List of offshore wind farms

This page lists the largest offshore wind farms that are currently operational rated by nameplate capacity. It also lists the largest offshore wind farms currently under construction, the largest proposed offshore wind farms, and offshore wind farms with notability other than size.

Four offshore wind farms are in the Thames Estuary area: Kentish Flats, Gunfleet Sands, Thanet and London Array. The latter was largest in the world.
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML

As of January 2020 the Hornsea 1 in the United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 1,218 MW.

Largest operational offshore wind farmsEdit

This is a list of offshore wind farms with at least 200 MW nameplate capacity that are currently operational.

Wind farm Location Site coordinates Capacity
(MW)
Turbines
number
Turbines
model
Commissioning
date
Refs
Hornsea 1 United Kingdom 53°53′06″N 1°47′28″E / 53.885°N 1.791°E / 53.885; 1.791 (Hornsea 1) 1,218 174 Siemens Gamesa SWT-7.0-154 2019 [1][2]
Borssele 1&2 Netherlands 752 94 Siemens Gamesa 8MW 2020 [3][4]
Borssele 3&4 Netherlands 731.5 77 MHI Vestas V164 9.5MW 2021 [5][6]
East Anglia ONE United Kingdom 52°14′53.8573″N 2°30′23.4094″E / 52.248293694°N 2.506502611°E / 52.248293694; 2.506502611 714 102 Siemens Gamesa SWT-7.0-154 2020 [7][8]
Walney Extension United Kingdom 54°5′17″N 3°44′17″W / 54.08806°N 3.73806°W / 54.08806; -3.73806 (Walney Extension) 659 40+47 MHI-Vestas 8.25 MW
Siemens Gamesa 7 MW
2018 [9]
London Array United Kingdom 51°38′38″N 01°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 (London Array) 630 175 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-120 2013 [10][11][12]
Gemini Wind Farm Netherlands 54°2′10″N 05°57′47″E / 54.03611°N 5.96306°E / 54.03611; 5.96306 (Gemini Wind Farm) 600 150 Siemens Gamesa SWT-4.0 2017 [13][14][15][16]
Beatrice United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 588 84 Siemens Gamesa SWT-7.0-154 2019 [17]
Gode Wind (phases 1+2) Germany 54°04′N 7°02′E / 54.067°N 7.033°E / 54.067; 7.033 (Gode Wind I+II) 582 97 Siemens Gamesa SWT-6.0-154 2017 [18][19]
Gwynt y Môr United Kingdom 53°27′00″N 03°35′00″W / 53.45000°N 3.58333°W / 53.45000; -3.58333 (Gwynt y Môr) 576 160 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-107 2015 [20]
Race Bank United Kingdom 53°16′N 0°50′E / 53.267°N 0.833°E / 53.267; 0.833 (Race Bank) 573 91 Siemens Gamesa SWT-6.0-154 2018 [21][22]
Greater Gabbard United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Greater Gabbard wind farm) 504 140 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-107 2012 [23][24][25]
Hohe See Germany 54°26′N 6°19′E / 54.433°N 6.317°E / 54.433; 6.317 497 71 Siemens Gamesa SWT-7.0-154 2019 [26]
Borkum Riffgrund 2 Germany 53°57′7″N 6°29′17″E / 53.95194°N 6.48806°E / 53.95194; 6.48806 (Borkum Riffgrund 2) 450 56 MHI Vestas V164-8.0 MW 2019 [27]
Horns Rev 3 Denmark 55°49′N 7°42′E / 55.817°N 7.700°E / 55.817; 7.700 (Horns Rev 3) 407 49 MHI Vestas V164-8.3 MW 2019 [28]
Dudgeon United Kingdom 53°14′56″N 1°23′24″E / 53.24889°N 1.39000°E / 53.24889; 1.39000 (Dudgeon Offshore Wind Farm) 402 67 Siemens Gamesa SWT-6.0-154 2017 [29]
Veja Mate Germany 54°19′1″N 5°52′15″E / 54.31694°N 5.87083°E / 54.31694; 5.87083 (Veja Mate Wind Farm) 402 67 Siemens Gamesa SWT-6.0-154 2017 [30][31]
Anholt Denmark 56°36′00″N 11°12′36″E / 56.60000°N 11.21000°E / 56.60000; 11.21000 (Anholt Offshore Wind Farm) 400 111 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-120 2013 [32][33][34][35]
BARD Offshore 1 Germany 54°22′0″N 5°59′0″E / 54.36667°N 5.98333°E / 54.36667; 5.98333 (BARD Offshore 1) 400 80 BARD 5.0MW 2013 [36][37][38]
Global Tech I [de] Germany 54°30′00″N 6°21′30″E / 54.50000°N 6.35833°E / 54.50000; 6.35833 (Global Tech I) 400 80 Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [39]
Rampion United Kingdom 50°40′N 0°06′W / 50.667°N 0.100°W / 50.667; -0.100 (Rampion) 400 116 MHI Vestas V112-3.45 MW 2018 [40]
Binhai North H2 China 34°30′00″N 120°20′00″E / 34.50000°N 120.33333°E / 34.50000; 120.33333 (Binhai North Wind) 400 100 Siemens Gamesa SWT-4.0-120 2018 [41]
CGN Yangjiang Nanpeng Island China 400 75 Mingyang MY-5.5 MW 2020 [42][43]
Merkur Germany 54°2′N 6°33′E / 54.033°N 6.550°E / 54.033; 6.550 396 66 GE Haliade 150-6 MW 2019 [44]
West of Duddon Sands United Kingdom 53°59′02″N 3°27′50″W / 53.98389°N 3.46389°W / 53.98389; -3.46389 (West of Duddon Sands) 389 108 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-120 2014 [45][46]
Arkona [de] Germany 54°46′55.200″N 14°7′15.600″E / 54.78200000°N 14.12100000°E / 54.78200000; 14.12100000 385 60 Siemens Gamesa SWT-6.0-154 2019 [47][48]
Norther Offshore Wind Farm Belgium 51°31′40″N 3°1′55″E / 51.52778°N 3.03194°E / 51.52778; 3.03194 370 44 Vestas V164-8.4 MW 2019
Walney
(phases 1&2)
United Kingdom 54°02′38″N 3°31′19″W / 54.04389°N 3.52194°W / 54.04389; -3.52194 (Walney Wind Farm) 367 102 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-107 2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
[49][50]
Galloper United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Galloper) 353 56 Siemens Gamesa SWT-6.0-154 2018 [51][52]
Wikinger Germany 54°50′2″N 14°4′5″E / 54.83389°N 14.06806°E / 54.83389; 14.06806 (Wikinger Wind Farm) 350 70 Adwen AD 5-135 2018 [53]
Nordsee One Germany 53°58′0″N 06°48′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.80000°E / 53.96667; 6.80000 (Nordsee One Wind Farm) 332 54 Senvion 6.2M126 2017 [54]
Thorntonbank
(phases 1–3)
Belgium 51°33′00″N 2°56′00″E / 51.55000°N 2.93333°E / 51.55000; 2.93333 (Thorntonbank phases 1&2&3) 325 6+48 Senvion 5MW
Senvion 6.15MW
2009 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
2013 (phase 3)
[55][56][57][58]
Sheringham Shoal United Kingdom 53°7′0″N 1°8′0″E / 53.11667°N 1.13333°E / 53.11667; 1.13333 (Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm) 315 88 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-107 2012 [59][60][61][62]
Borkum Riffgrund 1 [de] Germany 53°58′0″N 06°33′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.55000°E / 53.96667; 6.55000 (Borkum Riffgrund 1 Wind Farm) 312 78 Siemens Gamesa SWT-4.0-120 2015 [63]
Rentel [de] Belgium 51°35′27.6″N 2°56′38.4″E / 51.591000°N 2.944000°E / 51.591000; 2.944000 308.7 42 Siemens Gamesa SWT-7.0-154 2019 [64]
SPIC Jiangsu Dafeng China 33°30′50″N 121°06′18″E / 33.514°N 121.105°E / 33.514; 121.105 302.4 72 Envision 4.2MW 2018 [65]
Dongtai Four China 302.4 63+10 Siemens Gamesa SWT-4.0-130
Envision EN136/4.2 MW
2019 [66]
Amrumbank West Germany 54°30′0″N 07°48′00″E / 54.50000°N 7.80000°E / 54.50000; 7.80000 (Amrumbank West Wind Farm) 302 80 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-120 2015 [67][68]
Datang Jiangsu Binhai China 34°15′32″N 120°34′34″E / 34.259°N 120.576°E / 34.259; 120.576 (Datang Jiangsu Binhai) 301.8 50+46 Mingyang MySE3.0-135
Jinfeng 3.3 MW
2019 [69][70]
Thanet United Kingdom 51°26′0″N 01°38′0″E / 51.43333°N 1.63333°E / 51.43333; 1.63333 (Thanet Offshore Wind Project) 300 100 Vestas V90-3.0MW 2010 [71][72]
Huaneng Rudong China 32°40′48″N 121°19′23″E / 32.680°N 121.323°E / 32.680; 121.323 (Huaneng Rudong) 300 38+19+1+12 Siemens Gamesa 4.0MW
Haizhuang 5MW (H154)
Haizhuang 5MW (H171)
Envision 4.2MW (EN-136)
2017 [73]
Jiangsu Longyuan Chiang Sand China 32°48′58″N 121°30′58″E / 32.816°N 121.516°E / 32.816; 121.516 (Jiangsu Longyuan Chiang Sand) 300 75 Envision EN136/4.0 MW 2018 [74]
Laoting Bodhi Island China 38°59′10″N 118°48′14″E / 38.986°N 118.804°E / 38.986; 118.804 (Laoting Bodhi Island) 300 75 Siemens Gamesa SWT-4.0-130 2020 [75]
Nordsee Ost Germany 54°26′00″N 7°41′00″E / 54.43333°N 7.68333°E / 54.43333; 7.68333 (Nordsee Ost) 295 48 Senvion 6.15MW 2015 [76][77]
Butendiek [de] Germany 54°54′0″N 07°45′00″E / 54.90000°N 7.75000°E / 54.90000; 7.75000 (Butendiek Wind Farm) 288 80 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-120 2015 [78][79]
DanTysk Germany 55°9′00″N 7°10′30″E / 55.15000°N 7.17500°E / 55.15000; 7.17500 (DanTysk) 288 80 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-120 2015 [80]
Baltic 2 Germany 54°58′24″N 13°10′40″E / 54.97333°N 13.17778°E / 54.97333; 13.17778 (Baltic 2) 288 80 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-120 2015 [81][82]
Meerwind Süd / Ost [de] Germany 54°23′00″N 7°42′00″E / 54.38333°N 7.70000°E / 54.38333; 7.70000 (Meerwind Süd / Ost) 288 80 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-120 2015 [83]
Sandbank (Phase 1) [de] Germany 55°11′0″N 06°51′00″E / 55.18333°N 6.85000°E / 55.18333; 6.85000 (Sandbank Wind Farm) 288 72 Siemens Gamesa SWT-4.0-130 2017 [84][85]
Lincs United Kingdom 53°11′00″N 00°29′00″E / 53.18333°N 0.48333°E / 53.18333; 0.48333 (Lincs Wind Farm) 270 75 Siemens Gamesa SWT-3.6-120 2013 [86]
Burbo Bank Extension United Kingdom 53°28′48″N 3°15′36″W / 53.48000°N 3.26000°W / 53.48000; -3.26000 (Burbo Bank Extension) 258 32 Vestas V164-8.0MW 2017 [87]
Liuheng (Guodian Zhoushan Putuo) China 252 63 Siemens Gamesa SWT-4.0-130 2019 [88][89]
Humber Gateway United Kingdom 53°38′38″N 0°17′35″E / 53.64389°N 0.29306°E / 53.64389; 0.29306 (Humber Gateway) 219 73 Vestas V112-3.0MW 2015 [90]
Northwind [de] Belgium 51°37′08″N 02°54′03″E / 51.61889°N 2.90083°E / 51.61889; 2.90083 (Northwind) 216 72 Vestas V112-3.0MW 2014 [91]
Westermost Rough United Kingdom 53°48′0″N 0°9′0″E / 53.80000°N 0.15000°E / 53.80000; 0.15000 (Westermost Rough Wind Farm) 210 35 Siemens Gamesa SWT-6.0-154 2015 [92][93]
Horns Rev 2 Denmark 55°36′00″N 7°35′24″E / 55.60000°N 7.59000°E / 55.60000; 7.59000 (Horns Rev 2) 209 91 Siemens Gamesa SWT-2.3-93 2009 [94]
Rødsand II Denmark 54°33′0″N 11°42′36″E / 54.55000°N 11.71000°E / 54.55000; 11.71000 (Nysted Wind Farm) 207 90 Siemens Gamesa SWT-2.3-93 2010 [95][96]
Chenjiagang (Jiangsu) Xiangshui China 34°29′00″N 119°52′00″E / 34.48333°N 119.86667°E / 34.48333; 119.86667 (Jiangsu Xiangshui Wind Farm) 201 134 FD77-1500 Dongfang Electric 2010 [97][98]
Trianel Borkum West II (Phase 1) Germany 54°2′30″N 6°28′0″E / 54.04167°N 6.46667°E / 54.04167; 6.46667 (Trianel Borkum West II) 200 40 Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [99]
Jiangsu Luneng Dongtai China 32°55′16″N 121°10′55″E / 32.92111°N 121.18194°E / 32.92111; 121.18194 (Jiangsu Luneng Dongtai Wind Farm) 200 50 Siemens Gamesa SWT-4.0-130 2017 [100][101]

Largest under constructionEdit

This is a list of wind farms with a nameplate capacity of more than 300MW currently under construction.

Wind farm Location Site coordinates Capacity
(MW)
Turbines & model Completion Refs
Hornsea Project 2 United Kingdom 1,386 165 Siemens Gamesa 8MW SG 8.0-167 DD 2022-2023 [102]
Dogger Bank A United Kingdom 1200 190 x GE Haliade-X 13MW 2023 [103]
Dogger Bank B United Kingdom 1200 190 x GE Haliade-X 13MW 2023-2026 [103]
Seagreen (Alpha & Bravo) United Kingdom 1,075 114 x MHI Vestas V164-10 MW 2024 [104][105][106]
Moray East United Kingdom 950 100 x MHI Vestas V164 9.5 MW 2021 [107][108]
Greater Changhua Taiwan 900 111 x Siemens Gamesa 8MW-167 DD 2022 [109]
Triton Knoll United Kingdom 855 90 x MHI Vestas 9.5 MW 2021[110] [111]
Kriegers Flak Denmark 55°01′00″N 12°56′00″E / 55.01667°N 12.93333°E / 55.01667; 12.93333 605 72 x Siemens Gamesa SG 8.4MW 2021 [112]
The Neart na Gaoithe (NnG) United Kingdom 450 54 Siemens Gamesa SG 8.0-167 DD 2023 [113][114]
CTGNE Yangjiang Shapa - phase II China 400 Mingyang MySE6.45-180 2021 [115][116]
Rudong H6 China 400 100 x G4-146 2021 [117][115]
Rudong H10 China 400 100 x ?? 2021 [118][115]
Formosa II Taiwan 376 47 × Siemens Gamesa 8MW-167 DD 2021 [119]

Largest proposedEdit

The following table lists largest offshore wind farm areas (by nameplate capacity) that are only at a proposal stage, and have achieved at least some of the formal consents required before construction can begin.

Wind farm Location Site coordinates Capacity
(MW)
Consents Refs
Sinan Korea Offshore South Korea 8,200 Project approved in 2021. Expected to be completed by 2030 and help create around 120,000 jobs. Estimated cost: 36 billion €. [120][121][122]
IJmuiden Ver Netherlands 52°55′08″N 3°34′03″E / 52.918970°N 3.567385°E / 52.918970; 3.567385 4,000 Has been in the spatial planning since (at least) 2014. Research on ecological impact of grid connection started in 2019.

Tenders are planned for 2023 (phase 1 & 2) and 2025 (phase 3 & 4).

[123][124][125]
Coastal Virginia

Offshore Wind

United States 36°53′16″N 75°29′50″W / 36.8878333°N 75.4973333°W / 36.8878333; -75.4973333 2,640 Phase 1 (880 MW), Phase 2 (880 MW), Phase 3 (880 MW) [126][127][128][129][130]
Korea Offshore South Korea 2,500 Korean government approved. [131]
Hornsea Project Three United Kingdom 2,400 Crown Estate Round 3 [132]
Formosa III Taiwan 2,000 Undergoing environmental impact assessment and approvals which are expected to be completed between 2021 and 2025. [133]
Hollandse Kust Zuid

Holland (phases 1-4)

Netherlands 1,400 Phase I & II (76 × 10 MW Siemens-193m) to be built by Vattenfall/Nuon by 2023[134]Phase III & IV (760 MW) to be built by Vattenfall [135][136]
Moray Firth United Kingdom 1,866 Moray East (1,116 MW), Moray West (750 MW) [137][138]
East Anglia

(formerly Norfolk Bank)

United Kingdom 3,100 East Anglia TWO - Development Phase (up to 900 MW), East Anglia THREE - Consent Given (up to 1,400 MW), East Anglia ONE North - Development Phase (up to 800MW)[139] [140][141]
Dogger Bank C

(formely Teesside A)

United Kingdom 1,200 14 MW GE Haliade-X Turbines (1,200 MW). Government support is on offer. [142][143]
Sofia Offshore (formerly Teesside B) United Kingdom 1,400 Subsea survey of cable corridor and project site commenced on 21 February 2020. [142][143]
Ocean Wind United States 39°21′58″N 74°24′51″W / 39.366111°N 74.414167°W / 39.366111; -74.414167 1,100 Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
New Jersey Board of Public Utilities
[144][145][146][147]
Berwick Bank (formerly

Seagreen phase 2)

United Kingdom 1,400 - 2,300 Phase 2: Charlie, Delta and Echo - Crown Estate Round 3 [148][149][150][151]
Norfolk Vanguard United Kingdom 1,800 Approved for construction by the UK government. The project will also lay the cabling for the sister project Boreas if the project is approved. Construction is expected to start in the mid to late 2020's. [152][153]
Norfolk Boreas United Kingdom 1,800 The project is in the examination phase of gaining a development consent order.

The project if constructed is expected to be completed in the late 2020's.

[154][155]
Marr Bank (formerly

Seagreen phase 3)

United Kingdom 900 - 1,850 Phase 3: Foxtrot, Golf - Crown Estate Round 3 [156]

Other notable offshore wind farmsEdit

Wind Farm Country Coordinates Year Notability Refs
Vindeby Denmark 1991 First offshore wind farm; 11 × Bonus 450 kW. Decommissioned in 2017. [157][158][159][160][161][162][163]
Beatrice United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 2007 2 × Senvion 5MW prototype turbines, deepest fixed-foundation at 45-metre water depth [164][165][166]
Yttre Stengrund Sweden 2001 First offshore wind farm to be decommissioned (in November 2015)
Hywind Norway 2009 First full-scale, deep-water floating turbine: Siemens 2.3 MW turbine in 220 meter-deep water [167][168]
WindFloat 1 Portugal 2011 First full-scale, semi-submersible platform with a Vestas V80-2MW turbine installed in a dry-dock [169]
Block Island United States 41°06′52.96″N 71°31′16.18″W 2016 First offshore wind farm in the United States, 5 x 6 MW Haliade 150 turbines totaling 30 MW. [170]
Hywind Scotland United Kingdom 2017 First full-scale, deep-water floating wind farm, at 30 MW capacity [171]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit