List of media adaptations of Journey to the West

Journey to the West, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature, was written in the 16th century and attributed to Wu Cheng'en. Stories and characters were widely used, especially in Beijing opera, and has been adapted many times in modern film, television, stage, and other media.

Depiction of the Forbidden Temple's Sun Wukong as depicted in a scene in a Beijing opera.
The pilgrims Sun Wukong, Tang Sanzang, Zhu Bajie, and Sha Wujing at Western Paradise in production The Monkey Sun (Theatre Esence, 1984).


  • The Japanese artist Tsukioka Yoshitoshi published a series of prints in 1865 titled Tsûzoku saiyûki (A Modern Journey to the West).[1]

Stage playsEdit


Television seriesEdit

  • Monkey (Saiyūki), a 1978–1980 Japanese television series based on Journey to the West. It was translated into English by the BBC.
  • Journey to the West, a two-season television series produced by CCTV, starring Liu Xiao Ling Tong as Sun Wukong. The two seasons were released in 1986 and 1999 respectively. Noted for its faithfulness to the original novel, this series is still considered by many as a classic.
  • Journey to the West, 新・西遊記 [ja], a 1994 Japanese television series. Nippon TV produced another television series, based on Journey to the West, titled New Monkey, it ran for only one season.[21]
  • Journey to the West, a 1996 Hong Kong television series produced by TVB, starring Dicky Cheung as Sun Wukong. It was followed by a 1998 sequel, Journey to the West II, starring Benny Chan as Sun Wukong.
  • Xi You Ji is a 1999 Chinese animated series which was broadcast on CCTV. The whole series was later released on a 26-disc VCD set. The show was later dubbed into English and edited by Cinar (now known as Cookie Jar Entertainment) and was titled Journey to the West - Legends of the Monkey King. It first aired on Teletoon in Canada and was originally shown on the Cookie Jar Toons block on This TV in the United States from 2009 to 2010.[citation needed]
  • After Journey to the West 西游记后传, is a 2000 Chinese television sequel series that is loosely based on the events that take place after Journey to the West. It is produced by Shaanxi Television. The main story centers around a quest to find seventeen magical relics before demons use them to take over heaven and earth.
  • The Monkey King, also called The Lost Empire, a 2001 television adaptation of the legend by Sci Fi Channel.
  • The Monkey King: Quest for the Sutra, a 2002 Hong Kong television series loosely based on the novel. It was produced by TVB and starred Dicky Cheung as Sun Wukong again.
  • In Jackie Chan Adventures, Monkey King (voiced by Bill Tanzer and Billy West in Season 3) is a mystical trickster that was sealed within a wooden puppet that can only free him if someone pulls it's leg, which would then turn the victim to a puppet. First appearing in "I'll Be a Monkey's Puppet", Jackie buys the puppet from his uncle's competitor so Jade would use it for her school's talent show, unfortunately he pulled it's leg and freed Monkey King and turned himself into a puppet. Luckily Jade use the Rat Talisman to give him life and set out to find the prankster, Uncle and Tohru found out by his competitor that in order to turn Jackie back to normal and trap Monkey King again is for the latter to pull his leg (no matter if it's attached). They successfully manage to trick the trickster in a lumber yard and leave it in the rubble.
  • Saiyūki, a 2006 Japanese television series produced by Fuji Television. The lead character of Son Goku (Sun Wukong) was given to Shingo Katori, a member of the pop group SMAP. This remake has been so successful as to break viewing records with one in three Japanese viewers watching each episode of the series.[22]
  • Wu Cheng'en and Journey to the West, a 2010 Chinese television series which tells the story of Wu Cheng'en and his inspiration for writing the novel. The main cast from the 1986 Journey to the West version reprised their roles in this series.
  • Journey to the West, a 2010 Chinese television series directed and produced by Cheng Lidong, starring Fei Zhenxiang as Sun Wukong. It started airing on Zhejiang Satellite TV on 14 February 2010.
  • Journey to the West, a 2011 Chinese television series produced by Zhang Jizhong, starring Wu Yue as Sun Wukong. It started airing on Southern Television Guangdong on 28 July 2011.
  • Into the Badlands, a 2015 television series produced by AMC and written by Miles Millar and Alfred Gough. It is loosely based on Journey to the West.[23]
  • New Journey to the West, a 2015 South Korean variety show produced by cable channel tvN and Naver. It is directed by Producer Na.
  • A Chinese Odyssey: Love of Eternity aka A Chinese Odyssey: Love You a Million Years, a 2017 Chinese series that is based on the movies in A Chinese Odyssey. The series ran for 54 episodes.
  • A Korean Odyssey, a South Korean drama produced by Studio Dragon Corporation and JS Pictures. It aired on tvN on 23 December 2017.
  • The New Legends of Monkey, a 2018 Australian-New Zealand television co-produced by ABC ME, TVNZ, and Netflix.[24]
  • Till We Meet Again, a 2018 Singaporean television series produced by MediaCorp Channel 8, starring Taiwanese actor Kingone Wang, and MediaCorp actors Ian Fang, Julie Tan and Elvin Ng, premiered on 26 November. A Toggle-produced prelude series, aired on Channel 8 on 11 October.[25]
  • Journey to the West Children's Edition aka Tian Zhen Pai Xi You Ji, a 2019 series by Tencent.
  • Sun Wukong (voiced by James Sie) appears as a character in the Amazon series Kung Fu Panda: The Paws of Destiny, based on the popular Dreamworks franchise. This depiction is based more on his shapeshifting powers and trickster attitude, relying on confusing enemies with mind games and deception. However, his enemy Baigujing (translated into White Bone Demon and voiced by Elisa Gabrielli) also makes an appearance as the main antagonist of the second half of Season 1, manipulating the Emperor's adoptive daughter (who had become jealous of the Emperor's younger biological daughter taking attention away from her) into murdering him and creating an army of animated Terracotta soldiers, and later constructing a giant automaton to take over as her new body.
  • RWBY, a web-series created by Monty Oum and produced by Rooster Teeth, has a character named Sun Wukong who is inspired by his namesake form Journey to the West.
  • In Miraculous Ladybug, those who wield the Monkey Miraculous (previously wielded in universe by Sun Wukong and Sasuke Sarutobi) turn into a hero with numerous references to Sun Wukong. Once activated, the wielder gains use of a staff known as Ruyi Jingu Bang and his main ability Uproar (letting him create toys that, if they hit an opponent, cause their powers to malfunction) can be seen as a reference to his mischievous attitude in the original work.
  • MegaMan NT Warrior, in the episode 42 (32 in the American dub) presents the main characters playing the characters of Journey to the West.
  • Monkie Kid, a LEGO animated spin-off series taking place decades after the original story.
  • An episode of The Librarians has Jacob Stone traveling to Shangri-La to be taught martial arts by the Monkey King (played by Ernie Reyes Jr.).

Comics and animationsEdit

  • Adventures from China: Monkey King, a 20 volume comic series by Wei Dong Chen.[26][better source needed]
  • American Born Chinese by Gene Luen Yang features the legend of the Monkey King throughout the book. He uses the story of the Monkey King's quest to become equal to a god to parallel the feelings of the main character, a Chinese immigrant, who is struggling to fit into American society.
  • A 1983 quasi-comic book adaptation of one of the stories from Journey to the West, in which Monkey King confronts a doppelganger, was published in China, under the English title The Real and the Fake Monkey, by Zhang Cheng, with full-page drawings by illustrator and painter Zheng Jiasheng. It was later published in 1987 in Poland, as Opowieść o Małpie prawdziwej i Małpie nieprawdziwej (The Tale of the True Monkey and the False Monkey).
  • Digimon has several Digimon modeled after Journey to the West characters. Gokuumon is based on Sun Wukong, Sanzomon is based on Xuanzang, Cho-Hakkaimon is based on Zhu Bajie, and Shawujinmon is based on Sha Wujing.
  • A 4-part arc in season 2 of Dinosaur King is based around the main characters' time machine landing them in Ancient China and meeting Xuanzang (named "Sanzo Hoshi"). Through their adventure to find a mystical Cosmos Stone, hidden behind a stone door only Sanzo can chant into opening, the three realize that they themselves would become the inspirations for Sanzo's companions from Journey to the West.
  • "The God of High School", a Korean manga/game, with protagonist Jin Mori as the Monkey King Sun Wukong.
  • Dragon Ball was initially inspired by Journey to the West. For example, Sun Wukong (pronounced Son Gokū in Japanese) becomes "Son Goku", who wields an elongating staff weapon, can fly using a magic cloud and has the ability to change into a giant ape. The supporting character Oolong was also based on Zhu Bajie and it was said that Yamcha was based on Sha Wujing. The object of sutras are replaced by the seven "Dragon Balls" and the dragon "Shen Long" who appears from the Dragon Balls to grant a wish. The first arc is a loose adaptation of Journey to the West, while following arcs diverge and tell original stories.
  • Gokū no Daibōken, a 1967 Japanese anime.
  • Iyashite Agerun Saiyūki, a 2007 adult anime.[citation needed]
  • Monkey Magic is an animated retelling of the legend.
  • Monkey Typhoon is a manga and anime series based on the Journey to the West saga, following a futuristic steampunk-retelling of the legend.
  • Osomatsu-kun a 1988 Japanese anime. Episode 64, is based on Journey to the West.
  • Saint is a Hong Kong manhua created by Khoo Fuk-lung and loosely based on Journey to the West.
  • Saiyūki is a manga and anime series inspired by the legend. Follow-up series include Saiyūki Gaiden, Saiyūki Ibun and Saiyūki Reload Blast.
  • Secret Journey is an erotic doujin by Po-ju that features a travelling priest, a young boy, who encounters a monkey demoness, Son Goku, who becomes his first disciple.
  • Shinzo is an anime loosely based on Journey to the West.
  • Son-Goku the Monkey
  • Science Fiction Saiyuki Starzinger, a 1978-1979 Japanese anime produced by Toei Animation which features a science fiction / space opera reimagination of the story.
  • The Ape, a graphic novel by Milo Manara and Silverio Pisu published in 1986 by Catalan Communications. Previously serialised in Heavy Metal in 1983, this is a more adult adaptation of Journey to the West with a preface by Renata Pisu. ISBN 978-0-87416-019-2
  • The Flying Superboard is a Korean animated television series based on Journey to the West.[27]
  • The Journey West is a series of illustrated ebooks available for the Kindle and Nook that retell Journey to the West using rhyming verses vaguely reminiscent of Dr. Seuss. Book One: The Monkey King was released in 2011.[28]
  • The Monkey King is a dark sword and sorcery manga inspired by the tale.
  • XIN is an American comic mini-series produced by Anarchy Studio.
  • The play in Love Hina episode 16 is also based on Journey to the West.
  • Episode 31 of Yo-Kai Watch has the characters kidnapped by a yokai and forced to act out the events of Journey of the West.
  • Monkey King, an animated series created in 2009 by China Central Television (CCTV). It was honored with the Golden Panda Award at the 10th Sichuan TV Festival in China.[29]
  • Monkey Khan from Sonic the Hedgehog (Archie Comics) comics is loosely based on Sun Wukong.
  • Oboro Shirakumo's quirk Cloud from My Hero Academia is a reference to Sun Wukong.
  • Monty the Magic Monkey 小悟空 (1988 TVB) / TVB is a children's animation about Little WuKong adventures post Journey to the West falling from heavens to live with a Hong Kong family.
  • Some of Doraemon's items are based on Journey to the West, such as Clone Liquid Goku, Kinto food and Goku ring,

Omniscient Reader makes reference to one of the constellations being the Monkey King from Journey to the West



  • Shen Yun Performing Arts has featured several vignettes from Journey to the West in its dance productions, which tour internationally. These include "The Monkey King Triumphs" and "Monkey King Captures Pigsy".[31]
  • Pilobolus staged a dance-theatre work entitled Monkey and the White Bone Demon in 2001. The piece, created by choreographer Alison Chase, one of the founders of Pilobolus, was based on a children's book adaptation of a tale from Journey to the West and featured dancer Matt Kent performing on stilts (as the Demon). The piece, which toured internationally and was critically acclaimed, is also the subject of a thirty-minute "making of" documentary film. Alison Chase has since revived Monkey and the White Bone Demon with her subsequent dance company, Alison Chase Performance.[32]

Books referencing the novelEdit

  • Xiyoubu (西遊補; A Supplement to the Journey to the West) is a Ming Dynasty addendum to Journey to the West written by Dong Yue in 1640. The novel describes events which occurred between chapters 61 and 62 of Journey to the West.
  • The Monkey King is the 1978 debut novel of British novelist Timothy Mo, whose protagonist mirrors the personality of Sun Wukong, the Monkey King.
  • Tripmaster Monkey is a 1989 novel by Chinese American novelist Maxine Hong Kingston, with widespread references to Journey to the West.
  • Gene Luen Yang's graphic novel American Born Chinese uses the legend of the Monkey King as a major metaphor throughout the book. He uses the Monkey King's quest to become equal to a god to compare the feelings of the main character, a Chinese immigrant, who is struggling to fit into American society.
  • In the children's novel Michael and the Monkey King by Alan James Brown, the Monkey King's mythical journey to the west becomes a modern-day quest to save the lives of a young boy's parents.[33]
  • The Monkey King's Daughter is a series of books by Todd DeBonis for young readers, about the adventures of Meilin Cheng, a 14-year-old Asian-American girl who learns she is the daughter of Sun Wukong.[34]
  • The Dark Heavens, Journey to Wudang and Celestial Battle series are fantasy novels by Kylie Chan in which Sun Wukong is a frequently occurring character.
  • In Kim Stanley Robinson's novel The Years of Rice and Salt, the first chapter (entitled "Awake to Emptiness") is presented in the style of Journey to the West.[35] The protagonist of that chapter, a Mongol warrior named Bold, is an incarnation of Monkey.
  • Mark Salzman's second book The Laughing Sutra (1991) partially re-imagines the Journey to the West in the context of late 20th century Chinese history. A young man, Hsun-ching, sets out to recover a lost sutra and gains a strange-looking companion, ″the colonel″, who claims extremely long life and carries a metal staff. Stories of the Monkey King and Chinese heroes are referenced throughout.
  • Pu Songling writes of Sun Wukong in "The Great Sage, Heaven's Equal", collected in Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio.
  • "The Epic Crush of Genie Lo" by F.C. Yee a young adult fiction book.
  • Girl Giant and the Monkey King follows a Vietnamese-American Thom Ngho and her adventures with the Monkey King. The sequel, Girl Giant and the Jade War, takes place after the Monkey King betrayed Thom.
  • The Fallen Hero, written by Katie Zhao. The protagonist, Faryn Liu Falun, gets help from the Monkey King and his weapon, the Ruyi Jingu Bang, to battle the Heaven who have turned against humanity.

Video gamesEdit

  • SonSon, a 1984 arcade game by Capcom.
  • Ganso Saiyūki: Super Monkey Daibōken is a 1986 NES RPG based on Journey to the West and made popular by GameCenter CX
  • Cloud Master, released in 1988 by Taito for Arcade, NES and Master System.
  • China Gate is a 1988 arcade game by Technos Japan Corp. It was based on the original story and characters. The Japanese version is titled Saiyu Gōma Roku (西遊降魔録, "Conquering Devil Journeys to the West").[36]
  • Saiyūki World, a 1988 Japan-exclusive NES game by Jaleco.[37][38] It was followed by a 1990 sequel, Saiyūki World 2: Tenjōkai no Majin,[39][40] adapted and released in 1991 as Whomp 'Em.[40][41]
  • Yūyūki, a 1989 text-based adventure video game for the Famicom Disk System and developed by Nintendo.
  • In Lunar: Eternal Blue (1994), according to scenario writer Kei Shigema, the concept of an oppressive god came from the image of Sun Wukong being unable to escape from the gigantic palm of the Buddha.[42] Shigema stated that "it was a picture showing the arrogance of a god who is saying, 'In the end, you pathetic humans are in my hands.' The moment I understood that, I thought, 'Oh, I definitely want to do this,' it'll definitely match perfectly. So we used it just like that."[43]
  • Journey to the West (Chinese: 西天取经; pinyin: Xītiān Qǔjīng; lit. 'Western Heaven'), is an unlicensed Famicom platform game produced by Taiwanese developer Chengdu Tai Jing Da Dong and published by TXC Corporation in 1994.[citation needed] In 1996, Waixing Technology produced and released its sequel Journey to the West II (Chinese: 西天取经II; pinyin: Xītiān Qǔjīng II; lit. 'Western Heaven II').
  • The boss of Yellow Desert Zone in Sonic Blast (1996) is a reference to Sun Wukong.
  • Legend of Wukong (1996) is based on Journey to the West.
  • Oriental Legend (aka Xi You Shi E Zhuan) is a 1997 2D side-scrolling fighting arcade game with cartoon graphics from International Games System Co., Ltd. Players control versions of one of 5 characters from "Journey to the West": Long-Nui (girl), Ba-Chien (pig-man), Long-Ma, Wu-Kong (humanoid monkey, "monkey king") and Wu-Chin.
  • Monkey Magic is a 1999 video game for the PlayStation based on the anime series of the same title.
  • Saiyuki: Journey West is a 1999 tactical role-playing game for the PlayStation. It was developed by Koei.
  • Ether Saga Odyssey is a MMORPG based on Journey to the West and developed by Beijing Perfect World.
  • Enslaved: Odyssey to the West is a multi-platform game developed by Ninja Theory based on a futuristic take on the novel.
  • League of Legends, Heroes of Newerth, Dota 2, Paragon, and Smite all have a playable character based on the Monkey King.[44][45]
  • Dota 2 also has an item called the Monkey King Bar which is based on Sun Wukong's weapon, Ruyi Jingu Bang.
  • Ori and the Will of the Wisp is a 2020 video game for the Xbox One which Opher is based on Sun Wukong
  • Westward Journey Online II, a MMORPG developed and run by NetEase.
  • Puzzle & Dragons has Sun Wukong as a usable God.
  • Mega Man: The Wily Wars features the Genesis Unit, 3 Robot Masters called Buster Rod.G, Mega Water.S, and Hyper Storm.H; they are based on Sun Wukong, Sha Wujing, and Zhu Bajie respectively. The last letters in each Robot Master's name refers to the Japanese name of their correlating characters (G for "Gokū", S for "Sa Gojō", and H for "Hakkai")
  • West Adventure is a 1994 beat'm up game developed by Panda Entertainment for MS-DOS platform. The game is based on Journey to the West original story and characters.
  • Monster Strike has Sun Wukong as a usable Character.
  • Shin Megami Tensei IV has Sun Wukong as a usable Demon.
  • Persona 5 has Sun Wukong as Ryuji Sakamoto's trickster persona named Seiten Taisei.
  • Summoner's War has a monster named Monkey King, the fire version becomes Wukong when awakened.
  • RaiRaiGoku is a pachislo slot machine with a Journey to the West theme.
  • Warriors Orochi games feature Sun Wukong as a character. 3[specify] specifically features both the Monkey King and Xuanzang (reimagined as a female dancer) as playable characters. The after-mission cutscene for the mission in which the player unlocks Xuanzang make many references to the novel. Including a conversation between the characters Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Ishikawa Goemon speculating on whose roles from the novel they fill.
  • Warframe has a playable character named Wukong.
  • Project X Zone has two protagonists named Kogoro Tenzai and Mii Koryuji, they are both based on Sun Wukong and Xuanzang respectively.
  • Overwatch, in the seasonal event, Overwatch Year of the Rooster, the characters Winston, Roadhog, Reinhardt and Zenyatta are given alternate outfits that makes them look like Sun Wukong, Zhu Bajie, Sha Wujing and Xuanzang.
  • The Pokémon franchise contains Chimchar, Monferno and Infernape (Sun Wukong) as well as Grumpig, Tepig, Pignite and Emboar (Zhu Bajie).
  • Great Sage, Heaven's Equal (齐天大圣), a Chinese language Taiwanese video game for DOS created by Golden Genius
  • Minecraft made a mash-up pack for Chinese mythology with skins mostly from Journey to the West.
  • Monkey King: Hero is Back is adapted to a videogame on the PlayStation 4 in 2019 (4 years after the film's release) where you play as Sun Wukong (renamed Dasheng in the English dub) as you guide Liuer and Pigsy (Zhu Bajie) to fight off Mountain Trolls and other monsters to save the kidnapped children from the clutches of the demon king Hun Dun, use statues of Guanyin to unlock spells to enhance your skills and use various weapons to battle enemies. Two DLCs were available: Mind Palace, which is set within Sun Wukong's mind sealed inside the Buddha's crystal where he trains himself in a series of obstacles and traps between different biomes. And Uproar in Heaven, which is before the main story where the monkey king duals against three of the Jade Emperor's greatest warriors, Nezha, Juling Shen and his nephew Erlang Shen.
  • Unruly Heroes by Magic Design Studios for the Xbox One, the PS4, the Nintendo Switch and the PC. You play as Wukong, Sanzang, Kihong and Sandmonk going on a journey to retrieve the sacred parchments from fearsome foes like Rhynehard, Skeletosis, Lady White, Chief Chomp, The Hundred Eyed Demon Lord and King Bull.
  • Lego Brawls' 2021 update has content from Monkie Kid with a battle arena of Flower Fruit Mountain and new characters consisting of Monkie Kid, Mei, Mr. Tang, Pigsy, Monkey King, Princess Iron Fan, Red Son, a Bull Clone, Gold and Silver Horn Demons, and the Spider Queen.
  • Tokyo Afterschool Summoners, in an event quest called Desert Journey, which adapts the whole story of Journey to the West, in which the protagonist is Xuanzang (in the game he/she is called Sanzang), with the characters Seth, Hanuman and Ganglie representing Sha Wujing, Sun Wukong and Zhu Bajie.
  • Black Myth: Wukong, a Chinese adventure/role playing video game being developed by Game Science which depicts Sun Wukong's story, exploits and battles.
  • One of the new Copy Abilities used in Kirby Star Allies, Staff, is based heavily on Sun Wukong, with Kirby's main weapon being an extending staff (similar to Ruyi Jingu Bang), and his helmet being based on that of Sun Wukong.
  • In Suikoden 2 (PSX), main character (Riou) wears circlet and his childhood friend (Jowy) uses staff as weapon. This represent Sun Wukong circlet and Ruyi Jingu Bang.
  • In Fate Grand Order, the character Xuanzang Sanzang, a female version of Tang Sanzang, debut in the event "Sanzang Coming to the West".
  • Rabbids: Party of Legends is a party game where the Rabbids travel themselves to the Journey to the West story thanks to their Time Washing Machine. The Awakened One (Buddha) trapped the washing machine inside a magic bell and task them to retrieve the scared books for him in exchange to return it while also facing off against gods and demons.
  • In the 2022 mobile game Dislyte, Tang Xuan is a Legendary Esper with the powers and staff of Sun Wukong. His twin brother, Tang Yun, is given the powers of the Six-Eared Macaque.
  • Kung Fu Chaos, a 3d party fighting game that came out in 2003 for the original Xbox had a character named "Monkey" (Son Wukong) as one of its selectable fighters


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