List of natural disasters in Australia

This is a list all major of natural disasters in Australian history. The natural disasters included here are all the events which resulted in significant loss of life or property due to natural, non-biological processes of the Earth within Australian territory.

Event Year Death toll Material destruction Notes
Black Thursday bushfires 1851 12 One million sheep and thousands of cattle
Red Tuesday bushfires 1898 12 Two thousand buildings.
Cyclone Mahina 1899 300-410
Black Sunday 1938 5 A rough surf pulled in swimmers at Bondi Beach, Sydney, leading 245 people saved with 60 receiving treatment and 35 revived from unconsciousness.[1]
Black Friday bushfires 1938-39 71 3,700 buildings.
Sydney hailstorm 1947 0 45,000,000 AUD (2007).
Black Sunday bushfires 1955 2
Western Australian bushfires 1961 0 160 homes.
Chatsbury bushfires 1965 3 59 homes.
Tasmanian fires 1967 62 1,293 homes.
Cyclone Ada 1970 14 12,000,000 AUD (1970)
Kin Kin tornado 1971 3 100,000 AUD. A tornado swept through the town of Kin Kin.[2]
Brisbane flood 1974 16 980,000,000 AUD.
Cyclone Tracy 1974 71 645,350,000 USD (1974)
Cyclone Alby 1978 7 45,000,000 USD (1978).
Ash Wednesday bushfires 1983 75 2,400 houses.
Cyclone Orson 1989 5 16,800,000 USD (1989).
Newcastle earthquake 1989 13 4,000,000,000 AUD.
Eastern seaboard fires 1993-1994 4 225 homes.
Gracetown landslide 1996 9 About 30 tonnes of rock and sand fell from a cliff to below spectators of a school surf event.[3]
Thredbo landslide 1997 18 One victim was found alive after 60 hours of being buried.[4]
Linton Bushfire 1998 5
Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race 1998 6 30,000,000 AUD. A supercell storm cuased havoc during the annual Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race, with only 44 out of 115 yachts finishing.[5]
Cyclone Vance 1999 0 100,000,000 USD (1999).
Sydney hailstorm 1999 1 2,300,000,000 AUD.
Black Christmas bushfires 2001-2002 0 121 homes
Cyclone Chris 2002 12 929,000 USD (2002).
Canberra bushfires 2003 4 Close to 500 homes.
Eastern Victorian alpine bushfires 2003 3 41 homes.
Eyre Peninsula bushfire, 2005 2005 9 93 homes.
Junee Bushfire 2006 0
Cyclone Glenda 2006 0 965,000 USD {2006).
Mount Lubra bushfire 2006 2
Cyclone Larry 2006 1 1,100,000,000 USD (2006).
Pulletop Bushfire 2006 0
Kangaroo Island bushfires 2007 1
Cyclone George 2007 5 15,700,000 USD (2007)
Queensland storms 2008 2 500,000,000 AUD.
Black Saturday bushfires 2009 173 2,029 homes, 2,000 other structures.
Cyclone Hamish 2009 2 38,800,000 USD (2009).
2010–11 Queensland floods 2010-2011 33 2,390,000,000 AUD.
Cyclone Yasi 2011 1 3,600,000,000 USD (2011).
Tasmanian bushfires 2013 1 170+ buildings.
New South Wales bushfires 2013 1
Cyclone Oswald 2013 7 2,520,000,000 USD (2013).
Brisbane hailstorm 2014 0 1,100,000,000 AUD.
Cyclone Ita 2014 0 1,150,000,000 USD (2014).
Sampson Flat bushfires 2015 0
Esperance bushfires 2015 4
Pinery bushfire 2015 2
Carwoola bushfire 2017 0
Cyclone Debbie 2017 14 2,730,000,000 USD (2017).
Tathra bushfire 2018 0

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Maritime/Coastal - Black Sunday, Sydney, 1938 | Australian Disaster Resilience Knowledge Hub". knowledge.aidr.org.au. Retrieved 2019-12-29.
  2. ^ "Tornado - Kin Kin, Queensland 1971 | Australian Disaster Resilience Knowledge Hub". knowledge.aidr.org.au. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  3. ^ "Landslide - Gracetown, Western Australia | Australian Disaster Resilience Knowledge Hub". knowledge.aidr.org.au. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  4. ^ "Landslide - Thredbo, 1997 | Australian Disaster Resilience Knowledge Hub". knowledge.aidr.org.au. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  5. ^ "Maritime/Coastal - Sydney to Hobart Yacht race, 1998 | Australian Disaster Resilience Knowledge Hub". knowledge.aidr.org.au. Retrieved 2019-12-30.