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Map showing the distribution of the national parks in Spain as of 2018.

There are sixteen national parks in Spain: ten in the Iberian Peninsula, four in the Canary Islands and one in the Balearic Islands. Twelve of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain have national parks. Canary Islands has the most (four), followed by Andalusia (three), Castile-La Mancha and Castile and León (two each). There are five autonomous communities that have no national parks: Basque Country, La Rioja, Murcia, Navarre, Valencian Community.

About 10 million people visited Spanish national parks in 2009, with Teide accounting for about 30% of all visitors. The second most visited park was Picos de Europa (18%), followed by Timanfaya (13%). The least visited parks were Cabrera Archipelago (0.60%) and Cabañeros (0.90%).[1] With more than 2.5 million visitors in 2013, Teide was the most visited national park in Europe that year, and sixth most visited in the world.[2]

National parksEdit

Name Photo Province Autonomous community Designated Area Description Ref
Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici   Lleida Catalonia 1955 14,119 ha
(34,889 acres)
Consists of two valleys (Sant Nicolau and L'Escrita) located between the rivers Noguera Pallaresa and Noguera Ribagorzana. Comaloforno is the highest mountain, with a peak at 3,033 meters (9,951 ft).[3] [4]
Cabañeros   Ciudad Real and Toledo Castile-La Mancha 1995 40,856 ha
(100,957 acres)
Part of the Montes de Toledo system of mountain ranges. Rocigalgo, at about 1,500 meters (4,900 ft), is the highest mountain in the park.[5] [6]
Cabrera Archipelago   Balearic Islands Balearic Islands 1991 10,021 ha
(24,762 acres)
Consists of the Balearic island Cabrera, that was isolated from Majorca during the last glacial period 12,000 years ago, and the surrounding archipelago.[7] [8]
Caldera de Taburiente   Santa Cruz de Tenerife (La Palma island) Canary Islands 1954 4,690 ha
(11,589 acres)
[9]
Doñana   Huelva and Sevilla Andalusia 1969 54,252 ha
(134,060 acres)
[10]
Garajonay   Santa Cruz de Tenerife (La Gomera island) Canary Islands 1981 3,984 ha
(9,845 acres)
[11]
Guadarrama   Madrid, Segovia and Ávila Community of Madrid and Castile and León 2013 33,960 ha
(83,917 acres)
[12]
Illas Atlánticas de Galicia   A Coruña and Pontevedra Galicia 2002 8,480 ha
(20,955 acres)
[13]
Monfragüe   Caceres Extremadura 2007 18,396 ha
(45,458 acres)
[14]
Ordesa y Monte Perdido   Huesca Aragon 1918 15,608 ha
(38,568 acres)
[15]
Picos de Europa   Asturias, León and Cantabria Asturias, Castile-Leon and Cantabria 1918 67,127 ha
(165,874 acres)
Covers the mountain range Picos de Europa (part of the Cantabrian Mountains) and consists of three massifs: Central, Western and Eastern. Torre de Cerredo, at 2,646 meters (8,681 ft), is the highest mountain.[16] [17]
Sierra Nevada   Granada, Almería, and Málaga Andalusia 1999 85,883 ha
(212,222 acres)
The park has fifteen peaks over 3,000 meters (9,800 ft) altitude, including Mulhacén, the highest mountain in the Iberian Peninsula, with a peak of 3,482 meters (11,424 ft).[18] [19]
Sierra de las Nieves   Malaga (province) Andalusia 2019 23,000 ha
(56,834 acres)
Located in the Serranía de Ronda , the Sierra de las Nieves, which will become the sixteenth National Park in Spain and third in Andalusia, next to Doñana and Sierra Nevada, houses 65% of the area of pinsapo fir in Spain , as well as valuable formations of quejigals, holm oaks and mediterranean forest.
Tablas de Daimiel   Ciudad Real Castile-La Mancha 1973 3,030 ha
(7,487 acres)
[20]
Teide   Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Tenerife island) Canary Islands 1954 18,990 ha
(46,925 acres)
[21]
Timanfaya   Las Palmas (Lanzarote island) Canary Islands 1974 5,107 ha
(12,620 acres)
[22]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "El del Teide es el parque nacional más visitado". La Opinión de Tenerife (in Spanish). 23 August 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  2. ^ Millet, Daniel (10 February 2014). "El Teide se sitúa entre los diez parques nacionales más visitados del mundo". La Opinión de Tenerife (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  3. ^ "Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici: El medio natural". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  4. ^ "Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Cabañeros: Valores naturales". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Cabañeros: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  7. ^ "Archipiélago de Cabrera: La isla". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  8. ^ "Archipiélago de Cabrera: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  9. ^ "Caldera de Taburiente: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  10. ^ "Doñana: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Garajonay: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  12. ^ "Sierra de Guadarrama: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  13. ^ "Islas Atlánticas de Galicia: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  14. ^ "Monfragüe: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  15. ^ "Ordesa y Monte Perdido: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  16. ^ "Picos de Europa: El medio natural". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  17. ^ "Picos de Europa: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  18. ^ "Sierra Nevada: Medio natural". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  19. ^ "Sierra Nevada: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  20. ^ "Tablas de Daimiel: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  21. ^ "Teide: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  22. ^ "Timanfaya: Ficha técnica". magrama.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015.

External linksEdit