List of school shootings in the United States (before 2000)
List of school shootings in the 21st century.
This article lists incidents in which a firearm was discharged at a school infrastructure or campus in the United States prior to 2000, including incidents of shootings on a school bus. This list contains school shooting incidents that occurred on the campuses of K-12 public schools and private schools as well as colleges and universities. It excludes incidents that occurred during wars or police actions, as well as murder-suicides by rejected suitors or estranged spouses, and suicides or suicide attempts involving only one person. Mass shootings by school staff, where victims are only other employees, are covered at workplace killings. This list does not include bombings such as the Bath School disaster.
|July 26, 1764||Greencastle, Pennsylvania||10||2||The first known school shooting in what was to become the United States was the Enoch Brown school massacre on July 26, 1764, in Greencastle, Pennsylvania. A group of Lenape Native Americans entered a schoolhouse, shot and scalped schoolmaster Enoch Brown, and killed nine or ten children. Two children survived.|
|November 12, 1840||Charlottesville, Virginia||1||0||John Anthony Gardner Davis, a law professor at the University of Virginia, was shot by student Joseph Semmes and died three days later.|
|November 2, 1853||Louisville, Kentucky||1||0||Student Mathews Flounoy Ward shot the schoolmaster William H.G. Butler as revenge for what Ward thought was excessive punishment of his brother the day before. Butler died, and Ward was acquitted.|
|August 16, 1856||Florence, Alabama||2||0||The schoolmaster warned students not to harm his tame sparrow, threatening death. One of the boys stepped on the bird and killed it. When the boy returned to school, the master took the boy into a private room and strangled him. The boy's father upon hearing what had happened went to the school and shot the schoolmaster dead.|
|July 8, 1858||Baltimore, Maryland||1||0||The 15-year-old son of Col. John T. Farlow (Baltimore's Marshal of Police 1867–70), was killed during a Sabbath School gathering. The perpetrator escaped, but several arrests were made.|
|January 21, 1860||Todd County, Kentucky||1||0||A son of Col. Elijah Sebree was killed by another student. He had been led to believe that Young Sebree was threatening him; the latter student got a gun and fatally shot Sebree in the schoolhouse.|
|February 6, 1864||Ashland County, Ohio||1||0||George W. Longfelt, the school teacher of the Pyfer's School House, killed student Alfred Desem and fled.|
|February 16, 1867||Knights Ferry, California||2[n 1]||0||Mr. McGinnis was killed by his daughter's teacher after McGinnis threatened the teacher for expelling his daughter from school. When McGinnis' son learned of this, he went to the school and killed the teacher.|
|April 2, 1867||Madison, Florida||1||0||Frank Pope, a pupil at St. John's seminary, shot and killed his teacher Mr. Bristow.|
|June 8, 1867||New York City, New York||0||1||13-year-old Arthur Day secretly took a loaded pistol to PS No. 18 to shoot a dog he said had bitten him. While playing with the pistol, Day accidentally shot and wounded classmate Robert Morton.|
|January 27, 1871||Knoxville, Tennessee||1||0||John Roberts, aged ten or twelve, was accidentally shot in the eye at school and died.|
|February 1, 1872||Washington, Pennsylvania||0||1||At the all-girls Union School, 17-year-old Thomas McGiffin shot and seriously wounded the principal, Prof. Wilson, in the hip because Wilson refused to deliver a note to one of the girls. McGiffin was a son of Col. Norton McGiffin, and brother of US naval hero Philo McGiffin.|
|February 11, 1873||Wisconsin||0||1||A man shot the school mistress for whipping his son.|
|February 20, 1874||Agency, Montana||1||0||After being ejected from school for disobedience, 20-year-old Thomas Squires fatally shot Prof. Hayes three times in the abdomen.|
|April 9, 1874||Lebanon, Tennessee||1||0||John R. Breckinridge, son of the late Robert Jefferson Breckinridge, attending classes in law at Cumberland University in Lebanon, Tennessee, was killed by John L. Anderson, the Mayor's son. The latter was reportedly "crazed with liquor."|
|May 24, 1878||St. Paul, Minnesota||0||1||A 12-year-old boy, Luckert, accidentally shot and wounded Allie McDonald, another boy at the Neill school. The youth was expected to recover. His mother Mrs. McDonald went to the police station, but did not file a formal complaint.|
|May 24, 1879||Lancaster, New York||0||1||Telegraph operator Frank Shugart shot and severely injured Mr. Carr, superintendent of the stables at a girls' school.|
|December 1, 1881||Santa Monica, California||1||0||While working late at the schoolhouse on a program for the children's concert, Mr. O'Donnell, the school master, and Mr. Williams, one of the parents, got into an argument. Williams fatally shot O'Donnell in the back.|
|December 22, 1881||Shelby County, Indiana||0||0||School teacher Charles J. Gregory shot at a pupil at close range because he refused to write on a slate. The bullet missed the boy. The teacher was arrested.|
|January 16, 1882||Iola, Kansas||0||0||A group of boys shot into a schoolhouse, but no one was hurt. Two of the boys were arrested and pleaded guilty three weeks later. They were fined $9.00 each.|
|April 13, 1882||Huntsville, Texas||0||1||G.W. Gray, a student at the Sam Houston Normal School, shot and wounded another student, M.J. Jordan. They were arguing over a comic valentine.|
|February 14, 1883||Florence, Nebraska||0||3||As some children were playing and throwing snowballs outside the Ponca Creek schoolhouse, Lem Harbaugh and the Shipley brothers, three young men, pulled up in a wagon and engaged the children in a snowball fight. One of the Shipley brothers had a .45-caliber needle gun. As the children kept throwing snowballs, Harbaugh aimed the gun at them. The lock was faulty and the gun went off; he wounded Mamie Shipley, Joy Price, and Marquis Price. Harbaugh later surrendered himself to the authorities.|
|November 20, 1883||Barber County, Kansas||0||0||A bunch of drunken cowboys stopped at several schoolhouses, forcing two teachers to drink whiskey, and firing numerous shots at three schoolhouses.|
|February 28, 1884||Danville, Virginia||0||2||As Allen Wamack, a 15-year-old boy, drove by an all black schoolhouse, he called out "school butter" (an insult meaning a cobbing, or a whipping). The students came out and fired several shots at him; he shot back, hitting two students.|
|March 6, 1884||Boston, Massachusetts||0||0||As news of outlaw Jesse James reached the East Coast, young boys started to imitate him. For instance, boys shot at police investigating their activities at the Concord Street schoolhouse.|
|June 12, 1887||Cleveland, Tennessee||1||0||Will Guess shot and killed teacher Miss Irene Fann, for whipping his little sister the day before.|
|June 13, 1889||New Brunswick, New Jersey||0||0||Charles Crawford, upset over an argument with a school trustee, went up to the window and fired a pistol into a crowded schoolroom. The bullet lodged in the wall just above the teacher's head.|
|April 24, 1890||Brazil, Indiana||0||1||While the pupils of the Meridian Street School were at play, student Ben Corbery drew a revolver and seriously wounded 10-year-old Cora Brubach in the face. Cora had told the teacher about Ben's misconduct.|
|December 27, 1890||Staunton, Virginia||1||0||At Kable's Military Academy, 15-year-old A.H. Hathaway of Denison, Texas, was accidentally shot and killed by his 17-year-old classmate James Whitworth of Sulphur Springs, Texas, while they were playing with an old pistol.|
|March 30, 1891||Liberty, Mississippi||0||14||During a school exhibition and concert at the Parson Hill schoolhouse, an unknown gunman fired a double-barreled shotgun into the mixed audience, made up of black and white students, parents and teachers. Fourteen people were wounded, some seriously.|
|April 9, 1891||Newburgh, New York||0||?||70-year-old James Foster fired a shotgun at a group of students in the playground of St. Mary's Parochial School, causing minor injuries to several of the students.|
|March 26, 1893||Plain Dealing, Louisiana||4||1||During an evening school dance at Plain Dealing High School, a fight broke out. Two students were shot and killed immediately, two more were fatally wounded, and the high school's Professor Johnson was wounded in the arm.|
|December 13, 1898||Charleston, West Virginia||6||1+||During the school exhibition, a group of young men tried to break up a student performance. When teacher Mr. Fisher tried to throw them out, they turned on him. Audience members joined the fray. Harry Flasher was shot and instantly killed, Henry Carney was fatally shot in the back, Ralph Jones and two others were also fatally shot, and George Gibson was shot in the hand; Haz Harding had his skull crushed, and several others received minor wounds.|
|February 24, 1903||Inman, South Carolina||1||0||Edward Foster, a 17-year-old student at Inman High School, was fatally wounded by his teacher Reuben Pitts after jerking a rod from Pitts' hands to avoid punishment. According to the teacher, Foster struck the pistol Pitts had drawn, and caused it to fire. Pitts was acquitted of murder on grounds of self-defense.|
|July 21, 1903||Jackson, Kentucky||2[n 2]||1||At the Cave Run School, James Barrett and Mack Howard argued over a card game and fought a duel with pistols, killing each other. Twelve-year-old student, James Vires, was shot in the abdomen while sitting at his desk during the gunfight.|
|April 6, 1904||Chicago, Illinois||1||0||Two students had been fighting for months over a girl. Henry Schaze threw 16-year-old Paul Jelick to the ground, drew a revolver, and killed his rival.|
|November 16, 1904||Riverside, California||2||1||At the Indian School, a gun fight broke out between pupils. Charles Colby was shot in the head with a pistol, then returned fire, killing Tom Bucanoros, and fatally wounding Fred Smith.|
|December 16, 1904||Magee, Mississippi||1||1||Parent E.E. Mangum was shot through the head and killed by the principal of the high school, Professor J.E. Woodward, after shooting the principal in the hand. Mangum had argued with Woodward, who had given Mangum's 15-year-old son a severe whipping.|
|February 9, 1905||Colusa, California||0||1||The meeting of 17-year-old Elmer Hildreth with a school Trustee ended in an armed encounter over Hildreth's being suspended. When Mr. Ingrim went after Hildreth with an axe, Hildreth shot him in the stomach. Hildreth was arrested and was found to have acted in self-defense; no charges were filed. Ingrim survived.|
|October 5, 1905||Hickman, Kentucky||1||0||Parent George Nicholson killed John Kurd at a schoolhouse during a school rehearsal. Kurd had made a disparaging remark about Nicholson's daughter during her recital.|
|December 20, 1907||Chico, California||1||0||9-year-old Arthur Roberts was shot in the head and killed outside his school during a military drill by school children of the Dayton school district. Armed with old guns believed to be empty, the children had pulled the triggers.|
|January 10, 1908||Council Bluffs, Iowa||0||0||At around 6 a.m., as George O Mortensen, 35-year-old janitor of the Washington street school building, was unlocking the outer door of the school, someone discharged a shotgun from a few feet away. The shot riddled the door within a foot of his head.|
|March 11, 1908||Boston, Massachusetts||2[n 3]||0||Thirty-nine-year-old teacher Miss Sarah Chamberlain Weed killed 34-year-old teacher Elizabeth Bailey Hardee, then shot herself, at the Laurens School, a fashionable boarding school. Weed was said to be suffering from melancholia (depression).|
|March 19, 1909||Mount Vernon, Illinois||0||1||During a school performance of The Grand Central, John Moake, portraying the villain, was shot in the forehead and dangerously wounded by the hero, Roy Slater. The cartridge was thought to have been blank.|
|June 10, 1909||Trinidad, Colorado||1||0||Walter Harris, 11-year-old student, accidentally shot his teacher, B.C. Briggs, in the head while on a school field trip, killing him.|
|September 11, 1909||McDonald County, Missouri||1||0||John Butram, a student at the Bear Hollow School, told his fellow students that school was cancelled. The teacher A.T. Kelly said it was not. When Butram drew a knife on his teacher, Kelly shot and killed him.|
|January 12, 1910||New York City, New York||2||0||"A black bearded maniac drew an automatic pistol" and fired five shots into a crowd of boys at the Harlem School, who were taunting him. Six-year-old Robert Lomas, was hit and died instantly; 6-year-old Arthur Shively was critically wounded.|
|August 16, 1910||Lexington, Kentucky||1||?||A general fight broke out during school board elections. Lewis Napier was shot and killed, and several other persons were hurt. Several men were arrested.|
|April 27, 1911||Manhattan, Kansas||1||0||During a school play rehearsal, a boy loaded his revolver, unknown to others. Pearl Reedy, an 18-year-old girl who was to use the gun in the play, said she was afraid to handle it. The teacher said she didn't need to fear it and pointed it at Reedy, squeezing the trigger. Reedy was fatally wounded.|
|January 31, 1912||San Francisco, California||1||0||During a stone throwing confrontation near the Oriental School on Clay Street, a group of white boys became trapped between two groups of Chinese boys. Jose Aguilar fired a BB shot air rifle twice to frighten the Chinese. Ten-year-old Wong She had a gun and fired back. One bullet passed through Aguilar's coat sleeve and fatally struck 14-year-old James Kane in the school's rear yard.|
|February 16, 1912||Lagrange, New York||1||0||14-year-old May McQuade was killed by classmate Raymond B. Carroll. Carroll said the shooting was accidental as he did not think the gun was loaded.|
|November 19, 1914||Sayre, Pennsylvania||1||0||While walking to school, 14-year-old Charles Listman killed 15-year-old Andrew Milton over rivalry for classmate 13-year-old Minnie London.|
|January 13, 1915||Vancouver, Washington||0||1||During a parent-teachers' meeting, 15-year-old student Murlan Decker was accidentally shot by his younger brother, Luther.|
|February 3, 1915||Jasper, Florida||1||1||20-year-old Will Yates, teacher of Clear Pond school in Hamilton County, Florida, was shot and killed in a fight with Claude Holtzendorff and his two sons. The Holtzendorffs objected to one of the boys being whipped at school. When they showed up, Yates had armed himself. He shot the father through the mouth, and was fatally shot through the body, dying an hour later.|
|September 20, 1916||Bemidji, Minnesota||0||1||Olga Dahl, the 19-year-old teacher at the Round Lake District School, was found tied to a tree near the school, assaulted, and shot twice in the face. She had been working late after school, when a man with a revolver entered the school house and ordered her to obey him. He raped and shot her; she was expected to live. A group of men in Itasca County joined in hunting the assailant.|
|December 26, 1916||Danville, Kentucky||1||?||During the Christmas tree celebration at the Harris Creek School, a fight broke out in the room packed with children and visitors. William Benedict Sr. was instantly killed, William Benedict Jr. was shot in the ankle, Bourdon Galloway was shot in the right arm, and Mike Gaddis was shot in the leg. Many others were injured. Thomas Thornton had been drinking and objected to Benedict telling him to calm down. Thornton's brother George left the room and returned with a revolver.|
|June 5, 1917||Harrisburg, Pennsylvania||0||1||16-year-old freshman Earl Wolf was accidentally shot in the leg with a revolver about noon, in the company of classmates at Central High School.|
|October 28, 1917||Chicago, Illinois||1||0||Brothers 16-year-old William and 15-year-old Ralph Carter broke into the May public school, robbing the phone boxes and teachers' desks. When they were discovered by janitor Howard Parks and policeman Thomas Conway, the latter shot at them. William was critically wounded and not expected to live; Ralph Carter was taken to jail.|
|November 29, 1917||Manes, Missouri||0||1||At the Perkins school's Thanksgiving night pie supper, 21-year-old teacher Joe Todd, was mysteriously shot. He was expected to recover.|
|March 29, 1918||Jefferson City, Missouri||1||0||At the Lincoln Institute, State Negro Normal School, 31-year-old Professor Romeo West, was killed in the dormitory by superintendent of school Theodore Martin. They were arguing about dishes to use at a social. Martin said he shot in self-defense, fatally hitting West with three of five shots.|
|April 6, 1918||Reeder, North Dakota||1||0||During the afternoon recess, a boy was looking over a 22-caliber rifle; it discharged, striking the head of the Coyne boy in the seat to the front, killing him instantly.|
|January 9, 1919||Monroe City, Missouri||0||0||While school was in session, Hugh Claggett shot through the school house's front door, while on his way home from work. No one was hurt, and he was fined $20.|
|April 12, 1919||Ogden City, Utah||0||1||During a high school assembly, six boys shot off their guns. Permission had been given in the belief the guns were loaded with blanks, but they had live shot. Teacher Verna Davidson was shot in the foot.|
|August 4, 1919||Berkeley, California||0||2||Roger Sprague, an assistant in the department of chemistry at the University of California, despondent over his inability to obtain a position, shot and wounded 59-year-old Professor Edmond O'Neill, head of department, and 37-year-old Dr. Joel Henry Hildebrand, professor of chemistry, in the offices of Gilman Hall. He went to California Hall and shot at 57-year-old May L. Cheney, appointment secretary, but hit only one of her hair combs before he was subdued.|
|February 14, 1920||Durant, Oklahoma||0||1||At the Durant Normal School, teacher Albert McFarland, was seriously wounded by one of his pupils.|
|March 4, 1920||Cincinnati, Ohio||0||1||14-year-old student Lawrence Angel shot his teacher, Beatrice Conner, through the arm for sending him to the principal's office.|
|May 1, 1920||Summerville, Georgia||0||0||At the High School, 15-year-old student Alexander Potter fired six shots at his teacher, Prof. Ransom, but missed. Potter was upset over having been whipped and expelled. He was sentenced to six years at a reform school.|
|May 15, 1920||Bowling Green, Ohio||1||0||While attending her son's school track meet, Mrs. F. Mahl was killed accidentally by a shot from the starter's pistol.|
|August 1, 1920||Ogden, Utah||0||1||Mike Smults, the night watchman at the Utah school for the Deaf and Blind, shot a 10-year-old boy, Dennis McDonald, as he and his brother Clinton cut through the campus. The watchman said he fired into the air as a warning.|
|October 22, 1920||Chicago, Illinois||0||1||Mrs. Carmila Rindoni went to the school and twice shot Rosalind I. Reynolds, her son's teacher, for spanking her son the day before. Mrs. Rindoni was arrested; Miss Reynolds was expected to recover.|
|November 4, 1920||Middlesboro, Kentucky||1||0||Prof. Barnes of Middlesboro High School was fatally shot by Adolphus Oaks for whipping Oaks' sister the week before. Barnes had submitted his resignation to the school board, as students had boycotted his class in protest over the whipping. He intended to leave the city that weekend. Oaks went to jail.|
|February 17, 1922||Valdosta, Georgia||2||0||John Glover broke into the schoolhouse, where he killed a girl and fatally wounded a boy. A mob tracked and killed Glover 7 miles (11 km) in Indianola (now Naylor, Georgia).|
|August 1, 1922||Ardmore, Oklahoma||1||0||Bryant Hignight and four other students were at the outhouse of the Mount Zion school. Hignight fired two shots. One instantly killed Raymond Guinn. When questioned, the other three boys said it was an accident.|
|December 29, 1926||Gettysburg, Pennsylvania||0||1||12-year-old Frederick Heilman was shot through the right instep when Gettysburg College janitor Joseph Carver fired toward a group of boys trying to force their way into the college gymnasium. Carver had shot into the ground, and did not realize a bullet had ricocheted. Heilman's father did not press charges.|
|May 22, 1930||Ringe, Minnesota||1||0||24-year-old Douglas Petersen, killed 20-year-old teacher, Margaret Wegman, who was standing in the doorway of a rural schoolhouse.|
|May 28, 1931||Duluth, Minnesota||1||0||Katherine McMillen, 24-year-old teacher at the Howard Gensen rural school near Duluth, was accidentally killed by a pupil who brought a revolver to school.|
|September 14, 1934||Gill, Massachusetts||1||0||Headmaster Elliott Speer was murdered by a shotgun blast through the window at Northfield Mount Hermon School. The crime was never solved.|
|June 4, 1936||Bethlehem, Pennsylvania||2[n 3]||0||Wesley Clow killed his Lehigh University English instructor, C. Wesley Phy, for giving him a failing grade. Clow committed suicide after shooting Phy.|
|June 4, 1937||Isabel, Kansas||1||0||16-year-old Robert Douthitt was accidentally killed backstage during high school play practice. The revolver was to have been loaded with blanks, but it held live ammunition.|
|September 24, 1937||Toledo, Ohio||0||2[n 3]||12-year-old Robert Snyder wounded his principal, June Mapes, in her office at Arlington Public School when she declined his request to call a classmate. He fled the grounds and wounded himself.|
|January 24, 1938||Blencoe, Iowa||1||0||17-year-old Edward Marley was accidentally killed by a fellow actor with a loaded gun while rehearsing for a play at Blencoe High School.|
|May 6, 1940||South Pasadena, California||5||2[n 3]||Verlin Spencer, the 38-year-old principal of South Pasadena Junior High School, killed five of his colleagues and left another seriously injured in shootings at two locations. Spencer had a long history of clashes with faculty and staff and was forced to serve a three-week involuntary leave of absence the year prior. When cornered by police, he shot himself in a suicide attempt but survived and was sentenced to 5 consecutive life sentences. Three years later, Spencer learned that the blood sample taken after his arrest was found to have high levels of bromide, a popular painkiller he took for headaches. While the amount was high enough to render him legally insane at the time of the shooting, he did not receive a retrial. but was released from in prison in 1970.|
|July 4, 1940||Valhalla, New York||1||0||Angered by the refusal of his daughter, 15-year-old Melba, to leave a boarding school and return home, 47-year-old Joseph Moshell went to the school and shot and killed his daughter. Moshell was sentenced to death for the murder; the governor of New York later commuted his sentence to life in prison.|
|October 2, 1942||New York City, New York||1||0||Irwin Goodman, 36-year-old mathematics teacher at William J. Gaynor Junior High School, was shot and killed in the school corridor by two boys.|
|June 26, 1946||New York City, New York||0||1||A 15-year-old student was shot in the chest at the PS 147 annex of Brooklyn Automotive Trades High School after refusing to give money to a gang of seven youths.|
|December 24, 1948||New York City, New York||1||0||A 14-year-old student was fatally wounded in the head by a shot from fellow student, 17-year-old Robert Ross, when he happened into range where Ross was target shooting near a lake at the school.|
|March 11, 1949||New York City, New York||0||1||A 16-year-old student at Stuyvesant High School was accidentally shot in the arm by a fellow student who was "showing off" with a pistol in a classroom.|
|November 12, 1949||Columbus, Ohio||1||0||Ohio State University freshman James Heer took a .45-caliber handgun from the room of a Delta Tau Delta fraternity brother and killed 21-year-old Jack McKeown, a senior and fraternity brother. Heer was sentenced to life in prison for the crime.|
|November 18, 1949||Chicago, Illinois||1||0||16-year-old LaVon Cain of DuSable High School was shot to death at the school after a group of female students began shooting at another group of female students. The shooting was over domestic disputes that had occurred days prior. Nineteen-year-old Edwina Howard and two other teenage girls were charged in the shooting. The shooting was noted as one of the first fatal shootings in a Chicago public school.|
|July 22, 1950||New York City, New York||0||1||A 16-year-old boy was shot in the wrist and abdomen at the PS 141 dance during an argument with a former classmate.|
|January 24, 1951||Alton, Illinois||1||0||61-year-old Henry Suhre, quartermaster at Western Military Academy, was killed in the cadet store on campus.|
|March 12, 1951||Union Mills, North Carolina||2||0||Professor W.E. Sweatt, superintendent and teacher at the Alexander School, was killed by 16-year-old Billy Ray Powell and 19-year-old Hugh Justice, students whom he had reprimanded. The boys fled and also shot Wade Johnson, 15, for reporting their rule infraction to Sweatt.|
|November 27, 1951||St. Louis, Missouri||1||0||15-year-old student David Brooks was fatally shot in front of other pupils. Two former students were sought by police.|
|April 9, 1952||New York City, New York||1||0||A 15-year-old boarding school student shot a dean rather than give up his pin-up pictures of girls in bathing suits.|
|July 14, 1952||New York City, New York||1||0||Bayard Peakes shot and killed secretary Eileen Fahey at the American Physical Society (APS) office at Columbia University, where he was reportedly upset that the APS had rejected a paper of his. Peakes was deemed insane by a judge; he was held at an asylum for the criminally insane until his death in 2000.|
|October 2, 1953||Chicago, Illinois||1||0||14-year-old Bernice Turner killed 14-year-old Pasquale Coletta inside the science classroom at Kelly High School. The shooting was later ruled to be accidental.|
|March 31, 1954||Newton, Massachusetts||1||0||14-year-old John Frankenberger was accidentally killed in a classroom at Day Junior High School when a pistol held by a classmate discharged.|
|May 15, 1954||Chapel Hill, North Carolina||1||2||Putnam Davis Jr. was killed during a fraternity house carnival at the Phi Delta Theta house at the University of North Carolina. William Joyner and Allen Long were wounded during the exchange of gunfire in their room. The incident followed an all-night beer party. Long told police that Davis pulled out a gun and started shooting while the three were drinking beer at 7 a.m.|
|January 11, 1955||Swarthmore, Pennsylvania||1||0||After some of his dormmates urinated on his mattress during a hazing, Robert B. Bechtel, a 22-year-old student proctor at Swarthmore College, returned to his Wharton Hall dorm with a shotgun and killed fellow student 19-year-old Francis Holmes Strozier. Betchtel was acquitted of murder by reason of insanity and spent five years in a psychiatric hospital.|
|May 4, 1956||Seat Pleasant, Maryland||1||2||15-year-old student Billy Ray Prevatte fatally shot 32-year-old teacher Frazer Cameron and injured 25-year-old athletic coach Francis Daniel Wagner and 31-year-old teacher Robert Hicks at Maryland Park Junior High School. He left after waiting outside the principal's office for a reprimand due to failing to turn in a written physical education assignment; he returned with a rifle, shooting the three staff members. Prevatte was sentenced to thirty years in prison and was released in 1988.|
|October 20, 1956||New York City, New York||0||1||A Booker T. Washington Junior High School student was shot and wounded in the forearm by another student armed with a homemade weapon.|
|October 2, 1957||New York City, New York||0||1||A 16-year-old student was shot in the leg by a 15-year-old classmate at a city high school.|
|March 4, 1958||New York City, New York||0||1||A 17-year-old student shot the future major league baseball player Joe Pepitone (who was also 17 years old at the time) through his stomach at the Manual Training High School.|
|May 1, 1958||Massapequa, New York||1||0||A 15-year-old Massapequa High School freshman was killed by a classmate in a washroom.|
|September 24, 1959||New York City, New York||1||0||Twenty-seven men and boys were arrested and an arsenal was seized in the Bronx as the police headed off a gang war resulting from the fatal shooting of a teenager at Morris High School.|
|February 2, 1960||Hartford City, Indiana||3[n 3]||0||Hartford City, Indiana, Principal Leonard Redden shot and killed two teachers with a shotgun at William Reed Elementary School before fleeing into a remote forest, where he committed suicide.|
|March 30, 1960||Alice, Texas||1||0||14-year-old Donna Dvorak brought a target pistol to Dubose Junior High School and fatally shot 15-year-old Bobby Whitford in their 9th-grade science class. Dvorak believed Whitford posed a threat to one of her girlfriends.|
|June 7, 1960||Blaine, Minnesota||2[n 3]||0||41-year-old mail carrier Lester Betts confronted 33-year-old principal Carson Hammond in his Blaine Elementary School office and shot him dead with a 12-gauge shotgun in apparent jealousy over Hammond's relationships with his former wife. Betts later committed suicide.|
|January 4, 1961||Delmont, South Dakota||1||0||Donald Kurtz, a 17-year-old senior at Delmont High School, was fatally wounded by a .22-caliber bullet from a rifle. The shot, intended as a sound effect for a school play, hit him in the chest during a rehearsal minutes before the play was to take place.|
|October 17, 1961||Denver, Colorado||1||2[n 3]||14-year-old Tennyson Beard got into an argument with 15-year-old William Hachmeister at Morey Junior High School, shooting and wounding him. Another shot fatally struck 14-year-old Deborah Faith Humphrey. Beard attempted suicide but survived. He was later found not guilty by reason of insanity.|
|November 5, 1963||Cedar Rapids, Iowa||0||1||15-year-old Augie Holmquist, a student at Jefferson High School, was in the locker room after swimming class and was shot twice in the back and once in the hip with a .22-caliber revolver by student, 16-year-old Randy Schultz. Schultz ran home and told his parents to call the police. The boys had been playing water polo, and Holmquist had reportedly dunked Shultz. When Schultz objected, Holmquist hit him. Schultz retaliated with a gun.|
|April 27, 1966||Bay Shore, New York||1||0||48-year-old teacher John S. Lane was fatally wounded when he tried to stop 16-year-old student James Arthur Frampton, who was armed with a shotgun and seeking boys he had argued with earlier that day. Lane died about six weeks later. Frampton was sentenced to thirty years in prison for the murder.|
|August 1, 1966||Austin, Texas||18[n 3]||31||University of Texas tower shooting: 25-year-old engineering student Charles Whitman fatally shot 15 people and wounded 31 more during a 96-minute shooting rampage from the observation deck of the university. He was shot and killed by police. He had earlier murdered his wife and his mother at their homes. It was the deadliest shooting on a U.S. college campus until the Virginia Tech shooting in 2007.|
|October 5, 1966||Grand Rapids, Minnesota||1||1||Grand Rapids High School student 15-year-old David Black killed school administrator Forrest Willey and seriously wounded a fellow student, 14-year-old Kevin Roth. Black was tried as an adult and was paroled after serving five years of a 25 year sentence.|
|November 12, 1966||Mesa, Arizona||5||2||18-year-old Bob Smith took seven people hostage at Rose-Mar College of Beauty and ordered them to lie down in a circle. He shot each in the head. Four women and a 3-year-old girl died; another woman and a baby were injured but survived. Police arrested Smith, who reportedly admired Richard Speck and Charles Whitman. Smith was sentenced to death in Arizona's gas chamber, but his sentence was commuted to life when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled the death penalty unconstitutional in 1972.|
|May 3, 1967||Northlake, Illinois||1||1||18-year-old dropout Michael Pisarski killed his former girlfriend, 17-year-old Christine Mitchell, inside West Leyden High School. The school's athletic director was wounded. Pisarski was sentenced to a minimum of 35 years to a maximum of 60 years in prison, with 4–5 years to be served concurrently for the aggravated battery of the athletic director.|
|January 30, 1968||Miami, Florida||1||0||16-year-old Blanche Ward killed fellow student 16-year-old Linda Lipscomb at Miami Jackson High School. According to Ward, she was threatened with a razor by Lipscomb during an argument over a fountain pen, and in the ensuing struggle, her gun went off. Ward pled guilty to manslaughter and was sentenced to 8 years in prison.|
|March 25, 1968||High Point, North Carolina||1||0||15-year-old David Lee Walker was killed just outside Central High School by 15-year-old Gerald Locklear. Locklear was tried as an adult and was sentenced to 30 years in prison but was released after serving only 11.|
|May 22, 1968||Miami, Florida||0||2||Ernest Lee Grissom, a 15-year-old student at Drew Junior High School, seriously wounded a teacher and a 13-year-old student after he had been reprimanded for behavior.|
|September 28, 1968||Chicago, Illinois||0||1||At Tilden High School, a violent clash between black and white students occurred when black students walked out of classes after a school pep rally was cancelled. Black and white members of neighborhood street gangs gathered in front of the school and began fighting; which resulted in a 16-year-old white student being shot.|
|January 17, 1969||Washington D.C.||1||0||45-year-old Cardozo Senior High School assistant principal Herman Clifford was killed in the school's hallway by 18-year-old Ronald Joyner while trying to stop him and two other youths who had robbed the school's bank.|
|April 25, 1969||Chicago, Illinois||0||1||A 17-year-old student was shot when a racially motivated brawl erupted involving white and black students at Tilden High School. The brawl began in the school's auditorium and continued outside the school building. Eight Chicago police officers were injured and six students were charged with disorderly conduct in the incident.|
|May 13, 1969||Pontiac, Michigan||0||5||At Pontiac Central High School five students were wounded, one seriously when a crowd of students gathered around a 16-year-old white student who was being kicked and beaten up by black students when 16-year-old Roderick Bortón, another student pushed through the crowd and opened fire with a 22-caliber pistol, the fight and shooting were believed to be racially motivated.|
|January 17, 1969||Los Angeles, California||2||0||Alprentice Carter and John Huggins, two student members of the Black Panther Party, were fatally shot during a student meeting inside Campbell Hall at the University of California, Los Angeles. Reportedly there was disagreement over who would control the school's African American Studies Center. The shooter, Claude Hubert, was never found; three other men were later arrested in connection with the shooting.|
|January 23, 1969||Washington, D.C.||1||0||45-year-old Cardozo Senior High School assistant principal Herman Clifford was killed in the school's hallway by 18-year-old Ronald Joyner while trying to stop him and two other youths who had robbed the school's bank.|
|May 13, 1969||Winston-Salem, North Carolina||1||0||13-year-old Ernest Napoleon Carter Jr. was accidentally killed by a 13-year-old classmate at Hanes Junior High School who was armed with a pistol. The shooter was charged with involuntary manslaughter. Carter's mother filed a lawsuit against the Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Board of Education for $50,000 in damages.|
|November 19, 1969||Tomah, Wisconsin||1||0||46-year-old Martin Mogensen, principal of Tomah Junior High School, was killed in his office by a 14-year-old boy. the student was determined to be in diminished capacity at the time of the shooting and was put into the Mendota State Hospital instead of being sent to jail and was released from the hospital in 1972.|
|January 5, 1970||Washington, D.C.||1||1||15-year-old Tyrone Perry was killed at Hine Junior High School and another student was injured.|
|February 11, 1970||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||2[n 3]||1||University of Pennsylvania professors 40-year-old Walter Koppelman and 45-year-old Oscar Goldman were shot by 33-year-old disgruntled graduate student Robert Cantor during a seminar. Cantor then took his own life. Koppelman died March 5 from his injuries, but Goldman recovered.|
|April 23, 1970||Wilmington, Delaware||1||0||A PS duPont High School 17-year-old football player Derek A. Johnson was shot and killed by teammate 16-year-old Carlton E. Thornton, who had confronted him in an effort to stop the bullying against his siblings. Thornton was sentenced to 10 years in prison but was released on probation after serving seven years.|
|October 5, 1970||Pontiac, Michigan||0||4||Outside of Pontiac Central High School four white male students were wounded, when a crowd of about twenty black students came and ordered the white students to leave the area where they were standing and then a fight was started when the four refused to move when one of the students drew a pistol which caused the white students to run away then the shooter fired shots.|
|November 20, 1970||Chicago, Illinois||0||2||Two students were shot while standing in a second-floor hallway of Harlan High School. Fifteen-year-old Kenneth House was shot in the lower left abdomen and left in serious condition. Fourteen-year-old Portia Walls suffered a superficial wound on her lower back. The incident was thought to have involved gang recruiting in the school.|
|February 2, 1971||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||1||0||56-year-old teacher Samson L. Freedman was killed by 14-year-old student Kevin Simmons as he left Morris E. Leeds School. Freedman had suspended Simmons earlier in the day for cursing in the hallway.|
|November 11, 1971||Spokane, Washington||2[n 3]||4||21-year-old former MIT student Larry J. Harmon, armed with a rifle, killed 68-year-old caretaker Hilary Kunzon, who came upon him wrecking St. Aloysius Roman Catholic Church, then fled onto the campus of Gonzaga University, where he wounded four more people before he was shot and killed by police. Harmon was described by his father as a religious fanatic claiming to have visions.|
|January 24, 1972||Stow, Ohio||0||1||A 16-year-old student at Stow High School shot and wounded his chemistry teacher during an argument.|
|February 14, 1972||Chicago, Illinois||1||0|||
|May 4, 1972||Reno, Nevada||1||0||On May 4, 1972, 33-year-old Libby Booth Elementary school principal Virgil Ouren was shot three times with a 22-caliber pistol which killed him instantly. The shooter, sixth grade teacher 53-year-old Samuel Grinstead Knipmeyer fled to mexico then moved to California and finally to Bend, Oregon where he was arrested on October 26, 1977.|
|May 5, 1972||Indianapolis, Indiana||1||0||At Decatur Central High School sophomore student George Jenkins was shot to death in his classroom by his sister Mickey who was a senior student.|
|November 16, 1972||Baton Rouge, Louisiana||2||0||At Southern University during a peaceful protest, two African American students were shot and killed by white sheriffs deputies. The deputies who fired the shots were never identified.|
|November 11, 1972||Pontiac, Michigan||0||5||At Pontiac Central High School five students were wounded, one seriously when a crowd of students gathered around a 16-year-old white student who was being kicked and beaten up by black students when 16-year-old Roderick Bortón, another student pushed through the crowd and opened fire with a 22-caliber pistol, the fight and shooting were believed to be racially motivated.|
|February 26, 1973||Richmond, Virginia||1||0||17-year-old Wayne Phillips was killed when he was caught between two youths who were fighting in the hallway of Armstrong High School.|
|February 26, 1973||Chicago, Illinois||1||1||52-year-old elementary school principal Rudolph Jezek Jr. was killed in his office and assistant principal Gordon Sharp was wounded by 14-year-old Steven Guy, a former student said to be angry about being transferred to a social adjustment center after being expelled.|
|November 6, 1973||Oakland, California||1||1||School superintendent Marcus Foster was killed and his assistant Robert Blackburn was wounded when members of the Symbionese Liberation Army opened fire on them as they exited a school board meeting. Two members of the SLA were later arrested and convicted of the crime. Both were sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. The SLA had reportedly believed that Foster supported a measure to install police on school grounds and make students carry identification cards. In reality, Foster opposed both measures.|
|January 17, 1974||Chicago, Illinois||1||0||52-year-old elementary school principal Rudolph Jezek Jr. was killed in his office by 14-year-old Steven Guy, a former student said to be angry about being transferred to a social adjustment center.|
|March 22, 1974||Brownstown, Indiana||1||0||48-year-old James T. Blevins, athletic director at Brownstown Central High School, was fatally shot in the school parking lot by David L Fleetwood a 17-year-old student waiting for him. He gave the police no motive. Fleetwood was convicted of voluntary manslaughter and sentenced to 2 to 21 years in prison.|
|October 4, 1974||Detroit Michigan||1||0||At the student parking lot of Osborn High School, 19-year-old special ed student Steven Watkins was shot in his car by an unknown assailant and died from his injuries.|
|October 4, 1974||Kent, Ohio||0||1||19-year-old McKeesport student Ray D. Gilmore was wounded in a scuffle with two men in his third-floor campus dormitory room. Twenty-six-year-old Benjamin F. Goodman and 22-year-old Carl Bell, who were not students, had their .32-caliber pistols taken and were wrestled to the floor by other students.|
|December 30, 1974||Olean, New York||3 (including a pregnant woman)||11||Olean High School shooting: During a two-and-a-half-hour siege, 17-year-old honor student Anthony Barbaro, the best on his rifle team, killed three adults, one pregnant, in and around his high school and wounded eleven others. He shot from the windows at the street and neighborhood. The school was closed for the Christmas holiday. Barbaro committed suicide in prison before he could stand trial.|
|February 18, 1975||Poughkeepsie, New York||1||0||Freshman Shelley Sperling was shot and killed in the dining hall by her ex-boyfriend, Louis Acevedo.|
|February 24, 1975||Penns Grove, New Jersey||1||1||24-year-old David Gary killed the 33-year-old Reverend Thomas Quinlan inside a classroom at St. James School. Quinlan was the school's principal. A teacher was also wounded. Gary was sentenced to life in prison for the crime.|
|March 18, 1975||St. Louis, Missouri||1||0||16-year-old Stephen Goods, a bystander, was killed during a fight between other teens. Three youths were convicted for the homicide.|
|September 11, 1975||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma||1||5||Student James Briggs killed fellow student Randy Truitt at Grant High School, wounding several others. Briggs was convicted of first-degree manslaughter by an Oklahoma County juvenile court jury the following year. A judge ordered Briggs committed to an unidentified, nonprofit institution in another state until he turned 18.|
|February 12, 1976||Detroit, Michigan||0||5||Intruders entered Murray-Wright High School, shooting and wounding five students after an apparent dispute over a girlfriend of one of the intruders.|
|July 12, 1976||Fullerton, California||7||2||California State University, Fullerton massacre: 37-year-old Edward Charles Allaway, a custodian at the California State University, Fullerton library, shot and killed seven people and wounded two others in the library's first-floor lobby and at the building's Instructional Media Center (IMC), located in the basement. Allaway was convicted of murder, but a judge ruled him insane and ordered him confined to a mental institution.|
|April 7, 1977||Whitharral, Texas||1||0||High School principal M. O. Tripp was killed on the front steps of the school by 17-year-old student Ricardo Lopez for unknown reasons. Lopez was convicted of murder and subsequently sentenced to life in prison.|
|November 19, 1977||Washington, DC||0||2||A young man wearing a hood and surgical mask shot and seriously injured the business manager of St. John's College High School during an attempted robbery.|
|January 11, 1978||Hopkinsville, Kentucky||0||1||13-year-old student Andre Davis was wounded while watching a fight between two students in the front lobby of Christian County Middle School, one of whom had a gun. A 16-year-old was charged with the assault.|
|February 9, 1978||St. Albans, West Virginia||1||0||14-year-old Hayes Junior High School student Stuart Wayne Perrock killed 14-year-old schoolmate Arthur Clinton Smith. He subsequently fled the school, sparking a search that lasted several hours before he was arrested and he was tried as a juvenile.|
|February 22, 1978||Lansing, Michigan||1||1||After being taunted for his beliefs, 15-year-old Roger Needham, a self-proclaimed neo-Nazi, killed one student and wounded a second with a pistol at Everett High School. He was tried as a juvenile for the crime.|
|April 26, 1978||Dallas, Texas||1||0||38-year-old Woodrow Porter, a janitor at Paul Dunbar Elementary School, was killed by the 56-year-old grandmother of an 8-year-old who was allegedly spanked by Porter earlier.|
|May 18, 1978||Austin, Texas||1||0||13-year-old John Daniel Christian, son of Lyndon B. Johnson's former press secretary George Christian, killed his English teacher, 29-year-old Wilbur Grayson, with his father's rifle in front of approximately 30 classmates at Murchison Junior High School. Christian was arrested and charged but not prosecuted; he was committed to a mental hospital where he was treated for a period and released.|
|October 17, 1978||University City, Missouri||0||4||18-year-old Larry Ward and two companions were escorted from the halls of University City High School following a fight with 18-year-old student Carl Triplett. Ward ran back into the building with a gun and fired shots into a group, critically injuring Triplett in the chest and hip and wounding 17-year-old Angela Darden and 16-year-old Jennifer Pride. Ward sustained a head injury as he was tackled by assistant principal, Franklin McCallie. His companions grabbed the gun and fled.|
|October 17, 1978||Lanett, Alabama||0||1||13-year-old Robin Robinson was paddled by Lanett Junior High School principal Lewis Hoggs after having a disagreement with another student. Robinson left the school and returned with a .22-caliber handgun and shot Hoggs, grazing the top of his head. Robinson was arrested two hours later about two blocks from the school and was later charged in juvenile court.|
|January 29, 1979||San Diego, California||2||9||Cleveland Elementary School shooting: 16-year-old Brenda Spencer opened fire on Grover Cleveland Elementary School from her home across the street, killing two adults and wounding nine people. Spencer was sentenced to 25 years to life and remains in prison.|
|April 16, 1979||Milwaukee, Wisconsin||0||1||17-year-old Timothy Stahle was critically wounded in the leg and upper thigh with shot gun pellets as he threw rocks at the windows of Wisconsin Lutheran High School. Twenty-eight-year-old school janitor Kenneth B. Stein was arrested.|
|September 28, 1979||Charlestown, Massachusetts||0||1||15-year-old sophomore Darryl Williams was shot in the neck by a sniper during the halftime interval while standing with teammates and coach in the end zone of the Charlestown High School football field. The player for the predominantly black Jamaica Plain High School team was left paralyzed. A racial motivation was determined by Mayor Kevin White. Seventeen-year-old white youths Joseph Nardone and Stephen McGonagle were charged with the shooting and received 10-year sentences.|
|January 7, 1980||Stamps, Arkansas||1||0||16-year-old Evan Hampton, a freshman at Lafayette County High School, waited in a classroom for 19-year-old student Mike Sanders, whom he immediately killed. Hampton went to the principal's office, turned in the gun and waited for his arrest by police.|
|March 20, 1980||Dallas, Texas||1||0||49-year-old fifth grade teacher Rosie Pearson was killed in J. Leslie Patton School by an unknown assailant.|
|March 26, 1980||Big Rapids, Michigan||1||0||Business professor Robert Brauer was killed in class by 20-year-old student Thomas Kakonis at Ferris State College; Kakonis had failed an exam in his class. Kakonis was the son of an associate dean at the college. Kakonis was found not guilty by reason of insanity.|
|October 31, 1980||Hueytown, Alabama||1[n 3]||1||17-year-old Rudy Farmer pulled out a .22-caliber pistol and wounded a fellow student in the art room of Hueytown High School, then turned the gun on himself.|
|January 27, 1981||Fayetteville, Arkansas||1[n 3]||1||19-year-old former freshman James Howard Taylor brought a 12-gauge single-shot shotgun into the Delta Delta Delta sorority house on the University of Arkansas campus. He entered the house at 5:45 p.m. and terrorized an initiation dinner. After attempting to negotiate a surrender, he was shot and killed by police when he aimed his shotgun into the dining room.|
|April 17, 1981||Ann Arbor, Michigan||2||0||As students fled their rooms after a homemade firebomb set a minor blaze on the sixth floor hallway of Bursley Hall dormitory, 22-year-old psychology student Leo E. Kelly Jr. fired a sawn-off 12-gauge shotgun at his University of Michigan schoolmates at point-blank range. Nineteen-year-old pre-medical student Edward Siwik and 21-year-old resident advisor Douglas C. McGreaham died in hospitals a few hours later. Kelly had been dismissed from UM once and was on the verge of another dismissal due to poor grades. In 1982, he was convicted on two counts of first-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison.|
|December 16, 1981||Portland, Oregon||2[n 3]||0||Shortly before noon in Engineering Hall on the school's campus in north Portland, 34-year-old University of Portland night janitor John C. Holbrook killed 37-year-old engineering teacher Brian D. Massey before taking his own life.|
|March 19, 1982||Las Vegas, Nevada||1||2||17-year-old Valley High School student Patrick Lizotte killed his teacher Clarence Pigott and wounded two students. Lizotte was originally sentenced to life in prison without parole, but his sentence was reduced and he was paroled in 2017 after the passage of Nevada Assembly Bill 267, which “revises provisions concerning the sentencing and parole of persons convicted as an adult for a crime committed when the person was less than 18 years of age," in 2015.|
|April 7, 1982||Littleton, Colorado||1||0||13-year-old Deer Creek Junior High School student Scott Darwin Michael was killed by 14-year-old classmate Jason Price Rocha. Rocha was tried as an adult and sentenced to 12 years in prison, plus one year of parole but was instead released in 1987 at the age of 20.|
|November 12, 1982||Jackson, Mississippi||2[n 3]||0||18-year-old dropout James Hartzog killed his girlfriend, 17-year-old Faye Williams, in her algebra class at Wingfield High School. Hartzog then took his own life.|
|January 20, 1983||St. Louis County, Missouri||2[n 3]||1||14-year-old Parkway South Middle School student David F. Lawler, sitting in a study hall classroom of 28 students, opened fire, killing Randall Koger and injuring Greg Saffo. Lawler then took his own life.|
|May 16, 1983||Dallas, Texas||1||0||Billy Conn Gardner, a friend of a food service worker's husband, robbed the Lake Highlands High School cafeteria manager at gunpoint as she was counting the day's revenue in the office. Gardner shot her and took $1,600. Gardner was subsequently sentenced to death for the crime and was executed by lethal injection on February 16, 1995.|
|November 8, 1983||Highland Park, Michigan||1||0||At Highland Park High School a 15-year-old student shot and killed a 17-year-old student, the shooting is believed to be related to an earlier fight between the two students.|
|November 18, 1983||Baltimore, Maryland||1||0||14-year-old Dewitt Duckett was shot in the neck and killed at Harlem Park Junior High School. Alfred Chestnut and Ransom Watkins, who were both 16 at the time, and 17-year-old Andrew Stewart were convicted of the murder and sentenced to life in prison. However, evidence was withheld from the defense that pointed to another suspect, 18-year-old Michael Willis, who witnesses said saw run away and ditch the gun; Willis died in 2002. The case was reviewed and the evidence that was withheld was recovered and used by the defense. Four teenage witnesses who testified against the three in the first trial recanted, saying they were pressured by police to change their stories. In November 2019, Chestnut, Watkins and Stewart were exonerated.|
|December 2, 1983||Crawfordsville, Indiana||0||1||17-year-old Calvin Dowell was shot during a senior economics class at Crawfordsville High School by fellow student 17-year-old Grant Carey in a dispute over a girl. The case was waived to adult court, and Grant was sentenced to six years in prison. Dowell survived the shooting but was paralyzed.|
|February 24, 1984||Los Angeles, California||3[n 3]||12||49th Street Elementary School shooting: Tyrone Mitchell killed two people and wounded twelve others when shooting at students leaving 49th Street Elementary School. He then committed suicide.|
|April 20, 1984||Detroit, Michigan||1||0||13-year-old Kelly Crittendon was accidentally killed by two classmates in a classroom at the Precious Blood School.|
|May 17, 1984||Pleasant Hill, Iowa||2[n 3]||0||17-year-old student Todd Dunahoo killed 16-year-old Valerie Rockafellow in the hallway at Southeast Polk High School, then turned the gun on himself.|
|September 28, 1984||North Richland Hills, Texas||0||1||1981 alumnus Barry Wayne Shaw returned to his alma mater Richland High School carrying a 9mm Uzi submachine gun, an AR-15 and a .45-caliber pistol looking for Ms. Ball, his English teacher. After some time, he gave up the hunt, yelled out "Homecoming, homecoming," and sprayed the school's foyer with 30 rounds of ammunition. None of the dozen or so students in the foyer was hit, though one was injured by flying debris. Principal Ray Williams arrived to confront him after Barry had fired his last shot. Barry threw both rifles at Ray, saying, "I did it." Ray had Barry sit down and wait for the police. Barry offered no resistance. It was later discovered that Barry had killed Dallas karate instructor Jimmy Glen Wilson and wounded Rudy Smedley earlier in the week with the submachine gun. He was charged with two counts of intent to commit murder, one count of retaliation and one count of murder.|
|October 24, 1984||Celina, Ohio||1||0||45-year-old Shirley Shindeldecker killed school bus driver 54-year-old Gene Green as he stopped to pick up the son of Shindeldecker's estranged husband. After serving 19 months of her sentence, Shindeldecker was found not guilty by reason of insanity and released.|
|January 21, 1985||Goddard, Kansas||1||3||Armed with a rifle and a handgun, 14-year-old James Alan Kearbey killed principal James McGee and wounded two teachers and a student at Goddard Junior High School. Kearbey was released in 1991 but was arrested again in 2001 after being found with a gun; he was paroled in 2003.|
|October 18, 1985||Detroit, Michigan||0||7||Murray-Wright High School shooting: During halftime of the homecoming football game between Northwestern and Murray-Wright high schools, a youth opened fire with a shotgun, injuring seven people including six students with whom he had fought earlier in the day.|
|November 26, 1985||Spanaway, Washington||3[n 3]||0||14-year-old Heather Smith killed 15-year-old Gordon Pickett, her ex-boyfriend, and 14-year-old Christopher Ricco in the gymnasium at Spanaway Junior High School. She later took her own life.|
|December 3, 1985||Concord, New Hampshire||1[n 3]||0||At Concord High School, 16-year-old dropout Louis Cartier entered the school with a shotgun and took two students hostage: 18-year-old Patrick Lena and 16-year-old Scott Hayes. Responding police officers fatally shot Cartier after he aimed his weapon at football coach Don LeBrun.|
|December 10, 1985||Portland, Connecticut||1||2||After being suspended for refusing to take off his hat while at school, 13-year-old student Floyd Warmsley pulled out a firearm at Portland Junior High School, shooting and wounding the 53-year-old school secretary Lynn Haddad and killing 36-year-old janitor David Bangston. Warmsley was tried as a juvenile and sentenced to four years in prison but was released a year early for good behavior.|
|March 6, 1986||Dolton, Illinois||0||1||52-year-old math teacher Norma Cooper was shot in the shoulder at Thornridge High School by one of her freshman students, who apparently had recently received poor grades. He was charged with attempted murder, unlawful use of a weapon and aggravated battery.|
|April 29, 1986||Senath, Missouri||1||0||Using a 20-gauge shotgun, 16-year-old Ritchie Overman shot and killed 15-year-old Leslie Lynn Wyatt in front of a classroom of students and teacher Sheila Adams at Senath-Hornersville High School.|
|May 9, 1986||Fayetteville, North Carolina||0||3||17-year-old student Major Ray Simmons shot and wounded three classmates, one critically, at Pine Forest High School with a .25-caliber handgun.|
|May 16, 1986||Cokeville, Wyoming||2[n 2]||74[n 4]||Cokeville Elementary School hostage crisis: 43-year-old former town marshal David Young and his 47-year-old wife, Doris Young, took 136 children and 18 adults hostage at Cokeville Elementary School. During the standoff, Doris accidentally detonated a bomb she was carrying, injuring herself and 73 others. David then shot and killed Doris, shot and wounded a teacher, and committed suicide.|
|December 4, 1986||Lewistown, Montana||1||3||14-year-old Kristofer Hans intended to shoot his French teacher, LaVonne Simonfy, at Fergus High School because of a failing grade. Instead, Henrietta Smith, who was substituting for Simonfy, was shot in the face and died. Hans fired several other shots as he fled, wounding vice principal John Moffatt, and two students. He then ran about a mile to his home, where he was arrested after the police surrounded his house. A classmate said Hans had repeatedly threatened to kill Ms. Simonfy, saying, "I'm going to blow Simonfy's head off." He was charged as an adult, convicted and sentenced to 206 years in prison.|
|February 4, 1987||Northridge, California||2[n 3]||0||35-year-old associate professor of Computer Science Djamshid (Amir) Asgari was confronted in the Engineering Building of California State University, Northridge by 25-year-old graduate student Fawwaz Abdin. Abdin was angry about a low grade Asgari had given him a year earlier, which caused him to be put on academic probation. After Asgari refused to change his grade, Abdin shot him twice, then fatally shot himself. Asgari later died at the Northridge Hospital.|
|March 2, 1987||De Kalb, Missouri||2[n 3]||0||After constant teasing about his weight, 12-year-old honors student Nathan Ferris killed 13-year-old classmate Timothy Perrin, then turned the gun on himself.|
|April 16, 1987||Detroit, Michigan||1||2||Murray-Wright High School second shooting: A ninth-grade student at Murray-Wright High School shot and killed 17-year-old Chester Jackson and wounded 17-year-old Damon Matthews and 18-year-old Tomeka Turner.|
|September 28, 1987||Lansing, Illinois||0||1||After being kicked off the soccer team for smoking on school grounds, 16-year-old student Blake Docter of Illiana Christian High School shot 44-year-old John Hoogewerf, the teacher who had reported him for smoking, in the chest. In September 1989, Docter was sentenced to spend the next 12 weekends in jail, was given a fine of $1,000 and put on 30 months of adult probation.|
|October 14, 1987||Chicago, Illinois||1||0||15-year-old freshman student Dartagnan Young of DuSable High School was shot to death in a third-floor hallway of the school by 16-year-old student Larry Sims. Sims, a documented gang member, had argued with Young the previous day about street–gang activity. Sims was convicted in 1994 of first degree murder and sentenced to 40 years in prison.|
|February 11, 1988||Largo, Florida||1||2||Pinellas Park High shooting: 15-year-old students Jason Harless and Jason McCoy took stolen .38-caliber revolvers to Pinellas Park High School. Harless shot two assistant principals and a student teacher inside the school's cafeteria. 53-year-old Richard Allen died from his injuries; Nancy Blackwelder and intern Joseph Bloznalis were wounded.|
|May 20, 1988||Winnetka, Illinois||2[n 3]||5||30-year-old Laurie Dann killed 8-year-old Nick Corwin inside Hubbard Woods School. Five additional students were wounded. Dann later committed suicide after taking hostages in a nearby home.|
|June 30, 1988||Oahu, Hawaii||0||1||17-year-old 'Aiea High School student Romel Castro shot his summer school teacher who survived.|
|July 10, 1988||Milwaukee, Wisconsin||0||1||25-year-old Robin Jenkins was shot in the elbow after a basketball game turned violent at Siefert Elementary School. A 28-year-old man was taken into custody the following day.|
|August 31, 1988||Anderson, South Carolina||1||0||35-year-old principal Dennis Ray Hepler was robbed at gunpoint by three men, Kevin Dean Young, William Henry Bell and John Glenn, on the grounds of West Franklin Street Elementary school. Young, 20, then fired a fatal shot from the .25-caliber pistol into Dennis' back. After Hepler fell to the ground, Bell fired another shot into his head. In 1989, Young was sentenced to death for the murder, and in 2000 was executed by lethal injection. Bell was also sentenced to death, but the sentence was commuted in 2017 to life with parole. Glenn was convicted of armed robbery and accessory to murder and sentenced to 35 years in prison. A fourth man who acted as the getaway driver, Arthur Ray Jones, pleaded guilty to an accessory charge and was sentenced to 10 years in jail, with all but 7 1/2 months suspended.|
|September 2, 1988||Dallas, Texas||0||2||Two groups of teens fired handguns at each other across Lincoln High School's parking lot. Caught in the crossfire were 15-year-old Mark Lee and LaSonya Betts, striking Lee in the hip and Betts in the abdomen. A 17-year-old male former student of Lincoln was arrested in connection with the shootings.|
|September 22, 1988||Chicago, Illinois||5[n 3]||2||After killing two people at a nearby auto parts store, 40-year-old Clem "Clemmie" Henderson entered Moses Montefiore Academy, where he shot and killed the school custodian. Henderson then shot and killed police officer Irma Ruiz and wounded her partner, Greg Jaglowski, as they confronted him. Despite being shot in both legs, Jaglowski managed to return fire, killing Henderson.|
|September 26, 1988||Greenwood, South Carolina||2||9||Oakland Elementary School shooting: 19-year-old James William Wilson entered Oakland Elementary School and started firing shots in the cafeteria, wounding two students and a teacher. After reloading his gun in a girls' restroom, he was confronted by teacher Kat Finkbeiner, who tried to stop him; she was wounded twice. He then entered a third-grade classroom and shot toward the students, killing 8-year-old Shequila Tawoon Bradley and Tequila Maria Thomas and wounding five others. Wilson was convicted of murder and sentenced to death.|
|October 3, 1988||Mascotte, Florida||0||1||9-year-old Leah Wilbanks was shot twice by an unknown gunman at Mascotte Elementary School during P.E. class from behind the school fence. The shooter fled and was never arrested.|
|October 4, 1988||Jacksonville, Florida||0||5||Eight teachers, 20 students, and 13 cheerleaders were leaving Ribault Junior High School after a football game when their bus was pelted with gunfire and rocks. The bullets and rocks struck the bus on the drivers side, with the bullets penetrating all the way through the bus. Five girls suffered minor injuries from broken glass.|
|October 4, 1988||Baton Rouge, Louisiana||0||0||33-year-old Evelena B. Moore, a special education teacher at Galvez Elementary, opened fire on cafeteria worker Beatrice Hills in the school's parking lot. Hills was not injured. Police arrested Moore and charged her with attempted second-degree murder. Moore was back at work the next day. Superintendent Ralph Ricardo said that the school board had no provisions to dismiss a teacher charged with attempted murder, and therefore Moore was allowed remain on the job until pleading guilty or being convicted of the charge.|
|October 6, 1988||Mobile, Alabama||0||1||Arilyn Jean Lelande, 29, invaded 35-year-old teacher Angela Jean Brown's sixth-grade classroom, pointed a handgun at the children and told them to move back. Lelande, Brown's sister, demanded money from Brown before firing several shots at her, hitting her at least once in the abdomen and leaving her in serious condition. Lelande was arrested and charged with first-degree assault.|
|October 9, 1988||Sacramento, California||1[n 1]||0||15-year-old Serrocko James Henry, a Sacramento High School sophomore, and 12-year-olds Edell Story, Jerry Wilson, and DeVon Johnson-Curry were taking turns using a baseball bat to smash windows at the school, tripping the school's alarm. Police arrived and encountered the children in a dimly lit hallway, Story still carrying a baseball bat. Henry was shot in the chest and killed. The other three boys were detained for questioning and then released to their parents. The sheriff declared the shooting a justifiable homicide.|
|November 22, 1988||Abilene, Texas||0||1||16-year-old student Mason Staggs shot Cooper High School teacher Rick Maloney in the face with a pistol, severely injuring him. Staggs surrendered to police two hours later, pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 14 years in prison.|
|December 16, 1988||Virginia Beach, Virginia||1||1||At Atlantic Shores Christian School, 16-year-old student Nicholas Elliott shot two teachers with a Mac-10 9-millimeter machine pistol, killing 41-year-old Karen Farley and critically wounding 37-year-old Sam Marino, then began firing on a classroom full of students before the gun jammed; no students were hit. He was sentenced to life plus 114 years in prison with 15 years before parole.|
|January 17, 1989||Stockton, California||6[n 3]||32||Stockton schoolyard shooting: 24-year-old Patrick Edward Purdy fatally shot five children and wounded 32 others at the Cleveland Elementary School before taking his own life. The victims were children of refugees from Southeast Asia. Purdy had a history of violence, alcoholism and drug addiction, and criminality.|
|February 10, 1989||Kearns, Utah||0||0||At Thomas Jefferson Junior High School, a 12-year-old boy fired a handgun at a vice principal, William Crumbaugh. No one was injured.|
|September 19, 1989||Honolulu, Hawaii||1||0||A gang-related shooting at Farrington High School left 18-year-old Edilberto Asuncion dead in the parking lot.|
|December 5, 1989||McKeesport, Pennsylvania||1[n 3]||1||While riding the school bus, 16-year-old Serra Catholic High School student Robert Butler shot 16-year-old schoolmate Adam Ference in the back of the head before fatally shooting himself. Ference was in critical condition but survived.|
|March 27, 1990||Brooklyn, New York||0||1||A black youth was taunted with racial slurs by three white youths in the stairwell of a public school in the Bensonhurst area of Brooklyn. A 14-year-old was then shot and slightly wounded because he had acted as peacemaker when the same boys had clashed with another black teen the month before.|
|August 26, 1990||Las Vegas, Nevada||1||0||Just minutes before the first bell rang on the first day of school at Eldorado High School in Las Vegas, Nevada, 15-year-old Curtis Collins shot 16-year-old Donnie Lee Bolden Jr. in the neck, killing him in the crowded high school cafeteria. Collins was released from prison in 2005 on permanent parole.|
|September 11, 1990||San Antonio, Texas||0||3||Three students were wounded when gang-related gunfire broke out at Sam Houston High School. Seventeen-year-old John Campbell was wounded in the right foot, 18-year-old Larry Johnson was wounded in the right thigh and calf, and a 16-year-old received a chest wound. Eighteen-year-old Kenneth Wolford and two other male students were arrested and charged.|
|April 23, 1991||Compton, California||1||0||A teenager fired a handgun at a security guard who had chased him and three friends off the grounds of Ralph J. Bunche Middle School. He missed and instead killed 11-year-old bystander Alejandro Vargas, a student at the school.|
|September 18, 1991||Crosby, Texas||1||0||17-year-old Arthur Jermel Jack was killed by 15-year-old LaKeeta Cadoree in the cafeteria at Crosby High School.|
|November 1, 1991||Iowa City, Iowa||6[n 3]||1||University of Iowa shooting: 28-year-old former graduate student Gang Lu killed four members of the University of Iowa's faculty and a research student and seriously wounded another student. 47-year-old professor of physics and astronomy Christoph K. Goertz, 45-year-old associate professor of physics and astronomy Robert Alan Smith, 44-year-old chairman of the physics and astronomy department Dwight R. Nicholson, 56-year-old associate vice president for academic affairs Dr. Theresa Anne Cleary were shot in the head and died the following day, and 27-year-old research investigator in physics and astronomy Dr. Shan Linhua. Twenty-three-year-old Miya Rodolfo-Sioson, Dr. Cleary's temporary student receptionist in the grievance office, survived but was left paralyzed from the neck down. Lu then shot himself in the head and died shortly after police arrived.|
|November 25, 1991||Brooklyn, New York||1||0||Thomas Jefferson High School shooting: During an argument between two teens, a stray bullet killed a third, uninvolved 16-year-old student. Fourteen-year-old shooter Jason Bentley was sentenced to three to nine years in prison.|
|January 29, 1992||Kent, Ohio||0||1||26-year-old graduate student Sarah Smith was shot wounded in the chest as she was waiting for her husband to pick her up at Kent State University.|
|February 26, 1992||Brooklyn, New York||2||0||Thomas Jefferson High School second shooting: 15-year-old Kahlil Sumpter killed fellow students 16-year-old Tyrone Sinkler and 17-year-old Ian Moore on the school's second-floor hallway. In 1993, he was sentenced to 6⅔ to 20 years in prison. He was released on parole in 1998.|
|March 5, 1992||Obetz, Ohio||0||1||At Hamilton Middle School, 12-year-old Gordon W. Dye Jr. shot his bully, 14-year-old Gregg Johnson, in the head with a .22-caliber pistol in the school cafeteria. Johnson survived, and Dye was released to his parents and put on house arrest.|
|March 9, 1992||Lancaster, Pennsylvania||1||0||At Carter MacRae Elementary School, 13-year-old student Ricardo Cruz fired a handgun at another classmate but missed and accidentally shot and killed 18-year-old Debbie Rivera. Cruz was sentenced to life without parole for the shooting but was resentenced in 2017 to 25 years to life and was immediately paroled.|
|March 31, 1992||New Orleans, Louisiana||1||0||15-year-old Jomo-Kenyetta Joseph was shot in the head and killed at O. Perry Walker High School during an early morning scuffle involving 10 boys from two rival neighborhoods, Herman Tureau who was also 15 fired the fatal shot and was sentenced to life in prison without parole but was resentenced and paroled.|
|April 23, 1992||Bloomington, Indiana||3[n 3]||0||Indiana University graduate student Susan Clements was shot to death in her dorm by a former boyfriend before he committed suicide. A friend who attempted to intervene, Steven Molen, was also shot and critically injured; he died several days later.|
|May 1, 1992||Olivehurst, California||4||10||Lindhurst High School shooting: Former student 20-year-old Eric Houston killed three students and one teacher and wounded nine other students and another teacher before surrendering to police. Houston was later sentenced to death and remains on California's death row.|
|September 11, 1992||Amarillo, Texas||0||7||Following a pep rally at Palo Duro High School, 17-year-old Randy Earl Matthews shot and wounded seven students with a .22-caliber pistol. Matthews had attended the school for nine days when the incident occurred and was believed to have been bullied at his previous school. Matthews was charged with one count of attempted murder, five counts of aggravated assault, and one count of unlawfully carrying a weapon onto school grounds. He was convicted and served eight years.|
|October 19, 1992||The Bronx, New York||0||3||Two 14-year-old girls and a 16-year-old boy were shot outside a Bronx high school, the apparent result of a dispute between the gunman and the boy. The girls were bystanders.|
|November 4, 1992||Detroit, Michigan||0||11||Eleven students were hit by gunfire during a four-hour period in three separate school incidents; five were hospitalized. Six students at Finney High School were grazed by buckshot after three ski-masked gunmen opened fire in a crowded hallway. A 14-year-old was in custody for shooting three Foch Middle School students as they passed by the Marcus Garvey Academy. In the third incident, 16-year-old DeWayne Boyd was hit in the chest when shots were fired at two Mumford High School students.|
|November 20, 1992||Chicago, Illinois||1||2||15-year-old freshmen student DeLondyn Lawson, of Tilden High School was shot to death in a hallway on the school's second floor by 16-year-old student Joseph White. The shooting was ruled gang-related. In addition to killing Lawson, White who was a documented gang member, wounded two other students in the shooting.|
|December 14, 1992||Great Barrington, Massachusetts||2||4||Wayne Lo, a Taiwanese-born American, opened fire at Bard College at Simon's Rock. He killed one student and a professor and wounded four people. Lo was sentenced to life in prison without parole for the murders.|
|January 6, 1993||Brentwood, New York||0||1||Brentwood High School. Former student Matthew Hunter was shot and wounded by two gunmen during a basketball game between Brentwood High School and Sachem High School over a dispute about the theft of a gold chain.|
|January 18, 1993||Grayson, Kentucky||2||0||East Carter High School shooting: 17-year-old Scott Pennington, a student at East Carter High School, fatally shot his 48-year-old English teacher, Deanna McDavid, and 52-year-old head custodian, Marvin Hicks. Pennington was sentenced to life in prison without parole for 25 years.|
|February 22, 1993||Los Angeles, California||1||0||15-year-old Robert Heard fatally shot 17-year-old Michael Shean Ensley in the corridor of the Reseda High School's science building.|
|April 15, 1993||Acushnet, Massachusetts||1||0||44-year-old David Taber entered Ford Middle School and took three hostages. During the hostage crisis, Taber killed school nurse Carol Day. Taber was found not guilty of the murder by reason of insanity.|
|May 14, 1993||Irving, Texas||1||0||17-year-old Max Alexander Martinez shot and killed 17-year-old Jose Balderas with a .38-caliber revolver in a hallway in Nimitz High School during a dispute over girls. Martinez was sentenced to life in prison and was first eligible for parole in 2008 but remains incarcerated as of 2020.|
|May 24, 1993||Pennsburg, Pennsylvania||1||0||15-year-old student Jason Smith killed 16-year-old Michael Swann, another student who had bullied him at Upper Perkiomen High School. He was charged as an adult and sentenced to between 12 and 25 years in prison.|
|September 17, 1993||Darien, Illinois||1||0||15-year-old Phillip Powell killed 17-year-old Barrett Modisette at the Hinsdale South High School parking lot. Powell was a self-described gang member. Powell was tried as an adult and was sentenced to 37 years in prison in 1994.|
|September 17, 1993||Sheridan, Wyoming||1[n 3]||4||29-year-old Kevin Newman wounded four students before killing himself at Central Junior High School.|
|November 4, 1993||New Britain, Connecticut||1||0||18-year-old Miguel DeJesus was shot and killed on the steps of New Britain High School. Rival gang members, 24-year-old Maurice Flanagan and 23-year-old Thomas Mejia, were convicted and sentenced to 15 years in prison.|
|December 1, 1993||Wauwatosa, Wisconsin||1||0||Wauwatosa West High School shooting: 21-year-old former student Leonard D. McDowell shot 46-year-old associate principal Dale Breitlow three times in a hallway of Wauwatosa West High School. McDowell was found guilty of the murder and was sentenced to life in prison. His sentence was upheld by the state Court of Appeals in April 1997.|
|December 17, 1993||Chelsea, Michigan||1||2||Stephen Leith, a disgruntled Chelsea High School teacher shot and killed the school district's superintendent and also wounded a principal and another teacher. Leith was sentenced to life without parole.|
|January 24, 1994||Columbia, South Carolina||1||0||18-year-old Floyd Eugene Brown shot fellow Eau Claire High School student 17-year-old Earnest Dunlap following an argument the week before. Brown was arrested shortly after at his home. A jury later acquitted Brown of murder.|
|January 31, 1994||Seattle, Washington||1||0||24-year-old Darrell Cloud, a former student at Whitman Middle School in North Seattle, killed 45-year-old teacher Neal Summers, who had sexually abused Cloud since he was 13. Cloud served nine years in prison. He later received a $250,000 settlement in a civil suit against Seattle Schools, charging that Summers had not been adequately supervised.|
|February 7, 1994||Fort Myers, Florida||2[n 3]||0||48-year-old former Cypress Lake Middle School special ed teacher Larry Ray Shelton went to the Lee County School District office to talk with superintendent 57-year-old James A. Adams but then shot him six times with a .38-caliber handgun, killing him. Larry then walked out of the office and out of the building then walked to a nearby parking lot and committed suicide.|
|February 8, 1994||Detroit, Michigan||1||0||At the student parking lot of Osborn High School 19-year-old special ed student Steven Watkins was shot in his car by an unknown assailant and died from his injuries.|
|February 14, 1994||Belmont, California||1||0||At Carlmont High School Edwin Sims, 15, and Gile W, 15, were argueing about who had the bigger gun when Sims pulled out a BB gun while Gile W. pulled out a real gun and killed Edwin, The boys had a history of feuds with one another.|
|February 18, 1994||Spartanburg, South Carolina||0||1||24-year-old Roosevelt Johnson was shot in the leg after a basketball game at Spartanburg High School.|
|March 1, 1994||Boonville, Missouri||2||0||33-year-old Dante D. Hayes, a hunter and ex-convict, killed 58-year-old Richard Vancena, a cafeteria manager, and 33-year-old Robin Michelle Coleman, a cook, in the mess hall of Kemper Military School and College. He was drunk and looking for his wife Anna Hayes with whom he had had a fight the night before. No students were harmed. Hayes was later convicted of two counts of murder and sentenced to life without parole.|
|March 1, 1994||Birmingham, Alabama||0||1||At Ensley High School 17-year-old Walter Westbrook II, a member of the disciples gang shot 15-year-old Andre Allen, a member of the crips. Allen survived, Westbrook was convicted of attempted murder and sentenced to 20 years in prison.|
|March 9, 1994||Washington, D.C.||0||1||At Eastern High School 17-year-old Cornell Andrew Cheeks Jr. Shot 17-year-old Jeremy Cook, Cheeks then fled the school and turned himself in the police station. Cook survived his injuries.|
|March 15, 1994||Charleston, South Carolina||1||0||While watching a fistfight between students after class at Goose Creek High School, 18-year-old Michael Ryan Spann was shot and killed by a student.|
|March 23, 1994||Seattle, Washington||1||1||At Ballard High School during a drive-by shooting, 16-year-old Melissa Fernandez was fatally shot and a 16-year-old male student received minor injuries. The shooting was believed to be gang-related. Later in the year, police arrested Brian Ronquillo, 16, and Cesar Sarausad, 19, for the shooting. Brian, who was the trigger man was convicted of first degree murder and was sentenced to 52 years in prison and Cesar, who drove the car was convicted of second degree murder and was sentenced to more than 27 years in prison.|
|April 5, 1994||Austin, Texas||0||2||At McNeil High School, a student brought a 9mm pistol to the school and showed it off to a classmate. As he did the gun fired, shot through a wall and injured two students. Three 16-year-old boys were arrested for the incident.|
|April 8, 1994||Upper Marlboro, Maryland||0||1||At Largo High School, 45-year-old arts teacher Barrington Miles was shot in the chest at the boys restroom by 17-year-old student Warren Emmanuel Graham with a 9mm semiautomatic Beretta pistol he had stolen from his police officer father that morning in an attempt to sell it to students. Warren was fled the school and was arrested at a friend's house. He was convicted in adult court of intent to murder, possession of a firearm on school property and use of a firearm in the commission of a felony.|
|April 12, 1994||Butte, Montana||1||0||10-year-old Jason Osmanson, teased because his parents had AIDS, killed another student, 11-year-old Jeremy Bullock, on the playground of Margaret Leary Elementary School. Osmanson was sent to a private residential treatment center.|
|April 19, 1994||Washington, D.C.||1||0||At Eliot Junior High School, 21-year-old Louis Edward Lehear was shot to death.|
|April 21, 1994||Nashville, Tennessee||1||0||14-year-old Jeremy Bryant shot and killed 13-year-old Terrence Murray at J.T. Moore Middle School.|
|April 21, 1994||North Miami, Florida||1||0||At North Miami High School, 18-year-old Tyhno Rock was showing his friends a .380-caliber semiautomatic pistol at lunch, then accidentally fired it at 18-year-old Edvard Alvonor's chest, who died two days later.|
|July 21, 1994||Ardmore, Pennsylvania||1||0||At the Ardmore Child Care Center, 40-year-old teacher Diane Morse was killed by her former friend 36-year-old Arcelia Trumaine Stoval who had a history of mental illness. Arcelia was convicted of first degree murder and is serving a life sentence.|
|July 24, 1994||Manchester, Pennsylvania||1||0||A feud between Scott Walker, 15, and Randy Hawkins, 19, climaxed when walker shot Hawkins to death on the Manchester elementary school basketball court. Walker was originally sentenced to life without parole for the shooting but was resentenced In April 26, 2018, to 35 years to life.|
|July 25, 1994||Ottumwa, Iowa||1||0||At Ottumwa High School, 16-year-old Michael Coffman shot and killed 15-year-old Jeramy Wayne Allen after the two boys argued earlier that day. Coffman was originally sentenced to life without parole for the shooting but was resentenced in February 2017 to life in prison with chance of parole.|
|October 12, 1994||Greensboro, North Carolina||1[n 3]||1||After being suspended for smoking, 16-year-old Nicholas Atkinson returned to Grimsley High School with a 9 mm pistol. After wounding assistant principal Bill Whites, Atkinson took his own life.|
|October 17, 1994||Chicago, Illinois||0||1||A 16-year-old female student was shot in the thigh outside Hubbard High School when a teenage boy rode past on a bicycle and fired into a crowd. It is believed the shooting was meant for rival gang members, but the girl was hit instead. The boy lived in the neighborhood.|
|November 7, 1994||Wickliffe, Ohio||1||5[n 3]||Wickliffe Middle School shooting: 37-year-old former student Keith A. Ledeger killed 41-year-old custodian Pete Christopher at Wickliffe Middle School and wounded 47-year-old assistant principal Jim Anderson, 47-year-old police officer Thomas Schmidt, and 50-year-old teacher Lowell Grimm before being injured and taken into custody. Ledeger was sentenced to 57 years in prison and died in prison of natural causes in 2011.|
|December 14, 1994||Albany, New York||0||1||Ralph J. Tortorici, 26, a military veteran and psychology major at the State University of New York at Albany, held hostage a large lecture hall. Tortorici, armed with a .270-caliber rifle with more than two dozen rounds of ammunition and a hunting knife, walked into the ancient history class of Hans Pohlsander, saying, "Don't worry. Nobody move. You guys are getting held hostage." The standoff ended when Tortorici had his gun taken away by 19-year-old student Jason McEnaney, who was shot in the leg, groin, and abdomen in the exchange. Tortorici, who suffered from a well-documented history of mental illness, argued during the hostage crisis that the government had implanted a control chip in his head during a procedure at Albany Medical Center. He committed suicide in 1999 in prison while serving a 15½-year sentence.|
|January 6, 1995||Washington, D.C.||1||0||A 16-year-old sophomore at Cardozo High School was fatally shot at an entrance to the school, allegedly by a 14-year-old freshman with whom he had been arguing.|
|January 12, 1995||Seattle, Washington||0||2||A 15-year-old student at Garfield High School left school during the day and returned with his grandfather's handgun. He wounded two students.|
|August 29, 1995||Laredo, Texas||1||0||Armed with a sawn-off shotgun, 12-year-old Jonah Inverson shot and killed 12-year-old Elizabeth Rivera, who had turned down Inverson's request to go out with him, in a restroom at Memorial Middle School.|
|September 29, 1995||Tavares, Florida||1||0||14-year-old student Keith E. Johnson killed 13-year-old Joey Summerall at Tavares Middle School with a handgun he had stolen from his neighbor's home. He was convicted and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.|
|October 12, 1995||Blackville, South Carolina||2[n 3]||1||Blackville-Hilda High School shooting: Suspended student 16-year-old Toby R. Sincino killed 56-year-old math teacher Phyllis Senn and wounded 38-year-old math teacher Johnny Thompson before committing suicide at Blackville-Hilda High School.|
|November 15, 1995||Lynnville, Tennessee||2||1||Richland High School shooting: 17-year-old James Rouse killed a student and teacher at Richland High School and seriously wounded another teacher with a rifle. Rouse was later sentenced to life in prison without parole.|
|January 19, 1996||Washington, D.C.||1||0||Two masked gunmen killed 14-year-old Damion Blocker in a stairwell at Winston Education Center. One shooter, 16-year-old Darrick Evans, was sentenced to 41 years to life in prison.|
|February 2, 1996||Moses Lake, Washington||3||1||Frontier Middle School shooting: 14-year-old Barry Loukaitis killed a teacher and two students and wounded another student when he opened fire on his algebra class.|
|February 29, 1996||St. Louis, Missouri||2||1||30-year-old Mark Boyd hired 23-year-old Malik Nettles to kill 15-year-old Kyunia Taylor as she rode on a school bus bound for Beaumont High School. Taylor was pregnant with a child fathered by Boyd; a baby girl was delivered by emergency caesarean section, but died 23 days later. The bus driver was also shot but survived. Both Boyd and Nettles were convicted of murder. Boyd was sentenced to 26 years while Nettles was sentenced to life without parole.|
|August 15, 1996||San Diego, California||3||0||San Diego State University shooting: At San Diego State University, 36-year-old graduate student Frederick Martin Davidson killed three professors, 32-year-old Chen Liang, 44-year-old D. Preston Lowrey III, and 36-year-old Costas Lyrintzis, whom he believed were involved in a conspiracy against him. Davidson was sentenced to serve three life terms without parole.|
|September 17, 1996||State College, Pennsylvania||1||2||19-year-old Jillian Robbins killed one student and injured two outside Pennsylvania State University's HUB–Robeson Center. Robbins was sentenced to between 30 and 60 years in prison.|
|September 25, 1996||Decatur, Georgia||1||2||16-year-old David Dubose Jr. killed English teacher Horace Morgan on the steps of Dekalb Alternative School. Dubose was found not guilty by reason of insanity and was committed indefinitely to a state mental hospital.|
|October 9, 1996||Sherwood, Arkansas||1||0||14-year-old Willis Ward Johnson killed 20-year-old James Earl Routt as they rode a school bus. He pleaded guilty to first-degree murder and was sentenced to 46 years in prison.|
|October 16, 1996||West Lafayette, Indiana||2[n 3]||0||18-year-old Jarrod Allan Eskew killed 27-year-old Jay Severson, his Wiley Hall dorm counselor, and himself after being found with drugs the previous day.|
|January 27, 1997||West Palm Beach, Florida||1||0||14-year-old Conniston Middle School student Tronneal Mangum fatally shot 14-year-old classmate John Pierre Kamel over a $40 debt. He was originally sentenced to life in prison, later reduced to 40 years.|
|February 19, 1997||Bethel, Alaska||2||2||Bethel Regional High School shooting: 16-year-old student Evan Ramsey killed Bethel Regional High School principal Ron Edwards and 15-year-old student Joshua Palacios and wounded two other students.|
|October 1, 1997||Pearl, Mississippi||3||7||Pearl High School shooting: 16-year-old Luke Woodham murdered his 50-year-old mother, Mary, at home before killing his ex-girlfriend, 16-year-old student Christina Menefee, and 17-year-old student Lydia Kaye Dew, then wounding seven others at Pearl High School. Woodham was sentenced to life in prison. |
|October 15, 1997||Palmetto, Florida||0||1||After an argument between them the day before, 13-year-old Brandon Hartsoe took a .38 revolver from his mother's dresser drawer and shot 13-year-old Lincoln Middle School classmate Trent Murray in the back, causing serious injury, then continued to fire three more shots in the general area of other students. Hartsoe was sentenced in 1998 to serve until his 18th birthday.|
|December 1, 1997||West Paducah, Kentucky||3||5||Heath High School shooting: Three students were killed and five wounded by 14-year-old Michael Carneal as they participated in a prayer circle. Carneal was sentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole after 25 years.|
|December 15, 1997||Stamps, Arkansas||0||2||Concealed in a wooded area on school grounds, 14-year-old Joseph "Colt" Todd wounded two students as they were entering Stamps High School.|
|March 24, 1998||Craighead County, Arkansas||5||10||Westside Middle School shootings: 13-year-old Mitchell Johnson and 11-year-old Andrew Golden killed a teacher and four students and wounded ten others as Westside Middle School emptied during a fire alarm intentionally set off by Golden. Both shooters were sentenced to confinement until their 21st birthdays.|
|April 24, 1998||Edinboro, Pennsylvania||1||3||Parker Middle School dance shooting: 14-year-old student Andrew Wurst fatally shot 48-year-old teacher John Gillette and wounded two students and another teacher at an 8th grade graduation dance. He is serving a 30- to 60-year sentence in a prison for young offenders.|
|May 19, 1998||Fayetteville, Tennessee||1||0||18-year-old Jacob Lee Davis shot 18-year-old Robert Creson at Lincoln County High School in a dispute over a girl. Davis received a life sentence on July 29, 1999 and will be eligible for parole in 05/19/2049.|
|May 21, 1998||Springfield, Oregon||4||25||Thurston High School shooting: After killing his parents at home, 15-year-old Kip Kinkel drove to Thurston High School, where he killed two students and wounded 25 others. After pleading guilty, he was sentenced to 111 years in prison.|
|June 15, 1998||Richmond, Virginia||0||2||14-year-old student Quinshawn Brooker wounded 45-year-old basketball coach and history teacher Gregory Carter and 74-year-old Head Start volunteer Eloise Wilson in the hallway of Armstrong High School.|
|December 10, 1998||Detroit, Michigan||1||0||52-year-old Professor Andrzej Olbrot was killed by 48-year-old graduate doctoral student Wlodzimierz Dedecjusat at Wayne State University.|
|January 8, 1999||Carrollton, Georgia||2[n 2]||0||15-year-old Andrea Garrett was found dead and 17-year-old Jeff Miller seriously wounded in the girls' restroom at Central Carrollton County High School as part of a suspected suicide pact. Miller died the next day.|
|April 20, 1999||Littleton, Colorado||15[n 2]||21||Columbine High School massacre: 18-year-old Eric Harris and 17-year-old Dylan Klebold, students at Columbine High School, killed 12 students and one teacher. They injured 21 additional people, and three more were injured while attempting to escape the school. The pair committed suicide in the library after a brief gunfight with police at the end of the massacre.|
|May 20, 1999||Conyers, Georgia||0||6||15-year-old student Thomas "T.J." Solomon Jr. wounded six students at Heritage High School. A 15-year-old girl was hospitalized in critical condition, and the other victims suffered from non-life-threatening injuries. Solomon initially faced up to 351 years of prison if convicted of aggravated assault and other charges. In 2000, he was found guilty but mentally ill and was sentenced to 40 years in prison and 65 years of probation.|
|November 19, 1999||Deming, New Mexico||1||0||13-year-old Victor Cordova Jr. fatally shot 13-year-old Deming Middle School schoolmate Araceli Tena. Cordova said he had intended to commit suicide but was jostled by others and his gun moved. He could not be charged as an adult as he was under 14, so he received the maximum sentence for a juvenile: a minimum of two years in prison, with a maximum of being held until his 21st birthday. In December 2003, he was released to his aunt and uncle to live with them in Colorado.|
|December 6, 1999||Fort Gibson, Oklahoma||0||6||13-year-old Seth Trickey opened fire in the courtyard of his middle school using a gun brought from home. While there were no fatalities, several students felt sparks from the bullets hitting the building walls. Five were injured, including a girl who was shot in the face. He was tried as a juvenile and released in March 2005.|
- Including one of the perpetrators
- Including both perpetrators
- Including the suspect or perpetrator
- One by gunfire
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After Moffatt recovered from the gunshot wound and four subsequent surgeries, he became the principal at Garfield Elementary in Lewistown, a position he held until retiring in 2010. Today, he and his wife, Maggie, live in Missoula, and Moffatt occasionally substitutes for MCPS. He applauds the district's efforts to address difficult issues, and he says he's "for anything that schools do to make the environment safer for kids." But, in his mind, any district can only achieve so much as long as gun laws remain the same. He points out that homicide is now the second leading cause of death for school-age Americans, and while school shootings are "horrific tragedies," homicides on school grounds account for less than 2 percent of the lives lost. "Some people think it always happens somewhere else, others think it's going to happen anytime," he says of school shootings, "but we need to look at the big picture. There are relatively few communities in the United States that have dealt with a school shooting ... But there are very few communities that have not lost a child to gun violence."
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