List of national leaders of Belarus

This is a comprehensive chronological list of national leaders of Belarus since its first independence, in 1918, including its presidents both before and after the Soviet era, and the Soviet leaders themselves, who, unlike the Presidents, were not formal Heads of State.

Belarusian People's Republic (1918–20)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of office Political Party
Took office Left office Time in office
Chairmen of the Rada
1Jan Sierada
(1879–1943)
9 March 191819 May 191871 daysBSH
Vacant (19 May 1918 – 1 January 1919)
Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Workers-and-Peasants' Soviet Government
2Zmicier Zhylunovich
(1887–1937)
1 January 19194 February 191934 daysIndependent
Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
3Alexander Miasnikian
(1886–1925)
4 February 191927 February 191923 daysCPB
Vacant (27 February 1919 – 13 December 1919)
4Pyotra Krecheuski
(1879–1928)
13 December 19194 February 192053 daysIndependent

BNR in exile (since 1920)Edit

Presidents-in-exlieEdit

In Vilnius to 1925, then in Prague, presently in Canada:

Lithuanian–Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (1919–20)Edit

Chairman of the Central Executive CommitteeEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of office Political Party
Took office Left office Time in office
1Kazimierz Cichowski
(1887–1937)
27 February 191931 July 19201 year, 155 daysLBSSR

Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (1920–91)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of office Political Party
Took office Left office Time in office
Executive Secretary of the Byelorussian Communist Party
2Vilhelm Knorin
(1890–1939)
9 August 192030 December 19222 years, 143 daysCPB
3Waclaw Bogucki
(1884–1937)
30 December 192212 February 19241 year, 44 daysCPB
4Aleksandr Osatkin-Vladimirsky
(1885–1937)
12 February 192429 September 1924199 daysCPB
5Alexander Krinitsky
(1894–1937)
13 May 192422 December 19251 year, 223 daysCPB
First Secretary of the Byelorussian Communist Party
6Nikolay Goloded
(1894–1937)
22 December 19257 May 19271 year, 136 daysCPB
(2)Vilhelm Knorin
(1890–1939)
7 May 19274 December 1928211 daysCPB
7Yan Gamarnik
(1894–1937)
4 December 19285 November 1929336 daysCPB
Ivan Wasiliewicz
(1894–1937)
Acting
4 December 19288 January 193064 daysCPB
8Konstantin Gey
(1896–1937)
8 January 193018 January 19322 years, 10 daysCPB
9Nikolay Gikalo
(1897–1938)
18 January 193218 March 19375 years, 59 daysCPB
10Vasily Sharangovich
(1897–1938)
18 March 193717 July 1937121 daysCPB
Yakov Yakovlev
(1897–1938)
Acting
17 July 19378 August 193722 daysCPB
11Aleksei Volkov
(1890–1942)
11 August 193718 June 1938311 daysCPB
12Panteleimon Ponomarenko
(1902–1984)
18 June 19387 March 19478 years, 262 daysCPB
13Nikolai Gusarov
(1905–1985)
7 March 194731 May 19503 years, 85 daysCPB
14Nikolai Patolichev
(1908–1989)
31 May 195028 July 19566 years, 58 daysCPB
15Kirill Mazurov
(1914–1989)
28 July 195630 March 19658 years, 245 daysCPB
16Pyotr Masherov
(1918–1980)
30 March 19654 October 1980 †15 years, 158 daysCPB
Vladimir Brovikov
(1931–1992)
Acting
4 October 198016 October 198012 daysCPB
17Tikhon Kiselyov
(1917–1983)
16 October 198011 January 1983 †2 years, 117 daysCPB
Vladimir Brovikov
(1931–1992)
Acting
11 January 198313 January 19832 daysCPB
18Nikolay Slyunkov
(born 1929)
13 January 19836 February 19874 years, 24 daysCPB
19Yefrem Sokolov
(born 1926)
6 February 198730 November 19903 years, 297 daysCPB
20Anatoly Malofeyev
(born 1933)
30 November 199015 August 1991258 daysCPB

Republic of Belarus (1991–present)Edit

Chairmen of the Supreme CouncilEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of office Political Party
Took office Left office Time in office
1Stanislau Shushkevich
(born 1934)
15 August 199126 January 19942 years, 164 daysIndependent
Vyacheslav Kuznetsov
(born 1947)
Acting
26 January 199428 January 19942 daysIndependent
2Myechyslaw Hryb
(born 1938)
28 January 199420 July 1994173 daysIndependent

PresidentEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of office Political Party Election
Took office Left office Time in office
1Alexander Lukashenko
(born 1954)
20 July 1994Incumbent
Disputed since 9 August 2020[1]
26 years, 88 daysIndependent1994
2001
2006
2010
2015
2020

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya calls for end to violence in Belarus as election fallout continues". Sky News. 14 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.