bonsai.

A-DEdit

Botanical name Common name Example References
Abies Fir  
Acer buergerianum Trident maple   [1]: 42–43 
Acer campestre
  • Field maple
  • Hedge maple
Acer circinatum Vine maple  
Acer ginnala Amur maple
Acer monspessulanum Montpelier maple
Acer palmatum Japanese maple   [1]: 38–41 
Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore maple
Acer rubrum Red maple  
Adenium, especially Adenium obesum Desert rose  
Alnus Alder
Amelanchier canadensis Amelanchier
Ampelopsis, including Ampelopsis glandulosa Ampelopsis [1]: 44–45 
Aralia (see also the following, all previously classified as Aralia: Aralia [1]: 46–47 
Arbutus Strawberry tree
Asteraceae Chrysanthemum   [2][3][4][5]
Berberis Barberry  
Betula Birch
Betula nigra River Birch
Bougainvillea Bougainvillea  
Buxus, including: Box, Boxwood   [6]: 32–33 
Camellia, especially Camellia japonica Camellia   [6]: 34–35 
Carmona microphylla Fukien tea tree, Ehretia microphylla   [6]: 35–36 
Carpinus Hornbeam  
Cedrus Cedar  
Cedrus libani
 
Celtis sinensis Chinese Hackberry
Chaenomeles Flowering Quince
Chamaecyparis Cypress  
Chamaecyparis obtusa Hinoki Cypress  
Chamaecyparis pisifera Sawara Cypress  
Cissus antarctica
  • Australian grape vine
  • Wild Grape
  • Kangaroo Vine
[6]: 38–39 
Citrus aurantifolia Key lime  
Cornus Dogwood  
Cotinus coggygria Smoke Tree
Cotoneaster Cotoneaster  
Crassula, especially Crassula ovata Jades   [6]: 40–41 
Crataegus Hawthorn  
Cryptomeria Sugi  
Cupressus, especially Cupressus macrocarpa Cupressus  
Cydonia oblonga Common Quince
Dasiphora fruticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil
Diospyros virginiana Common Persimmon [7]

E to GEdit

Botanical name Common name Example References
Elaeagnus Elaeagnus  
Enkianthus Enkianthus
Eugenia Brush cherries
Euphorbia balsamifera Wolfsmilk [6]: 42–43 
Euonymus Spindle  
Fagus Beech  
Ficus benghalensis Banyan  
Ficus benjamina Weeping Fig  
Ficus carica Fig tree, common fig   [6]: 46–47 
Ficus microcarpa Chinese Banyan Fig   [6]: 44–45 
Ficus neriifolia Willow-leaved Fig  
Ficus rubiginosa Port Jackson Fig  
Fortunella hindsii Dwarf orange [6]: 48–49 
Fraxinus Ash
Fuchsia, including Fuchsia fulgens hybrids Fuchsia [6]: 54–55 
Gardenia, including Gardenia jasminoides Gardenia [6]: 50–51 
Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo  
Grevillea robusta Australian Silver Oak [6]: 52–53 

H to LEdit

Botanical name Common name Example References
Hedera helix Ivy  
Gledista triacanthos Honey Locust
Hibiscus syriacus Hibiscus
Ilex Holly
Jacaranda mimosifolia Blue jacaranda [6]: 56–57 
Jasminum nudiflorum Winter Jasmine
Juniperus procumbens Dwarf Japanese Garden Juniper  
Juniperus californica California Juniper   [8]
Juniperus chinensis
 
Juniperus squamata Blue Juniper
Juniperus virginiana Eastern Juniper
Lagerstroemia, including Lagerstroemia indica Crape myrtle, Indian Lilac [6]: 58–59 
Lantana camara
  • Spanish Flag
  • West Indian Lantana
  • Jamaica Mountain Sage
  • Surinam Tea Plant
[6]: 60–61 
Larix Japanese Larch, American Larch, Tamarack  
Ligustrum Privet  
Liquidambar Sweetgum  
Lonicera Shrubby Honeysuckles  

M to PEdit

Botanical name Common name Example References
Maclura pomifera Osage Orange
Malpighia, including Malpighia coccigera Barbados Cherry [6]: 62–63 
Magnolia stellata Star Magnolia
Malus Apple/Crabapple  
Mangifera Mangifera  
Metasequoia Dawn Redwood  
Murraya paniculata Orange Jasmine, Satinwood [6]: 64–65 
Myrciaria cauliflora Jaboticaba   [6]: 66–67 
Myrtus, including Myrtus communis Myrtle   [6]: 68–69 
Nandina domestica Sacred or Heavenly Bamboo
Nashia inaguensis Bahama berry
Neea buxifolia Tropical boxwood
Nothofagus Southern beeches
Olea europaea Olive, European olive   [6]: 70–71 
Parthenocissus Creeper, Boston Ivy  
Phyllostachys Bamboo
Picea Spruce  
Pieris Andromeda
Pinus clausa Sand Pine
Pinus mugo Mugo Pine, Mountain Pine  
Pinus parviflora Japanese White Pine  
Pinus thunbergii Japanese Black Pine  
Pinus virginiana Virginia Pine
Pinus ponderosa Western Yellow Pine  
Pistacia chinensis Chinese pistache [9]
Pittosporum Pittosporum
Podocarpus, including Podocarpus macrophyllus Podocarpus, Yew Podocarpus, Kusamaki   [6]: 72–73 
Polyscias fruticosa Ming Aralia [6]: 74–75 
Portulacaria afra Dwarf jade, elephant food, elephant bush   [10]
Prunus cerasifera Flowering Plum [11]
Prunus serrulata Japanese Flowering Cherry (櫻)
Prunus mume Flowering Apricot (梅)  
Pseudosasa Bamboo
Punica granatum, including Punica granatum 'Nana' Pomegranate    [6]: 76–77 
Pyracantha Firethorn   [12]

Q to ZEdit

Botanical name Common name Example References
Quercus Oak  
Rhaphiolepis indica Indian Hawthorn
Rhododendron, including:
  • Azalea
  • Satsuki azalea
  • Kurume azalea
  [6]: 78–79 
Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary [13]
Sageretia, including Sageretia theezans Chinese Sweet Plum, Pauper's Tea   [6]: 80–81 
Sasa Bamboo
Schefflera actinophylla Australian Umbrella Tree [6]: 82–83 
Serissa foetida
  • Snow Rose
  • Japanese Boxthorn
  • Tree of a Thousand Stars
  [6]: 84–85 
Sorbus Rowan and Whitebeam
Syzygium australe Brush cherry, Woolgoolga
Syzygium smithii formerly Acmena smithii Brush cherry  
Tamarix Tamarisk
Taxodium ascendens Pond cypress
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress  
Taxodium mucronatum Montezuma Cypress [14]
Taxus Yew   [15]
Thymus Thyme  
Tsuga Hemlock
Ulmus alata Winged Elm
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar Elm
Ulmus minor Field Elm  
Ulmus parvifolia Chinese Elm   [6]: 86–87 
Ulmus pumila Siberian Elm [16]
Wisteria floribunda Japanese Wisteria  
Wisteria sinensis Chinese Wisteria
Zelkova serrata Japanese Elm  
Zanthoxylum Chinese Pepper  

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Sampson
  2. ^ https://archive.lib.msu.edu/DMC/Ag.%20Ext.%202007-Chelsie/PDF/e1277.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ "Chrysanthemum Bonsai a Club Project".
  4. ^ "Chrysanthemum bonsai".
  5. ^ "Muza-chan's Gate to Japan".
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Lesniewicz
  7. ^ Andersen, Nathan. "2021 Baikoen Winter Silhouette Show". Nate's Nursery. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  8. ^ Andersen, Nathan. "California Juniper Yamadori Collection". Nate's Nursery. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  9. ^ Andersen, Nathan. "Chinese Pistache Forest Creation". Nate's Nursery. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  10. ^ D'Cruz, Mark (6 February 2020). "Ma-Ke Bonsai Care Guide for Portulacaria afra". Ma-Ke Bonsai. Retrieved 2021-02-04.
  11. ^ Andersen, Nathan. "Design and Critique #8 - Flowering Plum". Nate's Nursery. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  12. ^ D'Cruz, Mark (9 February 2020). "Ma-Ke Bonsai Care Guide for Pyracantha coccinea". Ma-Ke Bonsai. Retrieved 2021-02-04.
  13. ^ Andersen, Nathan. "2020 Bonsai-A-Thon". Nate's Nursery. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  14. ^ Andersen, Nathan. "2020 Bonsai-A-Thon". Nate's Nursery. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  15. ^ D'Cruz, Mark. "Ma-Ke Bonsai Care Guide for Taxus baccata". Ma-Ke Bonsai. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  16. ^ Andersen, Nathan. "Siberian Elm Structural Wiring". Nate's Nursery. Retrieved 2 March 2021.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit