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A Villa Miseria in Argentina
A favela in Brazil

This is a list of slums. A slum as defined by the United Nations agency UN-Habitat, is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing, squalor, and lacking in tenure security. According to the United Nations, the percentage of urban dwellers living in slums decreased from 47 percent to 37 percent in the developing world between 1990 and 2005.[1] However, due to rising population, and the rise especially in urban populations, the number of slum dwellers is rising. One billion people worldwide live in slums[2] and the figure is projected to grow to 2 billion by 2030.[3]





Taxi drivers waiting for fares near the beachfront slum in Accra's Jamestown


A view of Kibera





South AfricaEdit

A shantytown in Cape Flats





Slum improvement in Delhi, 1983


A slum in Karachi
  • Few Parts of Machar Colony[18]

Previous Slums in PakistanEdit

  • Orangi Town previously but status changed to municipality from 2018 onward.


Most of the slum areas in the Philippines are concentrated in urban areas such as Metro Manila, Metro Cebu and Metro Davao.

Sri LankaEdit




  • Little Lon district – In the nineteenth century the area consisted of timber and brick cottages, shops and small factories and was home to an ethnically diverse and generally poor population. Today there are few reminders of the area's former notoriety.


A living area at the former Cardboard city

The following are former slum areas that have subsequently been either gradually developed or abruptly cleared and demolished.




Baracche of Messina


Model of Valletta's Manderaggio before demolition
  • The Manderaggio, an area in Valletta that was a slum area from the 16th to 20th centuries. It was demolished in the 1950s and replaced by housing estates.


  • Gorbals, Industrial area of Glasgow that used to have run-down makeshift housing


  • Cardboard city – "Karton city" (part of Belgrade) was depopulated and demolished starting on 31 August 2009; following four years of unsuccessful attempts.



  • Sultanbeyli
  • Çinçin, one of the most popular of Turkish gecekondu (slum) located in Ankara.
  • Hacıhüsrev, largest slum of İstanbul.

Middle EastEdit

North AmericaEdit

Cité Soleil, 2002
Housing development at Iztapalapa
A slum in the hillside at Ecatepec, Mexico




  • Neza-Chalco-Ixta in Mexico City, is a Ciudad Perdida, rated as the world's largest mega-slum in 2006. The area extends towards the municipalities of Chimalhuacan, Los Reyes to the west of Ixtapaluca and South of Neza and Ecatepec de Morelos north of Neza in the metropolitan area periphery and with Santa Marta Acatitla in the Distrito Federal's borough of Iztapalapa. Contrary to many slums in India, Brazil, Indonesia, Venezuela or Sub-Saharan Africa, these slums are urbanized and most inhabitants have access to basic amenities, however, the quality of basic amenities are debatable as the vast majority of people live under the poverty line, high crime rate, and in steep hills and grey block housing.

Puerto RicoEdit

South AmericaEdit


Villa 31 in Buenos Aires

In Buenos Aires:


Shanty towns in Brazil are referred to as favelas.

Rocinha is the largest hill favela in Rio de Janeiro. Although favelas are found in urban areas throughout Brazil, many of the more famous ones exist in Rio — a widely photographed city



Pueblos jóvenes is the nickname given to the vast shanty towns that surround Lima and other cities of Peru. Many of these towns have developed into significant districts in Lima such as Villa El Salvador and Comas District, Lima.


Petare slum in Caracas

See alsoEdit

A campamento in Chile


  1. ^ United Nations, 2007. The Millennium Development Goals Report. p. 26
  2. ^ "Review of Mike Davis' 'Planet of Slums'". The Struggle for the City. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  3. ^ Slum Dwellers to double by 2030 Archived 2013-03-17 at the Wayback Machine UN-HABITAT report, April 2007.
  4. ^ "Encyclopedia of Consumption and Waste". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  5. ^ "The Challenge of Slums". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  6. ^ "Globalizing City". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Kenya National Assembly Official Record (Hansard)". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  8. ^ "UN-Habitat and the Kenya slum upgrading programme". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  9. ^ "Mapping for better healthcare in Nairobi's slums". CIMSpatial group at the Centre of Interdisciplinary Methodologies (CIM), University of Warwick, UK. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Live Working Or Die Fighting". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Adapting Cities to Climate Change". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  12. ^ "Global Politics in a Changing World". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  13. ^ "South Africa's Magnifying Glass". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  14. ^ "Cape Town". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  15. ^ "Urbanization and development in Swaziland". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  16. ^ Banes, Chris. How Swaziland Is Upgrading Its Slums (PDF) (Report). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 July 2018.
  17. ^ Ramesh, Randeep (22 December 2006). "Hidden cost of 'cheap chic'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
  18. ^ "Demolishing Slums". The Nation. 2015-07-12. Retrieved 2018-07-10.
  19. ^ "A History of the Irish in Manchester". Retrieved February 1, 2012.
  20. ^ [1] "What Is Urban Upgrading?" MIT. Accessed 3 December 2010

External linksEdit

  Media related to Slums at Wikimedia Commons