List of musical instruments by Hornbostel–Sachs number: 311.211

This is a list of instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs number, covering those instruments that are classified under 311.211 under that system. It includes instruments that are Stick zithers, musical bow cum stick, with rigid string carrier, curved flexible end, one attached resonator gourd.


3: Instruments in which sound is produced by one or more vibrating strings (chordophones, string instruments).
31: Instruments which consist solely of a string bearer or a string bearer with a resonator that is not integral to the instrument
311: Instruments with a string bearer shaped like a bar, or consisting of a sideways board (bar zithers)
311.2: Instrument has a rigid and inflexible string carrier (stick zither)
311.21: Instrument has a string carrier with one curved, flexible end (musical bow)
311.211: Instrument has one resonator gourd

These instruments may be classified with a suffix, based on how the strings are caused to vibrate.

  • 4: Hammers or beaters
  • 5: Bare hands and fingers
  • 6: Plectrum
  • 7: Bowing
    • 71: Using a bow
    • 72: Using a wheel
    • 73: Using a ribbon
  • 8: Keyboard
  • 9: Using a mechanical drive

ListEdit

Instrument Tradition Hornbostel–Sachs classification Description
Kse diev
Khsae muoy
Cambodia 311.211 Stick zithers, musical bow cum stick, with rigid string carrier, curved flexible end, one attached resonator gourd


Phin namtao
Lanna (Northern Thailand) 311.211 Chest-resonated stick zither with one string, equivalent to Kse diev
Phin pia[1]
Pin pia
Lanna (Northern Thailand) 311.211 Chest-resonated stick zither with two to five strings


ReferencesEdit

  • von Hornbostel, Erich M.; Curt Sachs (March 1961). "Classification of Musical Instruments: Translated from the Original German by Anthony Baines and Klaus P. Wachsmann". The Galpin Society Journal. The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 14. 14: 3–29. doi:10.2307/842168. JSTOR 842168. Organologically speaking, the [Phin pia] instrument is a fretless bar zither (Hornbostel, Sachs classification 311.211) and is extremely simple by design, consisting of a shaft of wood, a coconut-shell resonator at the top end, and two to five strin

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McGraw, Andrew (Summer–Fall 2007). "The Pia's Subtle Sustain: Contemporary Ethnic Identity and the Revitalization of the Lanna 'Heart Harp'". Asian Music. 38 (2): 115–142. doi:10.1353/amu.2007.0035.