List of outdoor ice hockey games

A hockey rink is set up in the middle of a football field, with thousands of people surrounding the playing surface
The University of Michigan and Michigan State University set a world record for attendance in 2010

Playing hockey games outdoors—in soccer, football and baseball stadiums—is an increasingly popular trend for junior, college, professional and international competitions in the 21st century. The popularity of outdoor games has resulted in attendance records in several leagues, and the current world record total of 104,173 was set at The Big Chill at the Big House, a December 2010 National Collegiate Athletic Association game between the University of Michigan and Michigan State University.[1]

While other indoor sports such as basketball have been able to use outdoor tennis courts and even aircraft carriers for outdoor games, this is rarely possible in ice hockey because a regulation rink is generally much wider and longer than the playing surface available in either of those venues. Ice hockey, however, has been played at Stade Roland Garros, the venue of the French Open in tennis. Staging a Vysshaya liga game on the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov has been considered as well. To compensate for the varying weather conditions at outdoor ice hockey games, the teams may switch sides after each half of a period.

HistoryEdit

In the early history of hockey, games were played outdoors on rivers, lakes, and other naturally occurring ice surfaces. In fact, the first indoor game, held in 1875, was a novelty at the time, yet after that the game moved inside. While the first Olympic hockey tournament, held in 1920, was played indoors, games at the first Winter Olympics in 1924 were the first of several such tournaments to be played outdoors.[2] Games at the World Championships were occasionally played outdoors, including the 1957 gold medal game between the Soviet Union and Sweden at the Lenin Stadium in Moscow. The attendance at that game was approximately 55,000, a number that stood as a record for more than 40 years.[3] In 1954, the Detroit Red Wings of the National Hockey League (NHL) played an exhibition game on an outdoor ice surface against the inmates of Michigan's Marquette Branch Prison.[4]

While the New York Rangers and the Los Angeles Kings played an NHL exhibition game in 1991 outside Caesars Palace in Las Vegas,[5] the modern trend for outdoor competition began in 2001. That year, Michigan State University and the University of Michigan played to a 3–3 tie in an outdoor game known as the Cold War before 74,554 fans. The game was held at Michigan State's Spartan Stadium, with the hockey rink set up in the middle of the football field.[6]

 
Held in 2001, the Cold War launched the modern outdoor game phenomenon

The NHL's first regular season outdoor game ensued: the 2003 Heritage Classic, hosted by the Edmonton Oilers, who lost by a 4–3 score to the Montreal Canadiens. Though the game was played in frigid temperatures that went as low as −19 °C (−2 °F), it drew over 57,000 fans and was hailed as a success.[7] The league followed it up in 2008 when it inaugurated the NHL Winter Classic as an annual event to be held on New Year's Day. The 2008 NHL Winter Classic, held in Buffalo, set an NHL attendance record of 71,217.[8] The 2014 NHL Winter Classic, held at Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, Michigan, set a new NHL attendance record of 105,491.[9] In 2011, for the first time the NHL hosted two outdoor games, the Winter Classic in Pittsburgh, and the Heritage Classic in Calgary.

Outdoor games have been held by many leagues around the world. The Swiss league's SCL Tigers hosted SC Bern in an outdoor game to celebrate the 100th Tigers–Bern Derby in 2007.[10] In 2009, Swedish clubs Frölunda HC and Färjestads BK played a game at Ullevi. The game broke the former European league-game record for attendance at that time with a crowd of 31,144 (beaten in February 2011 when Jokerit and HIFK played in front of 36,644 spectators).[11] The game also broke the Swedish record crowd of 23,192, set in the same stadium in 1962.[12] The current world record for attendance at a hockey game was set in December 2010, in an NCAA game between the same two teams that participated in the Cold War. In this game, Michigan hosted Michigan State in an event known as The Big Chill at the Big House. The game had an announced attendance of 113,411 spectators, but Guinness World Records certified the attendance as 104,173 based on tickets scanned.[1][13][14] The record had previously been set at the opening game of the 2010 IIHF World Championship, in which the hosting Germans defeated the United States 2–1 before a then-record 77,803 fans. Although the game was held at Veltins-Arena in Gelsenkirchen, it was not technically an outdoor game, as the stadium's retractable roof was closed due to International Ice Hockey Federation regulations.[15][16][17] In 2010, Färjestad and Frölunda again played an outdoor game against each other, this time in Karlstad. 15,274 spectators saw Färjestad win the game 5–2.[18]

PopularityEdit

Outdoor games have proven to be immensely popular with fans. For the 2003 Heritage Classic, the NHL received over 900,000 requests from all over the world for a chance to buy one of the 57,167 tickets available. CBC's Hockey Night in Canada telecast of the game drew 2.7 million viewers, a record for a regular season game for the half-century old television program.[19] In the United States, the Winter Classics have been a ratings winner; 4.56 million people watched the 2011 Winter Classic, and the game led to a ratings win for NBC in the coveted 18–49 age group despite the fact that poor weather forced the NHL to move the start time of the game back several hours on less than a day's notice.[20] It became the most watched NHL regular season game in the last 36 years.[21] The games have been credited as causing increased interest in hockey in the United States.[22] In Russia, the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL) hosted its first All-Star Game in 2009 in Moscow's Red Square. The league used the location to promote the KHL amidst the global financial crisis.[23]

GamesEdit

Though games have been held outdoors since the sport's earliest days, this list contains only those held since the 2001 Cold War popularized the trend of holding outdoor games as events.

Date Event Location League Home team Score Visiting team Attendance Notes Ref
October 6, 2001 Cold War   Spartan Stadium
East Lansing, Michigan
CCHA Michigan State Spartans
(men)
3–3 Michigan Wolverines
(men)
74,554 First outdoor game in NCAA history [6]
November 22, 2003 2003 Heritage Classic   Commonwealth Stadium
Edmonton, Alberta
NHL Edmonton Oilers 3–4 Montreal Canadiens 57,167 First regular season outdoor game in NHL history [24]
April 2, 2005 Our Game to Give   Ivor Wynne Stadium
Hamilton, Ontario
Charity game Team Gilmour 9–8 Team Staios 10,300 Held during 2004–05 NHL lockout [25][26]
February 13, 2006 Frozen Tundra Classic   Lambeau Field
Green Bay, Wisconsin
WCHA Wisconsin Badgers
(men)
4–2 Ohio State Buckeyes
(men)
40,890 [27]
January 14, 2007 100th Tigers-Bern derby match   Stade de Suisse
Bern, Switzerland
NLA SCL Tigers 2–5 SC Bern 30,076 National League A attendance record [10]
January 1, 2008 2008 NHL Winter Classic   Ralph Wilson Stadium
Orchard Park, New York
NHL Buffalo Sabres 1–2
(SO)
Pittsburgh Penguins 71,217 [8]
January 1, 2009 2009 NHL Winter Classic   Wrigley Field
Chicago, Illinois
Chicago Blackhawks 4–6 Detroit Red Wings 40,818 [28]
January 10, 2009 2009 KHL All-Star Game   Red Square
Moscow, Russia
KHL Team Yashin 6–7 Team Jágr 2,500 (est.) First outdoor game in KHL history [23]
February 7, 2009   Gstaad Skating Rink
Gstaad, Switzerland
Exhibition Switzerland
(men's)
4–3
(SO)
Slovakia
(men's)
3,000 (est.) [29]
February 14, 2009 Fairbanks Ice Dogs 1st Annual Outdoor Game   Big Dipper Ice Arena
Fairbanks, Alaska
NAHL Fairbanks Ice Dogs 3–1 Alaska Avalanche 2,000 (est.) First outdoor game sanctioned by USA Hockey [30]
December 27, 2009 2009 Hungarian Winter Classic   Kisstadion
Budapest, Hungary
MOL Liga Ferencvárosi TC 2–1 Újpesti TE 4,500 [31][32]
December 28, 2009 2009 SEL Outdoor Classic   Ullevi
Gothenburg, Sweden
SEL Frölunda HC 4–1 Färjestad BK 31,144 Elitserien/SHL attendance record
Established new attendance record for a league match in Sweden
[11]
January 1, 2010 2010 NHL Winter Classic   Fenway Park
Boston, Massachusetts
NHL Boston Bruins 2–1
(OT)
Philadelphia Flyers 38,112 [33]
January 8, 2010 Frozen Fenway 2010 Hockey East Northeastern Huskies
(women)
3–5 New Hampshire Wildcats
(women)
6,889 [34]
Boston College Eagles
(men)
2–3 Boston University Terriers
(men)
38,472 [34]
January 9, 2010 2010 EBEL Winter Classic   Hypo-Arena
Klagenfurt, Austria
EBEL EC KAC 1–3 VSV EC 30,500 Austrian Hockey League attendance record [35]
New Jersey Pond Hockey Classic   Navesink Country Club
Navesink, New Jersey
ACHA Rowan University
(men)
4–4 University of Maryland, Baltimore County
(men)
100 First ACHA outdoor game [36]
February 6, 2010 Camp Randall Hockey Classic   Camp Randall Stadium
Madison, Wisconsin
WCHA Wisconsin Badgers
(women)
6–1 Bemidji State Beavers
(women)
8,263 [37]
Wisconsin Badgers
(men)
3–2 Michigan Wolverines
(men)
55,031 [37]
February 20, 2010 Mirabito Outdoor Classic   New York State Fairgrounds
Syracuse, New York
AHL Syracuse Crunch 2–1 Binghamton Senators 21,508 First AHL outdoor game; American Hockey League attendance record (since broken) [38]
March 13, 2010 Fairbanks Ice Dogs 2nd Annual Outdoor Game   Big Dipper Ice Arena
Fairbanks, Alaska
NAHL Fairbanks Ice Dogs 3–2 Wichita Falls Wildcats 2,500 (est.) [39]
November 26, 2010 Northern Classic   Fort McMurray, Alberta AJHL Fort McMurray Oil Barons 4–2 Drayton Valley Thunder 5,726 Alberta Junior Hockey League attendance record [40]
December 4, 2010 The Frozen Face-off   Michigan Stadium
Ann Arbor, Michigan
MCHA Adrian Bulldogs
(men)
3–0 Concordia Falcons
(men)
1,470 1st outdoor D-III game on record [41]
December 11, 2010 The Big Chill at the Big House CCHA Michigan Wolverines
(men)
5–0 Michigan State Spartans
(men)
104,173 CCHA attendance record; highest attended game on record [1][13]
December 26, 2010 2010 SEL Outdoor Classic   Karlstad Outdoor Arena
Karlstad, Sweden
SEL Färjestad BK 5–2 Frölunda HC 15,274 [18]
December 31, 2010 2011 NHL Winter Classic Alumni Game   Heinz Field
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
NHL Alumni Pittsburgh Penguins
alumni
5–5 Washington Capitals
alumni
10,000 [42] [43]
January 1, 2011 2011 NHL Winter Classic NHL Pittsburgh Penguins 1–3 Washington Capitals 68,111 [44]
January 2, 2011 Open Air Hockey 2011   Pardubice-Svítkov Speedway
Pardubice, Czech Republic
ELH HC Eaton Pardubice 4–2 HC Kometa Brno 17,140 Set Extraliga attendance record
(since overtaken)
[45]
January 9, 2011 2011 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships – Division III   Zócalo
Mexico City, Mexico
IIHF WJHC Mexico national junior team
(men's)
8–0 Bulgaria national junior team
(men's)
3,000 First outdoor ice hockey game in Mexican history [46]
January 15, 2011 Rockstar Outdoor Hockey Classic   Avista Stadium
Spokane, Washington
WHL
(CHL)
Spokane Chiefs 11–2 Kootenay Ice 7,075 First regular season outdoor game in both WHL (& CHL) history [47]
  Bernick's Outdoor Rink
Sartell, Minnesota
MIAC Saint Benedict Blazers
(women)
1–9 Concordia Cobbers
(women)
100 [48]
January 29, 2011 North Shore Winter Classic   Iron Bridge Outdoor Arena
Iron Bridge, Ontario
GMHL Elliot Lake Bobcats 8–2 Algoma Avalanche 400 (est.) [49]
February 5, 2011 2011 Talviklassikko   Helsinki Olympic Stadium
Helsinki, Finland
SM-liiga Jokerit 3–4 HIFK 36,644 SM-liiga attendance record
Established new attendance record for a European league match (since broken)
[50]
February 13, 2011 Whalers Hockey Fest   Rentschler Field
East Hartford, Connecticut
Atlantic Hockey Connecticut Huskies
(men)
3–1 Sacred Heart Pioneers
(men)
1,911 [51]
Hockey East Connecticut Huskies
(women)
3–4 Providence Friars
(women)
153 [52]
February 15, 2011 NESCAC Trinity Bantams
(women)
5–1 Wesleyan Cardinals
(women)
100 [53]
Wesleyan Cardinals
(men)
1–3 Trinity Bantams
(men)
820 [54]
February 19, 2011 Atlantic Hockey American International Yellow Jackets
(men)
1–4 Army Black Knights
(men)
1,142 [55]
NHL Alumni Hartford Whalers
alumni
4–4 Boston Bruins
alumni
10,000 [56]
Whale Bowl AHL Connecticut Whale 4–5
(SO)
Providence Bruins 21,673 American Hockey League attendance record (since broken) [56]
Face-Off in the Foothills   McMahon Stadium
Calgary, Alberta
NHL Alumni 1989 Calgary Flames 3–5 Montreal Canadiens alumni 10,000+ [57]
February 20, 2011 2011 Heritage Classic NHL Calgary Flames 4–0 Montreal Canadiens 41,022 [58]
February 21, 2011 Face-Off in the Foothills WHL
(CHL)
Calgary Hitmen 2–3 Regina Pats 20,888 Western and Canadian Hockey League attendance records; Junior hockey world record [59]
February 26, 2011 Slaget om Siljan   Villa Långbers Arena
Leksand, Sweden
HockeyAllsvenskan Leksands IF 1–4 Mora IK 17,319 [60]
March 12, 2011 Fairbanks Ice Dogs 3rd Annual Outdoor Game   Big Dipper Ice Arena
Fairbanks, Alaska
NAHL Fairbanks Ice Dogs 5–3 Wenatchee Wild 2,000 (est.) [61]
December 10, 2011 2011 SEL Outdoor Classic   Elmia Outdoor Arena
Jönköping, Sweden
SEL HV71 0–1
(OT)
Linköpings HC 18,884 New attendance record for a sports event in Jönköping
First road team winner since the yearly tradition from 2009
[62][63]
December 31, 2011 2012 NHL Winter Classic Alumni Game   Citizens Bank Park
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
NHL Alumni Philadelphia Flyers
alumni
3–1 New York Rangers
alumni
45,808 [64]
January 2, 2012 2012 NHL Winter Classic NHL Philadelphia Flyers 2–3 New York Rangers 46,967 [65]
January 6, 2012 2012 AHL Outdoor Game AHL Adirondack Phantoms 4–3
(OT)
Hershey Bears 45,653 American Hockey League attendance record [66]
January 7, 2012 Frozen Fenway 2012   Fenway Park
Boston, Massachusetts
Hockey East Vermont Catamounts
(men)
2–3
(OT)
UMass Minutemen
(men)
38,456 [67]
New Hampshire Wildcats
(men)
4–5
(OT)
Maine Black Bears
(men)
38,456 [67]
January 10, 2012 Providence Friars
(women)
2–3 Dartmouth Big Green
(women)
1,305 [68]
January 13, 2012 ECAC East (D-III) Babson Beavers
(men)
1–4 Norwich Cadets
(men)
7,250 [69]
ECAC Hockey Harvard Crimson
(men)
0–2 Union Dutchmen
(men)
8,981 [69]
January 14, 2012 Hockey East Boston College Eagles
(men)
2–1 Northeastern Huskies
(men)
29,601 [70]
January 15, 2012 The Frozen Diamond Faceoff   Progressive Field
Cleveland, Ohio
CCHA Ohio State Buckeyes
(men)
1–4 Michigan Wolverines
(men)
25,864 First outdoor hockey game between rivals Ohio State and Michigan [71][72]
January 19, 2012 OUA Outdoor Classic   Ivor Wynne Stadium
Hamilton, Ontario
OUA UOIT Ridgebacks
(women)
2–3 Brock Badgers
(women)
102 [73]
January 20, 2012 2012 AHL Outdoor Classic "Steeltown Showdown" NHL Alumni Montreal Canadiens
alumni
5–6 Toronto Maple Leafs
alumni
8,000 [74]
January 21, 2012 2012 AHL Outdoor Classic "Steeltown Showdown" AHL Hamilton Bulldogs 2–7 Toronto Marlies 20,565 [26]
January 22, 2012 OUA Outdoor Classic OUA Waterloo Warriors
(men)
3–1 Brock Badgers
(men)
500 [73]
February 4, 2012 2012 Talviklassikko   Helsinki Olympic Stadium
Helsinki, Finland
SM-liiga HIFK 3–2
(SO)
Jokerit 34,264 [75]
February 9, 2012 2012 Oddset Hockey Games Euro Hockey Tour Finland
(men's)
0–2 Russia
(men's)
25,036 [76]
February 17, 2012 Russian Classic   Central Stadium
Krasnoyarsk, Russia
VHL Sokol Krasnoyarsk 2–3 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl 16,100 First outdoor game in VHL history [77]
September 14, 2012 2012 Arena Ice Fever   Pula Arena
Pula, Croatia
EBEL Medveščak Zagreb 2–3 Olimpija Ljubljana 7,022 First hockey game held in an amphitheater [78][79]
September 16, 2012 Medveščak Zagreb 4–1 Vienna Capitals 7,130 [78][79]
December 8, 2012 2012 SEL Outdoor Classic/Brynäs IF 100-year celebration   Gävlebocken Arena
Gävle, Sweden
SEL Brynäs IF 3–0 Timrå IK 15,009 [80][81]
January 4, 2013 Bežigrad IceFest 2013   Bežigrad Stadium
Ljubljana, Slovenia
EBEL Olimpija Ljubljana 5–4
(OT)
EC VSV 7,000 [82]
January 5, 2013 2013 DEL Winter Game   Frankenstadion
Nürnberg, Germany
DEL Thomas Sabo Ice Tigers 4–3 Eisbären Berlin 50,000 New attendance record for a European league match [83]
January 6, 2013 City Game   Penguins Pond at Highmark Stadium
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
ACHA Pitt Panthers
(men)
5–3 Duquesne Dukes
(men)
N/A Game traditionally held at CONSOL Energy Center; held during the 2012–13 NHL lockout [84]
Bežigrad IceFest 2013   Bežigrad Stadium
Ljubljana, Slovenia
EBEL Olimpija Ljubljana 8–4 Medveščak Zagreb 7,000 [82]
January 8, 2013 Olimpija Ljubljana 2–4 EC KAC 7,000 [82]
January 20, 2013 2013 AHL Outdoor Classic   Hersheypark Stadium
Hershey, Pennsylvania
AHL Hershey Bears 1–2
(OT)
Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins 17,311 [85]
February 9, 2013 Mutual of Omaha Battles on Ice   TD Ameritrade Park Omaha
Omaha, Nebraska
USHL Omaha Lancers 4–2 Lincoln Stars 13,523 First outdoor USHL game, Part of a Doubleheader [86]
WCHA Omaha Mavericks
(men)
2–5 North Dakota
(men)
13,650 Part of a Doubleheader. [87]
February 17, 2013 OfficeMax Hockey City Classic   Soldier Field
Chicago, Illinois
CCHA Notre Dame Fighting Irish
(men)
2–1 Miami RedHawks
(men)
52,051 Part of a doubleheader. [88]
WCHA Wisconsin Badgers
(men)
3–2 Minnesota Golden Gophers
(men)
52,051 Part of a doubleheader. [88]
December 13, 2013 Frozen Frontier   Frontier Field
Rochester, New York
AHL Rochester Americans 5–4
(SO)
Lake Erie Monsters 11,015 [89]
December 14, 2013 Non-conference
NCAA Div I
RIT Tigers
(women)
2–6 Clarkson Golden Knights
(women)
1,578 First outdoor women's hockey game in the state of New York [89]
Atlantic Hockey RIT Tigers
(men)
2–2
(OT)
Niagara Purple Eagles
(men)
4,760 [89]
2013 SHL Outdoor Classic[1]   Gamla Ullevi
Gothenburg, Sweden
SHL Frölunda HC 1–4 Skellefteå AIK 13,452 Second SHL outdoor game in Gothenburg [90][91]
Open Ice Winter Classic Tampere   Tampere Stadium
Tampere, Finland
Liiga Tappara 1–0 Ilves 15,062
December 15, 2013 Frozen Frontier   Frontier Field
Rochester, New York
Non-conference
NCAA Div III
Nazareth Golden Flyers
(men)
2–3 Geneseo Knights
(men)
1,000 [92]
OJHL Buffalo Jr. Sabres 4–5 St. Michael's Buzzers 1,173 [93]
NHL/AHL Alumni Rochester Americans
alumni
5–3 Buffalo Sabres
alumni
N/A Game played in two halves [89]
December 16, 2013 2013 Hockeytown Winter Festival   Comerica Park
Detroit, Michigan
OUA Windsor Lancers 2–5 Western Mustangs 1,000 [94]
December 22, 2013 Winter Game 2013   Stade des Alpes
Grenoble, France
Ligue Magnus Grenoble Brûleurs de Loups 4–5 Briançon Diables Rouges 19,767 Attendance record for a game between two French teams
December 27, 2013 2013 Hockeytown Winter Festival   Comerica Park
Detroit, Michigan
NCAA Michigan Tech Huskies
(men)
3–2
(SO)
Michigan State Spartans
(men)
25,449
Michigan Wolverines
(men)
2–3
(OT)
Western Michigan Broncos
(men)
25,449
December 28, 2013 Frozen Fenway 2014   Fenway Park
Boston, Massachusetts
Atlantic Hockey Bentley Falcons
(men)
3–2 Holy Cross Crusaders
(men)
3,898 [95]
2013 Hockeytown Winter Festival   Comerica Park
Detroit, Michigan
NCAA Michigan Wolverines
(men)
0–3 Michigan State Spartans
(men)
26,052
Western Michigan Broncos
(men)
1–0
(OT)
Michigan Tech Huskies
(men)
December 29, 2013 OHL
(CHL)
Saginaw Spirit 5–6 Windsor Spitfires 25,749 Set OHL and CHL attendance record [96]
Plymouth Whalers 2–1
(SO)
London Knights 26,384 Reset OHL and CHL attendance record [96]
December 30, 2013 AHL Grand Rapids Griffins 3–4
(SO)
Toronto Marlies 20,337
December 31, 2013 NHL Alumni Detroit Red Wings
alumni
5–4 Toronto Maple Leafs
alumni
33,425 [97]
6–5
(SO)
[97]
January 1, 2014 2014 NHL Winter Classic   Michigan Stadium
Ann Arbor, Michigan
NHL Detroit Red Wings 2–3
(SO)
Toronto Maple Leafs 105,491 (announced)
< 104,173 (certified)
National Hockey League attendance record [98][99]
January 4, 2014 Frozen Fenway 2014   Fenway Park
Boston, Massachusetts
Hockey East Merrimack Warriors
(men)
1–1 Providence Friars
(men)
31,569 [100]
Boston College Eagles
(men)
4–3 Notre Dame Fighting Irish
(men)
31,569 [100]
January 7, 2014 Non-conference
NCAA Div III
Salem State Vikings
(men)
2–4 UMass Boston Beacons
(men)
1,133 [101]
NESCAC Williams Ephs
(men)
4–2 Trinity Bantams
(men)
4,132 [102]
January 9, 2014 ECAC East Babson Beavers
(men)
0–1 Norwich Cadets
(men)
1,200 [103]
January 11, 2014 Hockey East Northeastern Huskies
(men)
4–1 UMass Lowell River Hawks
(men)
25,580 [104]
Boston University Terriers
(men)
3–7 Maine Black Bears
(men)
25,580 [105]
2014 NLA Winter Classic   Stade de Genève
Geneva, Switzerland
NLA Genève-Servette HC 0–1
(OT)
Lausanne Hockey Club 29,400 [106]
January 17, 2014 2014 Hockey City Classic   TCF Bank Stadium
Minneapolis, Minnesota
WCHA Minnesota Golden Gophers
(women)
4–0 Minnesota State Mavericks
(women)
6,623 [107]
Big Ten Minnesota Golden Gophers
(men)
1–0 Ohio State Buckeyes
(men)
45,021 [108]
January 19, 2014 Russian Classic   Central Stadium
Chelyabinsk, Russia
VHL Chelmet Chelyabinsk 2–5 Lada Togliatti 9,200 [109]
January 25, 2014 2014 NHL Stadium Series   Dodger Stadium
Los Angeles, California
NHL Los Angeles Kings 0–3 Anaheim Ducks 54,099 [110]
January 26, 2014   Yankee Stadium
New York, New York
New Jersey Devils 3–7 New York Rangers[2] 50,105 [111]
January 29, 2014 New York Islanders 1–2 New York Rangers[3] 50,027 [111]
March 1, 2014 2014 NHL Stadium Series   Soldier Field
Chicago, Illinois
Chicago Blackhawks 5–1 Pittsburgh Penguins 62,921 [112]
2014 Talviklassikko   Helsinki Olympic Stadium
Helsinki, Finland
Liiga Jokerit 1–2 HIFK 23,485 [113]
March 2, 2014 2014 Heritage Classic   BC Place
Vancouver, British Columbia
NHL Vancouver Canucks 2–4 Ottawa Senators 54,194 BC Place's retractable roof was closed due to weather concerns. [112]
December 18, 2014 2015 Slovenian Winter Classic   Republic Square Open Ice Rink
Ljubljana, Slovenia
Slovenian Ice Hockey League HDD Olimpija Ljubljana 2–1 HDD Jesenice 3,500 [114]
December 27, 2014 Toledo Walleye Winterfest   Fifth Third Field
Toledo, Ohio
ECHL Toledo Walleye 1–2 Kalamazoo Wings 11,222 First Outdoor game in ECHL history [115]
January 1, 2015 2015 NHL Winter Classic   Nationals Park
Washington, D.C.
NHL Washington Capitals 3–2 Chicago Blackhawks 42,832
January 3, 2015 Toledo Walleye Winterfest   Fifth Third Field
Toledo, Ohio
NCAA Bowling Green Falcons
(men)
2–2 Robert Morris Colonials
(men)
3,806 [116]
ECHL Toledo Walleye 2–3
(SO)
Fort Wayne Komets 11,081 [115]
2015 EBEL Winter Classic   Wörthersee Stadion
Klagenfurt, Austria
EBEL EC KAC 1–4 EC VSV 29,700
January 10, 2015 2015 DEL Winter Game   ESPRIT arena
Düsseldorf, Germany
DEL DEG 3–2 Kölner Haie 51,125 European league-game attendance record [117]
January 23, 2015 2015 QMJHL Winter Classic   Grandes Estrades Coors Banquet
Saint-Tite, Quebec
QMJHL
(CHL)
Shawinigan Cataractes 4–2 Victoriaville Tigres 5,996 [118]
January 24, 2015 Shawinigan Cataractes 2–3 Quebec Remparts 7,323 [118]
February 7, 2015 2015 Hockey City Classic   Soldier Field
Chicago, Illinois
NCHC Western Michigan Broncos
(men)
3–4 Miami RedHawks
(men)
22,751
Big Ten Michigan State Spartans
(men)
1–4 Michigan Wolverines
(men)
22,751
February 14, 2015 Russian Classic   Sputnik Stadium
Nizhny Tagil, Russia
VHL Sputnik Nizhny Tagil 0–4 Yuzhny Ural Orsk 9,000 [109]
February 21, 2015 2015 NHL Stadium Series   Levi's Stadium
Santa Clara, California
NHL San Jose Sharks 1–2 Los Angeles Kings 70,205 [119]
December 18, 2015 Golden State Hockey Rush   Raley Field
West Sacramento, California
AHL Stockton Heat 3–2 Bakersfield Condors 9,357 Postponed from December 17, 2015 due to rain [120]
December 31, 2015 2016 Outdoor Women's Classic   Gillette Stadium
Foxborough, Massachusetts
NWHL/CWHL Boston Pride 1–1 Les Canadiennes Unknown First professional women's outdoor game [121]
January 1, 2016 2016 NHL Winter Classic NHL Boston Bruins 1–5 Montreal Canadiens 67,246 [122]
January 3, 2016 Brno Hockey Games 2016   Stadium Za Lužánkami
Brno, Czech Republic
ELH Kometa Brno 5–2 Škoda Plzeň 18,514
January 8, 2016 Kometa Brno 2–4 Sparta Praha 21,502 Set the new ELH attendance record
January 9, 2016 2016 DEL2 Winter Derby   Stadion Dresden
Dresden, Germany
DEL2 Dresdner Eislöwen 4–3
(OT)
Lausitzer Füchse 31,853 German second league (DEL2) attendance record
February 20, 2016 Battle on Blake   Coors Field
Denver, Colorado
NCHC Denver Pioneers
(men)
4–1 Colorado College Tigers
(men)
35,144 NCHC attendance record
February 21, 2016 2016 NHL Stadium Series   TCF Bank Stadium
Minneapolis, Minnesota
NHL Minnesota Wild 6–1 Chicago Blackhawks 50,426
February 27, 2016   Coors Field
Denver, Colorado
Colorado Avalanche 3–5 Detroit Red Wings 50,095
September 10, 2016 2016 DEL2 Summer Game   Commerzbank Arena
Frankfurt, Germany
DEL2 Löwen Frankfurt 4–5
(OT)
Kassel Huskies 30,000 [123]
October 23, 2016 2016 NHL Heritage Classic   Investors Group Field
Winnipeg, Manitoba
NHL Winnipeg Jets 0–3 Edmonton Oilers 33,240 [124]
December 16, 2016 Ulkojäät 2016   Tampere, Finland Liiga Ilves 3–4
(OT)
Tappara 11,000
December 17, 2016 Ilves 3–2
(OT)
HIFK 8,500
December 28, 2016 Karácsonyi HOKIBULI Winter Game 2016   Városligeti Műjégpálya
Budapest, Hungary
EBEL SAPA Fehérvár AV 19 2–8 EC Red Bull Salzburg 4,253 [125]
December 29, 2016 MOL Liga Újpesti TE 4–1 HSC Csíkszereda 2,000
MAC Budapest 6–3 DVTK Jegesmedvék 3,050
December 30, 2016 EBEL SAPA Fehérvár AV 19 5–2 EC KAC 4,242 [126]
Winter Game 2016   Parc Olympique Lyonnais
Décines-Charpieu, France
Ligue Magnus Lyon Lions 2–5 Grenoble
Brûleurs de Loups
25,182 Tickets distributed;
Official French ice hockey attendance record
[127][128]
January 1, 2017 NHL Centennial Classic   BMO Field
Toronto, Ontario
NHL Toronto Maple Leafs 4–3
(OT)
Detroit Red Wings 40,148
January 2, 2017 2017 NHL Winter Classic   Busch Stadium
St. Louis, Missouri
St. Louis Blues 4–1 Chicago Blackhawks 46,556
January 7, 2017 2017 DEL Winter Game   Rhein-Neckar-Arena
Sinsheim, Germany
DEL Schwenninger Wild Wings 3–7 Adler Mannheim 25,022
2017 AHL Outdoor Classic   Memorial Stadium
Bakersfield, California
AHL Bakersfield Condors 3–2
(OT)
Ontario Reign 12,330
Frozen Fenway 2017   Fenway Park
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Hockey East Boston University Terriers
(men)
5–3 UMass Minutemen
(men)
Unknown
January 8, 2017 Boston College Eagles
(men)
3–1 Providence Friars
(men)
19,547
January 14, 2017 New Hampshire Wildcats
(men)
2–2 Northeastern Huskies
(men)
37,949
Connecticut Huskies
(men)
0–4 Maine Black Bears
(men)
16,432
January 21, 2017 2017 GET-ligaen Winter Classic   Fredrikstad Stadion
Fredrikstad, Norway
GET-ligaen Stjernen Hockey 0–3 Sparta Warriors 12,500
February 18, 2017 2017 NHL Stadium Series   Heinz Field
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
NHL Pittsburgh Penguins 4–2 Philadelphia Flyers 67,318 [129]
December 2, 2017 Helsinki Ice Challenge   Kaisaniemi Park
Helsinki, Finland
KHL/Liiga Jokerit 3–4 SKA Saint Petersburg 17,645 First outdoor regular season game in KHL history
Set the new KHL attendance record
[130][131]
December 5, 2017 HIFK 3–4
(OT)
Oulun Kärpät 16,000
December 16, 2017 NHL 100 Classic   TD Place Stadium
Ottawa, Ontario
NHL Ottawa Senators 3–0 Montreal Canadiens 33,959
December 17, 2017 67:50 Outdoor Game OHL/QMJHL
(CHL)
Ottawa 67's 1–4 Gatineau Olympiques 11,671 First OHL outdoor game to be played in Ontario.
Also the first outdoor game to feature a team from both the OHL and QMJHL
[132][133]
December 29, 2017 2018 WJHC   New Era Field
Orchard Park, New York
IIHF WJHC United States men's national junior ice hockey team 4–3
(SO)
Canada men's national junior ice hockey team 44,592 First ever outdoor game played during an IIHF Junior World Championship at the Top Division [134][135]
January 1, 2018 2018 NHL Winter Classic   Citi Field
Queens, New York
NHL Buffalo Sabres 2–3
(OT)
New York Rangers[4] 41,821 [136]
January 20, 2018 Winter Ice Break   Riga City Council Sports Complex
Riga, Latvia
KHL Dinamo Riga 2–3 Dinamo Minsk 10,554 First outdoor hockey game played in Latvia
Second outdoor regular season game in KHL history
[137]
2018 AHL Outdoor Classic   Hersheypark Stadium
Hershey, Pennsylvania
AHL Hershey Bears 2–5 Lehigh Valley Phantoms 13,091
January 28, 2018 Russian Classic   Central Stadium
Kurgan, Russia
VHL Zauralie Kurgan 0–4 Rubin Tyumen 3,000 [138]
February 9, 2018 2018 QMJHL Winter Classic   la Patinoire Victor-Pepin
Drummondville, Quebec
QMJHL
(CHL)
Drummondville Voltigeurs 4–1 Sherbrooke Phoenix 4,284 [139][140]
February 10, 2018 Drummondville Voltigeurs 0–2 Victoriaville Tigres 5,432 [141][142]
March 3, 2018 2018 NHL Stadium Series   Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
Annapolis, Maryland
NHL Washington Capitals 5–2 Toronto Maple Leafs 29,516 [143]
January 1, 2019 2019 NHL Winter Classic   Notre Dame Stadium
Notre Dame, Indiana
NHL Chicago Blackhawks 2-4 Boston Bruins 76,126 [144]
January 5, 2019 Big Ten Hockey   Notre Dame Stadium
Notre Dame, Indiana
B1G Ten Notre Dame 2-4 Michigan 23,422 [145]
January 12, 2019 DEL Winter Game 2019  RheinEnergieStadion Cologne, Germany DEL Kölner Haie 2-3 (OT) DEG 47,011
February 2, 2019 Tipsport liga Winter Classic 2019  Štadión VŠC Dukla, Slovakia Tipsport liga HC Banská Bystrica HKM Zvolen
February 8, 2019 2019 QMJHL Winter Classic   Grandes Estrades Coors Banquet
Saint-Tite, Quebec
QMJHL
(CHL)
Shawinigan Cataractes 0-4 Rimouski Oceanic 4 508 [118]
February 9, 2019 Shawinigan Cataractes 5-1 Quebec Remparts 5,587 [118]
February 23, 2019 2019 NHL Stadium Series   Lincoln Financial Field
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
NHL Philadelphia Flyers 4–3
(OT)
Pittsburgh Penguins 69,620 [146]
October 26, 2019 2019 NHL Heritage Classic   Mosaic Stadium
Regina, Saskatchewan
NHL Winnipeg Jets 2–1
(OT)
Calgary Flames 33,518 First outdoor NHL game to be played in a neutral site territory that is not formally part of an NHL market [147]
January 1, 2020 2020 NHL Winter Classic   Cotton Bowl Stadium
Dallas, Texas
NHL Dallas Stars 4-2 Nashville Predators 85,630
January 4, 2020 2020 ELH open air   Dresden, Germany Rudolf-Harbig-stadium Czech Extraliga Sparta Prague HC Verva Litvínov 32,009
February 15, 2020 2020 NHL Stadium Series   Falcon Stadium
Air Force Academy, Colorado
NHL Colorado Avalanche Los Angeles Kings
January 1, 2021 2021 NHL Winter Classic   Target Field
Minneapolis, Minnesota
NHL Minnesota Wild TBA [148]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

1. ^ The SEL Outdoor Classic was renamed the SHL Outdoor Classic due to the league name change in June 2013.
2. ^ The Rangers are designated as the away team for their outdoor games as a legal fiction; their home arena, Madison Square Garden, receives tax-exempt status, but only if the Rangers do not "cease playing" home games at MSG, generally interpreted as playing any "home" game outside of MSG.

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit