List of sovereign states in the 1920s

This is a list of sovereign states in the 1920s, giving an overview of states around the world during the period between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1929. It contains entries, arranged alphabetically, with information on the status and recognition of their sovereignty. It includes Widely-recognized sovereign states, and entities which were de facto sovereign but which were not Widely-recognized by other states.

Sovereign statesEdit

Name and capital city Information on status and recognition of sovereignty

AEdit


  Abkhazia – Socialist Soviet Republic of Abkhazia (from March 31, 1921 to March 12, 1922)
Capital: Sukhumi
Widely-recognized independent state

      Afghanistan
Capital: Kabul
Reign of Amanullah Khan, Inayatullah Khan, and Mohammed Nadir Shah: Widely-recognized independent state
Reign of Habibullāh Kalakāni[4], Ali Ahmad Khan and Abd-al Karim: Not recognized by any state.

     Albania
Capital: Tirana
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Andorra – Principality of Andorra
Capital: Andorra La Vella
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Argentina – Argentine Republic
Capital: Buenos Aires
Widely-recognized independent state. LON founding member state from January 10, 1920

    Armenia (March 12, 1922)
Capital: Yerevan
  • Republic of Armenia (to November 29, 1920)
  • Armenian Socialist Soviet Republic (from November 29, 1920 to March 12, 1922)
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Asir – Emirate of Asir (to October 21, 1926)
Capital: Sabya
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Asir, Upper – Emirate of Upper Asir (to August 1920)
Capital: Abha
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Australia – Commonwealth of Australia
Capital: Canberra
Widely-recognized independent state. LON founding member state from January 10, 1920. Australia administers 2 League of Nations Mandates:
  •   Nauru (administered by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom from December 17, 1920)
  •   New Guinea – Territory of New Guinea (administered by Australia from December 17, 1920)

  Austria – Federal State of Austria
Capital: Vienna
Widely-recognized independent state; LON member state from December 15, 1920

    Azerbaijan
Capital: Baku
  • Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (to April 28, 1920)
  • Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic (from April 28, 1920 to March 12, 1922)
Widely-recognized independent state.

BEdit


  Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium
Capital: Brussels
Widely-recognized independent state. LON founding member state from January 10, 1920.

  Bolivia – Republic of Bolivia
Capital: Sucre
Widely-recognized independent state. LON founding member state from January 10, 1920.

  Brazil – Republic of the United States of Brazil
Capital: Brasília
Widely-recognized independent state. LON founding member state from January 10, 1920.

  Bulgaria – Kingdom of Bulgaria
Capital: Sofia
Widely-recognized independent state. LON member state from December 16, 1920.

CEdit


  Canada – Dominion of Canada
Capital: Ottawa
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Central America – Federation of Central America (to February 7, 1922)
Capital: Guatemala City
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Chile – Republic of Chile
Capital: Santiago
Widely-recognized independent state.

   China – Republic of China

Capital: Nanking, Peking, Chungking

Widely-recognized independent state.

  Colombia – Republic of Colombia
Capital: Bogotá
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica
Capital: San José, Costa Rica
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Cuba – Republic of Cuba
Capital: Havana
Widely-recognized independent state.

   Czechoslovakia
Capital: Prague
  • Czecho-Slovak Republic (to 1920)
  • Czechoslovak Republic (from 1920)
Widely-recognized independent state.

DEdit


  Danzig – Free City of Danzig (from November 15, 1920)
Capital: Danzig
Widely-recognized independent state from November 15, 1920.

  Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark
Capital: Copenhagen
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Dominican Republic
Capital: Santo Domingo
Widely-recognized independent state.

EEdit


  Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador
Capital: Quito
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Egypt – Kingdom of Egypt (from February 28, 1922)
Capital: Cairo
Widely-recognized independent state.

  El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador (to October 1, 1921, from February 4, 1922)
Capital: San Salvador
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Estonia – Republic of Estonia
Capital: Tallinn
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Ethiopia – Ethiopian Empire
Capital: Addis Ababa
Widely-recognized independent state.

FEdit


  Finland – Republic of Finland
Capital: Helsinki
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Fiume – Free State of Fiume (from November 12, 1920 to March 3, 1924)
Capital: Fiume
Widely-recognized independent state from November 12, 1920.

  France – French Republic
Capital: Paris
Widely-recognized independent state.

GEdit


  Georgia – Democratic Republic of Georgia (to February 11, 1921)
Capital: Tbilisi
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Germany – German Realm
Capital: Berlin
Widely-recognized independent state.

   Greece
Capital: Athens
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala (to October 1, 1921, from January 14, 1922)
Capital: Guatemala City
Widely-recognized independent state.

HEdit


   Ha'il – Emirate of Ha'il (to November 2, 1921)
Capital: Ha'il
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Haiti – Republic of Haiti
Capital: Port-au-Prince
Widely-recognized independent state.

   Hejaz – Kingdom of Hejaz (to January 8, 1926)
Capital: Mecca
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Honduras – Republic of Honduras (to October 1, 1921, from February 7, 1922)
Capital: Tegucigalpa
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Hungary – Kingdom of Hungary (from March 1, 1920)
Capital: Budapest
Widely-recognized independent state from March 1, 1920.

IEdit


  Iceland – Kingdom of Iceland
Capital: Reykjavik
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Ireland – Irish Free State (from December 6, 1922)
Capital: Dublin
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Italy – Kingdom of Italy
Capital: Rome
Widely-recognized independent state.

JEdit


  Japan – Empire of Japan
Capital: Tokyo
Widely-recognized independent state.

LEdit


  Latvia (disputed between two governments to January 13, 1920)
Capital: Riga
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Liberia – Republic of Liberia
Capital: Monrovia
Widely-recognized independent state.

   Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein
Capital: Vaduz
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania
Capital: Vilnius
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Capital: Luxembourg City
Widely-recognized independent state.

MEdit


  Mexico – United Mexican States
Capital: Mexico City
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Monaco – Principality of Monaco
Capital: Monaco City
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Mongolia (from July 11, 1921)
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
  • Mongolian People's Government (to November 26, 1924)
  • Mongolian People's Republic (from November 26, 1924)
Widely-recognized independent state.

NEdit


  Nejd – Sultanate of Nejd (to January 8, 1926)
Capital: Riyadh
  • Emirate of Nejd (to August 22, 1921)
  • Sultanate of Nejd (from August 22, 1921 to January 8, 1926)
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Nejd and Hejaz – Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz (Personal Union, from January 8, 1926)

Capital: Mecca (Hejaz), Riyadh (Nejd)

  •   Nejd (from January 8, 1926)
    • Sultanate of Nejd (to January 29, 1927)
    • Kingdom of Nejd and its Dependencies (from January 29, 1927)
  •   Hejaz – Kingdom of Hejaz (from January 8, 1926)
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Nepal – Kingdom of Nepal
Capital: Kathmandu
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands
Capital: Amsterdam
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Newfoundland – Dominion of Newfoundland
Capital: St. John's
Widely-recognized independent state.

  New Zealand – Dominion of New Zealand
Capital: Wellington
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua
Capital: Managua
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Norway – Kingdom of Norway
Capital: Oslo
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus
Capital: Groznyy
Widely-recognized independent state.

OEdit


  Ottoman Empire – Sublime Ottoman State (to November 1, 1922)
Capital: Constantinople
  • Turkey (from November 1, 1922)
Widely-recognized independent state.

PEdit


  Panama – Republic of Panama
Capital: Panama City
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay
Capital: Asunción
Widely-recognized independent state.

   Persia
Capital: Tehran
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Peru – Peruvian Republic
Capital: Lima
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Poland – Republic of Poland
Capital: Warsaw
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Portugal – Portuguese Republic
Capital: Lisbon
Widely-recognized independent state.

REdit


  Romania – Kingdom of Romania
Capital: Bucharest
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Russia – Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (to December 30, 1922)
Capital: Moscow
Widely-recognized independent state to December 30, 1922

SEdit


  San Marino – Most Serene Republic of San Marino
Capital: City of San Marino
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Serbs, Croats and Slovenes / Yugoslavia
Capital: Belgrade
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Siam – Kingdom of Siam
Capital: Bangkok
Widely-recognized independent state.

   South Africa – Union of South Africa

Capital: Cape Town, Pretoria, Bloemfontein, and Pietermaritzburg

Widely-recognized independent state after November 15, 1926.

   Soviet Union – Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (from December 30, 1922)
Capital: Moscow
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Spain – Kingdom of Spain
Capital: Madrid
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden
Capital: Stockholm
Widely-recognized independent state.

   Switzerland – Swiss Confederation
Capital: Bern
Widely-recognized independent state.

TEdit


  Transcaucasia – Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (from March 12 to December 30, 1922)
Capital: Tiflis
Widely-recognized independent state.

  Turkey (from November 1, 1922)
Capital: Ankara
  • Turkey (from July 24, 1923 to October 29, 1923)
  • Republic of Turkey (from October 29, 1923)
Widely-recognized independent state.

UEdit


  United Kingdom
Capital: London
Widely-recognized independent state. The following were colonies, and territories of the United Kingdom:

  United States – United States of America
Capital: Washington, D.C.
Widely-recognized independent state. The following were territories of the United States of America:

  Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay
Capital: Montevideo
Widely-recognized independent state.

VEdit


  Venezuela – United States of Venezuela
Capital: Caracas
Widely-recognized independent state.

YEdit


  Yemen – Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen
Capital: Sana`a
Widely-recognized independent state.

Other statesEdit

  •   Alash – Alash Autonomy (to August 26, 1920)
  •   Ararat – Republic of Ararat (from October 28, 1927)
  •   Armenia, Mountainous (from April 26 to July 1921)
  •   Azadistan
  •   Baranya-Baja – Serb-Hungarian Baranya-Baja Republic (from August 14 to August 25, 1921)
  •   Bottleneck – Free State Bottleneck (to February 23, 1923)
  •   Bukharan (from October 8, 1920 to February 17, 1925)
    • Bukharan People's Soviet Republic (from October 8, 1920 to 1924)
    • Bukharan Socialist Soviet Republic (from 1924)
  •   Byelorussia – Byelorussian Socialist Soviet Republic (from August 1, 1920 to December 30, 1922)
  •   Carnaro – Italian Regency of Carnaro (from September 8 to December 30, 1920)
  •   Central Lithuania – Republic of Central Lithuania (from October 12, 1920)
  •   Don – Don Republic (to 1920)
  •   Far Eastern Republic (from April 6, 1920 to November 15, 1922)
  •   Galicia – Galician Socialist Soviet Republic (from July 8 to September 21, 1920)
  •   Georgia, Soviet – Socialist Soviet Republic of Georgia (from February 11, 1921 to March 12, 1922)
  •   Gilan – Persian Socialist Soviet Republic (from June 1920)
  •   Ireland – Irish Republic (to December 6, 1922)
  •    Khiva (to April 30, 1920)
  •   Khorasan – Autonomous Government of Khorasan (from April 2, 1921 to October 6, 1921)
  •   Khorezm (from April 30, 1920 to February 17, 1925)
    • Khanate of Khiva (to April 30, 1920)
    • Khorezm People's Soviet Republic (from April 30, 1920 to October 20, 1923)
    • Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic (from October 20, 1923 to February 17, 1925)
  •   Kuban – Kuban People's Republic (to March 17, 1920)
  •   Kurdistan – Kingdom of Kurdistan (from February 1925 to April 14, 1925)
  •  Labin – Labin Republic (from March 2 to April 8, 1921)
  •   Lajtabánság – Banate of Leitha (from October 4 to November 5, 1921)
  •   Lemko-Rusyn – Lemko-Rusyn Republic (to March 1920)
  •   Mirdita – Republic of Mirdita (from July 17 to November 20, 1921)
  •   Mongolia (from February 21 to July 11, 1921)
  •   Morocco – Sultanate of Morocco (de jure sovereign state under french and Spanish protectorate)[5][6]
  •   North Caucasian Emirate (to 1923)
  •   North Ingria – Republic of North Ingria (to December 20, 1920)
  •   Mandatory Palestine – Mandatory Palestine (from April 25, 1920)
  •   Rhineland – Rhenish Republic (from October 21, 1923)
  •   Rif – Confederal Republic of the Tribes of the Rif (from September 18, 1921 to May 27)
  •   Siberia, Autonomous – Provisional Government of Autonomous Siberia (to February 7, 1920)
  •   Tannu Tuva (from August 14, 1921)
    • People's Republic of Tannu Tuva (to November 24, 1926)
    • Tuvan People's Republic (from November 24, 1926)
  •   Tibet
  •   Ukraine, Soviet – Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic (to December 30, 1922)

League of Nations MandatesEdit

  •   British Cameroons (administered by the United Kingdom)
    Capital: Buea
  •   British Togoland (administered by the United Kingdom)
    Capital: Ho
  •   French Cameroons (administered by France)
    Capital: Yaoundé
  •   French Togoland (administered by France)
    Capital: Lomé
  •   Nauru (administered by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom)
  •   New Guinea – Territory of New Guinea (administered by Australia)
    Capital: Rabaul
  •   Palestine (administered by the United Kingdom from September 29, 1923)
    Capital: Jerusalem
    •   Transjordan – Emirate of Transjordan (administered by the United Kingdom from September 29, 1923)
      Capital: Amman
  •   Ruanda-Urundi (administered by Belgium)
    Capital: Usumbura
  •   South Pacific Mandate (administered by Japan)
    Capital: Koror City
  •   South-West Africa (administered by South Africa)
    Capital: Windhoek
  •   Syria and Lebanon (administered by France from September 29, 1923)
    •   Alawite (administered by France from September 29, 1923)
      Capital: Latakia
      • Alawite Territory (to January 1, 1925)
      • Alawite State (from January 1, 1925)
    •   Lebanon (administered by France from September 29, 1923)
      • State of Greater Lebanon (to September 1, 1926)
      • Lebanese Republic (from September 1, 1926)
    •   Syria (administered by France from September 29, 1923)
      • Syrian Federation (from September 29, 1923 to December 1)
      • State of Syria (from December 1)
        •   Aleppo – State of Aleppo (administered by France from September 29, 1923 December 1, 1924)
        •   Damascus – State of Damascus (administered by France from September 29, 1923 December 1, 1924)
    •    Souaida (Jabal ad-Druze) – State of Souaida (State of Jabal ad-Druze) (administered by France from September 29, 1923)
  •   Tanganyika – Tanganyika Territory (administered by the United Kingdom)
  •   Western Samoa (administered by New Zealand)

Not enacted

  •     Mesopotamia – Kingdom of Iraq (from August 23, 1921) (administered by the United Kingdom)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Poullada, L. B. "AMĀNALLĀH". Encyclopædia Iranica (Online ed.). United States: Columbia University.
  2. ^ Muḥammad, Fayz̤; Hazārah, Fayz̤ Muḥammad Kātib (1999). Kabul Under Siege: Fayz Muhammad's Account of the 1929 Uprising. Markus Wiener Publishers. p. 275. ISBN 9781558761551. The capture of the Arg on October 13, 1929 marked the end of the Tajik regime
  3. ^ Muḥammad, Fayz̤; Hazārah, Fayz̤ Muḥammad Kātib (1999). Kabul Under Siege: Fayz Muhammad's Account of the 1929 Uprising. Markus Wiener Publishers. p. 275. ISBN 9781558761551. Nadir received word of the victory in Ali Khayl and immediately set out for the capital, arriving in the city on the 15th.
  4. ^ Muḥammad, Fayz̤; McChesney, R. D. (1999). Kabul under siege: Fayz Muhammad's account of the 1929 Uprising. Markus Wiener Publishers. p. 236. ISBN 9781558761544.
  5. ^ International Law: Achievements and Prospects, p. 51, at Google Books
  6. ^ Repertory of Decisions of the International Court of Justice (1947–1992), p. 453, at Google Books