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Four offshore wind farms are in the Thames Estuary area: Kentish Flats, Gunfleet Sands, Thanet and London Array. The latter was largest in the world.

This page lists the largest offshore wind farms that are currently operational rated by nameplate capacity. It also lists the largest offshore wind farms currently under construction, the largest proposed offshore wind farms, and offshore wind farms with notability other than size.

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

As of September 2018 the Walney Extension in the United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 659 MW.

Contents

Largest operational offshore wind farmsEdit

This is a list of offshore wind farms with at least 200 MW nameplate capacity that are currently operational.

Wind farm Capacity
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Turbines & model Commissioning
date
Refs
Walney Extension 659   United Kingdom 54°5′17″N 3°44′17″W / 54.08806°N 3.73806°W / 54.08806; -3.73806 (Walney Extension) 40 x MHI-Vestas 8.25 MW
47 x Siemens Gamesa 7 MW
2018 [1]
London Array 630   United Kingdom 51°38′38″N 01°33′13″E / 51.64389°N 1.55361°E / 51.64389; 1.55361 (London Array) 175 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [2][3][4]
Gemini Wind Farm 600   Netherlands 54°2′10″N 05°57′47″E / 54.03611°N 5.96306°E / 54.03611; 5.96306 (Gemini Wind Farm) 150 × Siemens SWT-4.0 2017 [5][6][7][8]
Gode Wind (phases 1+2) 582   Germany 54°04′N 7°02′E / 54.067°N 7.033°E / 54.067; 7.033 (Gode Wind I+II) 97 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [9][10]
Gwynt y Môr 576   United Kingdom 53°27′00″N 03°35′00″W / 53.45000°N 3.58333°W / 53.45000; -3.58333 (Gwynt y Môr) 160 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2015 [11]
Race Bank 573   United Kingdom 53°16′N 0°50′E / 53.267°N 0.833°E / 53.267; 0.833 (Race Bank) 91 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2018 [12][13]
Greater Gabbard 504   United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Greater Gabbard wind farm) 140 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [14][15][16]
Dudgeon 402   United Kingdom 53°14′56″N 1°23′24″E / 53.24889°N 1.39000°E / 53.24889; 1.39000 (Dudgeon Offshore Wind Farm) 67 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [17]
Veja Mate 402   Germany 54°19′1″N 5°52′15″E / 54.31694°N 5.87083°E / 54.31694; 5.87083 (Veja Mate Wind Farm) 67 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2017 [18][19]
Anholt 400   Denmark 56°36′00″N 11°12′36″E / 56.60000°N 11.21000°E / 56.60000; 11.21000 (Anholt Offshore Wind Farm) 111 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [20][21][22][23]
BARD Offshore 1 400   Germany 54°22′0″N 5°59′0″E / 54.36667°N 5.98333°E / 54.36667; 5.98333 (BARD Offshore 1) 80 × BARD 5.0MW 2013 [24][25][26]
Global Tech I [de] 400   Germany 54°30′00″N 6°21′30″E / 54.50000°N 6.35833°E / 54.50000; 6.35833 (Global Tech I) 80 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [27]
Rampion 400   United Kingdom 50°40′N 0°06′W / 50.667°N 0.100°W / 50.667; -0.100 (Rampion) 116 x MHI Vestas V112-3.45 MW 2018 [28]
Binhai North 400   China 34°40′04″N 120°21′29″E / 34.66778°N 120.35806°E / 34.66778; 120.35806 (Binhai North Wind) 100 x Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2018 [29]
West of Duddon Sands 389   United Kingdom 53°59′02″N 3°27′50″W / 53.98389°N 3.46389°W / 53.98389; -3.46389 (West of Duddon Sands) 108 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2014 [30][31]
Arkona [de] 385   Germany 54°46′55.200″N 14°7′15.600″E / 54.78200000°N 14.12100000°E / 54.78200000; 14.12100000 60 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2019 [32][33]
Walney
(phases 1&2)
367   United Kingdom 54°02′38″N 3°31′19″W / 54.04389°N 3.52194°W / 54.04389; -3.52194 (Walney Wind Farm) 102 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
[34][35]
Galloper 353   United Kingdom 51°52′48″N 1°56′24″E / 51.88000°N 1.94000°E / 51.88000; 1.94000 (Galloper) 56 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2018 [36][37]
Wikinger 350   Germany 54°50′2″N 14°4′5″E / 54.83389°N 14.06806°E / 54.83389; 14.06806 (Wikinger Wind Farm) 70 × Adwen AD 5-135 2018 [38]
Nordsee One 332   Germany 53°58′0″N 06°48′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.80000°E / 53.96667; 6.80000 (Nordsee One Wind Farm) 54 × Senvion 6.2M126 2017 [39]
Thorntonbank
(phases 1–3)
325   Belgium 51°33′00″N 2°56′00″E / 51.55000°N 2.93333°E / 51.55000; 2.93333 (Thorntonbank phases 1&2&3) 6 × Senvion 5MW
48 × Senvion 6.15MW
2009 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
2013 (phase 3)
[40][41][42][43]
Sheringham Shoal 315   United Kingdom 53°7′0″N 1°8′0″E / 53.11667°N 1.13333°E / 53.11667; 1.13333 (Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm) 88 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 2012 [44][45][46][47]
Borkum Riffgrund 1 [de] 312   Germany 53°58′0″N 06°33′00″E / 53.96667°N 6.55000°E / 53.96667; 6.55000 (Borkum Riffgrund 1 Wind Farm) 78 × Siemens SWT-4.0-120 2015 [48]
Rentel [de] 308.7   Belgium 51°35′27.6″N 2°56′38.4″E / 51.591000°N 2.944000°E / 51.591000; 2.944000 42 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2019 [49]
SPIC Jiangsu Dafeng 302.4   China 33°30′50″N 121°06′18″E / 33.514°N 121.105°E / 33.514; 121.105 72 × Envision 4.2MW 2018 [50]
Amrumbank West 302   Germany 54°30′0″N 07°48′00″E / 54.50000°N 7.80000°E / 54.50000; 7.80000 (Amrumbank West Wind Farm) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [51][52]
Thanet 300   United Kingdom 51°26′0″N 01°38′0″E / 51.43333°N 1.63333°E / 51.43333; 1.63333 (Thanet Offshore Wind Project) 100 × Vestas V90-3.0MW 2010 [53][54]
Huaneng Rudong 300   China 32°40′48″N 121°19′23″E / 32.680°N 121.323°E / 32.680; 121.323 (Huaneng Rudong) 38 x Siemens 4.0MW

19 x Haizhuang 5MW (H154)

1 x Haizhuang 5MW (H171)

12 x Envision 4.2MW (EN-136)

2017 [55]
Jiangsu Longyuan Chiang Sand 300   China 32°48′58″N 121°30′58″E / 32.816°N 121.516°E / 32.816; 121.516 (Jiangsu Longyuan Chiang Sand) 75 x Envision EN136/4.0 MW 2018 [56]
Nordsee Ost 295   Germany 54°26′00″N 7°41′00″E / 54.43333°N 7.68333°E / 54.43333; 7.68333 (Nordsee Ost) 48 × Senvion 6.15MW 2015 [57][58]
Butendiek [de] 288   Germany 54°54′0″N 07°45′00″E / 54.90000°N 7.75000°E / 54.90000; 7.75000 (Butendiek Wind Farm) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [59][60]
DanTysk 288   Germany 55°9′00″N 7°10′30″E / 55.15000°N 7.17500°E / 55.15000; 7.17500 (DanTysk) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [61]
Baltic 2 288   Germany 54°58′24″N 13°10′40″E / 54.97333°N 13.17778°E / 54.97333; 13.17778 (Baltic 2) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [62][63]
Meerwind Süd / Ost [de] 288   Germany 54°23′00″N 7°42′00″E / 54.38333°N 7.70000°E / 54.38333; 7.70000 (Meerwind Süd / Ost) 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2015 [64]
Sandbank (Phase 1) [de] 288   Germany 55°11′0″N 06°51′00″E / 55.18333°N 6.85000°E / 55.18333; 6.85000 (Sandbank Wind Farm) 72 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2017 [65][66]
Lincs 270   United Kingdom 53°11′00″N 00°29′00″E / 53.18333°N 0.48333°E / 53.18333; 0.48333 (Lincs Wind Farm) 75 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 2013 [67]
Burbo Bank Extension 258   United Kingdom 53°28′48″N 3°15′36″W / 53.48000°N 3.26000°W / 53.48000; -3.26000 (Burbo Bank Extension) 32 × Vestas V164-8.0MW 2017 [68]
Liuheng (Guodian Zhoushan Putuo) 252   China 63 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2019 [69][70]
Humber Gateway 219   United Kingdom 53°38′38″N 0°17′35″E / 53.64389°N 0.29306°E / 53.64389; 0.29306 (Humber Gateway) 73 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2015 [71]
Northwind [de] 216   Belgium 51°37′08″N 02°54′03″E / 51.61889°N 2.90083°E / 51.61889; 2.90083 (Northwind) 72 × Vestas V112-3.0MW 2014 [72]
Westermost Rough 210   United Kingdom 53°48′0″N 0°9′0″E / 53.80000°N 0.15000°E / 53.80000; 0.15000 (Westermost Rough Wind Farm) 35 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2015 [73][74]
Horns Rev 2 209   Denmark 55°36′00″N 7°35′24″E / 55.60000°N 7.59000°E / 55.60000; 7.59000 (Horns Rev 2) 91 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2009 [75]
Rødsand II 207   Denmark 54°33′0″N 11°42′36″E / 54.55000°N 11.71000°E / 54.55000; 11.71000 (Nysted Wind Farm) 90 × Siemens SWT-2.3-93 2010 [76][77]
Chenjiagang (Jiangsu) Xiangshui 201   China 34°29′00″N 119°52′00″E / 34.48333°N 119.86667°E / 34.48333; 119.86667 (Jiangsu Xiangshui Wind Farm) 134 × FD77-1500 Dongfang Electric 2010 [78][79]
Trianel Borkum West II (Phase 1) 200   Germany 54°2′30″N 6°28′0″E / 54.04167°N 6.46667°E / 54.04167; 6.46667 (Trianel Borkum West II) 40 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5.0MW 2015 [80]
Jiangsu Luneng Dongtai 200   China 32°55′16″N 121°10′55″E / 32.92111°N 121.18194°E / 32.92111; 121.18194 (Jiangsu Luneng Dongtai Wind Farm) 50 × Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2017 [81][82]

Largest under constructionEdit

This is a list of wind farms with a nameplate capacity of more than 300MW currently under construction.

Wind farm Capacity
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Turbines & model Completion Refs
Hornsea Project One 1,218   United Kingdom 174 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2020 [83]
Borssele 1&2 752   Netherlands 94 x Siemens Gamesa 8MW 2020 [84]
East Anglia ONE 714   United Kingdom 102 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2020 [85]
Kriegers Flak 605   Denmark 55°01′00″N 12°56′00″E / 55.01667°N 12.93333°E / 55.01667; 12.93333 72 x Siemens SG 8.4MW 2021 [86]
Beatrice 588   United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 84 × Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2019 [87]
Hohe See 497   Germany 71 x Siemens SWT-7.0-154 2019 [88]
Borkum Riffgrund 2 450   Germany 56 x MHI Vestas V164-8.0 MW 2019 [89]
Horns Rev 3 407   Denmark 55°49′N 7°42′E / 55.817°N 7.700°E / 55.817; 7.700 (Horns Rev 3) 49 x MHI Vestas V164-8.3 MW 2019 [90]
CGN Yangjiang Nanpeng Island 400   China 75 x Mingyang MY-5.5 MW 2020 [91]
Merkur 396   Germany 66 x GE Haliade 150-6 MW 2019 [92]
Norther Offshore Wind Farm 370   Belgium 44 × Vestas V164-8.4 MW 2019
Datang Jiangsu Binhai 316.5   China 1 x Mingyang SCD 3 MW

50 x Goldwind GW-140/3300

45 x Sinovel SL3300/128

2019 [93]
Dongtai Four 302.4   China 63 x Siemens SWT-4.0-130

10 x Envision EN136/4.2 MW

2019 [94]
Laoting Bodhi Island 300   China 38°59′10″N 118°48′14″E / 38.986°N 118.804°E / 38.986; 118.804 (Laoting Bodhi Island) 75 x Siemens SWT-4.0-130 2019 [95]

Largest proposedEdit

The following table lists largest offshore wind farm areas (by nameplate capacity) that are only at a proposal stage, and have achieved at least some of the formal consents required before construction can begin.

Wind farm Capacity
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Consents Refs
Korea Offshore 2,500   South Korea Korean government approved [96]
Hornsea Project Three 2,400   United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [97]
Formosa III 1,900   Taiwan Undergoing environmental impact assessment and approvals which are expected to be completed by end of 2017 [98]
Borssele Offshore (phases 1-4) 1,400   Netherlands Phase I and II (2 x 350MW) to be built by Ørsted

Phase III (330MW) and IV (350MW) to be built by Blauwwind II c.v. consortium

[99]
Hollandse Kust Zuid Holland (phases 1-4) 1,400   Netherlands Phase I & II (76 × 10MW Siemens-193m) to be built by Vattenfall/Nuon by 2023[100]

Phase III & IV (760MW) to be built by Vattenfall

[101][102]
Hornsea Project Two 1,386   United Kingdom Pre-Construction [103]
Moray Firth 1,866   United Kingdom Moray East (1,116MW), Moray West (750 MW) [104][105]
Creyke Beck A 1,200   United Kingdom 54°43′28.63″N 2°46′06.80″E / 54.7246194°N 2.7685556°E / 54.7246194; 2.7685556 (Dogger Bank) Crown Estate Round 3 [106][107]
Creyke Beck B 1,200   United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [106][107]
East Anglia (formerly Norfolk Bank) 1,200   United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [108][109]
Teesside A 1,200   United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [106][107]
Sofia Offshore (formerly Teesside B) 1,200   United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [106][107]
Triton Knoll 1,200   United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 2 [110]

Other notable offshore wind farmsEdit

Wind Farm Country Coordinates Year Notability Refs
Vindeby Denmark 1991 First offshore wind farm; 11 × Bonus 450 kW [111][112][113][114][115][116][117]
Beatrice United Kingdom 58°7′48″N 3°4′12″W / 58.13000°N 3.07000°W / 58.13000; -3.07000 (Beatrice Wind Farm) 2007 2 × Senvion 5MW prototype turbines, deepest fixed-foundation at 45-metre water depth [118][119][120]
Yttre Stengrund Sweden First offshore wind farm to be decommissioned (in November 2015)
Hywind Norway 2009 First full-scale, deep-water floating turbine: Siemens 2.3 MW turbine in 220 meter-deep water [121][122]
WindFloat 1 Portugal 2011 First full-scale, semi-submersible platform with a Vestas V80-2MW turbine installed in a dry-dock [123]
Hywind Scotland United Kingdom 2017 First full-scale, deep-water floating wind farm, at 30 MW capacity [124]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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