Mayor of Frankfurt-am-Main
The Mayor of Frankfurt-am-Main (Oberbürgermeister (male) or Oberbürgermeisterin (female), sometimes translated "Lord Mayor") is the highest-ranking member of city government in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Since 1995, the position has been directly-elected. Two people have held the position since the introduction of elections: Petra Roth (CDU) and Peter Feldmann (SPD). Prior to this, the mayor was elected by the city council.
The mayor is "first among equals" on the city cabinet (Magistrat), and acts as the cabinet's spokesperson. The mayor is also responsible for the policies of local government departments and oversees the city's administration.
The Free City of Frankfurt, as a state in the Holy Roman Empire and later the German Confederation, had various leadership structures, the most durable of which saw the city with two mayors: Senior Mayor (Ältere Bürgermeister) and Junior Mayor (Jüngere Bürgermeister). The present position of Oberbürgermeister was introduced in 1868 following the occupation of the city by the Kingdom of Prussia. Through the second half of the 19th century and first half of the 20th century, Frankfurt's mayors oversaw the development of Frankfurt into a major centre for trade and culture.
In 1933 following the appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany, Ludwig Landmann – Frankfurt's first Jewish mayor – was expelled from the council, and Nazi Party member Friedrich Krebs was appointed in his place. Although the left-wing SPD and Communist Party had an overall majority on the council, they were excluded from the council session that confirmed Krebs' appointment.
Krebs remained in office until the US military captured the city in March 1945. The US military governorship that followed appointed trusted democrats as mayor to oversee the immediate denazification of the city administration and the beginnings of reconstruction. Council elections resumed in July 1946, and the SPD held the mayorship for the next thirty years. The rebuilding of Frankfurt was a significant topic in these years.
Following a statewide referendum, the office of mayor in Hesse became directly-elected. Frankfurt's first mayoral election was held in 1995 and saw a surprise victory for CDU candidate Petra Roth over the incumbent Andreas von Schoeler (SPD). Since then, mayoral elections have been noted as especially personality-driven, and candidates regularly defy national party trends to become increasingly popular over the course of their mayoralty. Roth increased her majority over the course of her mayorship, winning in 2007 in the first round with 60.5% of the vote. After Roth resigned in 2012, Peter Feldmann (SPD) won a surprise victory over Boris Rhein (CDU), the Hessian interior minister, and he too saw a significant increase vote increase in his second election in 2018.
Oberbürgermeister since 1868Edit
Since 1868 there have been 19 mayors of Frankfurt: 14 indirectly-elected, 3 appointed and 2 directly-elected.
|1868||1880||Daniel Heinrich Mumm von Schwarzenstein||Independent||Indirect election|
|1880||1890||Johannes von Miquel||NLP||Indirect election|
|1890||1912||Franz Adickes||Independent liberal||Indirect election|
|1912||1924||Georg Voigt||DDP||Indirect election|
|1924||1933||Ludwig Landmann||DDP||Indirect election|
|1933||1945||Friedrich Krebs||NSDAP||Appointed by Nazi Party[fn 1]|
|1945||1945||Wilhelm Hollbach||Independent||Appointed by US military|
|1945||1946||Kurt Blaum||CDU||Appointed by US military|
|1946||1956||Walter Kolb||SPD||Indirect election|
|1956||1964||Werner Bockelmann||SPD||Indirect election|
|1964||1970||Willi Brundert||SPD||Indirect election|
|1970||1971||Walter Möller||SPD||Indirect election|
|1971||1977||Rudi Arndt||SPD||Indirect election|
|1977||1986||Walter Wallmann||CDU||Indirect election|
|1986||1989||Wolfram Brück||CDU||Indirect election|
|1989||1991||Volker Hauff||SPD||Indirect election|
|1991||1995||Andreas von Schoeler||SPD||Indirect election|
|1995||2012||Petra Roth||CDU||Direct election|
|2012||Peter Feldmann||SPD||Direct election|
The Mayor of Frankfurt is elected by the two-round system: if no candidate receives over 50% in the first round, a run-off is held between the top two candidates. The election is open to German and EU citizens over 18 years old who have lived in the city for at least three years. The mayor's term is 6 years – elections are brought forward if the mayor resigns or is otherwise removed from office.
|Independent||Volker Stein[fn 2]||11,218||5.9||–|
|Airport Expansion Opponents (FAG)||Ursula Fechter||6,828||4.0||–|
|Independent||Oliver Maria Schmitt||3,009||1.8||–|
|Independent||Jean Jules Tatchouop||376||0.2||–|
|Independent||Carl Maria Schulte||219||0.1||–|
|SPD gain from CDU|
|Citizens for Frankfurt (BFF)||Wolfgang Hübner||3,790||2.6||–|
|SPD||Andreas von Schoeler||97,391||45.9|
|CDU win (new seat)|
- Krebs was later confirmed by a vote of the city council. However, only Nazi party members were allowed to vote – the left wing parties that held a majority on the council were excluded.
- Stein was a member of the FDP, but did not secure the party's nomination.
- "Das müssen Sie zur OB-Wahl in Frankfurt wissen". Hessischer Rundfunk. 23 January 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- "Section 6". Constitution of Frankfurt. 1814.
- "Chronik der ehemaligen Frankfurter Oberbürgermeister" (in German). Frankfurt.de. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- Göpfert, Claus-Jürgen (3 January 2018). "Feldmann profitiert von Schwäche der Konkurrenz" (in German). Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- Euler, Ralf; Rösmann, Tobias (28 January 2007). "Klarer Sieg für Petra Roth" (in German). Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- Göpfert, Claus-Jürgen (26 February 2018). "Peter Feldmanns Rezept" (in German). Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- "Direktwahl 2018 in Frankfurt-am-Main". Wahlamt Frankfurt. 26 February 2018. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
- "Frankfurter Direktwahlen". Hessischer Rundfunk. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- "Frankfurter Wahlanalysen 57" (PDF). Wahlamt Frankfurt. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2018.