- Crushing by elephant.
- Biting by animals, as in damnatio ad bestias (i.e., as in the cliché, "being thrown to the lions"), as well as alligators, crocodiles, piranhas, and sharks.
- Tearing apart by horses (e.g., in medieval Europe and Imperial China, with four horses; or "quartering", with four horses, as in The Song of Roland), variant with tearing apart by camels was sometimes used in the Middle East.
- Trampling by horses (example: Al-Musta'sim, the last Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad).
||A Mongolian method of execution that avoided the spilling of blood on the ground (example: the Mongolian leader Jamukha was probably executed this way in 1206).|
|Blowing from a gun
||Tied to the mouth of a cannon, which is then fired.
||Cutting the skin of the victim by the spine, breaking the ribs so they resembled blood-stained wings, and pulling the lungs out through the wounds in the victim's back. Possibly used by the Vikings.
|Boiling to death
||This penalty was carried out using a large cauldron filled with water, oil, tar, tallow, or even molten lead.
||Pushed inside an iron bull statue and then cooked alive after a fire is lit under it.
||Also known as the Catherine wheel, after a saint who was allegedly sentenced to be executed by this method.
||Traditional punishment for Vestal virgins who had broken their vows.
||Most infamous as a method of execution for heretics and witches. A slower method of applying single pieces of burning wood was used by Native Americans in torturing their captives to death.|
||Roping or nailing to a wooden cross or similar apparatus (such as a tree) and allowing to perish.
||By a weight, abruptly or as a slow ordeal. Giles Corey and John Darren Caymo were killed this way.
||Often employed as a preliminary stage to the actual execution, e.g. by beheading; an integral part of seppuku (harakiri), which was sometimes used as a form of capital punishment.
||Being drawn and quartered sometimes resulted in dismemberment. Note: this has been used in combination, such as hanged, drawn and quartered.
||Execution by drowning, as a method of execution, is attested very early in history, for a large variety of cultures, and as the method of execution for many types of offences.
|Drawing and quartering
||English method of executing those found guilty of high treason.
||The victim is thrown off a height or into a hollow (example: the Barathron in Athens, into which the Athenian generals condemned for their part in the battle of Arginusae were cast). In Argentina during the Dirty War, those secretly abducted were later drugged and thrown from an airplane into the ocean.
||The skin is removed from the body.
||Used most commonly in Spain and in former Spanish colonies (e.g. the Philippines), used to strangle or choke someone.
||The act of gibbeting refers to the use of a gallows-type structure from which the victim was usually placed within a cage which is then hung in a public location and the victim left to die to deter other existing or potential criminals.
||The confinement of a person by walling off any exits; since they were usually kept alive through an opening, this was more a form of imprisonment for life than of capital punishment (example: the countess Elisabeth Báthory, who lived for four more years after having been immured).
||The penetration of a human by an object such as a stake, pole, spear, or hook, often by complete or partial perforation of the torso.
||European maritime punishment.
|Molten or Heated Metal
||Supposedly Marcus Licinius Crassus and Pavlo Pavliuk were killed in this fashion. The execution method is associated with those who were thirsty for wealth by pouring down the neck or for those who wished to be king by pouring metal on the head.|
||Documented used during the Roman empire. The condemned is stuffed into a sack together with a number of animals and thrown into a body of water.
||Before modern times, sayak (사약, 賜藥) was the method of capital punishment of nobles (yangban) and members of the royal family during the Joseon Dynasty in Korea due to the Confucianist belief that one may kill a seonbi but may not insult him (사가살불가욕, 士可殺不可辱). Poisoning by drinking an infusion of hemlock was used as a method of execution in ancient Greece. (example: the death of Socrates)
||A type of machine with an axe head for a weight that slices closer to the victim's torso over time. (Of disputed historicity.)
||(Of disputed historicity.)
||An Ancient Persian method of execution in which the condemned was placed in between two boats, force-fed a mixture of honey and milk, and left floating in a stagnant pond. The victim would then suffer from severe diarrhoea, which would attract insects that would burrow, nest, and feed on the victim. The victim would eventually die from sepsis.
||Methodically removing portions of the body over an extended period of time, typically with a knife, eventually resulting in death. Sometimes known as "death by a thousand cuts."
||Suffocation in ash.
||Still used in Iran via short-drop hanging.