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List of mergers and acquisitions by Amazon

Amazon's logo

Amazon.com, Inc. is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company headquartered in Seattle, Washington. Founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994 as an online bookstore, Amazon went public after an initial public offering on May 15, 1997 during the midst of the dot-com bubble.[1] The funds gained from the IPO allowed Amazon to grow quickly, making its first three acquisitions on April 27, 1998, less than a year after the company had gone public.[2]

After the dot-com bubble burst on March 11, 2000, several companies that Amazon had invested in went bankrupt, with Amazon's stock price itself sinking to record lows.[3] Despite Amazon's survival, the company made very few investments for the next several years, only acquiring two companies between 2000 and 2004. The company returned to making multiple acquisitions per year in 2005, focusing on acquiring digital retailers and media websites. Starting in 2011, Amazon began shifting its focus to buying technology startups to develop and improve Amazon Echo and grow its Amazon Web Services division.

Amazon has diversified its acquisition portfolio into several market sectors, with its largest acquisition being the purchase of the grocery store chain Whole Foods Market for $13.7 billion on June 16, 2017.[4][5]

Contents

AcquisitionsEdit

Number Date Company Business Country Value (USD) Used as or integrated with Refs
1 April 27, 1998 Bookpages E-Commerce   United Kingdom Amazon UK [2][6][7]
2 April 27, 1998 Telebook E-Commerce   Germany Amazon Germany [2][6][7]
3 April 27, 1998 IMDb Repository   United Kingdom $55,000,000 IMDb [2][6][7]
4 August 4, 1998 Junglee Data mining   United States $250,000,000 [8][9][10][11]
5 August 4, 1998 PlanetAll Software   United States [8][9][10][11]
6 April 12, 1999 LiveBid.com Auctions   United States $300,000,000 [12]
7 April 27, 1999 Accept.com Financial Services   United States $101,700,000 [13][14][15]
8 April 27, 1999 Alexa Internet Database   United States $250,000,000 Alexa Internet [13][14][15]
9 April 27, 1999 e-Niche Incorporated Repository   United States [13][14][15]
10 October 4, 1999 Convergence Corporation Software   United States $23,000,000 [4]
11 November 9, 1999 Tool Crib of the North (Online and Catalog Sales Division) Retail   United States [16][17]
12 November 30, 1999 Back to Basics Toys Retail   United States [18][19][20]
13 December 31, 1999 Leep Technology Inc. Software   United States [4]
14 1999 MindCorps Incorporated Software   United States [4][21]
15 December 5, 2001 Egghead Software Retail   United States $6,100,000 [22][23][24]
16 December 2001 OurHouse.com Retail   United States [4][25]
17 August 19, 2004 Joyo.com E-Commerce   China $75,000,000 Amazon China [26][27]
18 April 4, 2005 BookSurge Print on demand   United States CreateSpace [28][29][30]
19 April 21, 2005 Mobipocket Ebooks   France Mobipocket [31][32]
20 July 6, 2005 CustomFlix DVD Retail   United States CreateSpace [33][34]
21 2005 smallparts.com Retail   United States Amazon Business [35][36]
22 February 27, 2006 Shopbop Retail   United States Shopbop [37][38]
23 October 1, 2006 TextPayMe Payment processing   United States $3,000,000 Amazon Payments [39][40]
24 May 14, 2007 Digital Photography Review Digital Photography Reviews   United Kingdom Digital Photography Review [41]
25 May 23, 2007 Brilliance Audio Audiobooks   United States Brilliance Audio [42][43]
26 January 16, 2008 Withoutabox Film distributor   United States [44][45]
27 January 28, 2008 Audible Audiobooks   United States $300,000,000 Audible [46][47]
28 June 25, 2008 Fabric.com Retail   United States Fabric.com [48][49]
29 August 1, 2008 AbeBooks Retail   Canada AbeBooks [50][51][52]
30 August 26, 2008 Shelfari Social Network   United States Goodreads [53]
31 October 21, 2008 Reflexive Entertainment Game Developer   United States Reflexive Entertainment [54]
32 December 17, 2008 Box Office Mojo Repository   United States Box Office Mojo [55][56]
33 April 27, 2009 Lexcycle Electronic books   United States Amazon Kindle [57][58][59]
34 June 18, 2009 SnapTell Software   United States [60][61]
35 November 2, 2009 Zappos Retail   United States $1,200,000,000 Zappos [62][63]
36 February 3, 2010 Touchco Technology   United States Amazon Kindle [64][65][66]
37 July 2, 2010 Woot Retail   United States $110,000,000 Woot [67][68]
38 September 8, 2010 Amie Street Music streaming   United States Songza [69][70][71][72]
39 October 4, 2010 BuyVIP Retail   Spain $100,000,000 BuyVIP [73][74]
40 November 8, 2010 Quidsi Retail   United States $545,000,000 [75][76]
41 November 18, 2010 Toby Press Publishing   United States [77]
42 January 20, 2011 LoveFilm Video streaming   United Kingdom $312,000,000 Prime Video [78][79][80]
43 July 4, 2011 The Book Depository Retail   United Kingdom Book Depository [81][82][83]
44 July 28, 2011 Pushbutton Software   United Kingdom [84]
45 September 2011 Yap Software   United States Amazon Echo [85][86][87]
46 September 5, 2011 Double Helix Games Game Development   United States Double Helix Games [88][89]
47 February 2, 2012 Teachstreet Repository   United States [90]
48 March 19, 2012 Kiva Systems Technology   United States $775,000,000 Amazon Robotics [91][92][93][94]
49 April 17, 2012 Evi Software   United Kingdom $26,000,000 Amazon Echo [95][96]
50 April 17, 2012 Avalon Books Publishing   United States Amazon Publishing [97][98][99][100]
51 July 2, 2012 UpNext 3D Mapping Software   United States $2,500,000 UpNext [101][102][103]
52 January 24, 2013 IVONA Software Voice Recognition Software   United States Amazon Echo [104][105][106]
53 March 28, 2013 Goodreads Social Network   United States $1,000,000,000 Goodreads [107][108][109]
54 May 13, 2013 Liquavista Technology   Netherlands Amazon Kindle [110]
55 October 10, 2013 TenMarks Education, Inc. Educational Software   United States TenMarks Education, Inc. [111][112]
56 April 10, 2014 ComiXology Comic Book Distribution   United States ComiXology [113][114]
57 May 2014 Amiato Database   United States Amazon Web Services [115][116][117]
58 August 25, 2014 Twitch Interactive Video streaming   United States $970,000,000 Twitch Interactive [118][119][120][121]
59 August 25, 2014 Rooftop Media Audio media   United States Audible [122][123][124]
60 December 9, 2014 GoodGame Talent agency   United States Twitch Interactive [125][126][127]
61 January 22, 2015 Annapurna Labs Technology   Israel $350,000,000 Annapurna Labs [128][129][130]
62 March 12, 2015 2lemetry Technology   United States Amazon Web Services [131][132][133]
63 April 10, 2015 Shoefitr Software   United States [134][135]
64 April 29, 2015 ClusterK Cloud Computing   United States $35,000,000 Amazon Web Services [136][137]
65 July 14, 2015 AppThwack Application Testing   United States Amazon Web Services [138][139][140]
66 September 3, 2015 Elemental Technologies Cloud Computing   United States $500,000,000 AWS Elemental [141][142]
67 September 25, 2015 Safaba Translation Systems Software   United States Amazon Web Services [143]
68 September 2015 Biba Systems Software   United States [144][145]
69 December 1, 2015 Orbeus Software   United States Amazon Web Services [146][147][148]
70 January 11, 2016 Colis Privé Delivery   France [149][150][151]
71 February 12, 2016 NICE Software   Italy Amazon Web Services [152][153][154]
72 February 16, 2016 Emvantage Payments Payment processing   India Amazon Web Services [155][156][157]
73 July 14, 2016 Cloud9 IDE Software   United States Amazon Web Services [158][159]
74 August 16, 2016 Curse, Inc. Gaming Websites   United States Curse LLC [160][161][162]
75 October 28, 2016 Westland Publishing   India Westland [163]
76 November 2, 2016 Partpic Software   United States [164][165]
77 January 9, 2017 harvest.ai Security   United States $20,000,000 Amazon Web Services [166][167]
78 March 6, 2017 Thinkbox Software Software   United States Amazon Web Services [168][169][170]
79 March 8, 2017 Do.com Software   United States Amazon Web Services [171][172]
80 June 16, 2017 Whole Foods Market Grocery store chain   United States $13,700,000,000 Whole Foods Market [5][173][174]
81 July 3, 2017 Souq.com E-Commerce   United Arab Emirates $580,000,000 Souq.com [175][176]
82 July 20, 2017 Graphiq Software   United States $50,000,000 Amazon Web Services [177][178][179]
83 July 28, 2017 GameSparks Software   United Kingdom $10,000,000 GameSparks [180][181][182]
84 September 6, 2017 Wing.ae Delivery   United Arab Emirates Souq.com [183][184]
85 October 3, 2017 Body Labs Software   United States $60,000,000 Body Labs [185][186][187]
86 November 28, 2017 Goo Technologies Software   United States Amazon Sumerian [188]
87 November 2017 Dispatch Robotics   United States Amazon Scout [189]
88 December 2017 Blink Home Security   United States $90,000,000 Blink Home [190][191][192]
89 January 23, 2018 Sqrrl Technology   United States $40,000,000 Amazon Web Services [193][194]
90 February 27, 2018 Ring Technology   United States $839,000,000 Ring [195][196][197]
91 June 28, 2018 PillPack Pharmacy   United States $753,000,000 PillPack [197][198][199]
92 August 28, 2018 Tapzo Software   India $40,000,000 Amazon Pay [200][201][202]
93 January 10, 2019 CloudEndure Cloud Computing   Israel $250,000,000 CloudEndure [203][204]
94 January 14, 2019 TSO Logic Cloud Computing   Canada TSOLogic [205][206]
95 February 11, 2019 Eero Technology   United States $97,000,000 Eero [207][208][209][210]
96 April 10, 2019 Canvas Technology Robotics   United States Amazon Robotics [211][212][213]
97 May 31, 2019 Sizmek Ad Server and Sizmek Dynamic Creative Optimization Advertising   United States [214][215][216]
98 June 18, 2019 Bebo Social networking   United States $25,000,000 Twitch Interactive [217][218]
99 July 31, 2019 E8 Storage Flash storage   Israel Amazon Web Services [219][220][221]

StakesEdit

Date Company Business Country % Stake Value (USD) Refs
February 18, 1999 GeoWorks Technology   United States 7% $5,000,000 [222]
February 24, 1999 Drugstore.com E-Commerce   United States 40% [223][224][225]
May 19, 1999 Homegrocer.com Grocery Delivery   United States 35% $42,500,000 [226]
July 15, 1999 Gear.com Retail   United States 49% [227]
December 1, 1999 Ashford.com Retail   United States 16.6% $10,000,000 [228][18]
1999 Della.com Gift registry   United States 20% [229]
1999 Kozmo.com Delivery   United States 21.7% [230]
1999 Naxon Corporation   United States 61% [230]
March 29, 1999 Pets.com Retail   United States 54% [4]
February 3, 2000 Greg Manning Auctions, Inc. Auctioneering   United States $5,000,000 [231]
March 28, 2000 Eziba.com Retail   United States 20% $17,500,000 [232][233]
2000 Basis Technology Technology   United States 11% [232][234]
2000 Greenlight.com Car Retailer   United States 5% [232][235]
2001 Altura International   United States 20% $5,000,000 [236]
2001 Daksh.com   United States 11% [236]
August 7, 2007 Amie Street Music streaming   United States [237][238]
February 22, 2018 Greenlight Financial Technology Inc Financial Services   United States [239]
May 3, 2018 Embodied Robotics   United States [240]
September 20, 2018 More Supermarket Chain   India 49% [241][242]
October 17, 2018 SevenRooms Software   United States [243]
Feb 15, 2019 Rivian Autonomous Driving   United States [244][245][246]
2019 YES Network Sports Televion Network   United States [247]

DivestituresEdit

Date Acquirer Target company Target business Acquirer country/nationality Value (USD) Refs
September 24, 2003 Scholastic Back to Basics Toys Toy Retail   United States $4,750,000 [248]
December 13, 2018 Wikia, Inc. Curse LLC Gaming Websites   United States [249][250]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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