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Outline of organic gardening and farming

An organic garden on a school campus

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to organic gardening and farming:

Organic farming – alternative agricultural system that relies on fertilizers of organic origin such as compost, manure, green manure, and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting. Biological pest control, mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are encouraged. In general, organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances.[1]

Organic farming and gardening systems and approachesEdit

Principles of organic gardening and farmingEdit

  • Principles of Organic Agriculture
    1. The Principle of Health – "Organic agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal and human as one and indivisible."
    2. The Principle of Ecology – "Organic agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them."
    3. The Principle of Fairness – "Organic agriculture should build on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities."
    4. The Principle of Care – "Organic agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well being of current and future generations and the environment"

The ornamental organic gardenEdit

Organic gardening and farming techniquesEdit

History of organic gardening and farmingEdit

Pests and diseasesEdit

An IPM cotton bollworm trap in a cotton field (Manning, South Carolina): a type of integrated pest management.
Nutrient deficiencies
  • Plant pathology (i.e., plant diseases caused by fungi, viruses, bacteria, etc.)


Organic publicationsEdit

Organic organizationsEdit

Some important figures in organic farming and gardeningEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "USDA Blog » Organic 101: Allowed and Prohibited Substances". Retrieved 6 April 2016.

External linksEdit