List of longest ski jumps

Ski jumping is a winter sport in which athletes compete on distance and style in a jump from a ski jumping hill. The sport has traditionally focused on a combination of style and distance, and it was therefore early seen as unimportant in many milieus to have the longest jump.[1] The International Ski Federation (Fédération Internationale de Ski; FIS) has largely been opposed to the inflation in hill sizes and setting of distance records, and no world records have been set at Olympic, World Championship, Holmenkollen Ski Festival or Four Hills Tournament events, as these have never been among the largest hills in the world.

Stefan Kraft has held the official world record of 253.5 m (832 ft) since 2017
Vikersundbakken in Vikersund, Norway, where the current WR stands

Since 1936, when the first jump beyond 100 metres (330 ft) was made, all world records in the sport have been made in the discipline of ski flying, an offshoot of ski jumping using larger hills where distance is explicitly emphasised. As of March 2017, the official world record for the longest ski jump is 253.5 m (832 ft), set by Stefan Kraft at Vikersundbakken in Vikersund, Norway. Two years prior, also in Vikersund, Dmitry Vassiliev reached 254 m (833 ft) but fell upon landing; his jump is unofficially the longest ever made.[2]

HistoryEdit

Ski jumping originated in Norway, and has been practiced since time immemorial, using handmade temporary hills.[3] The first record is credited to Olaf Rye, a soldier who set up a show spectated by his fellow soldiers in 1808, reaching 9.4 metres (15 alen) in Eidsberg, Norway. This small hill was probably near Eidsberg church, possibly at the farm Lekum.[4]

Sondre Norheim, credited as the 'father' of modern skiing,[5] made the second official record at 19.5 metres (64 ft) in 1868. Tim Ashburn says in his book The History of Ski Jumping that Norheim's longest jump on the circular track in Haugli ground in 1868 should have been measured at 9.4 metres alen[6] but that newspapers in Christiania reported that the length "was a little exaggerated", so the official record is everywhere written as 19.5 m.

The sport quickly spread to Finland, the United States and Canada, where some of the subsequent records were set.[7] Early jumping competitions were only scored by style, and it was seen as disruptive to attempt to jump further.[1] Not until 1901 was a scoring system for distance introduced.[8] With the construction of Bloudkova Velikanka in Planica, Yugoslavia, in 1934,[9] the separate discipline of ski flying was introduced, which is essentially an 'extreme' version of ski jumping.

With one exception, all of the world records for distance have been set on five of the world's six ski flying hills, of which five remain in use.[10] In 1936, Josef "Sepp" Bradl was the first to surpass the 100 metres (330 ft) mark, landing a jump of 101.5 metres (333 ft).[11] The FIS was long opposed to ski flying as a whole, and it has never been included in the Olympic or Nordic World Ski Championships. However, since 1972, the FIS Ski Flying World Championships has been a mainstay event, and ski flying event are also part of the FIS Ski Jumping World Cup calendar. The first to officially reach 200 metres (660 ft) was Toni Nieminen in 1994, by landing a jump of 203 metres (666 ft); at the time, ski jumpers did not receive distance points for the part of the jumps exceeding 191 metres.[12]

The distance of a ski jump is measured from the end of the 'table' (the very tip of the 'inrun' ramp) to halfway between the athletes' feet when they touch ground. To qualify, the jump must be made in a sanctioned competition, or official trial or qualification runs for these, with a system to control the actual length. To win a competition, an athlete needs both distance and style, the latter of which is achieved by attaining a proper Telemark landing; therefore jumpers are not motivated to jump as far as possible, only as far necessary to attain a good landing. Jumps are invalid if the jumper falls, defined as touching the ground with his hands or body before reaching the fall line. However, if an athlete touches the snow with any part of their body after landing, and receives style points greater than 14 from at least three judges, the jump is valid and counts as an official world record.[13]

When ski flying began in the 1930s, jumps were recorded in a traditional Scandinavian measure of length, the Norwegian alen (1 alen (Norway) = 0.6275 m (2.059 ft)). Some older United States and Canadian records were recorded in feet. Now, jump length is measured by the meter. Today, camera technology capably makes the measurements. Before, spectators were stationed downhill, meter by meter, and the raised hand of the nearest observer marked the jumper's landing.[14]

Official world recordsEdit

All valid world records by fully standing on both feet, although International Ski Federation doesn't officially recognize them.

MenEdit

 
Olaf Rye, who made the first recorded ski jump of 9.5 m (31 ft) in 1808
Josef Bradl became the first man in history to land on feet over 100 metres in 1936 at Bloudkova velikanka, Planica, Kin. Yugoslavia.
 
Toni Nieminen became the first man in history to land a jump over 200 m in 1994 at Velikanka bratov Gorišek in Planica, Slovenia
Olav Ulland (2nd from left) became the first man in history to jump over 100 metres in 1935, but crashed at Ponte di Legno, Kingdom of Italy.
 
Dimitry Vassiliev has held the longest ever unofficial jump of 254 m (833 ft) since 2015
«...Fourth on the start was Gering. He was flying and flying high above the ground and landed in a perfect position. We all knew something extraordinary happened. People responsible for distance measuring didn't have numbers, they figured out little later that he landed at 118 metres. After WR, when crowd finally calmed down, competition continued with Paul Schneidenbach who had landed at 101 metres, after him Hans Lahr landed at 111 metres, then Paul Krauß at 112 metres and the last was Franz Maier who crashed at 109 metres.»

—"Jutro: Serija senzacij" (3/3/41) in english translation; only two world records were set in Planica 1941.[15]

1 Norwegian alen = 62,75 cm (1824) / 1 Norwegian ft = 31,37 cm (1875–1959)
No. Date Athlete Country Hill Location Metres Yards Feet Note
1 22 November 1808   Olaf Rye   Norway
  Denmark
Eidsberg church Eidsberg, Norway 9.4 10.3 31 [16]
2 8 March 1868   Sondre Norheim   Norway Hauglibakken Brunkeberg, Norway 19.5 21.3 64 [17][18][nb 1]
3 12 February 1879   Olaf Haugann   Norway Kastellbakken Oslo, Norway 20.7 22.6 66 [19][20]
4 1881   Sveinung Svalastoga   Norway Kastellbakken Oslo, Norway 22 24.1 72 [21][nb 2]
5 24 February 1886   Olaf Bergland   Norway Flatdalbakken Seljord, Norway 25.5 27.9 84 [22]
6 9 March 1891   Mikkjel Hemmestveit   Norway
  United States
McSorley Hill Red Wing, United States 31.1 34 102 [23]
7 15 January 1893   Torjus Hemmestveit   Norway McSorley Hill Red Wing, United States 31.4 34.3 103 [24]
8 25 January 1897   Svein Solid   Norway Hegnibakken Morgedal, Norway 31.5 34.4 103.4 [25]
9 5 February 1899   Asbjørn Nilssen   Norway Solbergbakken Bærum, Norway 32.5 35.5 107 [26][17]
10 5 February 1899   Morten Hansen   Norway Solbergbakken Bærum, Norway 32.5 35.5 107 [26][17]
11 11 February 1900   Olaf Tandberg   Norway Solbergbakken Bærum, Norway 35.5 38.8 116 [27][28]
12 11 February 1902   Sigurd Brunæs   Norway Gustadbakken Geithus, Norway 35.5 38.8 116 [29][30]
13 9 March 1902   Nils Gjestvang   Norway Gustadbakken Geithus, Norway 38 41.6 125 [31]
14 9 March 1902   Nils Gjestvang   Norway Gustadbakken Geithus, Norway 41 44.8 135 [31]
15 24 January 1909   Oscar Gundersen   Norway Chippewa Falls Ski Jump Chippewa Falls, United States 42.1 46 138 [32]
16 21 February 1909   Harald Smith   Norway Trampolino Campo Smith Bardonecchia, Kingdom of Italy 43 47 141 [33][34][17]
17 28 February 1909   Harald Smith   Norway Bolgenschanze Davos, Switzerland 45 49.2 148 [35][34][17]
18 18 February 1911   Anders Haugen   United States Curry Hill Ironwood, United States 46.3 50.6 152 [36]
19 18 February 1912   Gunnar Andersen   Norway Gustadbakken Geithus, Modum, Norway 47 51.4 154 [37][38][39]
20 16 February 1913   Ragnar Omtvedt   United States Curry Hill Ironwood, United States 51.5 56.3 169 [39][40]
21 7 February 1915   Reidar A. Ommundsen   Norway Vikkollen Mjøndalen, Norway 54 59.1 177 [41][42]
22 18 February 1916   Ragnar Omtvedt   United States Howelsen Hill Steamboat Springs, US 58.8 64.3 192.9 [41]
23 2 March 1917   Henry Hall   United States Howelsen Hill Steamboat Springs, US 61.9 67.7 203 [43][44]
24 9 March 1919   Anders Haugen   United States Haugen Hill Dillon, United States 64.9 71 213 [45]
25 29 February 1920   Anders Haugen   United States Haugen Hill Dillon, United States 65.2 71.3 214 [46]
26 9 February 1921   Henry Hall   United States Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 69.8 76.3 229 [47]
27 4 February 1925   Nels Nelsen   Canada Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 73.1 79.9 240 [48]
28 12 January 1930   Adolf Badrutt    Switzerland Bernina-Roseg-Schanze Pontresina, Switzerland 75 82 246 [49][50][51]
29 18 January 1931   Birger Ruud   Norway Flubergbakken Odnes, Norway 76.5 83.7 251 [52]
30 24 February 1931   Sigmund Ruud   Norway Bolgenschanze Davos, Switzerland 81.5 89.1 267.6 [53][54][17]
31 19 February 1933   Sigmund Ruud   Norway Tremplin de Bretaye Villars, Switzerland 84 91.9 276 [55][17]
32 21 February 1933   Sigmund Ruud   Norway Tremplin de Bretaye Villars, Switzerland 86 94 282 [17][56]
33 26 February 1933   Henri Ruchet    Switzerland Tremplin de Bretaye Villars, Switzerland 87 95.1 285 [57]
34 15 March 1933   Robert Lymburne   Canada Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 87.5 95.7 287 [58][59]
35 25 March 1934   Birger Ruud   Norway Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 92 100.6 302 [60]
36 14 March 1935   Reidar Andersen   Norway Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 93 101.7 305 [61]
37 15 March 1935   Stanisław Marusarz   Poland Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 95 103.9 312 [62][63]
38 15 March 1935   Reidar Andersen   Norway Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 98 107.2 322 [62][63][nb 3]
39 15 March 1935   Reidar Andersen   Norway Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 99 108.3 325 [62][63]
40 17 March 1935   Fritz Kainersdörfer    Switzerland Trampolino Gigante Corno d’Aola Ponte di Legno, King. of Italy 99.5 108.8 326 [64][17]
41 15 March 1936   Josef Bradl   Austria Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 101.5 111 333 [65][66][67][68]
42 15 March 1938   Josef Bradl   Austria Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 107 117 351 [69][70]
43 2 March 1941   Rudi Gering   Nazi Germany Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 108 118.1 354 [15]
44 2 March 1941   Rudi Gering   Nazi Germany Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 118 129 387 [15]
45 15 March 1948   Fritz Tschannen    Switzerland Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Yugoslavia 120 131.2 394 [71][72]
46 28 February 1950   Willi Gantschnigg   Austria Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 124 135.6 407 [73][74][75]
47 2 March 1950   Sepp Weiler   Germany Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 127 138.9 417 [73][75]
48 3 March 1950   Andreas Däscher    Switzerland Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 130 142.2 426.5 [75][nb 4]
49 3 March 1950   Dan Netzell   Sweden Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 135 147.6 443 [73][75][76]
50 2 March 1951   Tauno Luiro   Finland Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 139 152 456 [77][78][79]
51 24 February 1961   Jože Šlibar   Yugoslavia Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 141 154.2 463 [80][81]
52 1 March 1962   Peter Lesser   East Germany Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 141 154.2 463 [82]
53 14 February 1964   Kjell Sjöberg   Sweden Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 141 154.2 463 [83]
54 15 February 1964   Dalibor Motejlek   Czechoslovakia Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 142 155.3 466 [84]
55 16 February 1964   Nilo Zandanel   Italy Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 144 157.5 472 [85][86]
56 21 March 1965   Peter Lesser   East Germany Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 145.5 159.1 477 [87][88][89]
57 12 March 1966   Bjørn Wirkola   Norway Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 145.5 159.1 477 [90][nb 5]
58 13 March 1966   Bjørn Wirkola   Norway Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 146 159.7 479 [90][91]
59 10 February 1967   Lars Grini   Norway Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 147 160.8 482 [92][93][94]
60 10 February 1967   Kjell Sjöberg   Sweden Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 148 161.8 486 [92][93]
61 11 February 1967   Lars Grini   Norway Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 150 164 492 [95][96]
62 12 March 1967   Reinhold Bachler   Austria Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 154 168.4 505 [97][98]
63 21 March 1969   Bjørn Wirkola   Norway Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 156 170.6 512 [99]
64 22 March 1969   Jiří Raška   Czechoslovakia Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 156 170.6 512 [100]
65 22 March 1969   Bjørn Wirkola   Norway Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 160 175 525 [100]
66 22 March 1969   Jiří Raška   Czechoslovakia Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 164 179.4 538 [100][101]
67 23 March 1969   Manfred Wolf   East Germany Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 165 180.4 541 [102][103]
68 9 March 1973   Heinz Wossipiwo   East Germany Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 169 184.8 554 [104][105]
69 15 March 1974   Walter Steiner    Switzerland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 169 184.8 554 [106][107][108]
70 4 March 1976   Geir Ove Berg   Norway Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 173 189.2 568 [109][nb 6]
71 5 March 1976   Toni Innauer   Austria Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 174 190.3 571 [109][110]
72 5 March 1976   Falko Weißpflog   East Germany Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 174 190.3 571 [109][110]
73 7 March 1976   Toni Innauer   Austria Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 176 192.5 577 [111]
74 18 March 1979   Klaus Ostwald   East Germany Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 176 192.5 577 [112][113]
75 27 March 1980   Armin Kogler   Austria Čerťák Harrachov, Czechoslovakia 176 192.5 577 [114]
76 26 February 1981   Armin Kogler   Austria Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 180 196.8 591 [74][115]
77 19 March 1983   Pavel Ploc   Czechoslovakia Čerťák Harrachov, Czechoslovakia 181 198 594 [116][117]
78 16 March 1984   Matti Nykänen   Finland Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 182 199 597 [118][119][120]
79 16 March 1984   Matti Nykänen   Finland Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 182 199 597 [118]
80 17 March 1984   Matti Nykänen   Finland Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 185 202.3 607 [121][122]
81 15 March 1985   Mike Holland   United States Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 186 203.4 610 [123][124]
82 15 March 1985   Matti Nykänen   Finland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 187 204.5 614 [123][125]
83 15 March 1985   Matti Nykänen   Finland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 191 208.9 627 [123][126]
84 9 March 1986   Andreas Felder   Austria Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 191 208.9 627 [127][128][129]
85 14 March 1987   Piotr Fijas   Poland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 194 212.2 636 [130][131][132]
86 17 March 1994   Martin Höllwarth   Austria Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 196 214.3 643 [133][134]
87 17 March 1994   Toni Nieminen   Finland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 203 222 666 [133][135]
88 18 March 1994   Espen Bredesen   Norway Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 209 228.6 686 [136][137]
89 22 March 1997   Espen Bredesen   Norway Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 210 229.7 689 [138][139]
90 22 March 1997   Lasse Ottesen   Norway Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 212 231.8 696 [138][140]
91 19 March 1999   Martin Schmitt   Germany Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 214.5 234.6 704 [141][142]
92 20 March 1999   Tommy Ingebrigtsen   Norway Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 219.5 240 720 [143][144]
93 16 March 2000   Thomas Hörl   Austria Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 224.5 245.5 737 [145][146]
94 18 March 2000   Andreas Goldberger   Austria Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 225 246.1 738 [147][148]
95 20 March 2003   Adam Małysz   Poland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 225 246.1 738 [149][150]
96 20 March 2003   Matti Hautamäki   Finland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 227.5 248.8 746 [151][152]
97 22 March 2003   Matti Hautamäki   Finland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 228.5 249.9 750 [151][153]
98 23 March 2003   Matti Hautamäki   Finland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 231 252.6 758 [151][154]
99 20 March 2005   Tommy Ingebrigtsen   Norway Letalnica bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 231 252.6 758 [155]
100 20 March 2005   Bjørn Einar Romøren   Norway Letalnica bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 234.5 256.4 769 [155][156]
101 20 March 2005   Matti Hautamäki   Finland Letalnica bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 235.5 257.5 773 [155][157]
102 20 March 2005   Bjørn Einar Romøren   Norway Letalnica bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 239 261.4 784 [155][158]
103 11 February 2011   Johan Remen Evensen   Norway Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 243 265.7 797 [159][160]
104 11 February 2011   Johan Remen Evensen   Norway Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 246.5 269.6 809 [159][161]
105 14 February 2015   Peter Prevc   Slovenia Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 250 273.4 820 [162][163]
106 15 February 2015   Anders Fannemel   Norway Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 251.5 275 825 [164][165]
107 18 March 2017   Robert Johansson   Norway Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 252 275.6 827 [166][167]
108 18 March 2017   Stefan Kraft   Austria Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 253.5 277.2 832 [166][168]

WomenEdit

 
Daniela Iraschko-Stolz has held the women's world record of 200 m (660 ft) since 2003
No. Date Athlete Country Hill Location Metres Yards Feet Note
1 January 1863   Ingrid Olsdatter Vestby   Norway Nordbybakken Trysil, Norway unknown; first jump ever
2 24 January 1897   Ragna Petersen Skjeggerud   Norway Nydalsbakken Nydalen, Norway 11 12 36 [169]
3 26 January 1902   Hilda Stang   Norway Tranbergbakken Gjøvik, Norway 15.5 17 51 [170]
4 1910   Hilda Stang   Norway Tranbergbakken Gjøvik, Norway 21 23 69
5 6 February 1910   Hilda Stang   Norway Solbergbakken Bærum, Norway 22 24 72 [171]
6 1911   Paula Lamberg   Austria-Hungary Schattbergschanze Kitzbühel, Austria-Hungary 22 24 72
7 February 1922   Isabel Coursier   Canada Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 25.6 28 84 [172][173]
8 1926   Olga Balstad-Eggen   Norway Falleberget Arvika, Sweden 26 28.4 85
9 February 1928   Isabel Coursier   Canada Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 31.4 34.4 103
10 18 January 1931   Johanne Kolstad   Norway Odnesbakken Odnes, Norway 46.5 50.9 153 [52]
11 17 February 1931   Johanne Kolstad   Norway Lønnbergbakken Raufoss, Norway 49 53.6 161 [174]
12 21 February 1933   Johanne Kolstad   Norway Gråkallbakken Trondheim, Norway 62 67.8 203 [175]
13 6 March 1938   Johanne Kolstad   Norway Nansen Ski Jump Berlin, United States 69.5 76 228
14 22 March 1973   Anita Wold   Norway Kløvsteinbakken Meldal, Norway 73 79.8 240 [176]
15 3 February 1974   Anita Wold   Norway Kløvsteinbakken Meldal, Norway 82.5 90.2 271 [176]
16 16 March 1974   Anita Wold   Norway MS 1970 Štrbské Pleso, Czechoslovakia 91 99.5 299 [177]
17 16 March 1974   Anita Wold   Norway MS 1970 Štrbské Pleso, Czechoslovakia 94 102.8 308 [177]
18 14 January 1975   Anita Wold   Norway Ōkurayama Sapporo, Japan 97.5 106.6 320
19 29 March 1981   Tiina Lehtola   Finland Rukatunturi Kuusamo, Finland 110 120.3 361
20 22 January 1989   Merete Kristiansen   Norway Odnesbakken Odnes, Norway 111 121.4 364
21 7 January 1994   Eva Ganster   Austria Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze Bischofshofen, Austria 112 122.5 367
22 21 February 1994   Eva Ganster   Austria Lysgårdsbakken Lillehammer, Norway 113.5 124.1 372 [178][179]
23 6 January 1997   Eva Ganster   Austria Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze Bischofshofen, Austria 115 125.8 377
24 4 February 1997   Eva Ganster   Austria Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 144 157.5 472
25 5 February 1997   Eva Ganster   Austria Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 161 176.1 528
26 6 February 1997   Eva Ganster   Austria Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 163 178.3 535
27 7 February 1997   Eva Ganster   Austria Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 164.5 179.9 540
28 9 February 1997   Eva Ganster   Austria Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 165 180.4 541
29 9 February 1997   Eva Ganster   Austria Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 167 182.6 548
30 29 January 2003   Daniela Iraschko-Stolz   Austria Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 188 205.6 617
31 29 January 2003   Daniela Iraschko-Stolz   Austria Kulm Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 200 218.7 656

Invalid world record distancesEdit

Not counting if touching the ground, falling before reaching the outrun line or landing during non-competition training rounds. But distances set by test and trial jumpers during competition rounds are deemed official.

WinterEdit

No. Date Athlete Country Hill Location Metres Yards Feet Note
1 12 February 1879   Olaf Haugann   Norway Kastellbakken Oslo, Norway 22 24.1 72 Set on practice[20][nb 7]
2 24 February 1886   Johannes Nordgården   Norway Flatdalbakken Seljord, Norway 27 29.5 89 Fall[22]
3 21/22 March 1891   Gustav Bye   Norway Blybergbakken Blyberget, Trondheim, Norway 33 36.1 108.2 Claimed WR[180][nb 8]
4 1899   Trygve Smith   Norway Solbergbakken Bærum, Norway 36 39.4 118 ?[181]
5 11 February 1900   Aksel Refstad   Norway Solbergbakken Bærum, Norway 36 39.4 118 Fall[27][28]
6 27 January 1901   Ole Mangseth   Norway Bjørnsvebakken Gjøvik, Norway 38 41.6 125 Fall[182][183][30]
7 11 February 1902   Hans Hovde   Norway Gustadbakken Geithus, Norway 36 39.4 118 Fall[29][30]
8 16 February 1902   Johan Hestnæs   Norway Frambakken Brumunddal, Norway 39.5 43.2 130 Fall[184]
9 23 February 1902   Paul Nesjø   Norway Trondheim, Norway 39.5 43.2 130 Out of competition[185]
10 10 February 1907   Gunnar Johansen   Norway Gustadbakken Geithus, Modum, Norway 41 44.8 135 Not in any statistics[186]
11 28 February 1909   Trygve Smith   Norway Bolgenschanze Davos, Switzerland 46 50.3 151 Fall[35]
12 27 February 1910   Einar Jensen   Norway Frambakken Brumunddal, Norway 46.5 50.8 153 Fall[187]
13 27 February 1910   Sigurd Brevik   Norway Frambakken Brumunddal, Norway 51 55.8 167 Fall[188]
14 18 February 1911   Barney Riley   United States Curry Hill Ironwood, United States 46.9 51.3 154 Fall[36]
15 4 February 1912   Halvor Rismyhr   Norway Frambakken Brumunddal, Norway 49.5 54.1 162 Fall[189]
16 18 February 1912   Oscar Gundersen   Norway Gustadbakken Geithus, Modum, Norway 50 54.7 164 Fall[37]
17 18 February 1912   James Presthus   United States Curry Hill Ironwood, United States 47.5 51.9 156 Fall[190]
18 11 February 1913   Emil Knudsen   Norway Bolgenschanze Davos, Switzerland 49 53.6 161 Fall[191]
19 16 February 1913   Ragnar Omtvedt   United States Curry Hill Ironwood, United States 48.2 52.7 158 Unofficial?[39][40][nb 9]
16 February 1913   Barney Riley   United States Curry Hill Ironwood, United States 49.1 53.7 161 Fall[39][nb 10]
16 February 1913   Barney Riley   United States Curry Hill Ironwood, United States 50.3 55 165 Fall[39][nb 11]
20 1. februar 1914   Josef Henriksen   Norway Gustadbakken Geithus, Norway 52 56.9 171 Fall[192][193]
21 1915   Ragnar Omtvedt   United States Curry Hill Ironwood, United States 56 61.2 184 Unofficial competition
22 1 February 1916   Nels Nelsen   Canada Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 55.8 61 183 Training
23 28 February 1919   Lars Haugen   United States Howelsen Hill Steamboat Springs, US 64.6 70.6 212 Fall[194][45][195]
24 28 February 1919   Anders Haugen   United States Howelsen Hill Steamboat Springs, US 62.5 68.3 205 Fall[195][45][194]
25 29 February 1920   Anders Haugen   United States Howelsen Hill Steamboat Springs, US 66.4 72.6 218 Fall[196]
26 9 February 1921   Henry Hansen   Canada Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 71.6 78.3 235 Fall[197][198][199]
27 March 1923   Nels Nelsen   Canada Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 71.3 78.0 234 Fall[200][nb 12]
28 5 February 1924   Nels Nelsen   Canada Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 71.6 78.3 235 Fall[200][nb 13]
29 6 February 1924   Nels Nelsen   Canada Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 71.6 78.3 235 Fall[200][nb 14]
30 21 January 1928   Adolf Badrutt    Switzerland Bernina-Roseg-Schanze Pontresina, Switzerland 73.5 81.5 241 Out of competition[201]
31 18 February 1928   Jacob Tullin Thams   Norway Olympiaschanze St. Moritz, Switzerland 73 79.8 240 Fall[202]
32 2 January 1930   Adolf Badrutt    Switzerland Bernina-Roseg-Schanze Pontresina, Switzerland 74.5 81.5 244 Fall[203][204]
33 16 February 1930   Ernesto Zardini   Kingdom of Italy Trampolino Gigante Corno d’Aola Ponte di Legno, Kingdom of Italy 76 83.1 249 Fall[205]
34 1 January 1931   Alf Engen   Norway Ecker Hill Salt Lake City, United States 75.3 82.3 247 WAWSA membership[206][nb 15]
35 18 January 1931   Hans Beck   Norway Flubergbakken Odnes, Norway 75 82 246 Fall[52]
36 18 January 1931   Birger Ruud   Norway Flubergbakken Odnes, Norway 82 89.7 269 Fall[52]
37 January 1931   Alf Engen   Norway Ecker Hill Salt Lake City, United States 77.4 84.6 254 WAWSA membership[nb 16]
38 January 1931   Alf Engen   Norway Ecker Hill Salt Lake City, United States 81.1 88.7 266 Unofficial[nb 17]
39 February 1931   Bronisław Czech   Poland Trampolino Gigante Corno d’Aola Ponte di Legno, Kingdom of Italy 79.5 86.9 261 Fall: hors concours
40 12 March 1932   Robert Lymburne   Canada Nels Nelsen Hill Revelstoke, Canada 82 89.7 269 Unofficial competition[207][208]
41 March 1932   Sigmund Ruud   Norway Bolgenschanze Davos, Switzerland 82 89.7 269 Unofficial[207]
42 12 February 1933   Randmod Sörensen   Norway Bergisel Innsbruck, Austria 81 88.6 266 Fall[209]
43 12 February 1933   Birger Ruud   Norway Bergisel Innsbruck, Austria 82 89.7 269 Fall[210][209]
44 25 March 1934   Gregor Höll   Austria Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 89 97.3 292 Fall[60]
45 25 March 1934   Sigmund Ruud   Norway Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 95 103.9 312 Fall[60]
46 January 1935   Alf Engen   Norway Ecker Hill Salt Lake City, United States 94.8 103.7 311 Unofficial training[211][nb 18]
47 17 March 1935   Olav Ulland   Norway
  United States
Trampolino Gigante Corno d’Aola Ponte di Legno, Kingdom of Italy 103.5 113.2 340 Fall[64][212]
48 2 March 1941   Heinz Palme   Nazi Germany Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia 109 119.2 358 Touch[15]
49 14 March 1948   Janez Polda   Yugoslavia Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Yugoslavia 120 131.2 394 Touch[71][213]
50 14 March 1948   Charles Blum    Switzerland Bloudkova velikanka Planica, Yugoslavia 121 132.3 397 Fall[71][213]
51 2 March 1950   Willi Gantschnigg   Austria Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 130 142.2 427 Fall[73][75]
52 23 March 1958   Max Bolkart   West Germany Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 139 152 456 Touch[214]
53 25 February 1961   Wolfgang Happle   West Germany Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 145 158.6 476 Fall[215]
54 19 March 1965   Bjørn Wirkola   Norway Kulm Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 144 157.5 472 Fall[216]
55 20 March 1965   Peter Lesser   East Germany Kulm Bad Mitterndorf, Austria 147 160.8 482 Fall[88]
56 8 March 1969   Ladislav Divila   Czechoslovakia Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 156 170.6 512 Fall[217]
57 8 March 1973   Jochen Danneberg   East Germany Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 166 181.5 545 Fall[218]
58 8 March 1973   Takao Itō   Japan Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 176 192.5 577 Fall[219][218]
59 9 March 1973   Walter Steiner    Switzerland Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 175 191.4 574 Fall[105]
60 11 March 1973   Walter Steiner    Switzerland Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze Oberstdorf, West Germany 179 195.8 587 Fall[220][221]
61 15 March 1974   Walter Steiner    Switzerland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 177 193.6 581 Fall[107][222]
62 20 March 1977   Bogdan Norčič   Yugoslavia Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 181 197.4 594 Touch[223][224]
63 17 March 1979   Axel Zitzmann   East Germany Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 179 195.8 587 Fall[225][226]
64 13 March 1987   Andreas Felder   Austria Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 192 210.0 630 Touch[227][228]
65 23 March 1991   André Kiesewetter   Germany Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Yugoslavia 196 214.3 643 Touch[229][230][231]
66 22 March 1992   Christof Duffner   Germany Čerťák Harrachov, Czechoslovakia 194 212.2 636 Fall[232][233]
67 17 March 1994   Andreas Goldberger   Austria Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 202 220.9 663 Touch[234][235]
68 18 March 1994   Christof Duffner   Germany Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 207 226.4 679 Fall[136][236]
69 22 March 1997   Dieter Thoma   Germany Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 213 232.9 699 Touch[237][238]
70 19 March 1999   Martin Schmitt   Germany Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 219 239.5 719 Fall[141][239]
71 21 March 2003   Veli-Matti Lindström   Finland Velikanka bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 232.5 254.3 763 Touch[151][240]
72 17 March 2005   Andreas Widhölzl   Austria Letalnica bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 234.5 256.5 769 Fall[241]
73 20 March 2005   Janne Ahonen   Finland Letalnica bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 240 262.5 787 Fall[155][242]
74 15 February 2015   Dmitri Vassiliev   Russia Vikersundbakken Vikersund, Norway 254 277.8 833 Fall/touch[243][244]
75 16 March 2016   Tilen Bartol   Slovenia Letalnica bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 252 275.6 827 Fall[245][246]
76 22 March 2018   Gregor Schlierenzauer   Austria Letalnica bratov Gorišek Planica, Slovenia 253.5 277.2 832 Fall[247][248]

  Standing jumps. Not recognized as official world record.

SummerEdit

No. Date Athlete Country Hill Location Metres Yards Feet Note
1 21 August 2013   Sarah Hendrickson   United States Schattenbergschanze HS137 Oberstdorf, Germany 148 161.8 486
2 11 July 2018   Jurij Tepeš   Slovenia Burabay Ski Jumps HS140 Shchuchinsk, Kazakhstan 154 168.4 505

False claimed world recordsEdit

Those jumps were never actually world record distances, false claimed by some stats and media:

  • 1886 — Johannes Nordgården didn't set standing WR at 26 metres, but actually crashed at 27 metres WR distance on 24 February on Flatdalbakken in Seljord. However, Olaf Berland stood at 25.5 m, which was almost certainly a WR back then.[22]
  • 1892 – 30 metres by Gustav Bye from Norway set in Blyberget, Trondheim on 11 March was never a WR. Some statistics made false claims it was in 1890, which would then actually be a world record. After this jump, anonymous reader "F2", most likely it was Fritz Huitsfeldt, the secretary of Ski Association in Oslo, wrote an open letter in Aftenposten, accusing organizers in Trondheim that they cheated at distance measuring. He got their quick response in Aftenposten on his false allegations.[249][250]
  • 1913 – 48 metres by Thorleif Knudsen set on Bolgenschanze at 2 March, was never a WR. Europeans then didn't believe (acknowledge) world records on North American, as two weeks earlier Ragnar Omtvedt set WR at 51.5 metres (169 ft).[251]
  • 1914 — 48.5 metres set by Norwegians Josef Henriksen and Fridolf Aas on 1 February at Gustadbakken, were never WRs. Europeans then didn't believe (acknowledge) reports from America, that year before Ragnar Omtvedt set WR at 51.5 m (169 ft).[252][42]
  • 1918 — claimed 62.2 metres (204 ft) by Henry Hall set on 22 February is false, as no world record was set that year at Steamboat Springs. The longest jump that year was set on Friday by Anders Haugen at 191 feet (58.2 metres).[44]
  • 1931 — Alf Engen's 231 feet (70.4 m) set on Ecker Hill on 1 January was never really WR, because Americans recognized only their records (229 ft by R. Omtdvedt). But Badrutt made 246 ft already in 1930 and Nelsen (240 ft) in 1925.[206][253][254]
  • 1931 — Alf Engen's 243 feet (74 m) set on Ecker Hill on 1 February was never really WR, because Americans recognized only their records (229 ft by R. Omtdvedt). But Badrutt made 246 ft already in 1930 and Nelsen (240 ft) in 1925.[253][255]
  • 1933 — Alf Engen's 281 ft (85.6 metres) set on 26 February on Ecker Hill was never WR, recognized only in America. Henri Ruchet jumped 285 ft on the same day before him and Sigmund Ruud landed at 282 ft a week earlier, both set in Villars.[256][257]
  • 1941 — All three jumps on 2 March in Planica in this chronological order; Lahr (111 m), Krauß (112 m) and Mair (109 m with touch) were false claimed as world records. They all performed only after Gering set WR at 118 metres, as described in Jutro.[15]
  • 1991 — There have been many rumors and false speculations over the years, that Ralph Gebstedt tied 194 metres world record on 23 March in Planica. But in fact, he only set his personal best at 190 metres.[258][259][260]

All jumps over 250 metresEdit

As of 24 March 2019

No. Date Athlete Country Hill Size Location Length
1 14 February 2015   Peter Prevc   Slovenia Vikersundbakken HS225 Vikersund, Norway 250 m   (former  )
2 15 February 2015   Anders Fannemel   Norway Vikersundbakken HS225 Vikersund, Norway 251.5 m (former  )
3 18 March 2017   Robert Johansson   Norway Vikersundbakken HS225 Vikersund, Norway 252 m   (former  )
4 18 March 2017   Stefan Kraft   Austria Vikersundbakken HS225 Vikersund, Norway 253.5 m    
5 25 March 2017   Robert Johansson   Norway Letalnica bratov Gorišek HS225 Planica, Slovenia 250 m
6 25 March 2017   Stefan Kraft   Austria Letalnica bratov Gorišek HS225 Planica, Slovenia 251 m
7 25 March 2017   Kamil Stoch   Poland Letalnica bratov Gorišek HS225 Planica, Slovenia 251.5 m  
8 26 March 2017   Stefan Kraft   Austria Letalnica bratov Gorišek HS225 Planica, Slovenia 250 m
9 24 March 2019   Ryoyu Kobayashi   Japan Letalnica bratov Gorišek HS240 Planica, Slovenia 252.0 m  
↓ invalid jumps ↓
1 15 February 2015   Dimitry Vassiliev   Russia Vikersundbakken HS225 Vikersund, Norway 254 m (WR fall)
2 16 March 2016   Tilen Bartol   Slovenia Letalnica bratov Gorišek HS225 Planica, Slovenia 252 m (test jump: WR fall)
3 22 March 2018   Gregor Schlierenzauer   Austria Letalnica bratov Gorišek HS240 Planica, Slovenia 253.5 m (WR fall)

Most number of jumps over 250 metresEdit

As of 24 March 2019, including invalid jumps:

Rank Athlete Country ≥ 250 m Longest jump
1 Stefan Kraft   Austria 3 253.5 m    
2 Robert Johansson   Norway 2 252 m   (former  )
3 Peter Prevc   Slovenia 1 250 m   (former  )
Anders Fannemel   Norway 1 251.5 m (former  )
Ryoyu Kobayashi   Japan 1 252.0 m  
Kamil Stoch   Poland 1 251.5 m  
Dimitry Vassiliev   Russia 1 254 m (WR fall)
Gregor Schlierenzauer   Austria 1 253.5 m (WR fall)
Tilen Bartol   Slovenia 1 252 m (test jump: WR fall)

Summer world recordsEdit

Plastic matting for ski jumping was invented by German athlete Hans Renner. The first ski jumping tests on plastic without any audience were made on 31 October 1954 at Regenbergschanze in Zella-Mehlis, East Germany. The Wadeberg Jugendschanze K40 in Oberhof, East Germany, which was built just next to the old Thüringenschanze|150px|Werner Lesser was the first to set a summer WR of 41 m (135 ft) in 1954]]

No. Date Athlete(s) Country Hill Location Metres Yards Feet
1 21 November 1954   Werner Lesser   East Germany Thüringenschanze K40 Oberhof, East Germany 41 44.8 135
2 21 November 1954   Werner Lesser   East Germany Thüringenschanze K40 Oberhof, East Germany 42 46 138
3 30 September 1973   Heinz Wossipiwo   East Germany Areal Horečky K90 Frenštát pod Radhoštěm, CS 84 91.9 276
4 30 September 1973   Heinz Wossipiwo   East Germany Areal Horečky K90 Frenštát pod Radhoštěm, CS 86 94 282
5 6 August 1979   Holger Greiner-Petter   East Germany Kanzlersgrund Oberhof, East Germany 97 106.1 318
6 7 August 1979   Jochen Danneberg   East Germany Kanzlersgrund Oberhof, East Germany 110 120.3 361
7 31 October 1993   Noriaki Kasai   Japan Olympic Hills K120 Hakuba, Japan 126.5 138.3 415
8 25 September 1994   Takehito Suda   Japan Olympic Hills K120 Hakuba, Japan 127 138.9 417
9 20 August 1995   Rico Meinel   Germany Granåsen K120 Trondheim, Norway 130.5 142.7 428
10 18 August 1996   Ari-Pekka Nikkola   Finland Granåsen K120 Trondheim, Norway 131 143.3 430
11 17 August 1997   Kazuyoshi Funaki   Japan Granåsen K120 Trondheim, Norway 132.5 144.9 435
12 5 September 2004   Daniel Forfang   Norway Wielka Krokiew HS134 Zakopane, Poland 139.5 152.6 458
13 2 September 2005   Petter Tande   Norway Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze HS140 Bischofshofen, Austria 142 155.3 466
14 16 August 2007   Gregor Schlierenzauer   Austria Trempolino a Monte HS140 Pragelato, Italy 143.5 156.9 471
15 2 September 2007   Bernhard Gruber   Austria Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze HS140 Bischofshofen, Austria 143.5 156.9 471
16 5 October 2007   Gregor Schlierenzauer   Austria Vogtland Arena HS140 Klingenthal, Germany 146 159.7 479
17 2 October 2009   Harri Olli   Finland Vogtland Arena HS140 Klingenthal, Germany 146 159.7 479
18 23 September 2011   Vegard Haukø Sklett   Norway Vogtland Arena HS140 Klingenthal, Germany 147 160.8 482
19 15 October 2016   Dimitry Vassiliev   Russia RusSki Gorki HS140 Sochi, Russia 147.5 161.3 484
20 11 July 2018   Sergey Tkachenko   Kazakhstan Burabay Ski Jumps HS140 Shchuchinsk, Kazakhstan 151 165 495

NoteEdit

  1. ^ Tim Ashburner tells in the book The history of ski jumping (ISBN 1-904057-15-2, p. 14) that Norheim's longest jump in the circuit in Hauglibakken should have been measured at 50 alen (31.5 meters if one calculates the alley to 62.75 cm), but that the newspapers in Christiania stated that the length "with a certain exaggeration" should have been 30 acres (19 metres). 19.5 metres, which most current lists of world records state, corresponds to 31 alen
  2. ^ Skiing Heritage, volume 19, No.3 (page 12); Sveinung Svalastoga, another Telemarker, later set the hill (world) record at approximately 70 feet (22 metres)
  3. ^ Slovenian newspaper Jutro mentions two jumps at 99 metres by Reidar Andersen. Nothing about 98 metres.
  4. ^ According to official German radio report cited in Ljudska pravica, jumps were following in that order: Andreas Däscher (130 m), then Dan Netzell (135 m) and the last Sepp Weiler (133 m).
  5. ^ Wirkola set 145.5 metres world record on Saturday's training in Vikersund (12/3/1966).
  6. ^ Geir Ove Berg's jump was first measured as 167 metres, but later corrected into 173 metres world record. It was officially published the next day
  7. ^ In 1879 Olaf Haugann reached the distance of 22 metres during practice
  8. ^ On 21 or 22 March 1891, Gustav Bye claimed, that he jumped 33 metres in Levanger, Norway, which would then be WR. However, it is uncertain with some doubts if it was perhaps measured in Ells (1 norwegian ell = 62.75 cm) which would be actually only 20 metres.
  9. ^ In 1913, Ragnar Omtvedt landed at 158 ft (48.2 m) WR American Championships in Ironwood, but not recognized as it was professional. Later that day, at another amateur longest jump competition, Ragnar Omtvedt set official WR at 169 ft (51.5 metres).
  10. ^ 161 ft fall. Not clear if jump was made before or after Ragnar Omtvedt set world record 169 ft.
  11. ^ 165 ft fall. Not clear if jump was made before or after Ragnar Omtvedt set world record at 169 ft.
  12. ^ On March 1923, Nels Nelsen fell at 234 ft (71.3 metres) world record distance on Nels Nelsen Hill in Revelstoke, Canada.
  13. ^ On 5 February 1924, Nels Nelsen touched the ground at 235 ft (71.6 metres) world record distance on Nels Nelsen Hill in Revelstoke, Canada.
  14. ^ On 6 February 1924, Nels Nelsen fell at 235 ft (71.6 metres) world record distance on Nels Nelsen Hill in Revelstoke, Canada.
  15. ^ 247 ft (75.3 metres) world record distance set by Alf Engen on Ecker Hill on 1 January 1931, didn't come (not recognized) to the list of world records.
  16. ^ According to Harold "Cork" Anson, 254 ft (77.4 metres) world record distance set by Alf Engen on Ecker Hill on January 1931, was not recognized as WR, because Utah Ski Club wasn't then member of Western American Winter Sport Asocciation.
  17. ^ 266 ft (81.1 metres) world record distance set by Alf Engen on Ecker Hill in 1931, was not recognized as WR, as it was achieved at unofficial competition.
  18. ^ 311 ft (94.8 metres) world record distance set by Alf Engen on Ecker Hill in January 1935, was made on practice (nonsanctioned competition) and that's why was not recognized as official world record.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Canadian Ski Hall of Fame. "Nels Nelsen" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2011.
  2. ^ "Ski jump world record broken for second time in two days as Anders Fannemel flies to glory". Eurosport. 15 February 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-02-17.
  3. ^ Thoresen 2007, p. 18
  4. ^ Thoresen 2007, p. 15
  5. ^ Thoresen 2007, p. 21
  6. ^ (ISBN 1-904057-15-2, p. 14)
  7. ^ Thoresen 2007, p. 371
  8. ^ Thoresen 2007, p. 26
  9. ^ Thoresen 2007, p. 70
  10. ^ Thoresen 2007, pp. 371–373
  11. ^ Thoresen 2007, p. 74
  12. ^ Thoresen 2007, p. 239
  13. ^ English commentary by David Goldstrom after Stoch's 1st round jump, from the Eurosport broadcast in Planica on 26 March 2017
  14. ^ International Ski Federation. "Distance measurement". Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2011.
  15. ^ a b c d e "Paragraphs: Znamki 101 za nas in 108 za Nemce & Serija senzacij" (in Slovenian). Jutro. 3 March 1941. p. 1.
  16. ^ "Verdens første skihopp minnes" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. 12 November 2008.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Luftseilas på ski (page 4)" (in Norwegian). Nordlands Avis. 1 April 1952.
  18. ^ Tim Ashburner: The History of Ski Jumping (page 14). History of Ski Jumping. 31 January 2013. ISBN 978-1-904057-15-4.
  19. ^ "Column 1, Paragraph 2 (page 3)" (in Norwegian). Oplandenes avis. 19 February 1879.
  20. ^ a b The Men of Telemark (page 91). Two Planks and A Passion. 31 January 2013. ISBN 9780826423382.
  21. ^ "Skiing Heritage (page 12)". Skiing History. Skiing Heritage, volume 19, No.3. September 2007. ISSN 1082-2895.
  22. ^ a b c "Silljordsskirendet (page 2, columns 4 & 5)" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. 11 March 1886.
  23. ^ "On Monday, Hemmestveit broke world record at 102 feet (column 1)". Little Falls Transcript. 13 March 1891.
  24. ^ "A remarkable Feet (page 3, column 5)". Public Ledger. 16 January 1893.
  25. ^ "Fra Skilobjets Hyembygd (page 2, column 1)" (in Norwegian). Adresseavisen. 30 January 1897.
  26. ^ a b "Bærum's Skiklubs Landsrend (page 1, column 5)" (in Norwegian). Morgenbladet. 6 February 1899.
  27. ^ a b "I Solbergbakken: Hopprekorder (page 2, column 3)" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten. 12 February 1900.
  28. ^ a b "Solbergrendet (page 3)" (in Norwegian). Asker og Bærum Budstikke. 14 February 1900.
  29. ^ a b "Tapre gutter og lange hop (page 1, column 5)" (in Norwegian). Social-Demokraten. 13 February 1902.
  30. ^ a b c "Schneeschuglaufen: Uber weite skisprunge (column 2)" (in German). Allgemeine Sport-Zeitung. 9 March 1902.
  31. ^ a b "Staeende hop paa 41 meter (page 1, column 4)" (in Norwegian). Social-Demokraten. 11 March 1902.
  32. ^ "Wins the World's Championship as ski jumper (page 6, column 6)". San Francisco Call. 25 January 1909.
  33. ^ "Il concorso internazionale di Sky (pages 2)" (in Italian). La Stampa. 22 February 1909.
  34. ^ a b "Grand concours international de ski a Bardonecche (pages 36 & 37)" (in French). La Montagne. 20 January 1910.
  35. ^ a b "Sports (page 4)" (in French). Journal de Genève. 2 March 1909.
  36. ^ a b "Sensational ski jumping (page 1, column 3)". Calumet News. 20 February 1911.
  37. ^ a b "47 meter (page 2, column 4)" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. 19 February 1912.
  38. ^ "Et 47 meters hop (page 3, column 2)" (in Norwegian). Asker og Bærum Budstikke. 24 February 1912.
  39. ^ a b c d e "Makes new ski record; 169 ft". Calumet News. 19 February 1913.
  40. ^ a b "Ski jumping record broken by 13 feet". San Francisco Call. 16 February 1913.
  41. ^ a b "New ski jump record (page 7, column 6)". Harrisburg Telegraph. 19 February 1916.
  42. ^ a b "Ny verdensrekord i hop paa ski (page 5, columns 5 & 6)" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten. 7 February 1915.
  43. ^ "Henry Hall makes world's record ski jump of 203 feet (page 1, column 6)". The Ward County Independent. 8 March 1917.
  44. ^ a b "Daring of Noted Ski Men Thrills Visiting Crowds (page 1, columns 5 & 6)". The Steamboat Pilot. 27 February 1918.
  45. ^ a b c "Jumps 213 feet". El Paso Herald. 10 March 1919.
  46. ^ "Norwegian immigrant contributions to America's making, p.166 (174/188)". El Paso Herald. 20 November 2009.
  47. ^ "New ski record by Henry Hall". The Routt County Sentinel. 11 February 1921.
  48. ^ (page 32). Powder Pioneers. 2005. ISBN 9781894765640.
  49. ^ "A Potresina Badrutt saute 75 m. (page 2)" (in French). La Suisse Libérale. 13 January 1930.
  50. ^ "Sport: Et 75 meters hopp. (page 6, paragraph 4)" (in Norwegian). Porsgrunns Dagblad. 21 January 1930.
  51. ^ "Le Suisse Badrutt saute 75 metres a ski (page 193)" (in French). Neige et Glace. 15 March 1930.
  52. ^ a b c d "Kjempe-hopp i Flubergbakken (page 2)" (in Norwegian). Porsgrunns Dagblad. 19 January 1931.
  53. ^ "Le concours de saut a Davos (page 5)" (in French). Journal de Geneve. 25 February 1931.
  54. ^ "50 Ans De Progres Pour Sauter 100 metres" (in French). Plaisirs de Neige. 6 January 1938.
  55. ^ "Concours de saut a Bretaye: Un saut de 84 metres (page 3)" (in French). Gazette de Lausanne. 20 February 1933.
  56. ^ "Sigmund Ruud hoppet 86 meter (page 5)" (in Norwegian). Buskerud Blad. 22 February 1933.
  57. ^ "Le record du monde battu a Villars (page 6)" (in French). Gazette de Lausanne. 27 February 1933.
  58. ^ "Lumburne sets new ski record (page 7)". Calgary Herald. 16 March 1933.
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  60. ^ a b c "Svetovni rekordi na naših tleh / Rekord za rekordom" (in Slovenian). Jutro. 26 March 1934. p. 1.
  61. ^ "V Planici že dosegli 93 metrsko znamko" (in Slovenian). Jutro. 15 March 1935. p. 7.
  62. ^ a b c "Sport: V Planici tik pred zaželjenim ciljem" (in Slovenian). Jutro. 16 March 1935. p. 7.
  63. ^ a b c "Andersen: 99 m" (in Slovenian). Slovenec. 16 March 1935. p. 2.
  64. ^ a b "Le record du saut en longueur battu (page 4)" (in French). La Dépêche. 18 March 1935.
  65. ^ "Planica -- 101 m! (actually 101.5 metres, no space for 4th number)" (in Slovenian). Jutro (Monday edition). 16 March 1936. p. 1.
  66. ^ "Smuške tekme na Planici brez Norvežanov" (in Slovenian). Ponedeljski Slovenec. 16 March 1936. p. 1.
  67. ^ "Josef Bradl 101.5 m Planica 1936 (Norwegian Commentary)". YouTube. 15 March 1936.
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  76. ^ "Dan Netzell - Oberstdorf 1950 - 135 m - World record". YouTube. 3 March 1950.
  77. ^ "Pred revijo smučarjev v Planici: nov rekord v Oberstdorfu (page 5)" (in Slovenian). Slovenski poročevalec. 3 March 1951.
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External linksEdit