List of urban areas in Africa by population

This is a list of the largest urban agglomerations in Africa. Figures are from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects report, as well as from citypopulation.de. Figures for administrative areas are also given.

City Country Administrative area
according to local national census authorities
Urban agglomerations
United Nations - 2020[1]
Urban agglomerations
citypopulation.de - 2020[2]
Image
Lagos  Nigeria 13,400,000 (2007)[3] 14,368,000 19,400,000 Lagos Island.jpg
Cairo  Egypt 9,539,673 (2017) [4]
Governorate
20,901,000 21,000,000 View from Cairo Tower 31march2007.jpg
Algiers  Algeria 3,915,811 (2015)
Wilaya
2,768,000 3,975,000 Alger View Oct-2010 IMG 1039.JPG
Casablanca  Morocco 3,359,818 (2015) 3,752,000 4,475,000 Casablanca 3006812920.jpg
Kinshasa-Brazzaville  Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Republic of the Congo
5,528,000 (1998) Province (Kinshasa)[5]
1,373,382 (2007) Capital District (Brazzaville)
16,730,000[6] 14,650,000[7] Kinshasa, Boulevard du 30 juin - 20090701.jpg
Johannesburg  South Africa 4,434,827 (2011)[8] 5,783,000 13,900,000[9][verification needed] Johannesburg CBD.jpg
Dar es Salaam  Tanzania 4,364,541 (2012)[10] 6,702,000 6,450,000 Dar es Salaam before dusk.jpg
Abidjan  Ivory Coast 4,210,200 (2002)
Département
5,203,000 5,600,000 Abidjan.JPG
Khartoum-Omdurman  Sudan 2,919,773 (1993)
3 principal cities of the Khartoum agglomeration
5,829,000 6,300,000 Khartoum.jpg
Alexandria  Egypt 4,110,015 (2006)
Governorate
5,281,000 5,800,000 Alexandria - Egypt.jpg
Nairobi  Kenya 3,138,295 (2009)
Nairobi administrative area
4,735,000 5,900,000 NBO5.jpg
Cape Town  South Africa 3,497,097 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality
4,618,000 4,225,000 Central Cape Town.jpg
Kano  Nigeria 2,153,225 (2006)
6 local government areas of Kano proper
3,999,000 4,700,000 A view of the ancient Kano City, Nigeria.jpg
Dakar  Senegal 2,452,656 (2005)
Région
3,140,000 3,725,000 Dakar - Panorama urbain.jpg
Addis Ababa  Ethiopia 2,738,248 (2007)
Astedader
4,794,000 3,800,000 Addis-sheraton.jpg
Ibadan  Nigeria 2,559,853 3,552,000 3,575,000
Douala  Cameroon 1,514,978 (2001)
Wouri département
3,663,000 3,375,000 Douala.JPG
Durban  South Africa 3,468,086 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality
3,158,000 3,425,000 Durban beach.jpg
Ouagadougou  Burkina Faso 1,475,223 (2006)
Municipality
2,780,000 2,625,000 Avenue kwame nkrumah.png
Antananarivo  Madagascar 3,369,000 1,340,000 Antananarivo - Analakely.jpg
Accra  Ghana 2,076,546 (2010)
District (Accra Metropolitan Area) [11]
2,514,000 5,100,000[verification needed] Accra panorama.jpg
Luanda  Angola 1,823,282 (2002)
Provincia
8,330,000 8,150,000 Luanda feb09 ost05.jpg
Bamako  Mali 1,215,335 (2005)
District
2,618,000 3,525,000 Bamako 037.jpg
Abuja  Nigeria 1,405,201 (2006)
Federal Capital Territory
3,278,000 3,525,000 Abuja gate.jpg
Port Harcourt  Nigeria 541,116 (2006)
Local government area
3,020,000 2,350,000 PortHacourt1.jpg
Kumasi  Ghana 2,035,000 (2010) [12]
District (Kumasi Metropolitan Area)
3,348,000 3,025,000 Downtown Kumasi, Ghana.jpg
Lusaka  Zambia 1,742,979 2,774,000 2,675,000 Lusaka.jpg
Mogadishu  Somalia 3,000,000 (2011) 2,282,000 1,940,000 Isbaheysiga Mosque in Mogadishu (2).jpg
Pretoria  South Africa 2,345,908 (2007)
Metropolitan municipality
2,566,000 see Greater Johannesburg Pretoria CBD1.jpg
Lubumbashi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,478,000 2,200,000 Downtown Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo - 20061130.jpg
Mbuji-Mayi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,525,000 2,075,000 Kongo C3.jpg
Tunis  Tunisia 911,643 (2005)
Municipality
2,365,000 2,675,000 Panoramique Avenue Mohamed V, centre de Tunis.jpg
Rabat  Morocco 627,932 (2004)
Préfecture
1,885,000 2,050,000 Kasbah des Oudaias P1060356.JPG
Conakry  Guinea 1,092,936 (1996)
Région
1,938,000 2,525,000 Conakry.jpg
Kampala  Uganda 1,337,900 (2005)
District
3,298,000 3,525,000 Uganda-Development.JPG
Harare  Zimbabwe 1,903,510 (2002)
Province
1,530,000 2,050,000 Harare Skyline.jpg
Benin City  Nigeria 1,727,000 1,650,000 Areal view of the ancient city of Benin.jpg
Huambo  Angola 671,000 Not listed Buildings at Rua Cinco, Huambo, Angola.jpg
Monrovia  Liberia 1,010,970 (2008)
Municipality
1,517,000 1,590,000 Downtown Monrovia 3348917715 67a2002529.jpg
Ndjamena  Chad 1,423,000 1,410,000 Chad,N'djamena2.JPG
Kigali  Rwanda 1,132,000 1,180,000 Downtown Kigali and papyrus marsh October 2012.JPG
Maputo  Mozambique 1,099,102 (2007)
Province-level city
1,110,000 2,275,000 Maputo–Katembe bridge from the norther shore; July 2018.jpg
Bujumbura  Burundi 1,126,930 (2019)
1,013,000 not listed
Fès  Morocco 977,946 (2004)
Préfecture
1,224,000 1,270,000 Fes City Modern.jpg
Kananga  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,458,000 1,230,000 Aerial photograph of Kananga.jpg
Vereeniging  South Africa 800,819 (2007)
District municipality
774,000 see Greater Johannesburg Lethabo Powerstation 01.jpg
Marrakech  Morocco 1,003,000 1,120,000 Marrakech montage2.png
Tripoli  Libya 1,126,000 (2006)
Mutsarfiyah
1,165,000 1,250,000 Tripoli Central Business District from Oea Park.JPG
Onitsha  Nigeria 1,415,000 1,200,000 Onitsha Landscape.jpg
Mombasa  Kenya 1,296,000 1,220,000 Mombasa montage.png
Niamey  Niger 2,100,000 (2013)
Province
1,292,000 1,300,000 Niamey night.jpg
Kaduna  Nigeria 760,084 (2006)
2 local government areas of Kaduna
1,113,000 3,880,000[verification needed] Kaduna River, Kaduna (Nigeria), 2007.JPG
Kisangani  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,261,000 1,160,000 Kisangani water front.jpg
Hargeisa  Somaliland not listed not listed Hargcity.jpg
Freetown  Sierra Leone 947,122 (2004)
Western Area province
1,202,000 1,790,000 Freetown.jpg
Oran  Algeria 899,000 1,480,000
Nouakchott  Mauritania 1,315,000 1,270,000
Maiduguri  Nigeria 786,000 1,210,000
Agadir  Morocco 924,000 1,190,000
Bangui  Central African Republic 889,000 1,190,000
Pointe-Noire  Republic of the Congo 1,214,000 1,180,000
Bosaso  Somalia not listed 1,170,000[verification needed] Saidfadhaye 2490771954326809188 1 20210127191014203.jpg

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision, Online Edition". United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2018). 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  2. ^ Thomas Brinkoff, The Principal Agglomerations of the World
  3. ^ "The largest cities in the world by land area, population and density". City Mayors. 6 January 2007. Archived from the original on 16 May 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Population distribution by selected age groups, sex and governorate according to final results of 2017 Pop.Census (201993091923pop.pdf)". Capmas.gov.eg. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-10. Retrieved 2010-05-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ incl. Kinshasa (14,342,000) and Brazzaville (2,388,000)
  7. ^ incl. Kinshasa (12,400,000) and Brazzaville (2,250,000)
  8. ^ "Local Municipality, City of Johannesburg". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  9. ^ incl. East Rand, Evaton, Pretoria, Soshanguve, Soweto, Vereeniging, West Rand
  10. ^ Basic Demographic and Socio-Economic Profile (PDF) (Report). The United Republic of Tanzania. April 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  11. ^ http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/613251468182958526/pdf/96449-WP-PUBLIC-GhanaRisingThroughCities-Overview-full.pdf
  12. ^ http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/613251468182958526/pdf/96449-WP-PUBLIC-GhanaRisingThroughCities-Overview-full.pdf

External linksEdit