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The list of shipwrecks in 1891 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1891.

table of contents
1891
Jan Feb Mar Apr
May Jun Jul Aug
Sep Oct Nov Dec
References


JanuaryEdit

2 JanuaryEdit

List of shipwrecks: 2 January 1891
Ship Country Description
Thames   United Kingdom The Penzance steamer was on a voyage to London when she grounded on the Chesil Bank in thick fog.[1]

8 JanuaryEdit

List of shipwrecks: 8 January 1891
Ship Country Description
Kaffraria   United Kingdom
 
Part of the wreck of Kaffraria in March 2007.
The cargo steamer was wrecked in the River Elbe in Germany.

FebruaryEdit

5 FebruaryEdit

List of shipwrecks: 5 February 1891
Ship Country Description
Chiswick   United Kingdom The 1,261-ton steamship ran aground in calm weather on the northeast ledges of the Seven Stones Reef, while bound for St Nazaire, France, with coal from Cardiff, Wales. The captain is supposed to have said "every man for himself" before going down along with ten crew and his ship. Eight survivors were picked up by the Sevenstones Lightship's longboat.[2][3]

18 FebruaryEdit

List of shipwrecks: 18 February 1891
Ship Country Description
Bruce   United Kingdom The sailing ship capsized in New York Harbor. She was salvaged and placed in use as a coal storage hulk.

19 FebruaryEdit

List of shipwrecks: 19 February 1891
Ship Country Description
Trignac   France The steamer sprang a leak, blew up and sank within five minutes, between the Isles of Scilly and the Seven Stones Reef. She was carrying coal from Newport to St Nazaire.[3]

20 FebruaryEdit

List of shipwrecks: 20 February 1891
Ship Country Description
Teresa Garnham   Chile The ship was sailing from Valparaiso to Chiloé when she struck a rock. The crew took to her boats and reached port.[4]

MarchEdit

1 MarchEdit

List of shipwrecks: 1 March 1891
Ship Country Description
H.L.C.   France The brigantine ran aground on the Mixon Shoal, in the Bristol Channel and was wrecked. Her crew survived. She was on a voyage from Port Talbot, Glamorgan, United Kingdom to Pornic, Loire-Inférieure.[5]

9 MarchEdit

List of shipwrecks: 9 March 1891
Ship Country Description
Dundela   United Kingdom The cargo ship was wrecked at "Straythe" with the loss of a crew member. She was on a voyage from São Miguel Island, Azores, Portugal to Hull, Yorkshire.[6]

13 MarchEdit

List of shipwrecks: 13 March 1891
Ship Country Description
Roxburgh Castle   United Kingdom The 1,222-ton cargo steamer was on a voyage from Newport to Piraeus with a cargo of coal when she collided wuth the sailing ship British Peer (  United Kingdom) 120 miles southwest of the Isles of Scilly during the "Great Blizzard of 1891". Roxburgh Castle sank, losing 22 of her 24 crew members.[7]

17 MarchEdit

List of shipwrecks: 17 March 1891
Ship Country Description
Utopia   United Kingdom
 
Utopia

The passenger ship collided with the battleship HMS Anson (  Royal Navy) in the Bay of Gibraltar and sank with the loss of 552 of the 880 people aboard.

19 MarchEdit

List of shipwrecks: 19 March 1891
Ship Country Description
Bay of Panama   United Kingdom The full-rigged ship was driven ashore at Penare Point, Cornwall with the loss of eight lives. She was on a voyage from Calcutta, India to Dundee, Forfarshire.[8]

20 MarchEdit

List of shipwrecks: 20 March 1891
Ship Country Description
Sovereign   Norway The full-rigged ship was destroyed by fire while loading coal.

AprilEdit

6 AprilEdit

List of shipwrecks: 6 April 1891
Ship Country Description
Premier   United States Carrying 18 fishermen, seven crewmen, and a cargo of 350 tons of cannery supplies, the 307.69-gross register ton, 141.7-foot (43.2 m), three-masted schooner was wrecked during a snowstorm in Ramsey Bay (55°10′N 160°00′W / 55.167°N 160.000°W / 55.167; -160.000 (Ramsey Bay)) in the Territory of Alaska on the south coast of the Alaska Peninsula. All on board survived. Premier was salvaged, repaired, and returned to service.[9]

15 AprilEdit

List of shipwrecks: 15 April 1891
Ship Country Description
Dashing Wave   United States During a voyage in the Territory of Alaska from Sand Point to a destination identfied as "Isatok" with a crew of eight and a cargo of 120 tons of general merchandise on board, the 141.46-ton 106-foot (32.3 m) schooner was wrecked without loss of life during a gale and heavy snowstorm in a location identified as "Coal Bay." This location often is equated with Coal Harbor (55°20′13″N 160°36′15″W / 55.3369°N 160.6042°W / 55.3369; -160.6042 (Coal Harbor)) on Unga Island in the Shumagin Islands, but it might instead be Coal Bay (55°22′N 161°22′W / 55.367°N 161.367°W / 55.367; -161.367 (Coal Bay)) on the south coast of the Alaska Peninsula. The wreck may also have occurred in Zachary Bay (55°20′44″N 160°37′54″W / 55.3455°N 160.6316°W / 55.3455; -160.6316 (Zachary Bay)) – often called "Coal Bay" at the time – on the coast of Unga Island, and some early reports place it somewhere in the Bering Sea, while an 1892 report places it on Hair Seal Cape – now known as Seal Cape (55°59′42″N 158°25′58″W / 55.9950°N 158.4328°W / 55.9950; -158.4328 (Seal Cape)) – on the south coast of the Alaska Peninsula.[9]

23 AprilEdit

List of shipwrecks: 23 April 1891
Ship Country Description
Blanco Encalada   Chilean Navy 1891 Chilean Civil War: The Almirante Cochrane-class central battery ship was sunk by a torpedo gunboat in the port of Caldera, Chile.

MayEdit

2 MayEdit

List of shipwrecks: 2 May 1891
Ship Country Description
Sadie F. Caller   United States During a voyage from San Francisco, California, to Chignik Bay, Territory of Alaska, carrying 158 cannery workers as passengers, a 450-ton salmon-canning outfit as cargo, and a crew of 10, the 413.81-gross register ton, 393.25-foot (119.86 m) schooner was wrecked on a sand bar whose position had shifted without the knowledge of the crew, altering the navigable channel, at the entrance to Chignik Bay Harbor (56°18′N 158°24′W / 56.300°N 158.400°W / 56.300; -158.400 (Chignik Bay Harbor)) on the Gulf of Alaska coast of the Alaska Peninsula near Chignik. The steamer Polar Bear (  United States) towed her to shore two hours later, and she was beached and declared a total loss. By 1913, her wreck reportedly had sunk in 60 feet (18.3 m) of water.[10]

3 MayEdit

List of shipwrecks: 3 May 1891
Ship Country Description
Clan Lamont   United Kingdom The ship ran aground and sank off Vindiloas Point, Batticaloa, Sri Lanka.[11]

JulyEdit

18 JulyEdit

List of shipwrecks: 18 July 1891
Ship Country Description
Princesse Stephanie   Belgium The steamer was wrecked off Christiansand, Norway.[12]

SeptemberEdit

5 SeptemberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 5 September 1891
Ship Country Description
USFC Grampus     United States Fish Commission The schooner, a fisheries research ship, was on a voyage from Hyannis to Woods Hole, Massachusetts, with U.S. Fish Commissioner Marshall McDonald and his wife and daughter, Assistant U.S. Fish Commissioner J. W. Collins, and two female guests aboard when she ran aground on L'Hommidieu Shoal in Vineyard Sound during a southeasterly storm. McDonald, Collins, McDonald's family members, and the other two women made it safely to Falmouth, Massachusetts, in a dory, and Grampus later was refloated and returned to service.[13]

6 SeptemberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 6 September 1891
Ship Country Description
Fiji   United Kingdom The barque was wrecked at Moonlight Head, Victoria with the loss of twelve of her 26 crew. She was on a voyage from Hamburg, Germany to Melbourne, New South Wales.[14]

OctoberEdit

3 OctoberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 3 October 1891
Ship Country Description
William Lewis   United States While on an Arctic whaling voyage, the 463-gross register ton, 134-foot (41 m) steam bark was wrecked during a gale and snowstorm off Point Barrow, Territory of Alaska, when she became stranded on a snow-covered sandspit that her captain mistook for slush ice floating on the sea. The steamers Belvedere and Navarch (flags unknown) rescued her entire crew of 45. During salvage operations, the wreck of William Lewis was destroyed by an accidental fire on 20 March 1892.[15]

10 OctoberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 10 October 1891
Ship Country Description
USS Despatch   United States Navy The steamer was wrecked without loss of life on Assateague Island off the coast of Virginia during a gale.

13 OctoberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 13 October 1891
Ship Country Description
Ora et Labora   Norway The brig was driven ashore and wrecked near Chesil Cove, Dorset, United Kingdom.[16]

Unknown dateEdit

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date October 1891
Ship Country Description
Red Wing The schooner was driven ashore and wrecked on the coast of Delaware just south of the Indian River Inlet during a gale, killing her entire crew of six.[17]

NovemberEdit

11 NovemberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 11 November 1891
Ship Country Description
Benvenue   United Kingdom The full-rigged ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Sandgate, Kent with the loss of five lives. Twenty-seven survivors were rescued by the lifeboat Mayer de Rothchild (  Royal National Lifeboat Institution).[18]

22 NovemberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 22 November 1891
Ship Country Description
Samuel Mather   United States The wooden steam cargo ship sank after she was rammed by the steel cargo ship Brazil (flag unknown) in heavy fog in Whitefish Bay, Lake Superior.

DecemberEdit

5 DecemberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 5 December 1891
Ship Country Description
Merannio   United Kingdom En route for Newport from Bilbao with a cargo of 1,300 tons of iron ore, the ship hit the Seven Stones Reef, but managed to reach St Ives, Cornwall where a 10 ft (3 m) hole was found in her bow.[3]

8 DecemberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 8 December 1891
Ship Country Description
Torbay Lass   United Kingdom After unloading her cargo of coal on St Michael's Mount, the Brixham schooner was under tow by the tug Merlin (flag unknown) when Merlin suffered a drop in steam pressure and Torbay Lass drifted onto the Cressars off the promenade at Penzance, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The steamship Lady of the Isles (  United Kingdom) pulled her clear, but she sank after a few hundred yards, within a few hundred metres of Penzance harbour.[19]

10 DecemberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 10 December 1891
Ship Country Description
Drumblair   United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore on Sully Island, Glamorgan. Her crew either took to the ships' boats or were rescued by the lifeboat Joseph Denman II (  Royal National Lifeboat Institution). Drumblair was on a voyage from Barry, Glamorgan to Mauritius. She was later salvaged, repaired and returned to service.[5]

23 DecemberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 23 December 1891
Ship Country Description
Felicete   France The brig ran aground at Port Eynon Point, Glamorgan, United Kingdom, and was wrecked. Her crew survived. She was on a voyage from Nantes, Loire-Inférieure to Swansea, Glamorgan.[5]
Oakland   New South Wales The passenger-cargo ship ran aground on the southern breakwater at Ballina, New South Wales, Australia. She was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.

29 DecemberEdit

List of shipwrecks: 29 December 1891
Ship Country Description
Maggie   United Kingdom The sailing vessel collided with the passenger-cargo steamer Inishtrahull (  United Kingdom) in the Irish Sea just off the Kish Bank off the east coast of Ireland. Her crew were rescued by Inishtrahull, after which Maggie drifted away in a sinking condition and probably sank somewhere near the Kish Lighthouse. [20]

Unknown dateEdit

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1891
Ship Country Description
Sarsfield   United Kingdom The brigantine ran aground at Rhosilli, Glamorgan, Wales, and was wrecked. All seven people on board survived.[5]
Sea Serpent   United States The clipper′s crew of 17 abandoned her at sea at 46°N 40°W / 46°N 40°W / 46; -40 (Sea Serpent) and were rescued by the barque Gulnare (flag unknown). The derelict Sea Serpent was sighted on 18 October by the barque Ardgowan (flag unknown), having drifted 1,120 miles (1,800 km) unmanned in 93 days. Sea Serpent was sighted 19 times before disappearing.[21][22][not in citation given]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Carter, C (1998). The Port of Penzance: a history. Lydney: Black Dwarf Publications.[page needed]
  2. ^ Liddiard, John. "Seven Stones". Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  3. ^ a b c Larn, Richard (1992). The Shipwrecks of the Isles of Scilly. Nairn: Thomas & Lochar. ISBN 0-946537-84-4.
  4. ^ Vidal Gormaz, Francisco (1901) Algunos naufrajios ocurridos en las costas chilenas desde su descubrimiento hasta nuestros dias (Imprenta Elzeviriana).
  5. ^ a b c d Tovey, Ron. "A Chronology of Bristol Channel Shipwrecks" (PDF). Swansea Docks. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  6. ^ "Dundela". The Yard. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  7. ^ The Blizzard in the West. Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co. 1891.
  8. ^ "Bay of Panama". The Yard. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  9. ^ a b alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (P)
  10. ^ alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (S)
  11. ^ "SS Clan Lamont (+1891)".
  12. ^ "Belgian Merchant P-Z" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 1 December 2010.[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ Fisheries Historical Timeline: Historical Highlights 1890's
  14. ^ "Fiji". The Yard. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  15. ^ alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (W)
  16. ^ "Historical List of Shipwrecks at Chesil Beach & from Bridport to Lyme Regis". Burton Bradstock Online. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  17. ^ Anonymous, Shipwrecks of the Mid-Atlantic: Maryland, Delaware & Southern New Jersey (poster), Sealake Products USA, undated.
  18. ^ Bignell, Alan (2001). Kent Shipwrecks (Second ed.). Newbury: Countryside Books. ISBN 1 85306 719 9.
  19. ^ Larn, R. and Larn, B. (1991) Shipwrecks around Mounts Bay. Penryn: Tor Mark Press.
  20. ^ "Board of Trade Wreck Report for 'Maggie' and 'Inishtrahull', 1891". Board of Trade. 19 January 1892. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  21. ^ Crothers, William L. (1997). The American-Built Clipper Ship, 1850-1856: Characteristics, Construction, Details. Camden, ME: International Marine. pp. xvii, 342, 502, etc. ISBN 0-07-014501-6.
  22. ^ State Street Trust Company (1913). Some ships of the clipper ship era, Their builders, owners, and captains. Boston, MA: Printed for the State Street Trust Company. p. 18.
Ship events in 1891
Ship launches: 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896
Ship commissionings: 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896
Ship decommissionings: 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896
Shipwrecks: 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896