List of political parties in South Africa

This is a list of political parties in South Africa. South Africa is a democratic but one-party dominant state with the African National Congress as the governing party. Other parties such as the Democratic Alliance governs the Western Cape Province and municipalities, with some in coalitions with smaller parties.

Parliamentary parties

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Name Abbr. Leader Est. Main Ideologies Political position National
Assembly
NCOP Provincial
legislatures
Municipal
council seats
African National Congress ANC Cyril Ramaphosa 1912 African nationalism
Social democracy
Centre-left
159 / 400
0 / 90
224 / 487
4,549 / 8,794
Democratic Alliance
DA John Steenhuisen 2000 Liberalism
Federalism
Centre
87 / 400
0 / 90
97 / 487
1,494 / 8,794
uMkhonto weSizwe
MK Jacob Zuma 2023 Zulu nationalism
Socialism
Social conservatism
Left-wing
58 / 400
0 / 90
58 / 487
0 / 8,794
Economic Freedom Fighters EFF Julius Malema 2013 Communism
Pan-Africanism
Far-left
39 / 400
0 / 90
54 / 487
982 / 8,794
Inkatha Freedom Party
IFP Velenkosini Hlabisa 1975 Conservatism
Constitutional monarchism
Right-wing
17 / 400
0 / 90
16 / 487
544 / 8,794
Patriotic Alliance PA Gayton McKenzie 2013 Right-wing populism Far-right
9 / 400
0 / 90
10 / 487
85 / 8,794
Freedom Front Plus
VF+ Pieter Groenewald 1994 Conservatism
Afrikaner interests
Right-wing
6 / 400
0 / 90
9 / 487
221 / 8,794
ActionSA ACTIONSA Herman Mashaba 2020 Classical liberalism
Libertarianism
Centre-right
6 / 400
0 / 90
5 / 487
90 / 8,974
African Christian Democratic Party
ACDP Kenneth Meshoe 1993 Christian democracy
Social conservatism
Centre-right to right-wing
3 / 400
0 / 90
2 / 487
49 / 8,794
United Democratic Movement UDM Bantu Holomisa 1997 Social democracy Centre-left
3 / 400
0 / 90
3 / 487
51 / 8,794
Rise Mzansi RISE Songezo Zibi 2023 Third Way Centre-left
2 / 400
0 / 90
1 / 487
0 / 8,794
Build One South Africa BOSA Mmusi Maimane 2022 Liberalism Centre
2 / 400
0 / 90
1 / 487
0 / 8,794
African Transformation Movement ATM Vuyolwethu Zungula 2018 Christian democracy
Conservatism
Centre-right
2 / 400
0 / 90
1 / 487
53 / 8,794
Al Jama-ah
ALJAMA Ganief Hendricks 2007 Islamic democracy Syncretic

Fiscal: Left-wing

Social: Right-wing

2 / 400
0 / 90
1 / 487
12 / 8,794
National Coloured Congress CCC Fadiel Adams 2020 Localism

Cape Independence

2 / 400
0 / 90
1 / 487
8 / 8,794
Pan Africanist Congress of Azania PAC Mzwanele Nyhontso 1959 African socialism
Black nationalism
Left-wing
1 / 400
0 / 90
0 / 487
21 / 8,794
United Africans Transformation UAT Wonder Mahlatsi 2022 Pan-Africanism

Socialism

Left-wing
1 / 400
0 / 90
1 / 487
0 / 8,794
Good GOOD Patricia de Lille 2018 Social liberalism Centre-left
1 / 400
0 / 90
1 / 487
45 / 8,794

Other parties with representation

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Name Abbrev. Leader Founded Main Ideologies Political position Municipal council seats
National Freedom Party NFP Ivan Rowan Barnes 2011 Egalitarianism
Social democracy
Centre-left
52 / 8,794
African Independent Congress AIC Mandla Galo 2005 Social conservatism Centre-right
43 / 8,794
Forum for Service Delivery F4SD Mbahare Johannes Kekana 2015
32 / 8,646
Abantu Batho Congress ABC Philani Mavundla 2021
25 / 8,794
MAP16 Civic Movement MAP16 2018
20 / 8,794
Congress of the People COPE Mosiuoa Lekota 2008 Social democracy
Social liberalism
Centre-left
13 / 8,794
Independent Civic Organisation of South Africa ICOSA Jeffrey Donson 2006
8 / 8,794
African People's Convention APC Themba Godi 2007 African nationalism
Pan-Africanism
Left-wing
14 / 8,794
African People's Movement APEMO Vikizitha Mlotshwa Centre-left [1]
United Christian Democratic Party UCDP Isaac Sipho Mfundisi 1997 Christian democracy
Federalism
Centre-right
6 / 8,794
Team Sugar South Africa TSSA Musa Thwala 2019 Far-left
7 / 8,794
Plaaslike Besorgde Inwoners
English: Concerned Local Residents
PBI Isaac Sipho Mfundisi 2016 Anti-corruption
6 / 8,794
Bolsheviks Party of South Africa BPSA Fanie Mogotji 2016 Marxism–Leninism Far-left
4 / 8,794
United Independent Movement UIM Neil de Beer 2020 Centrism Centre-right
4 / 8,794
African Democratic Change ADeC Visvin Reddy 2017 Anti-corruption
3 / 8,794
Better Residents Association BRA Delta Mokoena
(imprisoned)
2011 Localism
3 / 8,794
Azanian People's Organisation AZAPO Strike Thokoane 1978 Black Consciousness
Socialism
Left-wing to far-left
2 / 8,794
Democratic Liberal Congress DLC Patrick Pillay 2016 Liberalism
Environmentalism
Centre
2 / 8,794
International Revelation Congress IRC Te Mammba[2] 2013 Social conservatism
Social welfare
2 / 8,794
Power of Africans Unity PAU Julius Nsingwane 2016
2 / 8,794
South African Maintenance and
Estate Beneficiaries Association
SAMEBA Makgorometse Gift Makhaba 2014
2 / 8,794
Afrikan Alliance of Social Democrats AASD Pappie Mokoena 2019 Social democracy
Pan-Africanism
Centre-left
2 / 8,794
Africa Restoration Alliance ARA Jerome Swartz 2020
2 / 8,794
Minority Front MF Shameen Thakur-Rajbansi 1993 Indian interests
1 / 8,794
People's Revolutionary Movement PRM Nhlanhla Buthelezi 2016 Social conservatism
National conservatism
Syncretic

Fiscal: Left-wing

Social: Right-wing

1 / 8,794
Cape Independence Party CAPEXIT Jack Miller 2007 Cape Independence
Direct democracy
1 / 8,794
National People's Front NAPF Bheki Gumbi 2018
1 / 8,794

Extra-parliamentary parties

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Defunct parties

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Defunct Parliamentary Parties (1994 – Present)
Name Abbrev. Founded Dissolved Main Ideologies Peak MPs (year)
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging
English: Afrikaner Unity Movement
AEB 1998 2003 Afrikaner nationalism
Conservatism
1 (1999)
Democratic Party
Afrikaans: Demokratiese Party
DP 1989 2000 Conservative liberalism
Economic liberalism
38 (1999)
Federal Alliance
Afrikaans: Federale Alliansie
FA 1998 2007 Conservatism
Libertarianism
2 (1999)
Independent Democrats ID 2003 2014 Populism
Social liberalism
7 (2004)
National Party
Afrikaans: Nasionale Party
NP 1914 1997 Christian democracy
Conservative liberalism
82 (1994)
New National Party
Afrikaans: Nuwe Nasionale Party
NNP 1997 2005 Civic nationalism
Conservatism
28 (1999)
Defunct Parliamentary Parties (1958–1994)
Name Abbrev. Founded Dissolved Main Ideologies
Conservative Party
Afrikaans: Konserwatiewe Party
KP 1982 2004 Afrikaner nationalism
Social conservatism
Labour Party
Afrikaans: Arbeidersparty
AP 1969 1994 Coloured people's rights
Anti-apartheid
Labourism
Social democracy
National Union
Afrikaans: Nasionale Unie
NU 1960 1966 Centrism
Social conservatism
New Republic Party
Afrikaans: Nuwe Republiekparty
NRP 1977 1988 Conservatism
Consociationalism
Progressive Federal Party
Afrikaans: Progressiewe Federale Party
PFP 1977 1989 Anti-racism
Liberalism
Progressive Party
Afrikaans: Progressiewe Party
PP 1959 1975 Anti-racism
Liberalism
South African Party
Afrikaans: Suid-Afrikaanse Party
SAP 1977 1980 Conservatism
Federalism
United Party
Afrikaans: Verenigde Party
UP 1934 1977 Conservative liberalism
Monarchism
Defunct Parliamentary Parties (1910–1958)
Name Abbrev. Founded Dissolved Main Ideologies
Afrikaner Party
Afrikaans: Afrikanerparty
AP 1941 1951 Afrikaner nationalism
Conservatism
Dominion Party
Afrikaans: Dominiumparty
DP 1934 1948 Conservatism
Monarchism
Herenigde Nasionale Party
English: Reunited National Party
HNP 1940 1948 Afrikaner nationalism
Social conservatism
Labour Party
Afrikaans: Suid-Afrikaanse Arbeidersparty
LP 1910 1958 Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Purified National Party
Afrikaans: Gesuiwerde Nasionale Party
GNP 1935 1940 Afrikaner nationalism
Social conservatism
Roos Party RP 1929 1935 Afrikaner nationalism
Monetary reform
Socialist Party SP 1938 1948 Democratic socialism
Social democracy
South African Party
Afrikaans: Suid-Afrikaanse Party
Dutch: Zuidafrikaanse Partij
SAP 1910 1934 Afrikaner nationalism
Liberal conservatism
Unionist Party
Afrikaans: Unionisteparty
UP 1910 1920 Monarchism
Protectionism

Defunct parties

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See also

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References

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  1. ^ Sussman, Wayne (3 February 2022). "Resilient NFP makes sufficient KZN gains to worry slumping ANC and IFP". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 6 December 2023.
  2. ^ "message by mammba – International Revelation Congress". Retrieved 31 May 2023.
  3. ^ Westhuizen, Pieter van der. "ACA Party". Acaparty.org.za. Archived from the original on 10 August 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Tuisblad – Afrikanervolksparty". afrikanervolksparty.org. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  5. ^ "CHANGE". Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Welcome to the Dagga Party Official Website". Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  7. ^ "Home". federalpartysa.github.io.
  8. ^ https://www.greensouthafrica.co.za/. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ Ludidi, Velani (16 April 2024). "Five parties ally with Gayton McKenzie's PA to take on DA in Western Cape". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 20 June 2024.
  10. ^ "The OHM". www.organichumanitymovement.org. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "True Freedom Party | True Freedom Party". Archived from the original on 7 October 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
  13. ^ "Home". trulyalliance.org.za. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  14. ^ "A Young Party by Young People!". www.dailysun.co.za. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  15. ^ http://www.womenforward.org.za [permanent dead link]
  16. ^ "Five parties deregistered by IEC". Times LIVE. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014. five parties – the Justice Party, the Real Congress, the United Democratic Civic Organisation, the Unemployed People's Party and the Christian Front – were deregistered
  17. ^ "Legal Notice No 37064". Government Gazette. 581 C. 29 November 2013.
  18. ^ "Untitled Document". Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2009.
  19. ^ "NPP | Home". Archived from the original on 3 November 2007. Retrieved 1 November 2007.
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