List of sovereign states in the 1930s

  (Redirected from List of sovereign states in 1934)

This is a list of sovereign states in the 1930s, giving an overview of states around the world during the period between 1 January 1930 and 31 December 1939. It contains entries, arranged alphabetically, with information on the status and recognition of their sovereignty. It includes widely recognized sovereign states, entities which were de facto sovereign but which were not widely recognized by other states, and 1 state which was initially unrecognized but then gained full recognition later in the decade.

Sovereign statesEdit

Name and capital city Information on status and recognition of sovereignty

AEdit


   Afghanistan – Kingdom of Afghanistan
Capital: Kabul
Widely recognized independent state

  Albania – Albanian Kingdom (to 12 April 1939)
Capital: Tirana
Widely recognized independent state.

   Andorra – Principality of Andorra
Capital: Andorra la Vella
Widely recognized independent state.

  Argentina – Argentine Republic
Capital: Buenos Aires
Widely recognized independent state. Argentina was a federation of 23 provinces and 10 federal territories.[1] It had a claim over Argentine Antarctica. It also claimed the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, both of which were British overseas territories.

  Australia – Commonwealth of Australia (dominion of the British Empire)
Capital: Canberra
Widely recognized independent state; Commonwealth realm. Australia was a federation of six states and three territories.[2] It had sovereignty over the following external territories:

  Austria – Federal State of Austria (to 12 March 1938)
Capital: Vienna
Widely recognized independent state.

BEdit


  Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium
Capital: Brussels
Widely recognized independent state. Belgium had sovereignty over one colony and one concession:

  Bolivia – Republic of Bolivia

Capital: Sucre (official), La Paz (administrative)

Widely recognized independent state.

  Brazil – United States of Brazil
Capital: Rio de Janeiro
Widely recognized independent state.

  Bulgaria – Kingdom of Bulgaria
Capital: Sofia
Widely recognized independent state.

CEdit


  Canada – Dominion of Canada (Dominion of the British Empire to 11 December 1931)
Capital: Ottawa
Widely recognized independent state.

  Carpatho-Ukraine – Carpatho-Ukraine (from 15 March 1939 to 18 March 1939)
Capital: Khust
Widely recognized independent state.

  Chile – Republic of Chile
Capital: Santiago
  • Republic of Chile (to 4 June 1932)
  • Socialist Republic of Chile (from 4 June 1932 to 13 September 1932)
  • Republic of Chile (from 13 September 1932)
Widely recognized independent state.

  China – Republic of China
Capital: Nanking
Widely recognized independent state.

  Colombia – Republic of Colombia
Capital: Bogotá
Widely recognized independent state.

  Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica
Capital: San José
Widely recognized independent state.

  Cuba – Republic of Cuba
Capital: Havana
Widely recognized independent state.

  Czechoslovakia – Czechoslovak Republic
Capital: Prague
Widely recognized independent state.

DEdit


  Danzig – Free City of Danzig (to 12 September 1939)
Capital: Danzig
Widely recognized independent state.

  Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark
Capital: Copenhagen
Widely recognized independent state. Denmark had sovereignty over one Possession:

  Dominican Republic
Capital: Santo Domingo
Widely recognized independent state.

EEdit


  Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador
Capital: Quito
Widely recognized independent state.

  Kingdom of Egypt – Kingdom of Egypt
Capital: Cairo
Widely recognized independent state.

  El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador
Capital: San Salvador
Widely recognized independent state.

  Estonia – Republic of Estonia
Capital: Tallinn
Widely recognized independent state.

  Ethiopia – Ethiopian Empire (to 9 May 1936)
Capital: Addis Ababa
Widely recognized independent state.

FEdit


  Finland – Republic of Finland
Capital: Helsinki
Widely recognized independent state.

  France – French Republic
Capital: Paris
Widely recognized independent state. France had sovereignty over 13 colonies:

France administered the foreign affairs of the following protectorates:


GEdit


    Germany – German Realm
Capital: Berlin
Widely recognized independent state.

   Greece – Hellenic Republic (to 3 November 1935), Kingdom of Greece (from 3 November 1935)
Capital: Athens
Widely recognized independent state.

  Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala
Capital: Guatemala City
Widely recognized independent state.

HEdit


  Haiti – Republic of Haiti
Capital: Port-au-Prince
Widely recognized independent state.

  Hatay – Hatay State (from 7 September 1938 to 7 July 1939)
Capital: Antakya
Widely recognized independent state.

  Honduras – Republic of Honduras
Capital: Tegucigalpa
Widely recognized independent state.

  Hungary – Kingdom of Hungary
Capital: Budapest
Widely recognized independent state.

IEdit


  Iceland – Kingdom of Iceland
Capital: Reykjavik
Widely recognized independent state.

  Persia / Iran
Capital: Tehran
  • Imperial State of Persia (to 21 March 1935)
  • Imperial State of Iran (from 21 March 1935)
Widely recognized independent state.

  Iraq – Kingdom of Iraq (from 3 October 1932)
Capital: Baghdad
Widely recognized independent state.

  Ireland – Irish Free State (Dominion of the British Empire to December 11, 1931)
Capital: Dublin
Widely recognized independent state.

  Italy – Kingdom of Italy
Capital: Rome
Widely recognized independent state. Italy had sovereignty over 4 colonies and one concession:

JEdit


  Japan – Empire of Japan
Capital: Tokyo
Widely recognized independent state. Japan had sovereignty over 3 colonies and 2 concessions:

LEdit


  Latvia – Republic of Latvia
Capital: Riga
Widely recognized independent state.

  Liberia – Republic of Liberia
Capital: Monrovia
Widely recognized independent state.

  Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein
Capital: Vaduz
Widely recognized independent state.

  Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania
Capital: Vilnius
Widely recognized independent state.

  Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Capital: Luxembourg City
Widely recognized independent state.

MEdit


   Mexico – United Mexican States
Capital: Mexico City
Widely recognized independent state. Mexico had sovereignty over one territory:

  Monaco – Principality of Monaco
Capital: Monaco City
Widely recognized independent state.

  Mongolia – Mongolian People's Republic
Capital: Ulaanbataar
Widely recognized independent state.

NEdit


   Nejd and Hejaz(personal union to 23 September 1932), Saudi Arabia (from September 23, 1932)
Capital: Riyadh
Widely recognized independent state. Nejd had sovereignty over one protectorate:
  •   Asir – Emirate of Asir (Protectorate, to November 20, 1930)

  Nepal – Kingdom of Nepal
Capital: Kathmandu
Widely recognized independent state.

  Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands
Capital: Amsterdam
Widely recognized independent state. Netherlands had sovereignty over 3 colonies:

   Newfoundland – Dominion of Newfoundland (dominion of the British Empire to 16 February 1934)
Capital: St. John's
Widely recognized independent state.

  New Zealand – Dominion of New Zealand (dominion of the British Empire)
Capital: Wellington
Widely recognized independent state. New Zealand had sovereignty over 4 dependent territories:

  Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua
Capital: Managua
Widely recognized independent state.

  Norway – Kingdom of Norway
Capital: Oslo
Widely recognized independent state. Norway had sovereignty over 3 uninhabited possessions:

PEdit


  Panama – Republic of Panama
Capital: Panama City
Widely recognized independent state.

  Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay
Capital: Asunción
Widely recognized independent state.

  Peru – Peruvian Republic
Capital: Lima
Widely recognized independent state.

  Poland – Republic of Poland
Capital: Warsaw
Widely recognized independent state.

  Portugal – Portuguese Republic
Capital: Lisbon
Widely recognized independent state. Portugal had sovereignty over 8 colonies and 1 possession:

REdit


  Romania – Kingdom of Romania
Capital: Bucharest
Widely recognized independent state.

SEdit


  San Marino – Most Serene Republic of San Marino
Capital: San Marino
Widely recognized independent state.

  Siam / Thailand
Capital: Bangkok
  • Kingdom of Siam (to 23 June 1939)
  • Kingdom of Thailand (from 23 June 1939)
Widely recognized independent state.

  South Africa – Union of South Africa (dominion of the British Empire)
Capital: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Pietermaritzburg (archival), Bloemfontein (judicial)
Widely recognized independent state.

  Soviet Union – Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Capital: Moscow
Widely recognized independent state.

   Spain
Capital: Madrid (1930–1936), Valencia (1936–1937), Barcelona (1937–1939)
  • Kingdom of Spain (1930)
  • Spanish Republic (1931–1939)
Widely recognized independent state. Spain had sovereignty over 4 colonies:

  Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden
Capital: Stockholm
Widely recognized independent state.

   Switzerland – Swiss Confederation
Capital: Bern
Widely recognized independent state.

TEdit


  Turkey – Republic of Turkey
Capital: Ankara
Widely recognized independent state.

UEdit


  United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Capital: London
Widely recognized independent state. The United Kingdom had sovereignty over 61 colonies:

  United States – United States of America
Capital: Washington, D.C.
Widely recognized independent state. The United States had sovereignty over 21 territories:

  Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay
Capital: Montevideo
Widely recognized independent state.

VEdit


   Vatican City – Vatican City State
Capital: Vatican City
Widely recognized independent state.

   Venezuela – United States of Venezuela
Capital: Caracas
Widely recognized independent state.

YEdit


  Yemen – Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen
Capital: Sana'a
Widely recognized independent state.

  Yugoslavia – Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Capital: Belgrade
Widely recognized independent state.

Other entitiesEdit

Excluded from the list above are the following noteworthy entities which either were not fully sovereign or did not claim to be independent:


See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 23 Provinces: Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut (from 15 June 1955), Córdoba, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Formosa (from 15 June 1955), Jujuy, La Pampa (renamed Eva Perón from 29 January 1952 to 27 April 1956), La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones (from 1953), Neuquén (from 15 June 1955), Presidente Juan Perón (from 10 August 1951, renamed Chaco on 27 April 1956), Río Negro (from 15 June 1955), Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz (from 1957), Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán. 10 Territories: Buenos Aires, Chaco (to 10 August 1951, renamed Presidente Juan Perón on 1950), Chubut (to 15 June 1955), Formosa (to 15 June 1955), Misiones (to 1953), Neuquén (to 15 June 1955), Río Negro (to 15 June 1955), Santa Cruz (to 1957), Tierra del Fuego.
  2. ^ 6 States: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia. 3 Territories: Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory, Northern Territory.