List of prime ministers of Poland

This is a list of prime ministers of Poland.

Great Chancellors of Poland (1107–1795)Edit

Portrait Name Lifespan Term began Term ended
  Jan ? 1107 1112
  Michał Awdaniec ? 1112 1113
  Goswin ? 1113 1138
  Lupus ? 1138 1145
  Pean died in 1152 1145 1152
  Cherubin died in 1180 1152 1172
  Klemens ? 1172 1173
  Stefan ? 1173 1206
  Iwo Odrowąż died 21 August 1229 1206 1208
  Wincenty z Niałka died in 1232 1208 1211
  Jarost ? 1211 1212
  Marcin ? 1212 1213
  Nanker died in 1250 1213 1241
  Wawrzęta Gutowski ? 1241 1243
  Rambold ? 1243 1262
  Paweł z Przemankowa died on 29 November 1292 1262 1266
  Stanisław z Krakowa ? 1266 1270
  Prokop died in 1295 1270 1280
  Andrzej Zaremba died in 1318 1280 1290
  Wincenty ? 1290 1296
  Jan died on 26 August 1296 1296 1296
  Piotr Angeli ? 1296 1306
  Franciszek z Krakowa ? 1306 1320
  Zbigniew z Szczyrzyca ? 1320 1356
  Janusz Suchywilk 1310-5 April 1382 1357 1373
  Zawisza Kurozwęcki died on 12 January 1382 1373 1379
  Jan Radlica died on 12 January 1392 1380 1386
  Mikołaj Zaklika died in 1408 1386 1404
  Mikołaj Kurowski 1355-1411 1404 1411
  Wojciech Jastrzębiec 1362-1436 1411 1423
  Jan Szafraniec 1363-28 July 1433 1423 1433
  Jan Taszka Koniecpolski died on 26 March 1455 1433 or 1434 1454
  Jan Gruszczyński 1405-8 October 1473 1454 1469
  Jakub Dembiński 1427-15 January 1490 1469 1473
  Uriel Górka 1435-21 January 1498 1473 1479
  Stanisław Kurozwęcki 1440-1482 1479 1482
  Krzesław Kurozwęcki 1440-1503 1483 1503
  Jan Łaski 1456-19 May 1531 1503 1510
  Maciej Drzewicki 22 February 1467 – 22 August 1535 1510 1513
  Krzysztof Szydłowiecki 1467-1532 1513 or 1515 1532
  Jan Chojeński 17 March 1486 – 11 March 1538 1532 1538
  Paweł Dunin-Wolski 1487-1546 1539 1540
  Tomasz Sobocki 1508-1547 1540 1541
  Samuel Maciejowski 15 January 1499 – 26 October 1550 1541 1550
  Jan Ocieski 1501-12 May 1563 1550 or 1552 1563
  Walenty Dembiński died in 1585 1564 1576
  Piotr Dunin-Wolski 1531-1590 1576 1578
  Jan Zamoyski 19 March 1542 – 3 June 1605 1578 1605
  Maciej Pstrokoński 1553-1609 1606 1609
  Wawrzyniec Gembicki 5 August 1559 – 10 February 1624 1609 1613
  Feliks Kryski 1562-1618 1613 1618
  Stanisław Żółkiewski 1547-7 October 1620 1618 1620
  Andrzej Lipski 1572-4 September 1631 1620 1623
  Wacław Leszczyński 1576-17 May 1628 1625 1628
  Jakub Zadzik 1582 – 17 March 1642 1628 1635
  Tomasz Zamoyski 1594–7 January 1638 1635 1635
  Piotr Gembicki 10 October 1585 – 14 July 1657 1635 1643
  Jerzy Ossoliński 15 December 1595 – 9 August 1650 1643 1650
  Andrzej Leszczyński 1608-1658 1650 1652
  Stefan Koryciński 1617-4 July 1658 1652 1658
  Mikołaj Prażmowski 1617-15 April 1673 1658 1666
  Jan Leszczyński 1603-1678 1666 1678
  Jan Stefan Wydżga 1610-6 September 1685 1678 1678
  Jan Wielopolski 1630-15 February 1688 1678 1688
  Jerzy Albrecht Denhoff 1640-1702 1688 1702
  Karol Tarło 1639-1702 1702 1702
  Andrzej Chryzostom Załuski 1650-12 May 1711 1702 1706
  Jan Stanisław Jabłonowski 1669-28 April 1731 1706 1709
  Jan Szembek died on 9 April 1731 1712 1731
  Andrzej Stanisław Załuski 2 December 1695 – 16 December 1758 1735 1746
  Jan Małachowski 26 January 1698 – 25 June 1762 1746 1762
  Andrzej Zamoyski 12 February 1716 – 10 February 1792 1764 1767
  Andrzej Młodziejowski 1717-1780 1767 1780
  Jan Andrzej Borch 1715-1780 1780 1780
  Antoni Onufry Okęcki 13 June 1729 – 15 June 1793 1780 1786
  Jacek Małachowski 25 August 1737 – 27 March 1821 1786 1793
  Antoni Sułkowski 11 June 1735 – 16 April 1796 1793 1795

Prime ministers of the Duchy of Warsaw (1807–1813)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Monarch
(Reign)
  Stanisław Małachowski
(1736–1809)
5 October 1807 14 December 1807 Duke Frederick Augustus I
 
(1807–1813)
  Ludwik Szymon Gutakowski
(1740–1808)
14 December 1807 November 1808
  Józef Poniatowski
(1763–1813)
Acting Prime Minister
November 1808 25 March 1809
  Stanisław Kostka Potocki
(1755–1821)
25 March 1809 May 1813

Presidents of the Polish National Government (1830–1831)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office
  Prince
Adam Jerzy Czartoryski
(1770–1861)
3 December 1830 15 August 1831
  Józef Chłopicki
(1771–1854)
(dictator.)
5 December 1830 17 January 1831
  General
Jan Stefan Krukowiecki
(1772–1850)
17 August 1831 7 September 1831
  Bonawentura Niemojowski
(1787–1835)
8 September 1831 23 September 1831
  Jan Nepomucen Umiński
(1778–1851)
23 September 1831 23 September 1831
  Maciej Rybiński
(1784–1874)
25 September 1831 9 October 1831

Presidents of the National Government of the Republic of Poland (1846)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office
 
Tyssowski.
National Government of the Republic of Poland (triumvirate):

Jan Tyssowski (President)
(1811–1857)
Ludwik Gorzkowski
(1811–1857)
Aleksander Grzegorzewski
(1806–1855)

22 February 1846 24 February 1846
  Jan Tyssowski
(1811–1857)
(dictator.)
24 February 1846 3 March 1846

President of the National Committee in Poznań (1848)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office
  Gustaw Potworowski
(1800–1860)
20 March 1848 9 May 1848

Presidents of the Polish National Government (1863–1864)Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office
  Stefan Bobrowski
(1840–1863)
21 January 1863 17 February 1863
  Ludwik Mierosławski
(1814–1878)
(dictator.)
17 February 1863 11 March 1863
  Marian Langiewicz
(1827–1887)
(dictator.)
11 March 1863 18 March 1863
  Stefan Bobrowski
(1840–1863)
21 March 1863 12 April 1863
  Agaton Giller
(1831–1887)
12 April 1863 23 May 1863
  Franciszek Dobrowolski
(1830–1896)
23 May 1863 9 June 1863
  Piotr Kobylański
(1823–1868)
9 June 1863 10 June 1863
  Karol Majewski
(1833–1897)
14 June 1863 17 September 1863
  Franciszek Dobrowolski
(1830–1896)
17 September 1863 17 October 1863
  Romuald Traugutt
(1826–1864)
(dictator.)
17 October 1863 10 April 1864
  Aleksander Waszkowski
(1841–1865)
12 April 1864 19 December 1864
  Bronisław Brzeziński
(1837–1865)
20 April 1864 October 1864

Prime ministers of the Kingdom of Poland (1917–1918)Edit

Colour key (for political parties):
  National-Democratic Party (SDN)
  Party of the National Right (SPN)
  Independent

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Political party Cabinet
  Jan Kucharzewski
(1876–1952)
26 November 1917 27 February 1918 Independent Kucharzewski
  Antoni Ponikowski
(1878–1949)
27 February 1918 4 April 1918 National-Democratic Party Ponikowski
(provisional)
  Jan Kanty Steczkowski
(1862–1929)
4 April 1918 23 October 1918 Party of the National Right Steczkowski
  Józef Świeżyński
(1868–1948)
23 October 1918 3 November 1918 National-Democratic Party Świeżyński
  Władysław Wróblewski
(1875–1951)
3 November 1918 14 November 1918 Independent Wróblewski
(provisional)

Prime ministers of the People's Republic (1918)Edit

Colour key (for political parties):
  Polish Socialist Party (PPS)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Political party Cabinet
  Ignacy Daszyński
(1866–1936)
7 November 1918 14 November 1918 Polish Socialist Party Provisional People's Government of the Republic of Poland

Note: Until 11 November, Daszyński was Prime Minister in the Polish People's Republic, based at Lublin, in the territory occupied by Austrian troops. On 11 November, he was invited to form a national government but failed and resigned three days later.

Prime ministers of the Republic of Poland (1918–1939)Edit

Colour key (for political parties):
  Polish Socialist Party (PPS)
  Polish People's Party "Piast" (PSL Piast)
  Popular National Union (ZLN)
  Polish Christian Democratic Party (PSChD)
  Party of the National Right (SPN)
  Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government (BBWR)
  Independent

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Political party Cabinet
  Jędrzej Moraczewski
(1870–1944)
18 November 1918 18 January 1919 Polish Socialist Party Moraczewski
  Ignacy Jan Paderewski
(1860–1941)
18 January 1919 13 November 1919 Independent Paderewski
  Leopold Skulski
(1878–1940)
13 November 1919 27 June 1920 Polish People's Party "Piast" Skulski
  Władysław Grabski
(1874–1938)
27 June 1920 24 July 1920 Popular National Union Grabski I
  Wincenty Witos
(1874–1945)
24 July 1920 19 September 1921 Polish People's Party "Piast" Witos I
  Antoni Ponikowski
(1878–1949)
19 September 1921 10 March 1922 Polish Christian Democratic Party Ponikowski I
10 March 1922 28 June 1922 Ponikowski II
  Artur Śliwiński
(1877–1953)
28 June 1922 31 July 1922 Polish Socialist Party Śliwiński
  Julian Nowak
(1865–1946)
31 July 1922 16 December 1922 Party of the National Right Nowak
  Władysław Sikorski
(1881–1943)
16 December 1922 28 May 1923 Independent Sikorski I
  Wincenty Witos
(1874–1945)
28 May 1923 19 December 1923 Polish People's Party "Piast" Witos II
  Władysław Grabski
(1874–1938)
19 December 1923 20 November 1925 Popular National Union/Christian Union of National Unity Grabski II
  Aleksander Skrzyński
(1882–1931)
20 November 1925 10 May 1926 Party of the National Right Skrzyński
  Wincenty Witos
(1874–1945)
10 May 1926 14 May 1926 Polish People's Party "Piast" Witos III
  Kazimierz Bartel
(1882–1941)
15 May 1926 4 June 1926 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Bartel I
8 June 1926 24 September 1926 Bartel II
27 September 1926 30 September 1926 Bartel III
  Józef Piłsudski
(1867–1935)
2 October 1926 27 June 1928 Independent Piłsudski I
  Kazimierz Bartel
(1882–1941)
27 June 1928 14 April 1929 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Bartel IV
  Kazimierz Świtalski
(1886–1962)
14 April 1929 29 December 1929 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Świtalski
  Kazimierz Bartel
(1882–1941)
29 December 1929 29 March 1930 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Bartel V
  Walery Sławek
(1879–1939)
29 March 1930 25 August 1930 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Sławek I
  Józef Piłsudski
(1867–1935)
25 August 1930 4 December 1930 Independent Piłsudski II
  Walery Sławek
(1879–1939)
4 December 1930 27 May 1931 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Sławek II
  Aleksander Prystor
(1874–1941)
27 May 1931 10 May 1933 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Prystor
  Janusz Jędrzejewicz
(1885–1951)
10 May 1933 15 May 1934 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Jędrzejewicz
  Leon Kozłowski
(1892–1944)
15 May 1934 28 March 1935 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Kozłowski
  Walery Sławek
(1879–1939)
28 March 1935 13 October 1935 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Sławek III
  Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski
(1892–1946)
13 October 1935 15 May 1936 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Zyndram-Kościałkowski
  Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski
(1885–1962)
15 May 1936 30 September 1939 Independent Składkowski

Prime ministers of the Government of the Republic of Poland in Exile (1939–1990)Edit

After the German conquest of Poland, a Polish government-in-exile was formed under the protection of France and Britain. The government was recognized by the United Kingdom and the United States until 5 July 1945, when the Western Allies accepted Stalin's Communist government. By the end of 1946, the government-in-exile had lost recognition by all but a handful of independent nations. Despite this, it continued in London until the election of Lech Wałęsa as President of the Republic of Poland in December 1990.

Colour key (for political parties):
  People's Party (SL)
  Polish Socialist Party (PPS)
  Independent

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Political party Cabinet
  Władysław Sikorski
(1881–1943)
30 September 1939 18 July 1940 Independent Sikorski II
18 July 1940 4 July 1943
(died in office)
Sikorski III
  Stanisław Mikołajczyk
(1901–1966)
14 July 1943 24 November 1944 People's Party Mikołajczyk
  Tomasz Arciszewski
(1877–1955)
29 November 1944 5 July 1945
(lost recognition by major Allied powers)
Polish Socialist Party Arciszewski

Prime ministers of the Government-in-Exile (with little or no international recognition, 1945–1990)Edit

Chairmen of the Executive for National Unity (1954–1972)Edit

In 1954, one group within the government-in-exile opposed the continuation of August Zaleski as President of the government-in-exile beyond the end of his seven-year term. They established the Council of National Unity, vested the powers of the President in the Rada Trzech (three-man council), and appointed their own government, the Executive for National Unity. After the death of Zaleski in 1972, the Council of National Unity dissolved and ceded its powers to Zaleski's successor Stanisław Ostrowski.

Prime ministers of the Polish People's Republic (1944–1989)Edit

Colour key (for political parties):
  Polish Socialist Party (PPS)
  Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR)
  Solidarity Citizens' Committee (KO‘S’)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Political party Cabinet
  Edward Osóbka-Morawski
(1909–1997)
22 July 1944 31 December 1944 Polish Socialist Party Polish Committee of National Liberation
31 December 1944 28 June 1945 Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland
28 June 1945 6 February 1947 Provisional Government of National Unity
  Józef Cyrankiewicz
(1911–1989)
6 February 1947 20 November 1952 Polish Socialist Party Cyrankiewicz I
Polish United Workers' Party
(from December 1948)
  Bolesław Bierut
(1892–1956)
20 November 1952 18 March 1954 Polish United Workers' Party Bierut
  Józef Cyrankiewicz
(1911–1989)
18 March 1954 15 May 1961 Polish United Workers' Party Cyrankiewicz II
18 May 1961 24 June 1965 Cyrankiewicz III
25 June 1965 27 June 1969 Cyrankiewicz IV
28 June 1969 23 December 1970 Cyrankiewicz V
  Piotr Jaroszewicz
(1909–1992)
23 December 1970 28 March 1972 Polish United Workers' Party (Cyrankiewicz V)
28 March 1972 25 March 1976 Jaroszewicz I
27 March 1976 18 February 1980 Jaroszewicz II
  Edward Babiuch
(born 1927)
18 February 1980 24 August 1980 Polish United Workers' Party Babiuch
  Józef Pińkowski
(1929–2000)
24 August 1980 11 February 1981 Polish United Workers' Party Pińkowski
  Wojciech Jaruzelski
(1923–2014)
11 February 1981 6 November 1985 Polish United Workers' Party Jaruzelski
  Zbigniew Messner
(1929–2014)
6 November 1985 27 September 1988 Polish United Workers' Party Messner
  Mieczysław Rakowski
(1926–2008)
27 September 1988 2 August 1989 Polish United Workers' Party
  Czesław Kiszczak
(1925–2015)
(lost vote of confidence.)
2 August 1989 24 August 1989 Polish United Workers' Party Kiszczak
  Tadeusz Mazowiecki
(1927–2013)
(during democratic transition.)
24 August 1989 31 December 1989
(People's Republic
abolished.
)
Solidarity Citizens' Committee Mazowiecki

Prime ministers of the Republic of Poland (1989–present)Edit

Colour key (for political parties):
  Democratic Union (UD)
  Centre Agreement (PC)
  Liberal Democratic Congress (KLD)
  Polish People's Party (PSL)
  Social Democracy (SdRP) / Democratic Left Alliance (SLD)
  Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS)
  Law and Justice (PiS)
  Civic Platform (PO)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Designated
Took office
Voted of confidence
Left office
R.: Resigned
Dis.: Dismissed
N.C.: Voted of no-confidence
Political party Cabinet Sejm
(Election)
  Tadeusz Mazowiecki
(1927–2013)
20 August 1989
24 August 1989
12 September 1989
R. 25 November 1990
4 January 1991
Solidarity Citizens' Committee (KO‘S’) until 1990
Democratic Union (UD) from 1990
Mazowiecki
KO‘S’ZSLPZPRSD
Contract
(1989)
  Jan Krzysztof Bielecki
(born 1951)
4 January 1991
4 January 1991
12 January 1991
R. 5 December 1991
6 December 1991
Liberal Democratic Congress (KLD) Bielecki
KLDZChNPCSD
  Jan Olszewski
(1930–2019)
6 December 1991
6 December 1991
23 December 1991
Dis. 5 June 1992
5 June 1992
Centre Agreement (PC) Olszewski
PCZChNPSL.PL
I
(1991)
  Waldemar Pawlak
(born 1959)
5 June 1992
5 June 1992
(no confidence vote.)
R. 7 July 1992
11 July 1992
Polish People's Party (PSL) Pawlak I
PSL
  Hanna Suchocka
(born 1946)
10 July 1992
11 July 1992
11 July 1992
28 May 1993
26 October 1993
Democratic Union (UD) Suchocka
UDKLDZChNPChD
PPPPPSL.PL
  Waldemar Pawlak
(born 1959)
18 October 1993
26 October 1993
10 November 1993
1 March 1995
7 March 1995
Polish People's Party (PSL) Pawlak II
SLDPSLBBWR
II
(1993)
  Józef Oleksy
(1946–2015)
1 March 1995
7 March 1995
4 March 1995
26 January 1996
7 February 1996
Social Democracy (SdRP) Oleksy
SLDPSL
  Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz
(born 1950)
7 February 1996
7 February 1996
15 February 1996
R. 17 October 1997
31 October 1997
Social Democracy (SdRP) Cimoszewicz
SLDPSL
  Jerzy Buzek
(born 1940)
17 October 1997
31 October 1997
11 November 1997
Dis. 19 October 2001
19 October 2001
Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) Buzek
AWSUW
III
(1997)
  Leszek Miller
(born 1946)
4 October 2001
19 October 2001
26 October 2001
& 13 June 2003
R. 2 May 2004
2 May 2004
Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) Miller
SLDUPPSL
IV
(2001)
  Marek Belka
(born 1952)
2 May 2004
2 May 2004
14 May 2004 (rejected.)
N.C. 14 May 2004
11 June 2004
Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) Belka I
SLDUP
11 June 2004
11 June 2004
24 June 2004
& 15 October 2004
R. 5 May 2005
Dis. 19 October 2005

31 October 2005
Belka II
SLDUP
  Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
(born 1959)
19 October 2005
31 October 2005
10 November 2005
R. 10 July 2006
14 July 2006
Law and Justice (PiS) Marcinkiewicz
PiSSRPLPR
V
(2005)
  Jarosław Kaczyński
(born 1949)
10 July 2006
14 July 2006
19 July 2006
R. 5 November 2007
16 November 2007
Law and Justice (PiS) Kaczyński
PiSSRPLPR
  Donald Tusk
(born 1957)
9 November 2007
16 November 2007
24 November 2007
R. 8 November 2011
18 November 2011
Civic Platform (PO) Tusk I
POPSL
VI
(2007)
8 November 2011
18 November 2011
19 November 2011
R. 11 September 2014
22 September 2014
Tusk II
POPSL
VII
(2011)
  Ewa Kopacz
(born 1956)
15 September 2014
22 September 2014
1 October 2014
R. 12 November 2015
16 November 2015
Civic Platform (PO) Kopacz
POPSL
  Beata Szydło
(born 1963)
13 November 2015
16 November 2015
18 November 2015
R. 8 December 2017
11 December 2017
Law and Justice (PiS) Szydło
PiS
VIII
(2015)
  Mateusz Morawiecki
(born 1968)
8 December 2017
11 December 2017
12 December 2017
Incumbent Law and Justice (PiS) Morawiecki
PiS

1 Invited to form a government by the President, but failed to form a government and resigned.

Mateusz MorawieckiBeata SzydłoEwa KopaczDonald TuskJarosław KaczyńskiKazimierz MarcinkiewiczMarek BelkaLeszek MillerJerzy BuzekWłodzimierz CimoszewiczJózef OleksyWaldemar PawlakHanna SuchockaWaldemar PawlakJan OlszewskiJan Krzysztof BieleckiTadeusz MazowieckiCzesław KiszczakMieczysław RakowskiZbigniew MessnerWojciech JaruzelskiJózef PińkowskiEdward BabiuchPiotr JaroszewiczJózef CyrankiewiczBolesław BierutJózef CyrankiewiczEdward Osóbka-Morawski 

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit