List of political parties in Denmark

This article lists political parties in Denmark.

Denmark has a multi-party system, with two or three major parties complemented by several other significant parties. The government typically consists of a major party in coalition with, or supported by, a number of smaller parties. No party has won an outright majority since 1903. All governments since then have either been one-party minority governments or coalitions between two or more parties.

The Ministry of Social Welfare registers and validates party names and the official party letters for all parties that participate in national elections. On ballots, the parties are sorted alphabetically by party letter.

Parties represented in the Folketing or the European ParliamentEdit

Election
Symbol
Party name Representation (2022) Ideology Leader
Folketing
(175/179 seats)
MEPs
(14/705 seats)
 
A
Social Democrats,
Socialdemokratiet[1]
49 / 179
3 / 14
Social democracy,
Pro-Europeanism
Mette Frederiksen
 
V
Venstre,
Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti
(Left, Denmark's Liberal Party)
39 / 179
4 / 14
Conservative liberalism,
Agrarianism (Nordic),
Economic liberalism
Jakob Ellemann-Jensen
 
F
Socialist People's Party,
Socialistisk Folkeparti
15 / 179
2 / 14
Green politics,
Popular socialism,
Democratic socialism
Pia Olsen Dyhr
 
B
Danish Social Liberal Party,
Radikale Venstre
(The Radical Left)
14 / 179
2 / 14
Social liberalism,
Pro-Europeanism
Sofie Carsten Nielsen
 
Ø
Red-Green Alliance,
Enhedslisten – De Rød-Grønne
(Unity List – The Red-Greens)
13 / 179
1 / 14
Democratic socialism,
Eco-socialism,
Anti-capitalism
collective leadership
 
C
Conservative People's Party,
Det Konservative Folkeparti
13 / 179
1 / 14
Conservatism,
Green conservatism,
Liberal conservatism
Søren Pape Poulsen
 
O
Danish People's Party,
Dansk Folkeparti
10 / 179
1 / 14
Danish nationalism,
National conservatism,
Social conservatism
Morten Messerschmidt
 
D
The New Right,
Nye Borgerlige
(The New Bourgeois)
4 / 179
0 / 14
Conservatism,
National conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Pernille Vermund
 
I
Liberal Alliance,
Liberal Alliance
3 / 179
0 / 14
Classical liberalism,
Right-libertarianism
Alex Vanopslagh
 
Q
Independent Greens,
Frie Grønne
or: Frie Grønne – Danmarks nye venstrefløjsparti
(The Independent Greens – Denmark's New Left-Wing Party)
3 / 179
0 / 14
Green politics,
Anti-racism,
Humanism
Sikandar Siddique
 
Å
The Alternative,
Alternativet
1 / 179
0 / 14
Green politics,
Progressivism,
Pro-Europeanism
Franciska Rosenkilde
 
K
Christian Democrats,
Kristendemokraterne
1 / 179
0 / 14
Christian democracy,
Social conservatism,
Environmentalism
Marianne Karlsmose
(acting)

M
Moderates,
Moderaterne
1 / 179
0 / 14
N/A Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Independents
9 / 179
0 / 14
N/A N/A

Parties without Folketing or European Parliament representationEdit

Election
Symbol
Party name Recent results Ideology Leader
Folketing European Parliament Municipal
 
N
People's Movement against the EU
Folkebevægelsen mod EU
Did not run 102,101
(3.7%)
Did not run Hard Euroscepticism
Sovereignty
Nonpartisan
collective leadership

G
Vegan Party
Veganerpartiet
Did not exist Did not exist
0 / 2,436
Veganism
Green politics
Ecocentrism
Lærke Lina Skovbjerg
(Chairperson of the board of directors of the party)
 
S
Schleswig Party
Slesvigsk Parti
Schleswigsche Partei
Did not run Did not run
10 / 2,436
Regionalism
German minority interests
Carsten Leth Schmidt

Marginal partiesEdit

Party name Symbol Founded Ideology Leader
Cannabis Party
Hampepartiet
2001 Cannabis legalisation Klaus Trier Tuxen
CenterParty
CenterPartiet
2009 Centrism Per Schultz-Knudsen
The Citizen List
Borgerlisten
E 2018 Populism
Social liberalism
Tax reform
Klaus Riskær Pedersen
Communist Party
Kommunistisk Parti
2006 Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Lotte Rørtoft-Madsen
Communist Party in Denmark
Kommunistisk Parti i Danmark
1990 Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Rikke Carlson
Communist Party of Denmark
Danmarks Kommunistiske Parti
K 1919 Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Henrik Stamer Hedin
Danish Unity
Dansk Samling
R 1936 Christian nationalism
Third way
Morten Uhrskov Jensen
Dukkepartiet 2014 Big tent
Freedom List
Frihedslisten
2021 Regionalism Flemming Blicher
Hard Line
Stram Kurs
P 2017 Ethnic nationalism
Identitarianism
Anti-immigration
Rasmus Paludan
Justice Party of Denmark
Retsforbundet
E 1919 Georgism
Euroscepticism
Collective leadership
Progress Party
Fremskridtspartiet
Z 1972 Right-wing populism
Anti-Islam
Economic liberalism
Niels Højland
United Democrats
Forenede Demokrater
2013 Britta Johansson
Visions-Partiet 2002 Holism
Spirituality
Green politics
Benny Dyhr Thomsen
Volt Denmark 2018 Social liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
European federalism
Kathrine Richter, Alexander Nielsen

Local partiesEdit

See List of regional and local political parties in Denmark

Defunct partiesEdit

Formerly representedEdit

Party name Symbol Founded Dissolved Ideology Representation
Bjørnbakske Venstre 1862 1877 Antimilitarism
Women's rights
Folketing: 1870s
Capital's Venstre
Hovedstadens Venstre
V 1947 1947 Folketing: 1947[a]
Centre Democrats
Centrum-Demokraterne
D 1973 2008 Centrism
Liberal conservatism
Folketing: 1973–2001
Clear Venstre
Rene Venstre
1884 1897 Folketing: 1887–1897
Common Course
Fælles Kurs
P 1986 2001 Communism
Euroskepticism
Populism
Folketing: 1987–1988
Farmers' Party
Bondepartiet
F 1923 1945 Agrarianism Folketing: 1935–1945
Landsting: 1939–1945
Free Conservatives
Frikonservative
1902 1915 Conservatism Landsting: 1902–1915
Free Democrats
De Frie Demokrater
1984 1986 Folketing: 1984–1986
Freedom 2000
Frihed 2000
1999 2001 Right-wing populism
Anti-Islam
Folketing: 1999–2001[b]
Hansen's Venstre Folketing: 1858–1861
Højre (1848–1866)
Højre
1848 1866 Constituent assembly: 1848–1849
Folketing: 1849–1866
Landsting: 1849–1866
Højre (1881–1915)
Højre
H 1881 1915 Folketing: 1881–1915
Landsting: 1882–1915
Independent Party
De Uafhængige
U 1953 Classical liberalism
Anti-elitism
Folketing: 1960–1966
Independent Venstre
Uafhængigt Venstre
Folketing: 1876–1879
Industry Party
Erhvervspartiet
Ep 1918 1924 Folketing: 1918–1924
June Movement
Juni Bevægelsen
J 1992 2009 Euroskepticism European Parliament: 1994–2009
Left Socialists
Venstresocialisterne
Y 1967 2013 Socialism
Revolutionary socialism
Anti-capitalism
Folketing: 1968–1971, 1975–1984
Liberal Centre
Liberalt Centrum
L 1965 1969 Folketing: 1966–1968
Mellempartiet 1866 Folketing: 1865–1870s
Moderate Venstre
Det Forhandlende Venstre
F 1877 1910 Folketing: 1879–1910
Landsting: 1878–1910
National Liberal Party
De Nationalliberale
1842 1882 National liberalism Constituent Assembly: 1948–1849
Folketing: 1849–1872, 1876–1881
Landsting: 1849–1882
National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark
Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Arbejderparti
N 1930 1945 Nazism
Fascism
Folketing: 1939–1945
National Venstre
Nationale Venstre
1870 Folketing: 1865–1870
Peace Politics People's Party
Fredspolitisk Folkeparti
M 1963 Pacifism Folketing: 1964
People's Venstre
Folkelige Venstre
1866 Folketing: 1865–1870
Society of the Friends of Peasants
Bondevennernes Selskab
1846 1872 Agrarianism, liberalism Constituent assembly: 1848–1849
Folketing: 1849–1860s
Landstings: 1849–1860s
Tscherning's Venstre Folketing: 1858–1872
United Venstre
Det Forenede Venstre
1870 1879 Folketing: 1872–1879
Landsting: 1870s
Venstre of the Folketing
Folketingets Venstre
1895 Folketing: 1879–1895
Venstre Reform Party
Venstrereformpartiet
1895 1910 Folketing: 1898–1910
Landsting: 1898–1910

Marginal partiesEdit

Party name Symbol Founded Dissolved Ideology
Autonomy Party
Selvstyrepartiet
Sep 1926 Schleswig independence
The Black Register
Det Sorte Register
2011
Communist League
Kommunistisk Forbund
1973 1980 Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Danish People's Party
Dansk Folkeparti
1941
Corporatism

Anti-communism

Folkeringen 2016 Democratic socialism
Forward
Fremad
2019 2020 Liberalism
Classical liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Free Social Democrats
Frie Socialdemokrater
FS 1920 Social nationalism
Fokus 2010 2015 Green politics
Animals rights
Animal welfare
Minority Party
Minoritetspartiet
M 2000 2007 Humanism
National Party
Nationalpartiet
2014 Centrism
National Socialist Movement of Denmark
Danmarks Nationalsocialistiske Bevægelse
1991 Neo-Nazism
Pensioners' Party
Pensionistpartiet
P 1976 2004 Pensioners' interests
People's Movement for Justice and Welfare
Folkebevægelsen Ret- & Velfærd
2006 2015
Pirate Party of Denmark
Piratpartiet
2009 2017 Pirate politics
Social Balance 2012 ~2014
Union of Conscientiously Work-Shy Elements
Sammenslutning af Bevidst Arbejdssky Elementer
1979 1998 Political satire

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ (split of Venstre that only existed to contest the 1947 Folketing election in order to exploit a peculiarity of the election law)
  2. ^ not registered as a party but represented in parliament as a parliamentary group

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The party's former name, "Socialdemokraterne", is still frequently used.

External linksEdit