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List of mountain peaks of Hawaii

Mauna Kea on the Island of Hawaiʻi is the highest peak in the U.S. State of Hawaiʻi and the entire Pacific Ocean. Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain on Earth as measured from base to summit.

This article comprises three sortable tables of the 13 major mountain peaks[a] of the Hawaiian Islands and the U.S. State of Hawaiʻi. Each of these 13 major summits has at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence.

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

  1. The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.[1] The first table below ranks the 13 major summits of Hawaiʻi by topographic elevation.
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.[2][1] The second table below ranks the 13 major summits of Hawaiʻi by topographic prominence.
  3. The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.[3] The third table below ranks the 13 major summits of Hawaiʻi by topographic isolation.

Contents

Highest major summitsEdit

Of the 13 major summits of Hawaiʻi, Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa exceed 4000 meters (13,123 feet) elevation, Haleakalā exceeds 3000 meters (9843 feet), Hualalai exceeds 2000 meters (6562 feet), and 11 peaks exceed 1000 meters (3281 feet) elevation.

Four of these peaks rise on the island of Hawaiʻi, two on Maui, two on Kauaʻi, two on Molokaʻi, two on Oʻahu, and one on Lānaʻi.

The highest of the 13 summits of Hawaiʻi with at least 500 meters of topographic prominence

Rank Mountain peak Island Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
1 Mauna Kea[4][5][6][7][8][9]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 13,803 ft
4207.3 m
13,803 ft
4207 m
2,453 mi
3,947 km
19°49′15″N 155°28′05″W / 19.8207°N 155.4681°W / 19.8207; -155.4681 (Mauna Kea)
2 Mauna Loa[10][11][12][13][b]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 13,679 ft
4169 m
7,099 ft
2164 m
25.4 mi
40.8 km
19°28′32″N 155°36′19″W / 19.4756°N 155.6054°W / 19.4756; -155.6054 (Mauna Loa)
3 Haleakalā[14][15][16][17]   Hawaii Island of Maui 10,023 ft
3055 m
10,023 ft
3055 m
76.3 mi
122.9 km
20°42′35″N 156°15′12″W / 20.7097°N 156.2533°W / 20.7097; -156.2533 (Haleakalā)
4 Hualālai[18][19][20]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 8,271 ft
2521 m
3,091 ft
942 m
22.4 mi
36.0 km
19°41′20″N 155°51′52″W / 19.6889°N 155.8644°W / 19.6889; -155.8644 (Hualālai)
5 Puʻu Kukui[21][22][23]   Hawaii Island of Maui 5,788 ft
1764 m
5,678 ft
1731 m
23.5 mi
37.9 km
20°53′25″N 156°35′11″W / 20.8904°N 156.5863°W / 20.8904; -156.5863 (Pu'u Kukui)
6 Kaunu o Kaleihoohie[24][25][26]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 5,500 ft
1676 m
2,600 ft
792 m
16.80 mi
27.0 km
20°05′10″N 155°43′02″W / 20.0860°N 155.7171°W / 20.0860; -155.7171 (Kaunu o Kaleihoohie)
7 Kawaikini[27][28][29][30]   Hawaii Island of Kauaʻi 5,243 ft
1598 m
5,243 ft
1598 m
204 mi
328 km
22°03′31″N 159°29′50″W / 22.0586°N 159.4973°W / 22.0586; -159.4973 (Kawaikini)
8 Kamakou[31][32][33][34]   Hawaii Island of Molokaʻi 4,961 ft
1512 m
4,961 ft
1512 m
23.5 mi
37.8 km
21°06′23″N 156°52′06″W / 21.1065°N 156.8682°W / 21.1065; -156.8682 (Kamakou)
9 Olokuʻi[35][36]   Hawaii Island of Molokaʻi 4,606 ft
1404 m
1,949 ft
594 m
2.15 mi
3.46 km
21°07′57″N 156°50′59″W / 21.1325°N 156.8498°W / 21.1325; -156.8498 (Olokuʻi)
10 Kaʻala[37][38][39][40]   Hawaii Island of Oʻahu 4,060 ft
1237 m
4,060 ft
1237 m
84.4 mi
135.8 km
21°30′28″N 158°08′33″W / 21.5079°N 158.1426°W / 21.5079; -158.1426 (Ka'ala)
11 Lānaʻihale[41][42][43][44]   Hawaii Island of Lānaʻi 3,396 ft
1035 m
3,396 ft
1035 m
19.32 mi
31.1 km
20°48′44″N 156°52′24″W / 20.8122°N 156.8732°W / 20.8122; -156.8732 (Lānaʻihale)
12 Kōnāhuanui[45][46][47]   Hawaii Island of Oʻahu 3,150 ft
960 m
2,303 ft
702 m
23.9 mi
38.5 km
21°21′29″N 157°47′18″W / 21.3580°N 157.7882°W / 21.3580; -157.7882 (Kōnāhuanui)
13 ʻupu[48][49]   Hawaii Island of Kauaʻi 2,297 ft
700 m
1,687 ft
514 m
11.02 mi
17.74 km
21°55′31″N 159°24′06″W / 21.9254°N 159.4018°W / 21.9254; -159.4018 (Hāʻupu)

Most prominent summitsEdit

Of the 13 major summits of Hawaiʻi, Mauna Kea exceeds 4000 meters (13,123 feet) of topographic prominence, Haleakalā exceeds 3000 meters (9843 feet), Mauna Loa exceeds 2000 meters (6562 feet), six peaks are ultra-prominent summits with more than 1500 meters (4921 feet), and eight peaks exceed 1000 meters (3281 feet) of topographic prominence.

The 13 most topographically prominent summits of Hawaiʻi

Rank Mountain peak Island Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
1 Mauna Kea[4][5][6][7][8][9]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 13,803 ft
4207.3 m
13,803 ft
4207 m
2,453 mi
3,947 km
19°49′15″N 155°28′05″W / 19.8207°N 155.4681°W / 19.8207; -155.4681 (Mauna Kea)
2 Haleakalā[14][15][16][17]   Hawaii Island of Maui 10,023 ft
3055 m
10,023 ft
3055 m
76.3 mi
122.9 km
20°42′35″N 156°15′12″W / 20.7097°N 156.2533°W / 20.7097; -156.2533 (Haleakalā)
3 Mauna Loa[10][11][12][13]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 13,679 ft
4169 m
7,099 ft
2164 m
25.4 mi
40.8 km
19°28′32″N 155°36′19″W / 19.4756°N 155.6054°W / 19.4756; -155.6054 (Mauna Loa)
4 Puʻu Kukui[21][22][23]   Hawaii Island of Maui 5,788 ft
1764 m
5,678 ft
1731 m
23.5 mi
37.9 km
20°53′25″N 156°35′11″W / 20.8904°N 156.5863°W / 20.8904; -156.5863 (Pu'u Kukui)
5 Kawaikini[27][28][29][30]   Hawaii Island of Kauaʻi 5,243 ft
1598 m
5,243 ft
1598 m
204 mi
328 km
22°03′31″N 159°29′50″W / 22.0586°N 159.4973°W / 22.0586; -159.4973 (Kawaikini)
6 Kamakou[31][32][33][34]   Hawaii Island of Molokaʻi 4,961 ft
1512 m
4,961 ft
1512 m
23.5 mi
37.8 km
21°06′23″N 156°52′06″W / 21.1065°N 156.8682°W / 21.1065; -156.8682 (Kamakou)
7 Kaʻala[37][38][39][40]   Hawaii Island of Oʻahu 4,060 ft
1237 m
4,060 ft
1237 m
84.4 mi
135.8 km
21°30′28″N 158°08′33″W / 21.5079°N 158.1426°W / 21.5079; -158.1426 (Ka'ala)
8 Lānaʻihale[41][42][43][44]   Hawaii Island of Lānaʻi 3,396 ft
1035 m
3,396 ft
1035 m
19.32 mi
31.1 km
20°48′44″N 156°52′24″W / 20.8122°N 156.8732°W / 20.8122; -156.8732 (Lānaʻihale)
9 Hualālai[18][19][20]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 8,271 ft
2521 m
3,091 ft
942 m
22.4 mi
36.0 km
19°41′20″N 155°51′52″W / 19.6889°N 155.8644°W / 19.6889; -155.8644 (Hualālai)
10 Kaunu o Kaleihoohie[24][25][26]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 5,500 ft
1676 m
2,600 ft
792 m
16.80 mi
27.0 km
20°05′10″N 155°43′02″W / 20.0860°N 155.7171°W / 20.0860; -155.7171 (Kaunu o Kaleihoohie)
11 Kōnāhuanui[45][46][47]   Hawaii Island of Oʻahu 3,150 ft
960 m
2,303 ft
702 m
23.9 mi
38.5 km
21°21′29″N 157°47′18″W / 21.3580°N 157.7882°W / 21.3580; -157.7882 (Kōnāhuanui)
12 Olokuʻi[35][36]   Hawaii Island of Molokaʻi 4,606 ft
1404 m
1,949 ft
594 m
2.15 mi
3.46 km
21°07′57″N 156°50′59″W / 21.1325°N 156.8498°W / 21.1325; -156.8498 (Olokuʻi)
13 ʻupu[48][49]   Hawaii Island of Kauaʻi 2,297 ft
700 m
1,687 ft
514 m
11.02 mi
17.74 km
21°55′31″N 159°24′06″W / 21.9254°N 159.4018°W / 21.9254; -159.4018 (Hāʻupu)

Most isolated major summitsEdit

Of the 13 major summits of Hawaiʻi, Mauna Kea has 3947 kilometers (2453 miles) of topographic isolation and four peaks exceed 100 kilometers (62.14 miles) of topographic isolation.

The most topographically isolated of the 13 summits of Hawaiʻi with at least 500 meters of topographic prominence

Rank Mountain peak Island Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
1 Mauna Kea[4][5][6][7][8][9]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 13,803 ft
4207.3 m
13,803 ft
4207 m
2,453 mi
3,947 km
19°49′15″N 155°28′05″W / 19.8207°N 155.4681°W / 19.8207; -155.4681 (Mauna Kea)
2 Kawaikini[27][28][29][30]   Hawaii Island of Kauaʻi 5,243 ft
1598 m
5,243 ft
1598 m
204 mi
328 km
22°03′31″N 159°29′50″W / 22.0586°N 159.4973°W / 22.0586; -159.4973 (Kawaikini)
3 Kaʻala[37][38][39][40]   Hawaii Island of Oʻahu 4,060 ft
1237 m
4,060 ft
1237 m
84.4 mi
135.8 km
21°30′28″N 158°08′33″W / 21.5079°N 158.1426°W / 21.5079; -158.1426 (Ka'ala)
4 Haleakalā[14][15][16][17]   Hawaii Island of Maui 10,023 ft
3055 m
10,023 ft
3055 m
76.3 mi
122.9 km
20°42′35″N 156°15′12″W / 20.7097°N 156.2533°W / 20.7097; -156.2533 (Haleakalā)
5 Mauna Loa[10][11][12][13]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 13,679 ft
4169 m
7,099 ft
2164 m
25.4 mi
40.8 km
19°28′32″N 155°36′19″W / 19.4756°N 155.6054°W / 19.4756; -155.6054 (Mauna Loa)
6 Kōnāhuanui[45][46][47]   Hawaii Island of Oʻahu 3,150 ft
960 m
2,303 ft
702 m
23.9 mi
38.5 km
21°21′29″N 157°47′18″W / 21.3580°N 157.7882°W / 21.3580; -157.7882 (Kōnāhuanui)
7 Puʻu Kukui[21][22][23]   Hawaii Island of Maui 5,788 ft
1764 m
5,678 ft
1731 m
23.5 mi
37.9 km
20°53′25″N 156°35′11″W / 20.8904°N 156.5863°W / 20.8904; -156.5863 (Pu'u Kukui)
8 Kamakou[31][32][33][34]   Hawaii Island of Molokaʻi 4,961 ft
1512 m
4,961 ft
1512 m
23.5 mi
37.8 km
21°06′23″N 156°52′06″W / 21.1065°N 156.8682°W / 21.1065; -156.8682 (Kamakou)
9 Hualālai[18][19][20]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 8,271 ft
2521 m
3,091 ft
942 m
22.4 mi
36.0 km
19°41′20″N 155°51′52″W / 19.6889°N 155.8644°W / 19.6889; -155.8644 (Hualālai)
10 Lānaʻihale[41][42][43][44]   Hawaii Island of Lānaʻi 3,396 ft
1035 m
3,396 ft
1035 m
19.32 mi
31.1 km
20°48′44″N 156°52′24″W / 20.8122°N 156.8732°W / 20.8122; -156.8732 (Lānaʻihale)
11 Kaunu o Kaleihoohie[24][25][26]   Hawaii Island of Hawaiʻi 5,500 ft
1676 m
2,600 ft
792 m
16.80 mi
27.0 km
20°05′10″N 155°43′02″W / 20.0860°N 155.7171°W / 20.0860; -155.7171 (Kaunu o Kaleihoohie)
12 ʻupu[48][49]   Hawaii Island of Kauaʻi 2,297 ft
700 m
1,687 ft
514 m
11.02 mi
17.74 km
21°55′31″N 159°24′06″W / 21.9254°N 159.4018°W / 21.9254; -159.4018 (Hāʻupu)
13 Olokuʻi[35][36]   Hawaii Island of Molokaʻi 4,606 ft
1404 m
1,949 ft
594 m
2.15 mi
3.46 km
21°07′57″N 156°50′59″W / 21.1325°N 156.8498°W / 21.1325; -156.8498 (Olokuʻi)

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b If the elevation or prominence of a summit is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.
  2. ^ The topographic prominence of a summit is the topographic elevation difference between the summit and its highest or key col to a higher summit. The summit may be near its key col or quite far away. The key col for Denali in Alaska is the Isthmus of Rivas in Nicaragua, 7642 kilometers (4749 miles) away.
  3. ^ The topographic isolation of a summit is the great-circle distance to its nearest point of equal elevation.
  4. ^ a b c The summit of Mauna Kea is the highest point of the island of Hawaiʻi, the U.S. State of Hawaiʻi, and all islands of the Pacific Ocean.
  5. ^ a b c Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain on Earth as measured from base to summit. The shield volcano sits on the ocean floor at a depth of 5998 meters (19,678 feet) for a total height of 10,205.3 meters (33,482 feet).
  6. ^ a b c "SUMMIT". Datasheet for NGS Station TU2314. United States National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c "Mauna Kea". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  8. ^ a b c "Mauna Kea". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c "Mauna Kea". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c Mauna Loa is the southernmost and westernmost 4000-meter (13,123-foot) summit of Hawaiʻi and the United States.
  11. ^ a b c "Mauna Loa". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  12. ^ a b c "Mauna Loa". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c "Mauna Loa". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c The summit of Haleakalā is the highest point of the island of Maui and the westernmost 3000 meter (9842.5-foot) summit of the United States.
  15. ^ a b c "Haleakalā". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  16. ^ a b c "Haleakalā". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  17. ^ a b c "Haleakalā". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  18. ^ a b c "Hualālai". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  19. ^ a b c "Hualālai". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  20. ^ a b c "Hualālai". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  21. ^ a b c "Puʻu Kukui". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  22. ^ a b c "Puʻu Kukui". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  23. ^ a b c "Puʻu Kukui". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  24. ^ a b c "Kaunu o Kaleihoohie". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  25. ^ a b c "Kaunu o Kaleihoohie". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  26. ^ a b c "Kaunu o Kaleihoohie". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  27. ^ a b c The summit of Kawaikini is the highest point of the island of Kauaʻi.
  28. ^ a b c "Kawaikini". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  29. ^ a b c "Kawaikini". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  30. ^ a b c "Kawaikini". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  31. ^ a b c The summit of Kamakou is the highest point of the island of Molokaʻi.
  32. ^ a b c "Kamakou". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  33. ^ a b c "Kamakou". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  34. ^ a b c "Kamakou". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  35. ^ a b c "Olokuʻi". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  36. ^ a b c "Olokuʻi". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  37. ^ a b c The summit of Kaʻala is the highest point of the island of Oʻahu.
  38. ^ a b c "Kaʻala". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  39. ^ a b c "Kaʻala". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  40. ^ a b c "Kaʻala". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  41. ^ a b c The summit of Lānaʻihale is the highest point of the island of Lānaʻi.
  42. ^ a b c "Lānaʻihale". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  43. ^ a b c "Lānaʻihale". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  44. ^ a b c "Lānaʻihale". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  45. ^ a b c "Kōnāhuanui". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  46. ^ a b c "Kōnāhuanui". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  47. ^ a b c "Kōnāhuanui". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  48. ^ a b c "Hāʻupu". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  49. ^ a b c "Hāʻupu". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 

NotesEdit

  1. ^ This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.
  2. ^ The shield volcano Mauna Loa is the second most voluminous mountain on Earth with an estimated volume of 74,000 cubic kilometres (18,000 cu mi), or enough material to fill the Grand Canyon more than 18 times

External linksEdit