List of protected natural resources in Serbia
- Strict Nature Reserve (4) — Area of unmodified natural features with representative ecosystems set aside for the preservation of its biodiversity and for scientific research and monitoring.
- Special Nature Reserve (18) — Area of unmodified or slightly modified natural features of great importance due to uniqueness and rarity which includes the habitats of endangered species set aside for the preservation of its unique features, education, limited tourism and for scientific research and monitoring.
- National Park (5) — Area with large number of diverse ecosystems of national value, with outstanding natural features and/or cultural heritage set aside for the preservation of its natural resources and for educational, scientific and tourist use.
- Natural Monument (289) — Small unmodified or slightly modified natural feature, object or phenomenon, easily detectable and unique, with unique natural attributes.
- Protected Habitat — Area which includes habitats of one or more wildlife species.
- Landscape of Outstanding Features (11) — Area of remarkable appearance with important natural and cultural value.
- Nature Park (12) — Area of well-preserved natural values with preserved natural ecosystems and picturesque landscape set aside for the preservation of biodiversity and for educational, tourist, recreational and scientific use.
There are 4 national parks in Serbia[a] (IUCN Category II) as of 2007, and one more which is proposed and is in the procedure of receiving the status of the National Park: One of those National parks (Šar Mountain) is located on the territory of Kosovo. Although Kosovo declared independence in 2008, Serbian government does not recognize this, so Šar Mountain is still listed as a Serbian National park by Serbian authorities.
|National park ||Year of declaration||City/Municipality||Area (km²)||Link|
|Đerdap||1974||Golubac, Majdanpek, Kladovo||636.8|||
|Šar Mountain||1993||Štrpce, Kačanik, Prizren, Suva Reka||390.0|||
|Fruška Gora||1960||Novi Sad, Sremski Karlovci, Beočin, Bačka Palanka, Šid, Sremska Mitrovica, Irig, Inđija||253.9|||
There are 22 Nature reserves (IUCN category Ia) in Serbia and 6 more which are in the procedure of receiving the status of a Nature reserve. They are grouped into two groups: Strict Nature Reserves and Special Nature Reserves:
Nature Parks and Landscapes of Outstanding FeaturesEdit
There are 23 Nature parks and Landscapes of Outstanding Features (IUCN Category Ib) and 8 more which are in the procedure of receiving the status of a Nature park or a Landscape of outstanding features:
There are currently 64 natural monuments of geological heritage and 225 monuments of botanical heritage (mostly rare trees) in Serbia. Some of the best known monuments of geological heritage are: Resavska cave, Đavolja Varoš, Marble cave and Rugova Canyon.
Notes and referencesEdit
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states, while 10 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.|
- Serbia and Montenegro: Country Environmental Analysis. World Bank/Ministry of Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia. p. 40. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07.
- Z A K O N O ZAŠTITI PRIRODE Archived 2011-09-03 at the Wayback Machine (Law on the Protection of the Nature) ‹See Tfd›(in Serbian)
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (2003). Србија у бројкама 2003. (PDF) (in Serbian). Belgrade: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia: Registry of Protected Natural Resources[permanent dead link] ‹See Tfd›(in Serbian)
- Protected Natural Resources in Serbia. Ministry of Environmental Protection, Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia. 2007. ISBN 978-86-80877-28-0.
- "Serbia heading for sustainable tourism". Serbia: Approaching the summit on sustainable development. Johannesburg: Ministry of Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia. 2002-04-26. p. 24.