List of rivers by discharge

This is a list of rivers by their average discharge, that is, their water flow rate. Here, only those rivers are shown whose discharge is more than 2,000 cubic metres per second (530,000 US gal/s; 440,000 impgal/s; 2,000,000 L/s). For context, the volume of an Olympic-size swimming pool is 2,500 cubic metres. So the flow rate at the mouth of the Amazon is sufficient to fill more than 83 such pools each second.

No Continent River Length (km) Length (miles) Drainage area (km2) Average discharge (m3/s) Outflow Reference
1 South America Amazon 6,400 3,976 7,050,000 209,000 Atlantic Ocean [1][2]
2 Africa Congo 4,370 2,716 4,014,500 41,200 Atlantic Ocean [1][1]
3 Asia Ganga/Padma 2,704 1,680 1,731,334 38,129 Bay of Bengal [3][4]
4 South America Orinoco 2,250 1,398 880,000 37,000 Atlantic Ocean [1][5]
5 South America Madeira 1,450 900 1,420,000 31,200 Amazon River [6][7]
6 Asia Yangtze 6,300 3,915 1,808,500 30,166 East China Sea [1][2]
7 South America Guainía/Negro 2,230 1,390 691,000 28,400 Amazon River [6]
8 South America Río de la Plata 290 180 3,100,000 22,000 Atlantic Ocean [1]
9 Asia Brahmaputra 2,900 1,802 712,035 19,800 Padma River [8]
10 South America Caquetá/Japurá 2,036 1,265 267,730 18,620 Amazon River [9]
11 Asia Yenisei 3,438 2,136 2,580,000 18,050 Kara Sea [10]
12 South America Paraná 4,880 3,050 2,582,672 17,290 Río de la Plata, Atlantic Ocean
13 North America Saint Lawrence 3,058 1,900 1,030,000 16,800 Gulf of Saint Lawrence [11]
14 North America Mississippi 3,730 2,320 3,202,230 16,792 Gulf of Mexico [1]
15 South America Marañón 1,737 1,079 358,000 16,708 Amazon River
16 Asia Ganga at Farakka Barrage 2,282 1,418 907,000 16,648 Padma River [12]
17 Asia Mekong 4,023 2,500 811,000 16,000 South China Sea [1][2]
18 Asia Lena 4,294 2,668 2,490,000 15,500 Laptev Sea [13]
19 Asia Irrawaddy 2,210 1,370 411,000 15,112 Andaman Sea
20 South America Tocantins 2,699 1,677 920,000 13,600 Atlantic Ocean [14]
21 South America Tapajos 840 520 492,481 13,540 Amazon River [15]
22 South America Ucayali 2,670 1,659 337,519 13,500 Amazon River
23 Asia Ob 3,700 2,299 2,990,000 12,475 Gulf of Ob [1][2]
24 Asia Amur 4,352 2,714 1,855,000 11,400 Sea of Okhotsk [1]
25 North America Mackenzie 1,738 1,080 1,790,000 9,910 Beaufort Sea [1]
26 Africa Kasai 2,272 1,405 881,890 9,873 Congo River
27 South America Madre de Dios 1,347 837 303,000 9,825 Madeira River [16]
28 South America Xingu-Culuene 2,240 1,392 531,250 9,700 Amazon River
29 Asia Pearl 2,400 1,491 453,700 9,500 South China Sea [17]
30 South America Putumayo/Içá 1,813 1,121 148,000 8,760 Amazon River
31 South America Juruá 2,410 1,498 225,828 8,420 Amazon River
32 South America Purus 3,211 1,995 371,042 8,400 Amazon River
33 South America Guaviare 1,497 930 140,000 8,200 Orinoco River
34 Europe Volga 3,531 2,194 1,380,000 8,060 Caspian Sea
35 North America Ohio 1,579 981 490,601 7,957 Mississippi River[note 1] [18]
36 North America Columbia 2,000 1,243 668,000 7,500 Pacific Ocean
37 Asia Xi 2,197 1,359 409,480 7,410 Pearl River
38 South America Magdalena 1,540 963 257,438 7,200 Atlantic Ocean
39 South America Mamoré 1,930 1,199 470,000 7,162 Madeira River
40 Europe Danube 2,860 1,777 817,000 7,130 Black Sea
41 Asia Indus 3,200 2,000 1,165,000 6,930 Arabian Sea
42 South America Meta 1,200 742 93,800 6,500 Orinoco River
43 North America Yukon 3,187 1,980 854,696 6,428 Bering Sea
44 South America Napo 1,075 665 100,518 6,300 Amazon River
45 South America Araguaia 2,627 1,632 358,125 6,216 Tocantins River [9]
46 Asia Kapuas 1,143 710 98,749 6,000 South China Sea
47 Oceania Fly 1,050 649 76,000 6,000 Gulf of Papua, Coral Sea
48 North America Niagara 58 36 684,000 5,796 Lake Ontario
49 Africa Niger 4,167 2,589 2,090,000 5,589 Atlantic Ocean [1]
50 South America Uruguay 1,838 1,140 365,000 5,500 Atlantic Ocean, Río de la Plata
51 Asia Barito 880 544 100,000 5,500 Java Sea
52 Asia Aldan 2,273 1,412 729,000 5,489 Lena River [9]
53 South America Branco 775 479 195,000 5,400 Rio Negro
54 North America Detroit 51 32 1,813[dubious ] 5,324 Lake Erie
55 North America St. Clair 63 39 576,000 5,200 Lake St. Clair
56 Asia Salween 2,815 1,749 320,000 4,978 Andaman Sea
57 South America Caroní 952 595 95,000 4,850 Orinoco River
58 Africa Ogooué River 1,200 747 86,431 4,706 Atlantic Ocean
59 Oceania Mamberamo 1,175 727 79,774 4,580 Pacific Ocean
60 Europe Pechora 1,809 1,124 289,532 4,533 Barents Sea
61 Asia Angara 1,779 1,100 1,079,000 4,530 Yenisey River
62 South America Juruena 1,240 770 190,391 4,360 Tapajos River
63 Asia Kama 1,805 1,122 507,000 4,100 Volga River
64 Africa Ubangi 2,272 1,405 772,800 4,000 Congo River
65 Asia Chindwin 1,207 750 114,000 4,000 Ayeyarwady River
66 South America Teles Pires 1,638 1,013 141,718 3,978 Tapajos River
67 Asia Min River (Sichuan) 735 457 3,915 Yangtze River
68 South America Apaporis 1,370 847 54,300 3,900 Japurá River
69 Oceania Sepik 1,126 700 80,321 3,804 Bismarck Sea
70 Asia Kolyma 2,129 1,317 644,000 3,800 East Siberian Sea
71 Asia Nizhnyaya Tunguska 2,989 1,848 473,000 3,680 Yenisei River
72 Asia Upper Meghna 1,040 643 82,000 3,600 Lower Meghna River
73 Asia Godavari 1,465 910 312,812 3,505 Bay of Bengal [12]
74 South America Huallaga 1,138 704 85,000 3,500 Marañón
75 North America Fraser 1,375 854 220,000 3,475 Pacific Ocean
76 Asia Kaladan 450 278 3,468 Bay of Bengal
77 North America Slave 434 270 616,400 3,414 Great Slave Lake
78 South America Aripuanã 870 540 145,000 3,400 Madeira River
79 Africa Zambezi 2,574 1,599 1,331,000 3,400 Indian Ocean [19]
80 Asia Northern Dvina 744 462 357,052 3,332 White Sea [1]
81 Asia Khatanga 1,636 1,012 364,000 3,320 Khatanga Gulf, Laptev Sea
82 Oceania Kikori 405 250 23,309 3,274 Gulf of Papua
83 South America Parnaíba 1,070 662 220,000 3,200 Atlantic Ocean
84 South America Jutai 1,200 742 60,000 3,000 Amazon River
85 South America Beni 1,100 680 3,000 Madre de Dios River
86 South America Caura 723 449 52,000 3,000 Orinoco River
87 Asia Ghaghara 1,080 671 127,950 2,990 Ganga River [20]
88 Asia Irtysh 4,248 2,627 1,673,470 2,980 Ob River
89 Asia Yamuna 1,376 855 366,223 2,950 Ganga River [20]
90 South America São Francisco 2,830 1,758 641,000 2,943 Atlantic Ocean [21]
91 Europe Rhine 1,233 820 198,735 2,900 North Sea [22]
92 South America Trombetas 1,060 656 135,239 2,855 Amazon River
93 Africa Nile 6,853 4,258 3,400,000 2,830 Mediterranean Sea [1]
94 South America Tambo 1,000 618 135,000 2,800 Ucayali River
95 Africa Ruki 1,300 804 173,800 2,800 Congo River
96 North America Koksoak 137 85 133,400 2,800 Ungava Bay, Arctic Ocean
97 South America Pastaza 740 458 41,000 2,770 Marañón River
98 South America Iriri 1,300 810 130,000 2,745 Xingu River
99 South America Guapore 1,260 783 235,000 2,740 Mamoré River
100 South America Tigre 940 581 54,200 2,700 Marañón River
101 Africa Kwango 1,100 680 263,500 2,700 Kasai River
102 South America Paraguay 2,621 1,629 365,592 2,700 Parana River
103 Asia Red 1,149 714 143,700 2,640 Gulf of Tonkin
104 South America Vaupés/Uaupes 1,050 649 50,000 2,625 Rio Negro
105 Asia Yellow 5,464 3,395 752,000 2,571 East China Sea
106 South America Atrato 750 466 36,231 2,569 Atlantic Ocean [23]
107 Asia Pyasina 818 508 182,000 2,550 Kara Sea
108 Asia Amu Darya 2,400 1,491 534,739 2,525 Aral Sea
109 Africa Sankuru 1,200 756 156,000 2,500 Kasai River
110 South America Tietê 1,150 715 150,000 2,500 Paraná River
111 Asia Mahakam 980 609 77,100 2,500 Makassar Strait
112 Asia Koshi 729 453 69,300 2,500 Ganga River [20]
113 Africa Sangha 790 489 213,400 2,471 Congo River
114 Asia Songhua 1,434 887 557,180 2,463 Amur River
115 South America Javari 1,184 732 90,000 2,463 Amazon River
116 Europe Neva 74 46 281,000 2,445 Baltic Sea [24]
117 North America Missouri 3,767 2,341 1,371,010 2,445 Mississippi River [1]
118 North America Liard 1,115 693 277,100 2,434 Mackenzie River
119 South America Rio Grande 1,360 841 143,000 2,400 Paraná River
120 Africa Benue 1,370 847 2,400 Niger River
121 North America Nelson 2,575 1600 982,900 2,370 Hudson Bay [25]
122 South America Cauca 1,180 730 59,840 2,364 Magdalena River
123 South America Yarí 620 383 31,650 2,360 Japurá River
124 South America Urubamba 724 448 60,300 2,330 Ucayali River
125 South America Apure 1,038 645 121,400 2,300 Orinoco River
126 Asia Xiang 856 529 96,400 2,288 Yangtze River
127 Asia Krishna River 1,400 870 258,948 2,213 Bay of Bengal [12]
128 Asia Yuan 864 537 89,163 2,158 Yangtze River
129 Asia Han 1,532 952 174,300 2,156 Yangtze River
130 Asia Vitim 1,940 1,205 227,000 2,149 Lena River
131 North America St. Marys 120 75 127,700 2,135 Lake Huron
132 Asia Jialing 1,119 695 160,000 2,120 Yangtze River
133 Asia Mahanadi 858 533 141,600 2,119 Bay of Bengal [12]
134 North America Peace 1,923 1,195 306,000 2,110 Slave River
135 South America Essequibo 1,014 627 69,300 2,104 Atlantic Ocean
136 South America San Juan 380 240 15,000 2,055 Pacific Ocean
137 Asia Hongshui 669.6 416.1 97,250 2,049 Xi River
138 Asia Gandaki 814 506 46,300 2,025 Ganga River
139 South America Ventuari 520 322 40,000 2,000 Orinoco river
140 South America Inírida 1,300 804 2,000 Guaviare River
141 South America Vichada 580 359 25,000 2,000 Orinoco River
142 Africa Aruwimi 1,030 808 116,100 2,000 Congo River

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Because it has a larger discharge than the Mississippi River at their confluence, The Ohio River is technically the main stream of the Mississippi River System

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Rivers of the Earth[unreliable source?] Archived August 14, 2004, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d Gupta, Avijit (2007). Large rivers: geomorphology and management. John Wiley and Sons. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-470-84987-3. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Beijing: Chinese Academy of Sciences. 2011-08-22. Archived from the original on 2016-05-03. Retrieved 2017-02-17. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Britannica". britannica.com. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  5. ^ Monente, José A. (1997). "Factores que controlan el caudal del Orinoco" (PDF) (in Spanish).
  6. ^ a b Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA) e Secretaria Nacional de Recursos Hídricos ([1])
  7. ^ R. Ziesler and G.D. Ardizzone: The Inland Waters of Latin America. COPESCAL Technical Paper No. 1, FAO, Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service, Rome 1979 [2]
  8. ^ "Scientists pinpoint sources of four major international rivers". Xinhua News Agency. 22 August 2011. Archived from the original on 3 May 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  9. ^ a b c GRDC Database Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Station: Igarka". Yenisei Basin. UNH / GRDC. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
  11. ^ Benke, Arthur C.; Cushing, Colbert E. (2005). Rivers of North America. Academic Press. pp. 989–990. ISBN 978-0-12-088253-3. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  12. ^ a b c d Kumar, Rakesh; Singh, R.D.; Sharma, K.D. (2005-09-10). "Water Resources of India" (PDF). Current Science. Bangalore: Current Science Association. 89 (5): 794–811. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
  13. ^ http://www.abratsev.narod.ru/biblio/sokolov/p1ch23b.html, Sokolov, Eastern Siberia // Hydrography of USSR. (in russian)
  14. ^ The Hydrographi Region of The Amazon
  15. ^ Lynch, Christine (2012). "The Amazon River Basin; CE 397 – Transboundary Waters" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-05-28.
  16. ^ Roche, Michel-Alain; Jauregui, Carlos Fernandez (1988). "Water resources, salinity and salt yields of the rivers of the Bolivian Amazon" (PDF). Journal of Hydrology. 101 (1–4): 305–331. Bibcode:1988JHyd..101..305R. doi:10.1016/0022-1694(88)90042-X.
  17. ^ "Chapter 5: Plate D-6 — GES DISC: Goddard Earth Sciences, Data & Information Services Center". Disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  18. ^ Leeden, Frits van der; Fcrimson L. Troise; David Keith Todd (1990). The Water Encyclopedia (2nd ed.). Chelsea, Mich.: Lewis Publishers. p. 126. ISBN 0-87371-120-3.
  19. ^ "Fragmentation and Flow Regulation of the World's Large River Systems" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2011-08-16.
  20. ^ a b c Jain, Sharad K.; Agarwal, Pushpendra K.; Singh, Vijay P. (2007). Hydrology and water resources of India. Springer. p. 341. ISBN 978-1-4020-5179-1. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  21. ^ São Francisco River[circular reference]
  22. ^ Rhine case study; Technical documents in hydrology: PC-CP series; Vol.:17; 2003
  23. ^ "Chapter 14" (PDF). The Pacific and Caribbean Rivers of Colombia: Water Discharge, Sediment Transport and Dissolved Loads. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-25. Retrieved 2011-07-13.
  24. ^ Nezhihovsky, R. A. (1981). Neva River and Neva Bay. Gidrometeoizdat.
  25. ^ Nelson River[circular reference]