List of massacres in Iraq
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Pre-Saddam 20th CenturyEdit
- May 4, 1924, Massacre of 4th May, 1924; Iraqi Levies, supported by the British, massacre an estimated 200 people after a Turkmen shop keeper and Levi soldier get into an argument.
- August 1933, the Simele massacre in Northern Iraq: the Iraqi army massacred 3000 Assyrian Christians
- June 1–2, 1941, Farhud, Baghdad; 175-780 deaths, considered "the beginning of the end of the Jewish community of Iraq"
- July 14th, 1959, Kirkuk massacre of 1959; Kurdish members from the Iraqi Communist Party target Turkmens leaving an estimated 20 dead. This was followed by Kurdish soldiers from the Fourth Brigade targeting Turkmen residential areas with mortars, causing the destruction of 120 homes. Between 31-79 Turkmen were killed with 130 wounded. The Iraqi government referred to the incident as a "massacre".
- May 7, 1980, Persecution of Feyli Kurds under Saddam Hussein, Nationwide; 15,000–25,000 Feyli Kurds killed[clarification needed]
- July 8, 1982, Dujail Massacre, Dujail; 148 deaths
- 1984, Abu Ghraib prison massacre, Baghdad Governorate; 4,000 executed in purge
- 1986–1989, Anfal genocide, Nationwide: 50,000-182,000 Kurds and other Iraqi minorities killed during Iran–Iraq War
- March 16, 1988, Halabja poison gas attack, Halabja: 5,000+ deaths; Iraqi government used chemical weapons on Kurdish town; condemned as an act of genocide (The aforementioned Anfal genocide).
- March 1 – April 1991 5, 1991 uprisings in Iraq, Nationwide: 25,000–180,000 killed (mostly civilians)
- May 19, 2004, Mukaradeeb wedding party massacre; 42 Iraqi civilians were killed by U.S. soldiers during a wedding.
- August 1, 2004, 2004 Iraq churches attacks, Baghdad and Mosul; 12 died, 71 injured.
- October 24, 2004 Massacre of New Iraqi Army recruits by Sunni insurgents, 49 killed.
- November 19, 2005 Haditha killings, Haditha 24 Iraqi civilians were killed by United States Marines.
- March 12, 2006 Mahmudiyah killings on by U.S. Army soldiers, 4 killed.
- March 15, 2006 Balad massacre on by U.S. Forces, four women and five children, one aged five months.
- Between May 7 and 8, 2006, 51 bodies were found in Baghdad, all handcuffed, blindfolded and shot in the head and abdomen.
- July 9, 2006, Hay al Jihad massacre on by Shia militia, 40 killed.
- March 27, 2007 2007 Tal Afar bombings and massacre, Tal Afar 152 Shiites were bombed; then Shiite-affiliated policemen after a bombing, 70 killed .
- April 23, 2007, 2007 Mosul massacre, Mosul; 23 died; the murders were considered to be a reprisal for the honor killing of a 17-year-old Yazidi girl.
- On April 17, 2007, 51 bodies of Iraqi civilians and military personnel, who were killed in the previous two years, were found in Mahmudiya, south of Baghdad.
- April 23, 2007, 2007 Mosul massacre on by Sunni insurgents, 23 killed.
- June 29, 2007, Al Ahamir Massacre, Al Ahamir, 10-14 Iraqi civilians were killed by Al Qaeda.
- On June 30, 2007, 35 to 40 bodies were recovered from a recently dug mass grave in the town of Ferris, south of Fallujah, most likely victims of sectarian violence.
- July 16, 2007, massacre of Shiite villagers in a village in Diyala province on by Sunni insurgents, 29 killed.
- August 14, 2007 2007 Qahtaniya bombings on by Sunni insurgents, 796 killed.
- September 16, 2007, Nisour Square massacre, Baghdad: Blackwater Baghdad shootings by Private military company, 17 killed. Private military company, Blackwater Security Consulting, shot at Iraqi civilians killing 17 and injuring 20 in Nisour Square, Baghdad while escorting a US embassy convoy.
- Following the conclusion of the 2007 Diyala province military campaign dozens of mass graves were found. It is unclear who was responsible although Al-Qaeda is suspected.
- On April 4, 2010 Insurgents dressed as US and Iraqi soldiers killed 25 people including 5 women in a village south of Baghdad. They were linked to the Awakening movement. They were hand cuffed and shot in the head or chest. Seven were found alive in handcuffs. Major General Qassim Atta spokesman for the Iraqi security forces' Baghdad operations said Al-Qaeda in Iraq was behind this..
- October 31, 2010, 2010 Baghdad church attack, Baghdad; 58 died; Islamic State of Iraq attacked a Catholic church
- April 8, 2011, Camp Ashraf raid, Camp Ashraf; 34 unarmed members of the People's Mujahedin of Iran were killed by Iraqi security forces. 300+ injured.
- September 1, 2013, 2013 Camp Ashraf massacre, Camp Ashraf; 52 died; Members of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps helped plan and direct the assault on the camp and then two of Iran's Iraqi-based proxies, Kata'ib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl al-Haq carried out the attack.
- 12–15 June 2014 Camp Speicher massacre |Tikrit; the Islamic State with the help the Sunni local tribes killed at least 1,700 unarmed Iraqi Air Force cadets. They were separated by sect: Sunnis were allowed to repent for their military service, while Shiites were lined up for firing squads. The soldiers were separated into small groups, executed and buried in mass graves.
- 10 June 2014 – 8 August 2015, Mass Executions in ISIS Occupied Mosul where over 6,539 people have been killed.
- 17 March 2017 – an airstrike by American-led bombing of Western Mosul that killed over 100 civilians was referred to a massacre.
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- Andre Wink, Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World, Vol.2, (Brill, 2002), 13. – via Questia (subscription required)
- The different aspects of Islamic culture: Science and technology in Islam, Vol.4, Ed. A. Y. Al-Hassan, (Dergham sarl, 2001), 655.
- Entessar 2010, 79
- "Scars that won't heal: Iraq recognises Fayli Kurd persecution as 'genocide'". ekurd.net. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- Marsh, Robin. "International Recognition of the Kurdish Genocide - Concerning the Faili Kurds". www.uk.upf.org. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- Jaffar Al-Faylee, Zaki (2010). Tareekh Al-Kurd Al-Faylyoon. Beirut. pp. 485, 499–501.
- Al-Hakeem, Dr. Sahib (2003). Untold stories of more than 4000 women raped killed and tortured in Iraq, the country of mass graves. pp. 489–492.
- Chauhan, Sharad S. (2003). War on Iraq. APH Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 9788176484787.
- GENOCIDE IN IRAQ Human Rights Watch, 1993
- The Crimes of Saddam Hussein – 1988 The Anfal Campaign PBS Frontline
- "2 Mass Graves in Iraq Unearthed". Los Angeles Times. June 5, 2006.
- "'Chemical Ali' on trial for brutal crushing of Shia uprising". The Guardian. August 22, 2007.
- "ENDLESS TORMENT, The 1991 Uprising in Iraq And Its Aftermath". Hrw.org. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "Iraqi Insurgents Massacre 49 Iraq Recruits". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- "WikiLeaks releases unredacted U.S. cables". Alaska Dispatch News. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- "30 Iraqis Killed in Karbala, Baghdad". Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- Bassem Mroue (6 April 2015). "New Village Massacre Reported in Iraq". Newsvine. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
-  Archived April 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "Dozens dead in Baghdad shooting – Middle East". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2014-08-07.