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This is a list of rulers of Bosnia, containing bans and kings of Medieval Bosnia.

Contents

Early rulers (1082–1136)Edit

Picture TitleName House Reign Overlordship Notes
  Duke
Stephen
Vojislavljević dynasty fl.
1082–1101
Constantine Bodin
Duklja
He was appointed governor of Bosnia by King Constantine Bodin of Dioclea (r. 1081–1101), his kinsman, sometime between 1082-5.[1][2]
Annexed by the Vukanović dynasty (1101–1136)[citation needed]

Banate of Bosnia (1136–1377)Edit

Picture TitleName House Reign Overlordship Notes
Conquered by Béla II of Hungary in 1136; Ladislaus II of Hungary first held the title Duke of Bosnia 1137–1154
Ban
Borić
Boričević 1154–1163
Beloš (1154–1158)
Géza II (1158–1162)
Stephen IV (1162–1163)
Hungary
1167: Bosnia claimed by the Byzantine Empire[3]
1180s: Bosnia claimed by the Kingdom of Hungary
Ban
Kulin
Kulinić 1180–1204
Manuel I Comnenus (1180–1183)
Byzantine
Emeric I (1183–1204)
Hungary
Ban
Stephen
Kulinić 1204–1232
  Ban
Matej Ninoslav (Matthew Ninoslaus)
Kulinić 1232–1253
Ban
Prijezda I
Kotromanić 1254–1287
Michael of Bosnia (1262–1266)
Béla of Macsó (1266–1272)
Stephen Gutkeled (1272–1273)
Ban
Prijezda II
Kotromanić 1287–1290
In 1299, Paul I Šubić of Bribir took the title Lord of Bosnia (Bosniae dominus) and named his brother Mladen I Šubić of Bribir as the Bosnian Ban. Mladen was Bosnian Ban from 1299–1304. From 1299 Mladen I was at war with Stephen I.
Ban
Stephen I
Kotromanić 1287–1314
In 1305, Paul Šubić took the title Lord of all of Bosnia (totius Bosniae dominus). Paul was from 1305–1312 Lord of all of Bosnia.
Ban
Paul
Šubić 1305–1312
Ban
Mladen II
Šubić 1312–1322
Paul's eldest son Mladen II Šubić of Bribir was Lord of all of Bosnia from 1312–1322. In 1314, Mladen II appoints Stephen II Kotromanić, his former enemy, as vassal in Bosnia
Ban
Stephen II
Kotromanić 1322–1353
Ban
Tvrtko I
Kotromanić 1353–1366
Ban
Vuk
Kotromanić 1366–1367
Ban
Tvrtko I (2nd time)
Kotromanić 1367–1377

Kingdom of Bosnia (1377–1463)Edit

All Bosnian kings added the honorific Stephen to their baptismal name upon accession.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Tvrtko I
26 October 1377 – 10 March 1391
1338
son of Vladislav Kotromanić and Jelena Šubić
Dorothea of Bulgaria
Ilinci
8 December 1374
no children
10 March 1391
aged 53
Dabiša
10 March 1391 – 8 September 1395
after 1339
illegitimate son of Vladislav Kotromanić
Jelena Gruba
one daughter
8 September 1395
Kraljeva Sutjeska
Jelena Gruba
8 September 1395 – 1398
born to the House of Nikolić Stephen Dabiša
one daughter
after 1399
Ostoja
1398–1404
1409–1418
illegitimate son of Tvrtko I (1) Vitača
no children
(2) Kujava
one son
(3) Jelena Nelipčić
no children
after 23 March 1418
Stephen Ostojić
1418–1421
son of Stephen Ostoja and Kujava never married 1421
Tvrtko II
1404–1409
1421 – November 1443
illegitimate son of Tvrtko I Dorothy Garai
no children
November 1443
Radivoj
anti-king 1432–1435
illegitimate son of Stephen Ostoja Catherine of Velika
three sons
June 1463
Thomas
1443 – 10 July 1461
  illegitimate son of Stephen Ostoja (1) Vojača
one son
(2) Katarina Kosača
two children
10 July 1461
Stephen Tomašević
10 July 1461 – 5 June 1463
  son of Stephen Thomas and Vojača Jelena Branković
Smederevo
1 April 1459
no children
5 June 1463
beheaded

Pretenders and titular kingsEdit

Nominal
Nicholas of Ilok "King of Bosnia" (1471–1477) appointed by the King of Hungary
Matthias of Bosnia (House of Kotromanić) "King of Bosnia" (1465–1471) son of Radivoj of Bosnia, appointed by the Sultan
Matija Vojsalić (House of Hrvatinić) "King of Ottoman Bosnia" (1472–1476) appointed by the Sultan, removed for conspiring against the Ottomans

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Edgar Hösch, The Balkans: a short history from Greek times to the present day, Vol 1972, Part 2, pages 68 and 83. Google Books
  2. ^ Vjekoslav Kljaic, Geschichte Bosniens von den ltesten Zeiten bis zum Verfalle des K nigreiches, p. 61 (in German)
  3. ^ Fine's The Late Medieval Balkans, p. 17

SourcesEdit