List of protected areas of China

This is a list of the nationally designated protected areas of China. There are many forms of protected areas in China. Based on their relative importance, each type of protected area can be further graded into two to three levels (national, provincial and prefectural/county level). Nevertheless, the highest rank for "pocket nature preserve" (social and mass-based), "no-hunting area", "no-fishing area", "no-logging area", "wild medicinal material resources conservation area", "crop germplasm resources conservation area", "forest tree germplasm resources conservation area" or "source water protection area" is practically restricted to provincial level. The local government at county level is also responsible for the delimitation and declaration of "basic farmland protection area" and "basic grassland".

Take note that many protected areas in China have multiple official designations, and the statutory boundaries of these multi-designated PAs may be identical or may vary one from the other. For instance, the boundaries of Huangshan NSHA coincide with those of the Huangshan NGP, whereas Fujian province's Wuyi Mountains NNR, NSHA and NFP are adjacent to each other. In Heilongjiang, 27,642.14 hectares out of 115,340.27 hectares of Huzhong NFP are intersected with the experiment zone of Huzhong NNR.

National Park System and NPS Pilot Program

edit
  • Ratified by: State Council
  • Number of Est. NPs (unit): 5 (as at September 30, 2021)
  • Area of NPs (10,000 km2): 23 (excl. pilot sites, as of 2021)
  • Total Number of NPs (unit, incl. pilot sites): 10 (as of 2021)
  • Sanjiangyuan National Park, coverage:
    • Hoh Xil NNR, Qinghai
    • Sanjiangyuan NNR, Qinghai (part, approx. 51%)
    • Huangheyuan Water Park, Madoi, Qinghai (national-level)
    • Gyaring Hu Ngoring Hu Gymnocypris eckloni et Platypharodon extremus NAGRCA, Qinghai
    • Qumar He Endemic Fishes NAGRCA, Qinghai
  • Giant Panda National Park, coverage:
    • Wolong NNR, Sichuan
    • Fengtongzhai NNR, Sichuan
    • Tangjiahe NNR, Sichuan
    • Longxi - Hongkou NNR, Sichuan
    • Wanglang NNR, Sichuan
    • Baishuihe NNR, Sichuan
    • Xuebaoding NNR, Sichuan
    • Xiaozhaizigou NNR, Sichuan
    • Liziping NNR, Sichuan
    • Qianfoshan NNR, Sichuan
    • Foping NNR, Shaanxi
    • Taibaishan NNR, Shaanxi
    • Zhouzhi NNR, Shaanxi
    • Changqing NNR, Shaanxi
    • Tianhuashan NNR, Shaanxi
    • Sangyuan NNR, Shaanxi
    • Taibai Xushuihe Valuable and Rare Aquatic Organisms NNR, Shaanxi
    • Huangbaiyuan NNR, Shaanxi
    • Laoxiancheng NNR, Shaanxi
    • Guanyinshan NNR, Shaanxi
    • Baishuijiang NNR, Gansu
    • Huanglongsi SHA of Huanglongsi - Jiuzhaigou NSHA, Sichuan
    • Qingcheng Houshan Scenery Area of Qingchengshan - Dujiangyan NSHA, Sichuan
    • Xiling Xueshan NSHA, Sichuan
    • Bailonghu NSHA, Sichuan
    • Longmenshan NSHA, Sichuan
    • Longmenshan NGP, Sichuan
    • Anxian Bioherm NGP, Sichuan
    • Huanglong NGP, Sichuan
    • Dujiangyan NFP, Sichuan
    • Wawushan NFP, Sichuan
    • Xiling NFP, Sichuan
    • Longcanggou NFP, Sichuan
    • Longmenshan NFP, Sichuan
    • Qianfoshan NFP, Sichuan
    • Erlangshan NFP, Sichuan
    • Beichuan NFP, Sichuan
    • Jiguanshan NFP, Sichuan
    • Tianhuashan NFP, Shaanxi
    • Qingfengxia NFP, Shaanxi
  • Northeast China Tiger and Leopard National Park, coverage:
    • Hunchun Northeast China Tiger NNR, Jilin
    • Wangqing NNR, Jilin
    • Muling Japanese Yew NNR, Heilongjiang
    • Laoyeling Northeast China Tiger NNR, Heilongjiang
    • Lanjia Daxiagu NFP, Jilin
    • Liufengshan NFP, Heilongjiang
    • Wangqing Gayahe NWP, Jilin
    • Mijianghe Chum Salmon NAGRCA, Jilin
  • Hainan Tropical Rainforest National Park, coverage:
    • Bawangling NNR
    • Jianfengling NNR
    • Wuzhishan NNR
    • Diaoluoshan NNR
    • Yinggeling NNR
    • Jianfengling NFP
    • Diaoluoshan NFP
    • Limushan NFP
    • Bawangling NFP
  • Wuyishan National Park, coverage:
    • Wuyishan NNR, Fujian
    • Jiangxi Wuyishan NNR, Jiangxi
    • Wuyishan NSHA, Fujian
    • Wuyishan NFP, Fujian
    • Wuyi Tianchi NFP, Fujian
    • Ehushan NFP, Jiangxi
    • Jiuquxi Spinibarbus caldwelli NAGRCA, Fujian
  • Zhejiang Qianjiangyuan - Baishanzu National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Fengyangshan - Baishanzu NNR
    • Gutianshan NNR
    • Qianjiangyuan NFP
    • Qingyuan NFP
    • Qingyuan Chinese Giant Salamander NAGRCA
  • Hubei Shennongjia National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Shennongjia NNR
    • Shennongjia NGP
    • Shennongjia NFP
    • Shennongjia Dajiuhu NWP
  • Hunan Nanshan National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Jintongshan NNR
    • Nanshan NSHA
    • Liangjiang Xiagu NFP
    • Chengbu Baiyunhu NWP
  • Yunnan Bodaco National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Hongshan Scenery Area (part, incl. lakes of Bitahai & Xodo) of Sanjiangbingliu NSHA
  • Qilianshan National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Qilianshan NNR, Gansu
    • Yanchiwan NNR, Gansu
    • Tianzhu Sanxia NFP, Gansu
    • Xianmi NFP, Qinghai
    • Qilian Heiheyuan NWP, Qinghai

National Culture Park System Pilot Program

edit
  • Great Wall National Culture Park System Pilot Site
  • Grand Canal National Culture Park System Pilot Site
  • Long March National Culture Park System Pilot Site
  • Yellow River National Culture Park System Pilot Site
  • Yangtze River National Culture Park System Pilot Site

National Nature Reserves of China

edit
  • Ratified by: State Council
  • Number of NNRs (unit): 474 (as at May 31, 2018)
  • Area of NNRs (10,000 ha): 9,745 (as of 2017)
  • Total Number of NRs (unit): 2,750 (as of 2017)
  • Area of NRs (10,000 ha): 14,717 (as of 2017)
  • Percentage of Terrestrial NR in the Land Area (%): 14.86 (as of 2017)

See: National Nature Reserves of China

National Scenic and Historic Areas of China

edit

State Key Protected Fossils' Concentration Origins of China

edit

National Typical Earthquake Sites of China

edit

†: The official name is yet to be verified.

National Geoparks of China

edit

†: From May 23, 2009, onwards, the approval process for awarding the NGP qualifications and naming the NGPs are treated separately by the State Forestry and Grassland Administration. Each NGP-prequalified unit is required to complete a site development within the three-year time limit before gaining formal status as a NGP.

National Mining Parks of China (disbanded)

edit
  • Number of NMPs (unit): 0 (87 before July 24, 2019)

Note: The former NMPs would either be incorporated into existing protected areas or redesignated as other categories of national-level nature parks. The work is still in progress.

National Ecoparks of China

edit

National Forest Parks of China

edit

National Wood (Flower) Parks of China

edit

State Key Parks of China

edit

National Urban Wetland Parks of China

edit

National Wetland Parks of China

edit

Note 1: Sites promoted to national-level on the basis of existing provincial wetland park since the implementation of revised Wetlands Conservation and Management Provisions on January 1, 2018.

Note 2: One of the disqualified pilot sites is yet to be verified due to lack of supporting documentation.

National Water Parks of China

edit

National Grassland Nature Parks of China

edit

National Desert (Rocky Desert) Parks of China

edit

Note 1: The above-mentioned "desert" generally refers to "sandy desert", unless otherwise noted.

Note 2: The above-mentioned "rocky desert" generally refers to "karst rocky desert", unless otherwise noted.

National Closed Sandified Land Protected Areas of China

edit

National Special Marine Protected Areas (Marine Parks) of China

edit

+1/+2/+3/+4/+5: one identical institution under two different names.

+i: partially overlapped.

National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Areas of China

edit