List of military special forces units

This is a list of active military units, known as special forces or special operations forces (SOF), that are specially organised, trained and equipped to conduct special operations.

These are distinct from special-purpose infantry units such as the Royal Marine Commandos.

DefinitionsEdit

NATO currently defines "special operations" as:

Military activities conducted by specially designated, organized, trained, and equipped forces, manned with selected personnel, using unconventional tactics, techniques, and modes of employment.[1][2]

In 2001, NATO agreed to the Russian definitions of special operations and special operations forces:[3]

special operations military activities conducted by specially designated, organized, trained and equipped forces using operational techniques and modes of employment not standard to conventional forces. These activities are conducted across the full range of military operations independently or in coordination with operations of conventional forces to achieve political, military, psychological and economic objectives. Politico-military considerations may require clandestine, covert or discreet techniques and the acceptance of a degree of physical and political risk not associated with conventional operations.[4]

special-operations forces strategic formations and units of the armed forces, whose role is to conduct sabotage, reconnaissance, subversive and other special operations on the territory of foreign countries. In wartime they may also be assigned tasks such as intelligence-gathering, the seizure or destruction of key installations, the conduct of psychological operations or the organization of insurgencies in the enemy's rear area. The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation have separate special-operations forces brigades, battalions and companies which are integrated with the intelligence assets of military districts, fronts, fleets, armies or corps.[4]

The United States definition of special operations is:

Operations requiring unique modes of employment, tactical techniques, equipment and training often conducted in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive environments and characterized by one or more of the following: time sensitive, clandestine, low visibility, conducted with and/or through indigenous forces, requiring regional expertise, and/or a high degree of risk.[5]

The Canadian definition of special operations forces is:

Organizations containing specially trained personnel that are organized, equipped and trained to conduct high-risk, high value, special operations to achieve military, political, economic, or international objectives by using special and unique operational methodologies in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive area to achieve desired tactical operational, and/or strategic effects in times of peace, conflict, or war.[6][7]

AfghanistanEdit

Afghan National Army Special Forces Command (ANASOC)[8]

  • National Mission Brigade (NMB)[9]
    • 6th Special Operations Battalion (SOK)
    • Ktah Khas Battalion[10] (AKA: Afghan Partner Unit, APU)[11]
    • Special Forces Battalion
    • Special Forces Battalion
  • Afghan National Army Commando Corps[12]
    • 1st Commando Brigade
    • 2nd Commando Brigade
    • 3rd Commando Brigade
    • 4th Commando Brigade
  • Military Intelligence Battalion[9]
  • National Strategic Reserve Operations Battalion[9]

AlbaniaEdit

Albanian Armed Forces

AlgeriaEdit

Algerian Land Forces (CFT)

Algerian Navy (AN)

Algerian Air Force (AAF)

Algerian Republican Guard (GR)

AngolaEdit

Angolan Armed Forces

ArgentinaEdit

Argentine Army[15]

Argentine Navy

ArmeniaEdit

Armenian Army

AustraliaEdit

Australian Army

Royal Australian Air Force

Royal Australian Navy

AustriaEdit

Austrian Army

AzerbaijanEdit

Azerbaijani Armed Forces

BangladeshEdit

Directorate General of Forces Intelligence

Bangladesh Army

Bangladesh Navy

Bangladesh Air Force

  • No.41 Squadron

BelarusEdit

Special Operations Forces Command (Russian: командование сил специальных операций)[31][32]

  • 5th Spetsnaz Brigade (Russian: 5-я отдельная бригада специального назначения)[31][32]
  • 33rd Guards Spetsnaz Detachment (complete with officers and warrant officers)
  • A special purpose detachment of 5th Spetsnaz Brigade (known as "company officer")
  • 527th Spetsnaz Company
  • 22nd Spetsnaz Company (Western Operational Command)

State Security Committee of the Republic of Belarus

BelgiumEdit

Belgian Land Component

BotswanaEdit

BrazilEdit

Brazilian Army

Brazilian Air Force

Brazilian Navy

BruneiEdit

BulgariaEdit

BurundiEdit

  • National Defence Force
    • 4th Commando Battalion[46]
    • 22nd Commando Battalion
    • 124th Commando Battalion
    • 221st Commando Battalion[47]
    • Special Brigade for the Protection of Institutions[47]

CambodiaEdit

CanadaEdit

Special Operations Forces Command[50]

ChileEdit

Chilean Armed Forces

ChinaEdit

People's Liberation Army Ground Force

  • People's Liberation Army Special Operations Forces[60]
    • 71st Special Warfare Brigade
    • 73rd Special Warfare Brigade
    • 75th Special Warfare Brigade
    • 77th Special Warfare Brigade
    • 78th Special Warfare Brigade
    • 79th Special Warfare Brigade
    • 80th Special Warfare Brigade
    • 82nd Special Warfare Brigade
    • 84th Special Warfare Brigade
    • 85nd Special Warfare Brigade

People's Liberation Army Navy[61]

People's Armed Police

ColombiaEdit

Comando Conjunto de Operaciones Especiales (CCOES - Joint Special Operations Command) (Army, Navy and Air force)

National Army of Colombia

  • División de fuerzas especiales (DIVFE) (Army's main special forces branch, and division)
    • 1er regimiento de asalto aéreo (Air assault)
    • 2do regimiento de fuerzas especiales (Land operations)
    • 3er regimiento de apoyo a operaciones especiales (Support)
  • Brigada Contra el Narcotráfico (BRCNA) (Counter narcotics)
  • Batallón de acción directa y reconocimiento (BADRE) (Long range recon and combat)
  • Batallón de Fuerzas Especiales Antiterroristas Urbanas AFEUR (Urban special forces)
  • Agrupación de fuerzas especiales antiterroristas urbanas AFEAUR (Anti terrorist urban special forces)
  • Fuerza de Despliegue Rápido "FUDRA" (Quick Reaction Force)
  • Grupos de Acción Unificada por la Libertad personal (GAULA) (Unified Action Group for Liberty) (Counter kidnap, counter extortion, and hostage rescue)

Colombian Navy

  • Batallón de fuerzas especiales de infantería de Marina (BFEIM) (Marine Corps Special Operations Batallion)
  • Comando de fuerzas especiales navales (COFEN) (Navy´s Special Operations group)
  • Grupos de Acción Unificada por la Libertad personal (GAULA) (Unified Action Group for Liberty) (Counter kidnap, counter extortion, and hostage rescue)

Colombian Air Force

  • Agrupación de Comandos Especiales Aéreos (ECOEA) (Special Air Commando group)
  • Grupo especial de operaciones de defensa aéreo (Air base defense)
  • Grupos de Acción Unificada por la Libertad personal (GAULA) (Unified Action Group for Liberty) (Counter kidnap, counter extortion, and hostage rescue)

CubaEdit

  • Black Wasp (Avispas Negras)
  • Brigada Especial Nacional

Democratic Republic of CongoEdit

  • 391st Commando battalion URR[63]

CroatiaEdit

Special Operations Command (Croatia)

CyprusEdit

Cyprus Army

  • Raider Forces

Cyprus Navy

  • Underwater Demolition Team

Czech RepublicEdit

Ředitelství speciálních sil[64]

DenmarkEdit

Special Operations Command (Template:Langda) (SOKOM)

Danish Home Guard

Two other Danish units have some claim to special forces status. The Danish Home Guard's Special Support and Reconnaissance Company is capable of behind-the-lines stay-behind reconnaissance, similar to the Cold War role of the British 21 and 23 SAS Regiments.[67] The Royal Danish Navy also maintains a unique ski patrol unit that conducts dog patrols of Greenland throughout the year. This unit, the Sirius Patrol, maintains a combat capability.

EgyptEdit

Sa'ka Forces Thunderbolt Forces

EstoniaEdit

Estonian Special Operations Force (ESTSOF)

  • Special Operations Task Group

EthiopiaEdit

  • Agazi Commando Division[68]
    • 205th/206th Commando Brigade
      • Anti-Terrorism Battalion
        • ESOF(400 men detachment)

FinlandEdit

Finnish Army:

Finnish Navy:

  • Special Action Detachment (Finnish: Erikoistoimintaosasto) of Coastal Brigade[69]

FranceEdit

Special Operations Command

Directorate-General for External Security

  • Action Division
    • Paratrooper Specialised Training Centre in Cercottes for clandestine operations
    • Paratrooper Specialised Instruction Centre in Perpignan for commandos
    • Paratrooper Training Centre for Maritime Operations in Quelern for combat divers

GeorgiaEdit

Defense Forces

GermanyEdit

German Army

German Air Force

German Navy

GreeceEdit

Hellenic Army

Hellenic Air Force

Hellenic Navy

  • Underwater Demolition Command (DYK) - is organized into sections called Underwater Demolition Teams (OYK)[81]
    • Underwater Demolition Team 1
    • Underwater Demolition Team 2
    • Underwater Demolition Team 3
    • Underwater Demolition Team 4
    • Underwater Demolition Team 5

HungaryEdit

IcelandEdit

Icelandic National Police

IndiaEdit

Indian Army

  • Para (Special Forces) [85]
    • 1 PARA (SF) (raised 1961, converted to para role in 1945, became part of para regt in 1952, converted to commando in 1978)
    • 2 PARA (SF) (ex-3 Maratha LI, converted to special forces in 1999.)
    • 3 PARA (SF) (ex-1st Kumaon, converted to special forces in 2000)
    • 4 PARA (SF) (raised 1961, converted to special forces in 2001)
    • 9 PARA (SF) (the first dedicated special forces unit of the Indian Army)
    • 10 PARA (SF)
    • 11 PARA (SF)
    • 12 PARA (SF)
    • 21 PARA (SF)[86]

Indian Navy

Indian Air Force

IndonesiaEdit

Indonesian Army

Indonesian Navy

Indonesian Air Force

IranEdit

Islamic Republic of Iran ArmyEdit

Islamic Revolutionary Guard CorpsEdit

Law Enforcement Force (Iran)Edit

  • NOPO (Persian: نیروهای ویژه پاد وحشت‎)

IraqEdit

Iraqi Counter-Terrorism Bureau (CTB)[99]

  • Iraqi Counter Terrorism Command

The Iraqi Counter Terrorism Bureau reports to the Prime Minister directly. The Iraqi CTB oversees the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Command, a formation that includes all Iraqi Special Operations Forces (two brigades, according to the IISS 2013). As of 30 June 2009, there had been legislation in progress for a year to make the Iraqi CTB a separate ministry.[99]

IrelandEdit

Irish Army

IsraelEdit

Military Intelligence Directorate

  • Sayeret Matkal - (Hebrew: סיירת מטכ"ל‎) (General Staff Reconnaissance Unit 269)

Israeli Army

Israeli Navy

Israeli Air Force

  • Unit 5101 - Shaldag (Hebrew: שלדג‎, romanizedKingfisher) (Special Air-Ground Designating Team )[102]
  • Unit 669 - Combat Search and Rescue and Airborne Medical Evacuation Unit

ItalyEdit

Italian Army

Italian Navy

Italian Air Force

Carabinieri

JapanEdit

Japan Ground Self-Defense Force

Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force

JordanEdit

Joint Special Operations Command

KenyaEdit

North Korea - DPRKEdit

Korean People's Army Special Operation Force

  • Airborne
  • Reconnaissance Brigades
  • Light Infantry
  • Maritime SOF

Korean People's Army

South Korea - ROKEdit

Republic of Korea Army

  • Republic of Korea Army Special Warfare Command[112]
    • 1st Special Forces Brigade (Eagle)
    • 3rd Special Forces Brigade (Flying Tiger)
    • Oversea Deployment Group (Whole World) (Formerly 5th Special Mission Group 'Black Dragon')
    • 7th Special Forces Brigade (Pegasus)
    • 9th Special Forces Brigade (Ghost)
    • 11th Special Forces Brigade (Golden Bat)
    • 13th Special Mission Brigade 'Black Panther' - reorganized as the "decapitation unit" as of 2017
    • 707th Special Mission Battalion (White Tiger)

Republic of Korea Navy[113]

KuwaitEdit

LatviaEdit

Latvian National Armed Forces

LebanonEdit

Lebanese Special Operations Command[115]

LithuaniaEdit

MalaysiaEdit

Malaysian Army

Royal Malaysian Air Force

Royal Malaysian Navy

MaldivesEdit

Maldives National Defence Force

MexicoEdit

MontenegroEdit

  • Special Forces Company [124]

NamibiaEdit

NetherlandsEdit

Netherlands Army

Netherlands Navy

New ZealandEdit

Special Operations Command

NigeriaEdit

Armed Forces Special Forces (AFSF)[127]

Nigerian Navy

  • Special Boat Service[128]

North MacedoniaEdit

Army of the Republic of Macedonia

NorwayEdit

Norwegian Special Operation Forces (NORSOF) (Norwegian: Forsvarets Spesialstyrker)[130]

OmanEdit

PakistanEdit

Inter-Services Intelligence

Pakistan Army

  • Special Service Group (SSG)(Black Storks)
    • 1st Commando Battalion "Yaldram" in Attock District
    • 2nd Commando Battalion "Rahber" in Attock District
    • 3rd Commando Battalion "Powindahs" in Tarbela
    • 4th Commando Battalion "Yalghar"
    • 5th Commando Battalion "Zilzaal"
    • 6th Commando Battalion "al-Samsaam"
    • 7th Commando Battalion "Babrum"
    • 8th Commando Battalion "al-Azb"

Pakistan Navy

Pakistan Air Force

ParaguayEdit

Paraguayan Armed Force

  • Special Forces Battalion - (Batallón Conjunto de Fuerzas Especiales)[citation needed]
    • Special Troops of Army - (Tropas Especiales del Ejército)
    • Amphibious Commandos of Navy - (Comandos Anfibios de la Armada)
    • Commando Company of Air Force - (Comandos de la Fuerza Aérea)

PeruEdit

Peruvian Armed Forces

PhilippinesEdit

Special Operations Command (Philippines)

PolandEdit

Special Troops Command[139][140][141][142][143][144][144][145][146][147]

PortugalEdit

Portuguese Army

Portuguese Navy

Portuguese Air Force

RomaniaEdit

Ministry of Defense

RwandaEdit

Rwanda Defence Force

  • Special Forces Brigade[154]

RussiaEdit

Special Operations Forces Command (Russian: командование сил специальных операций, (KCCO), tr. Komandovanie sil spetsial’nalnykh operatsii, (KSSO))[155]

  • Special Operations Forces (Russian: Силы специальных операций, (ССО), tr. Sily spetsial’nykh operatsii, (SSO))[155][156]
    • Special Purpose Center "Senezh"
    • Special Purpose Center "Kubinka-2"
    • 561st Naval Rescue Center
  • 344th Army Aviation Combat Center

Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU)

National Guard of Russia[160]

Saudi ArabiaEdit

Saudi Arabian Army

  • 64th Special Forces Brigade
    • 85th Special Forces Battalion

Royal Saudi Navy

  • Special Naval Security Units

SerbiaEdit

Serbian Army

SingaporeEdit

Special Operations Task Force

SlovakiaEdit

Slovak Armed Forces

South AfricaEdit

South African National Defence Force

SomaliaEdit

Somali Armed Forces

National Intelligence and Security Agency

  • Gaashaan Brigade
  • Waran Brigade

SpainEdit

Defence Staff (Joint Operations Command)

Spanish Army

Spanish Navy

Sri LankaEdit

Army

Navy

Air Force

SwedenEdit

Swedish Armed Forces

Swedish Army

Swedish Air Force

Swedish Navy

SwitzerlandEdit

Swiss Army Kommando Spezialkräfte KSK (Special Forces Command)

Professional units

Militia units

SyriaEdit

Special Forces Command[171]

Taiwan - ROCEdit

Republic of China Army

  • 101st Reconnaissance Battalion (中華民國陸軍101兩棲偵察營)
  • Special Forces Command (特戰指揮部) In charge of 3 training centers
    • Army Airborne Training Center (大武營「陸軍空降訓練中心」)
    • Army Special Forces Training Center (谷關「陸軍特戰訓練中心」)
    • Army Winter and Mountain Training Center (武嶺寒訓中心)
  • Special Operation Command

Republic of China Marine Corps

  • Amphibious Reconnaissance and Patrol Unit (ARP) (海軍陸戰隊兩棲偵搜大隊)

Republic of China Military Police

ThailandEdit

Royal Thai Army

  • Royal Thai Army Special Warfare Command also known as Royal Thai Army Special force - (Thai: หน่วยบัญชาการสงครามพิเศษ)[176]
    • 1st Special Forces Division - (Thai: กองพลรบพิเศษที่1)
      • 1st Special Forces Regiment. (Airborne) - (Thai: กรมรบพิเศษที่1)
      • 2nd Special Forces Regiment. (Airborne) - (Thai: กรมรบพิเศษที่2)
      • 3rd Special Forces Regiment, King's Guard. (Airborne) - (Thai: กรมรบพิเศษที่3 รักษาพระองค์)[177]
      • 4th Special Forces Regiment. (Airborne) - (Thai: กรมรบพิเศษที่4)
      • 5th Special Forces Regiment. (Airborne) - (Thai: กรมรบพิเศษที่5)
      • Long Range Reconnaissance Patrols Company. (LRRP) - (Thai: กองร้อยลาดตระเวนระยะไกล)

Royal Thai Navy

Royal Thai Marine Corps

  • Reconnaissance Battalion also known as Force Recon Marine - (Thai: กองพันลาดตระเวน กองพลนาวิกโยธิน)

Royal Thai Air Force

  • Royal Thai Air Force Security Force Regiment - (Thai: หน่วยบัญชาการอากาศโยธิน กองทัพอากาศ)
    • Special Operations Regiment also known as Air Force Commando - (Thai: กรมปฏิบัติการพิเศษ หน่วยบัญชาการอากาศโยธิน กองทัพอากาศ)[180]
      • Command Center
        • 1st Special Operation Battalion (Commando) - (Thai: กองพันปฏิบัติการพิเศษที่1)
        • 2nd Special Operation Battalion (Commando) - (Thai: กองพันปฏิบัติการพิเศษที่2)
        • 3rd Special Operation Battalion (Commando) - (Thai: กองพันปฏิบัติการพิเศษที่3)
      • Aerial Support Company - (Thai: ฝ่ายสนับสนุนส่งทางอากาศ)
      • Combat Search and Rescue Center (CSAR) (Pararescuemen) - (Thai: กองค้นหาและช่วยเหลือ)

TunisiaEdit

Tunisian Army

  • Special Forces Group (Groupement des Forces Spéciales) commonly known as (GFS) - (Arabic: فيلق القوات الخاصة‎)[181]
    • Military Intervention Group - Groupe d'Intervention Militaire (GIM) - (Arabic: فوج التدخل العسكري‎)[182]

Tunisian Air Force

  • Special Air Regiment - Régiment de Chasseurs Aérien (RCA) - (Arabic: فوج المشاة طلائع الطيران‎)[183]

Tunisian Navy

  • 51st Regiment Marine Corps (RMC) - (Arabic: الفوج 51 مشاة البحرية‎) [184]
  • 52nd Regiment Marine Commandos (RMC) - (Arabic: الفوج 52 طلائع البحرية‎) [185]

TurkeyEdit

Combined Arms

Turkish Armed Forces

Turkish Naval Forces[187][188]

Turkish Air Force[189]

UkraineEdit

Ministry of Defense Units: The Special Operations Forces are one of the five branches of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, with headquarters in Kyiv.

United KingdomEdit

British Army

Royal Air Force/British Army

Royal Navy

United StatesEdit

Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC)

Army Special Operations Command (USASOC)[210]

Naval Special Warfare Command (NSWC)[210]

Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC)[210]

Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (MARSOC)[210]

Coast Guard Deployable Specialized Forces (DSF)[213]

VenezuelaEdit

Venezuelan Air Force

  • Special Operations Air Group 10[214]
  • Special Operations Air Group 15[214]
  • Special Operations Air Group 17[214]

VietnamEdit

Under the General Staff of the Vietnam People's Army (Bộ Tổng Tham mưu Quân đội Nhân dân Việt Nam)

  • Commando (Binh chủng Đặc công),[215] including:
    • Land commando (Đặc công bộ)[216]
    • Naval commando (Đặc công nước or Đặc nhiệm Hải quân)[217]
    • Airborne commando (Đặc công dù)[218]
  • Special reconnaissance (Trinh sát Đặc nhiệm): the reconnaissance force is not a separate branch, every armed branch has a reconnaissance team.[219]

ZimbabweEdit

Zimbabwe National Army

See alsoEdit

Non-combat special unitsEdit

While the Submarine Parachute Assistance Group is a relatively overt unit, references to the JSOC units below are rare. Possibly the only authoritative source is Ambinder, Marc, and D. B. Grady The Command: Deep Inside the President's Secret Army, John Wiley & Sons, 2012.

  • Colombia: Colombian National Army Aviation
    • Air Assault Aviation Division (División de Aviación Asalto Aéreo del Ejército)
  • United States: Joint Special Operations Command
    • Joint Communications Unit
    • Joint Communications Integration Element (JCIE)
    • Joint Intelligence Brigade (JIB)
    • Joint Medical Augmentation Unit (JMAU)
    • United States Army Skills Evaluation Detachment (USASED) - selection/recruiting unit for "Grey Fox"[220]
  • United States Army Special Operations Aviation Command
    • Systems Integration Management Office (SIMO)[210]

Lists of similar military unitsEdit

NotesEdit

Miscellaneous Notes

  1. ^ The Clearance Diving Branch does not have a dedicated special operations role as they also include clearance diving roles.
  2. ^ The Japanese Special Forces Group is the current name of the former Japanese Special Operations Group, following a name change.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ North Atlantic Treaty Organization (13 December 2013). "Allied Joint Doctrine for Special Operations". NATO Standard Allied Joint Publication. Brussels: NATO Standardization Agency. AJP-3.5 (Edition A, Version 1): 1.
  2. ^ North Atlantic Treaty Organization (17 November 2015). "NATO Glossary of Terms and Definitions (English and French)" (PDF). AAP-06 (Edition 2015). Brussels: NATO Standardization Agency: 2–S–8. Retrieved 18 September 2016. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ North Atlantic Treaty Organization (8 June 2001). "NATO-Russia Glossary of Contemporary Political and Military Terms". NATO. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b "NATO-Russia Glossary of Contemporary Political and Military Terms" (PDF). NATO. 8 June 2001. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  5. ^ Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) (16 July 2014). "Special Operations" (PDF). Joint Publication. Washington, DC: Department of Defense. 3–05: GL-11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 December 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  6. ^ Horn, Colonel Bernd (2014). No Ordinary Men: Special Operations Forces Missions in Afghanistan (foreword by General T.J. Lawson). Toronto, Ontario: Dundurn. ISBN 9781459724105.
  7. ^ Spencer, Emily (2010). Solving the people puzzle : cultural intelligence and special operations forces. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 46. ISBN 9781554887507.
  8. ^ Afghan special forces expand to handle night raids, delicate missions, but training takes time. The Washington Post. Retrieved on 2012-01-01.
  9. ^ a b c https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/afghanistan/anasoc.htm
  10. ^ "Special Infantry - Ktah Khas (KKA) (Afghan Special Unit)". Globalsecurity.org.
  11. ^ "Ktah Khas - KKA". Afghanwarnews.info.
  12. ^ NPR: New Afghan Commandos Take to the Frontlines
  13. ^ "Batalioni i Operacioneve Speciale, elita e FA, feston 10-vjetorin e krijimit të tij". Albanian Armed Forces (Press release) (in Albanian). 21 October 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Army Special Forces Celebrate Years". portalangop.co.ao. 3 May 2008. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
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  16. ^ "Armada Argentina Unidades". Ara.mil.ar. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  17. ^ IISS Military Balance 2013, p.215.
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  26. ^ a b c "6th Aviation Regiment". Australian Army. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
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  30. ^ Das Jagdkommando (JaKdo). Doppeladler.com. Retrieved on 8 September 2011.
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  32. ^ a b Силы специальных операций. Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Belarus (in Russian). Retrieved 15 October 2018.
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  34. ^ Composante Terre Unités Special Forces Group. Mil.be. Retrieved on 8 September 2011.
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  36. ^ IISS Military Balance 2013, p.495
  37. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 September 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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