National symbols of Nepal

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Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia between two mighty countries; China at north and India at east, west and south. The national symbols of Nepal are:


The Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus) also known as the impeyan monal, impeyan pheasant or danphe is a bird of the genus Lophophorus of the pheasant family, Phasianidae. It is the national bird of Nepal, where it is known as the danfe in Nepali. It gives 4 to 6 eggs at time after 27 days of conception. It is found in himalayan region where small bushes and rhododendron is available.


The coat of arms of Nepal was changed during the reconciliation period following the Nepalese Civil War. On 30 December 2006, a new coat of arms was introduced. It contains the flag of Nepal, Mount Everest, green hills symbolising the hilly regions of Nepal and yellow colour symbolising the fertile Terai region, male and female hands joining to symbolise gender equality, and a garland of rhododendrons (the national flower). Atop this is a white silhouette in the shape of Nepal.


The national flag of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको झण्डा) is the world's only non-quadrilateral national flag. The flag is a simplified combination of two single pennons, the vexillological word for a pennant. Its crimson red is the colour of the rhododendron, the country's national flower. Red is also the sign of victory in war. The blue border is the colour of peace. Until 1962, the flag's emblems, the sun and the crescent moon, had human faces. They were removed to modernize the flag.


First Nepali president Ram Baran Yadav in Daura-Suruwal

Daura-Suruwal is a traditional costume of Nepal.

National AnthemEdit

सयौं थुँगा फूलका हामी, एउटै माला नेपाली
सार्वभौम भई फैलिएका, मेची-माहाकाली।(2)
प्रकृतिका कोटी-कोटी सम्पदाको आंचल
वीरहरूका रगतले, स्वतन्त्र र अटल।
ज्ञानभूमि, शान्तिभूमि तराई, पहाड, हिमाल
अखण्ड यो प्यारो हाम्रो मातृभूमि नेपाल।
बहुल जाति, भाषा, धर्म, संस्कृति छन् विशाल
अग्रगामी राष्ट्र हाम्रो, जय जय नेपाल।
Sayaű thűgā phūlkā hāmī, euṭai mālā nepālī
Sārwabhaum bhai phailiekā, Mechi-Mahākālī
Prakritikā kotī-kotī sampadāko ā̃chala,
bīrharūkā ragata le, swatantra ra aṭala
Gyānabhūmi, śhāntibhūmi Tarāī, pahād, himāla
Akhaṇḍa yo pyāro hāmro mātṛibhūmi Nepāla
Bahul jāti, bhāṣhā, dharma, sãnskṛti chan biśhāla
Agragāmī rāṣhṭra hāmro, jaya jaya Nepāla
sʌjʌũ tʰũɡa pʰulka ɦami, euʈʌi mala nepʌli
saɾvʌbʱʌum bʱʌi pʰʌilieka, metsi-mʌɦakali
pɾʌkɾitika koʈi-koʈi sʌmpʌdako ãtsʌlʌ,
viɾɦʌɾuka ɾʌɡʌtʌle svʌtʌntɾʌ ɾʌ ʌʈʌlʌ
dzɲanʌbʱumi, ʃantibʱumi tʌɾai, pʌɦaɖ, ɦimalʌ
ʌkʰʌɳɖʌ jo pjaɾo ɦamɾo matɾibʱumi nepalʌ
bʌɦul dzati, bʱaʃa, dʱʌɾmʌ, sãskɾiti tsʰʌn viʃalʌ
ʌɡɾʌɡami ɾaʃʈɾʌ ɦamɾo, dzʌyʌ dzʌyʌ nepalʌ
English translation
Woven from hundreds of flowers, we are one garland that's Nepali
Spread sovereign from Mechi to Mahakali
A playground for nature's wealth unending
Out of the sacrifice of our braves, a nation free and unyielding
A land of knowledge, of peace, the plains, hills and mountains tall
Indivisible, this beloved land of ours, our motherland Nepal
Of many races, languages, religions, and cultures of incredible sprawl
This progressive nation of ours, all hail Nepal


Cattle (colloquially cows) are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, and are most commonly classified collectively as Bos primigenius. Cows are not raised as livestock for meat (beef and veal), but as dairy animals for milk and other dairy products, and as draft animals (oxen or bullocks) (pulling carts, plows and the like). The national breed Achham cattle which falls in the Bos indicus species is understood to be the national animal.


Rhododendron (Nepali: लाली गुराँस; lali gurans) is a genus of over 1000 species of woody plants in the heath family, either evergreen or deciduous. Most species have showy flowers. We know Lali means Red and Guras means Rhododendron, so lali guras means Rhododendron. Nepal's National Flower Rhododendron are found in the altitude range from 1200 meters to 3600 meters above the sea level.


The national language of Nepal is Nepali language. Nepali or Nepalese (नेपाली) is a language in the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is the official language and de facto lingua franca of Nepal and is also spoken in Bhutan and parts of India. In India, it is one of the country's 2nd official languages: Nepali has official language status in the formerly independent state of Sikkim and in West Bengal's Darjeeling district. Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Tibeto-Burman languages, most notably Kirati and Gurung, and shows Tibeto-Burman influences


Crimson is a strong, bright, deep reddish purple color. it is the national colour of nepal.

      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#DC143C
sRGBB  (rgb)(220, 20, 60)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 91, 73, 14)
HSV       (h, s, v)(348°, 91%, 86%)
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)