List of leading Thoroughbred racehorses

The list of leading Thoroughbred racehorses contains the names of undefeated racehorses and other horses that had an outstanding race record in specific categories. Note though that many champions do not appear on the list as an unexpected defeat may be caused by many factors such as injury, illness, going, racing tactics and differences in weight carried, the latter being particularly significant in North America and Australia where handicaps are common even at the highest level of racing.

Kincsem, Ch.m. 1874, undefeated winner in 54 starts in five countries
Cobweb was an undefeated winner of the 1,000 Guineas and Epsom Oaks.
Undefeated: Goldfinder, b.c. 1764 (Snap – mare, by Blank)

It is common to compare racehorses on multiple factors such as their overall race record, the quality of the horses they beat and the brilliance of their wins. Comparison of raw times is generally unreliable between horses of different eras or even over different racecourses due to a variety of factors such as the racing surface and the pace at which the race is run. Timeform ratings, introduced in 1948,[1] and Beyer Speed Figures, introduced in the United States in 1992, are relatively recent attempts to compensate for such variables.[2] Thoroughbred Winning Brew holds the Guinness world record for the fastest speed from the starting gate for a Thoroughbred racehorse, at 70.76 km/h (43.97 mph) over two furlongs,[3] although Quarter Horses attain higher speeds over shorter distances than Thoroughbreds.[4] Such speeds may also be achieved by elite racehorses during the stretch drive.[5]

The two main forms of Thoroughbred horseracing are flat racing and hurdle or steeplechase (jumping) races over obstacles. Jumpers tend to be older than their flat racing counterparts[6] and can have much longer careers, making it possible to earn a large number of wins. For example, champion hurdler Hurricane Fly won a then-record 22 Grade One races over his ten-year career.[7]

Most race horses and race winners are male horses (either intact males or geldings). While male and female horses do not exhibit sexual dimorphism as obviously as human athletes, male horses are considered more aggressive racers and generally have a significant competitive advantage. At the highest level of racing though, intact males have great economic value at stud, so they are often retired after only a few years of racing.[8] In part because they may have longer racing careers, some of the most winning racehorses of all time are females, including Kincsem, Black Caviar, Winx, and Zenyatta.

Undefeated horses

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Below is a list of Thoroughbred racehorses with an undefeated race record. The list is not comprehensive for otherwise unnotable horses with five or fewer starts.

Wins
Horse
Bred
Details
Foaled
Pedigree and notes
54 Kincsem Hungary ch m 1874 Cambuscan (GB) x Water Nymph by Cotswold[9]
25 Black Caviar Australia br m 2006 Bel Esprit x Helsinge by Desert Sun (GB)[10]
19 Peppers Pride United States B.f. 2003 Desert God x Lady Pepper by Chili Pepper Pie[11]
18 Eclipse Great Britain Ch.c. 1764 Marske x Spilletta by Regulus[12][13][14]
18 Karayel Turkey B.h. 1970 Prince Tudor (GB) x Linda (TUR) by Cihangir (GB). Triple Crown winner.[15]
16 Ormonde Great Britain B.c. 1883 Bend Or x Lily Agnes by Macaroni. Triple Crown winner.[16][17]
16 Prestige France b c 1903 Le Pompon x Orgueilleuse by Révérand[18]
16 Ribot Italy B.c. 1952 Tenerani (ITY) x Romanella (ITY) by El Greco[19]
15 Colin United States Br.c. 1905 Commando x Pastorella (GB) by Springfield[20]
15 Macón Argentina B.c. 1922 Sandal (GB) x Bourgogne by Your Majesty[21][22]
15 Tsurumaru Sunday Japan B.g. 1995 Sunday Silence x Tsurumaru Beppin by Sanei Tholan[23]
14 Frankel Great Britain B.c. 2008 Galileo x Kind by Danehill[24]
14 Highflyer Great Britain B.c. 1774 Herod x Rachel by Blank[25]
14 Nearco Italy Br.c. 1935 Pharos (GB) x Nogara by Havresac (FR)
13 Barcaldine Great Britain B.c. 1878 Solon x Ballyroe by Belladrum[26]
13 Personal Ensign United States  B.f. 1984 Private Account x Grecian Banner by Hoist The Flag[27]
13 Tremont United States B.c. 1884 Virgil x Ann Fief by Alarm[28]
12 Ardrossan Great Britain B.c. 1809 John Bull x Miss Whip by Volunteer[29]
12 Asteroid United States B.c. 1861 Lexington x Nebula by Glencoe (GB)[30]
12 Braque Italy B.h. 1954 Antonio Canale x Buonamica by Niccolò dell'Arca[31]
12 Crucifix Great Britain B.f. 1837 Priam x Octaviana by Octavian[32]
11 Goldfinder Great Britain B.c. 1764 Snap x mare by Blank[33]
11 Kurifuji (Toshifuji) Japan Ch.f. 1940 Tournesol (GB) x Kenfuji by Chapel Brampton (GB)[34]
10 Freire Chile Ch.h. 1927 El Tango x Filibus by Eclair[35]
10 Handsomchamp United States Gr./R h. 2002 Fabulous Champ x Holly D by Hey Rob[36]
10 Nereide Germany B.f. 1933 Laland x Nella da Gabbio (ITY) by Grand Parade (GB)[37]
10 Tokino Minoru Japan B.c. 1948 Theft (IRE) x Daini Tyrant's Queen (GB) by Soldennis[38]
9 Bahram Great Britain B.c. 1932 Blandford x Friar's Daughter by Friar Marcus[39] Triple Crown winner.
9 Combat Great Britain Br.c. 1944 Big Game x Commotion by Mieuxce (FR)[40]
9 Grand Flaneur Australia B.c. 1877 Yattendon x First Lady (GB) by St. Albans[41]
9 Moscona Chile B.f. 1986 Mocito Guapo x Chispita by Chairman Walker[42]
9 Patience Hungary Ch.f. 1902 Bona Vista x (GB) Podagra (GB) by Galopin[38][40]
9 Regulus Great Britain B.c. 1739 Godolphin Arabian x Grey Robinson by Bald Galloway[43]
9 St. Simon Great Britain B.c. 1881 Galopin x St. Angela by King Tom[44]
8 Alipes Great Britain Br. or b. f. 1757 Regulus x Lusty by Locust[45]
8 American Eclipse United States Ch.c. 1814 Duroc x Miller's Damsel by Messenger[46]
8 Bullets Fever United States gr.c. 2013 Fiber Sonde x Ghost Canyon by Indian Charlie[47]
8 Caracalla France B.c 1942 Tourbillon x Astronomie by Asterus[38]
8 La Cressonniere France b.f. 2013 Le Havre x Absolute Lady by Galileo[48]
8 Maruzensky Japan b. c. 1974 Nijinsky II x Shill by Buckpasser[49]
8 Rare Brick United States Blk.c. 1983 Rare Performer x Windy Brick by Mr. Brick[29]
8 Sensations United States Br.c. 1877 Leamington x Susan Beane by Lexington[29]
8 Sweetbriar Great Britain Ch. c 1769 Syphon x mare (1763) by Shakespeare[50]
8 Tiffin Great Britain b. f. 1926 Tetratema x Dawn-wind by Sunstar[51]
7 Cluster of Stars United States B.f. 2009 Greely's Galaxy x Babyurthegreatest by Honour and Glory[52]
7 El Rio Rey United States B.h. 1887 Norfolk x Marian by Malcolm[53]
7 Fain Argentina b.h. 1982 Dancing Moss x Fallow's Sister by Worden[54]
7 Itajara Brazil Br.c. 1983 Felicio x Apple Honey by Falkland[29]
7 Kitano Daio Japan Ch.c. 1965 Die Hard x Kitano Hikari by Tosa Midori[55]
7 Malt Queen Australia Br.f. 1905 Maltster x Her Majesty by Sunrise[56]
7 Mannamead Great Britain B.h. 1929 Manna x Pinprick by Torpoint[56]
7 Monarch United States B.c. 1834 Priam x Delphine by Whisker[29]
7 Perdita II Great Britain B.m. 1881 Hampton x Hermione by Young Melbourne[40]
7 Rodolph United States B.c. 1831 Sir Archy Montorio or Sir Archy x Haxall's Moses Mare by Haxall's Moses[29]
7 Salvator France Ch.c. 1872 Dollar x Sauvagine by Ion[29]
7 Viani Italy B.c. 1967 Acropolis x Violante Vanni by Yorick[29]
7 The Tetrarch Ireland Gr.c. 1911 Roi Herode (FR) x Vahren by Bona Vista[40]
7 Zarkava Ireland B.f. 2005 Zamindar (USA) x Zarkasha by Kahyasi[57]
6 Ace Impact Ireland B.c. 2020 Cracksman x Absolutly Me by Anabaa Blue[58][59]
6 Aldford Great Britain Br.c. 1911 Mauvezin x Mangalmi by William the Third[29]
6 Albany Girl Great Britain Ch.f. 1935 Duncan Gray x Vestalia by Abbot's Trace[29]
6 Amianto Argentina Ch.h. 1888 Zanoni x Mariana by Chivalrous[60]
6 Bay Middleton Great Britain B.c. 1833 Sultan x Cobweb by Phantom[61]
6 Bustin Stones United States Ch.h. 2004 City Zip x Shesasurething by Prospectors Gamble[62]
6 Candy Ride Argentina B.c. 1999 Ride The Rails (USA) x Candy Girl by Candy Stripes (USA)[63]
6 Cavaliere d'Arpino Italy B.c. 1926 Havresac (FR) x Chuette (GB) by Cicero[38]
6 Claude Italy B.h. 1964 Hornbeam (GB) x Aigue-Vive (FR) by Vatellor[64]
6 Dismal Great Britain Buc.c. 1733 Godolphin Arabian x Alcock Arabian Mare by Alcock's Arabian[29]
6 Flightline United States B.c. 2018 Tapit x Feathered by Indian Charlie[65]
6 Flying Childers Great Britain B.c. 1714 Darley Arabian x Betty Leedes by Wharton's Careless[66]
6 Hurry On Great Britain Ch.c. 1913 Marcovil x Tout Suite by Sainfoin[38]
6* Justify United States Ch.c. 2015 Scat Daddy x Stage Magic by Ghostzapper[67]
6 Manantial Argentina Blk.c. 1955 Gulf Stream x Magda by Full Sail[29]
6 Miss Therese Chile Gr.f. 1958 Lucky Lord x Lesna by Filibustero[68]
6 Payaso Argentina B.c. 1929 Re-Echo x Payasada by Pippermint[29]
6 Soberbo Brazil Ch.c. 1990 Restless Jet x Lark Luciana by Tumble Lark[69]
6 Tolgus Great Britain B.h. 1923 Stefan the Great x Rosa Croft by Lemberg[70]
6 Val de Grace Brazil Ch.c. 1991 Clackson x In Passion by Hang Ten[71]
6 Windsor Slipper Ireland B.c. 1939 Windsor Lad x Carpet Slipper by Phalaris[29]
5 Ajax France B.h. 1901 Flying Fox x Amie by Clamart[72]
5 Dice United States B.h. 1925 Dominant x Frumpery by Chicle[73]
5 Emerson Brazil B.c. 1958 Coaraze (FR) x Empeñosa by Full Sail (GB)[38][74]
5 Fasliyev Ireland B.h. 1997 Nureyev x Mr P's Princess by Mr. Prospector[75]
5 Husson Argentina Ch.h. 2003 Hussonet (USA) x Villa Elisa (CHI) by Roy[76]
5 Kneller Great Britain Ch.c. 1985 Lomond x Fruition by Rheingold[29]
5 Landaluce United States B/br.f. 1980 Seattle Slew x Strip Poker by Bold Bidder[77]
5 Landgraf Germany B.c. 1914 Louviers (GB) x Ladora (GB) by Ladas[38]
5 Melody Argentina B.f. 1947 Meadow x Elegy, by Rustom Pasha[29]
5 Norfolk United States B.c. 1861 Lexington x Novice by Glencoe (GB)[30]
5 Perigord Peru Ch. c. 1954 Pertinaz x Pattern, by Borealis[78]
5 Precocious Great Britain B.c. 1981 Mummy's Pet x Mrs Moss by Reform[29]
5 Queen's Logic Ireland Ch. f. 1999 Grand Lodge x Lagrion by Diesis[79]
5 Reset Australia B.h. 2000 Zabeel x Assertive Lass by Zeditave[80]
5 Teofilo Ireland B.h. 2004 Galileo x Speirbhean by Danehill[81]
4 Agnes Tachyon Japan ch.h. 1998 Sunday Silence x Agnes Flora by Royal Ski[82]
4 Catchascatchcan Great Britain B.f. 1995 Pursuit of Love x Catawba by Mill Reef[83]
4 Drone United States Gr.c. 1966 Sir Gaylord x Cap and Bells by Tom Fool. Notable broodmare sire.[84]
4 Fuji Kiseki Japan blk.h 1992 Sunday Silence x Millracer by Le Fabuleux. Champion two-year-old.[85]
4 Golden Fleece United States B.c. 1979 Nijinsky II (CAN) x Exotic Treat by Vaguely Noble. Won Epsom Derby.[86]
4 Lammtarra United States Ch.c. 1992 Nijinsky II (CAN) x Snow Bride by Blushing Groom. Three Group 1 victories.[87]
4 Madelia France Ch.m. 1974 Caro x Moonmadness by Tom Fool. French champion 3yo filly.[88]
4 Mastery United States Dk. b.c. 2014 Candy Ride x Steady Course by Old Trieste. Cash Call Futurity.[89]
4 Nadal United States B.c 2017 Blame x Ascending Angel by Pulpit[90]
4 Raise a Native United States Ch.c. 1961 Native Dancer x Raise You by Case Ace.[91] Champion two-year-old colt and noted sire
4 Saphir Germany b.c. 1894 Chamant x Sappho by Wisdom[92] Austrian Derby, three-time champion sire in Germany
4 Snap Great Britain Blk.c. 1750 Snip x Sister to Slipby by Fox. Noted sire.[93]
4 Vindication United States B.h. 2000 Seattle Slew x Strawberry Reason by Strawberry Road.[94] Breeders' Cup Juvenile
4 White Moonstone United States B.f. 2008 Dynaformer x Desert Gold by Seeking the Gold. Fillies Mile.[95]
3 Army Mule United States b h 2014 Friesian Fire x Crafty Toast by Crafty Professor. Carter Handicap.[96]
3 Blue Train Great Britain Ch.c. 1944 Blue Peter x Sun Chariot (IRE) by Hyperion[29]
3 Boniform New Zealand B.h. 1904 Multiform x Otterden (GB) by Sheen[97]
3 Cobweb Great Britain B.f. 1821 Phantom x Filagree by Soothsayer[98] Winner of 1000 Guineas and Oaks.
3 Danzig United States B.c. 1977 Northern Dancer (CAN) x Pas De Nom by Admiral's Voyage. Leading sire.[99]
3 Footstepsinthesand Ireland B.c. 2002 Giant's Causeway x Glatisant by Rainbow Quest. Won 2000 Guineas.[100]
3 Meadowlake United States Ch.c. 1983 Hold Your Peace x Suspicious Native by Raise a Native. G1 winner.[101]
3 Pharis France Bl.c. 1936 Pharos (GB) x Carissima by Clarissimus.[38] Noted sire.
3 Pronto Argentina B.c. 1958 Timor x Prosperina by Gusty[38]
3 Quorto Ireland B.c. 2016 Dubawi x Volume by Mount Nelson[102]
3 Valyra Great Britain B.f. 2008 Azamour x Valima by Linamix[103]

*Although Justify finished first in all his races, in 2024 he was officially disqualified from his win in the 2018 Santa Anita Derby, making his official record no longer undefeated. A pending appeal contesting this disqualification was filed in April 2024.[104][105]

Federico Tesio bred several undefeated champions including Nearco, Ribot, Braque, and Cavaliere d'Arpino, whom he considered the best horse that he ever bred.[31]

 
Cherimoya, 1908, won The Oaks at her only start.

Undefeated horses without five known starts

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Nordlicht (chestnut horse 1941–1968, by Oleander x Nereide, by Laland) was also undefeated after an unknown number of starts. His victories included the Deutsches Derby and Austrian Derby.[106] Middleton and Amato had one start each with both of them winning The Derby and then retiring. Cherimoya did likewise when she won The Oaks in her only start. Morston (colt by Ragusa x Windmill Girl by Hornbeam) had two starts, winning both, the second of which was the 1973 Epsom Derby. Sailor won both his races, including the 1820 Epsom Derby. Suspender had three starts, in smaller races, for three wins.[107] Don Juan by Loyalist, Ball's Florizel (1801), Mirza by the Godolphin Arabian, and Lecturer (1869), were also unbeaten, but the number of their wins is unknown.[108]

Most wins

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Kingston, winner of 89 races

There have been only 7 horses to win over 100 races, all of them coming from Puerto Rico in restricted racing. The all-time record, recognized by Guinness World Records, is held by Chorisbar who won 197 times over the course of 324 career starts.[109] Condado, a chestnut horse who raced in Puerto Rico from 1936 to 1943, won a grand total of 152 times[110] Galgo Jr. earned 137 wins in 159 starts from 1930 to 1936.[29] Cofresi won 119 races,[29] racing at around the same time as Condado.

In the United States, Kingston (by Spendthrift) had 138 starts and won 89 of these, including 30 stakes-races. According to the American Horse Racing Hall of Fame, his 89 wins set the all-time record. Commencing a winning sequence as a four-year-old on 21 August 1888, Kingston had 35 race starts until 30 May 1891 during which he was defeated only twice.[111] Bankrupt won 86 races from 348 starts, and he was also by Spendthrift.[112] Tippety Witchet (1915, by Broomstick) started 266 times for 78 wins.[113] Pan Zareta started 151 times with 76 wins and is considered to be the "winningest female Thoroughbred in American history".[114]

Catherina (1830, by Whisker) started in 176 races and won 79 of them, many over long distances, including the Manchester Cup, Tradesmen's Cup, and Heaton Park's King's Cup.[115][29] Many of Catherina's races were heat races, and she therefore actually faced the starter 298 times and was the first past the finish line 136 times, including two disqualifications, one walkover, and two dead-heats.

Successive victories

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Camarero after 56 consecutive race wins

The horses who were defeated but had ten or more consecutive race wins include

  • 21
    • (Bond's) First Consul (USA)[140]
    • Lottery (USA)‡[141]
    • Meteor (GB)[141]
    • Picnic in the Park (AUS)[137]
  • 20
  • 19
  •  
    Zenyatta gallops off to the 13th of 19 straight victories in the Lady's Secret
  • 17
  • 16

     
    Pretty Polly, winner of 15 consecutive races
  • 15
  • 14
  • 13
  •  
    Enable, winner of 12 consecutive races
  • 11
  •  
    Sprinter Sacre, winner of 10 consecutive races

    ‡ Filly or mare

    *The ninth race in Kelso's streak was earned via disqualification.[215]

    Horses with long sequences of jumping victories include Sir Ken, who won 16 hurdle races in England; and Poethlyn, who won 11 steeplechases in succession, including two Grand National races.[258]

    Most wins in one season

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    Jorrocks, Australian racehorse famous for many races, including 30 of 31 in 1846
  • 22
  • 21
  • 20
  • 19
  • 18
  • 17
  • 16
  • 15
  • 14
  • 13

  • 12
  • 11
  • 10
  • Most group / grade one (G1) wins

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    Hurricane Fly being walked by his handlers before a race
     
    Beholder (outside) overtaking Songbird in the Distaff for her eleventh Grade I win
     
    Sceptre by Emil Adam
     
    Black Caviar before the Diamond Jubilee Stakes

    To identify the highest quality races, the pattern race system was introduced in Europe in 1971, followed by the graded stakes system in North America in 1974.[372] Other countries followed suit, though the criteria and quality has not always been consistent between racing jurisdictions. The following list considers horses that won grade one / group one races that were open for International competition. Winners of local (restricted) group / grade one wins are not included.

    The horses with ten or more such G1 race wins are:

    ‡ Mare

    In 1902 Sceptre became the only racehorse to win four British Classic Races outright. Previously, in 1868, Formosa won the same four races but dead-heated in the 2,000 Guineas Stakes.[408]

    Successive group / grade one (G1) wins

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    This list shows horses who won a series of Grade/Group 1 races without a loss and without an intervening race at a lower level of competition.

    ‡ Mare

    Successive Stakes wins

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    Frankel, the winner of 12 successive stakes

    ‡ = Filly or mare

    Once-defeated horses

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    Below is a list of Thoroughbred racehorses who were defeated once. The list is not comprehensive for otherwise unnotable horses with fewer than ten wins.

    Horses such as Wheel of Fortune, Barbaro, Ruffian and Vanity (1812, either 10:9-0-0 or 12:11-0-0[437]) sustained injury or broke down in their only defeat.

    Wins
    Horse
    Origin
    Details
    History
    Race defeated
    27:26–1–0 Giles The First Austria-Hungary Br.h. 1860 St Giles x Lady Shrewsbury by Launcelot 1863 Continental St Leger (Baden Baden), 2nd by neck
    23:22-1-0 Elusive Pimpernel India Ch.h. 1991 Wattlefield x Right Step by Ilheus 1995 Idar Gold Trophy, 2nd
    22:21–?–? Lottery United States Ch.m. 1803 Bedford x Anvilina by Anvil Lost her first race[141]
    22:21–1–0 Native Dancer United States Gr.h. 1950 Polynesian x Geisha by Discovery 1953 Kentucky Derby, 2nd
    21:20–1–0 Man o' War United States Ch.h. 1917 Fair Play x Mahubah by Rock Sand 1919 Sanford Stakes, 2nd
    20:19–1–0 Zenyatta United States Dk b/br.m. 2004 Street Cry x Vertigineux by Kris S. 2010 Breeders' Cup Classic, 2nd
    19:18–0–0 Friponnier Great Britain Ch.h. 1864 Chevalier Dindustrie x Tension by Teddington Lost his 5th start
    19:18–0–0 Hambletonian Great Britain B.h. 1792 King Fergus x Grey Highflyer by Highflyer 1796 Sweepstakes, ran off course[438]
    19:18–1–0 Old Man Argentina Ch.h. 1901 Orbit x Moissonneuse by Dollar 1904 Premio Comparación, 2nd[439]
    19:18–0–0 Squanderer India B.h. 1973 Valoroso x Milky Way by Scamperdale 1976 Colts Trial Stakes, 3rd[440][441]
    18:17–1–0 Botafogo Argentina Ch.h. 1914 Old Man x Korea by Raeburn 1918 Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini, 2nd[38]
    18:17–1–0 Brigadier Gerard Great Britain B.h. 1968 Queen's Hussar x La Paiva by Prince Chevalier 1972 Benson & Hedges Gold Cup, 2nd
    18:17–0–0 Gradisco Venezuela B.h. 1960 Show Ring x Gradara by Orsenigo
    16:15–1–0 The Flying Dutchman Great Britain Br.h. 1846 Bay Middleton x Barbelle by Sandbeck 1850 Doncaster Cup, 2nd
    15:14–0–1 Sysonby United States B.h. 1902 Melton x Optime by Orme 1904 Sheepshead Bay Futurity, 3rd
    14:13–1–0 Ahmad Argentina Br.h. 1975 Good Manners x Azyade by Churrinche 1979 Premio America, 2nd[442]
    14:13–1–0 Camarine Great Britain Ch.m. 1828 Juniper x Rubens mare by Rubens Maiden race, 2nd
    13:12-0-0 Ka Shock Do New Zealand Gr.m. 1987 Engagement x Nursery Rhyme 1991 Presidents Cup, 5th[443]
    12:11–0–0 Alba Germany B.h. 1927 Wallenstein x Arabis by Ard Patrick[38]
    12:11–0–0 Invasor Argentina B.h 2002 Candy Stripes x Quendom by Interprete 2005 UAE Derby, 4th
    12:11–1–0 Isinglass Great Britain B. h. 1890 Isonomy x Deadlock by Wenlock 1893 Lancashire Plate, 2nd
    12:11-0-0 La Vraie Reine United States B.m. 1848 Sovereign x Veracity by Pacific Withdrawn from 4-mile heat race[437]
    11:10–1–0 Atlantic Jewel Australia B.m. 2008 Fastnet Rock x Regard by Zabeel 2013 Underwood Stakes, 2nd
    11:10–0–0 Awesome Feather United States B.m. 2008 Awesome of Course x Precious Feather by Gone West 2012 Breeders' Cup Ladies Classic, 6th
    11:10–0–0 Baaeed Great Britain B.h. 2018 Sea The Stars x Agareed, by Kingmambo 2022 Champion Stakes, 4th[415]
    11:10-0-0 Dżamajka Poland Ch.m.1997 Juror x Dżamira by Rutilio Rufo Gonitwa dla 2 l. koni I grupy., 4th[444]
    11:10–0–1 Galopin Great Britain Br.h. 1872 Vedette x Flying Duchess by The Flying Dutchman 1874 Middle Park Plate, 3rd
    11:10–1–0 Imi Hungary B.h. 1953 Internezzo x Minci by Mannamead[38]
    11–10–1–0 Leonatus United States B.h. 1880 Longfellow x Semper Felix by Phaeton Maiden Stakes, 2nd
    11:10–1–0 Queen of Trumps Great Britain Br.m. 1832 Velocipede x Princess Royal by Castrel 1835 Scarborough Stakes, 2nd (attacked by dog)
    11:10–0–0 Ruffian United States Dk b/br.m. 1972 Reviewer x Shenanigans by Native Dancer 1975 Match race against Foolish Pleasure, DNF
    11:10–0–1 Wheel of Fortune Great Britain B.m. 1869 Adventurer x Queen Berths by Kingston 1879 Great Yorkshire Stakes, 3rd
    10:9–1–0 Alleged United States B.h. 1974 Hoist the Flag x Princess Pout by Prince John 1977 St. Leger Stakes, 2nd
    10:9–1–0 Divine Proportions United States B.m. 2002 Kingmambo x Myth to Reality by Sadler's Wells 2005 Prix Jacques Le Marois, 2nd
    10:9–1–0 Don John Great Britain B.h. 1835 Waverley x Comus mare by Comus 1839 Port Stakes, 2nd
    10:9–0–0 Dubai Millennium Great Britain B.h. 1996 Seeking The Gold x Colorado Dancer by Shareef Dancer 1999 Epsom Derby, 7th
    10:9–1–0 Espirita Argentina Ch.m. 1907 Old Man x Espuma by Wagram [445]
    10:9–1–0 Forli Argentina Ch.h. 1963 Aristophanes x Trevisa by Advocate 1967 Citation Handicap, 2nd[446]
    10:9–0–1 Horse Chestnut South Africa Ch.h. 1995 Fort Wood x London Wall by Col Pickering 1998 Morris Lipschitz Juvenile Plate, 3rd
    10:9–1–0 Majestic Prince United States Ch.h. 1966 Raise a Native x Gay Hostess by Royal Charger 1969 Belmont Stakes, 2nd
    10:9–1–0 Phone Trick United States Dkb/br.h. 1982 Clever Trick x Over the Phone by Finnegan 1986 Tom Fool Stakes, 2nd
    10:9–0–0 Stopshoppingdebbie United States Dkb/br.m. 2010 Curlin x Taste the Passion by Wild Again 2014 L.A Woman Stakes, 5th
    10:9–1–0 West Australian Great Britain B.h. 1850 Melbourne x Mowerina by Touchstone 1852 Criterion Stakes, 2nd[447]
    9:8–1–0 Dalakhani Ireland Gr.h. 2000 Darshaan x Daltawa by Miswaki 2003 Irish Derby, 2nd
    9:8–1–0 Dante Great Britain Br.h. 1942 Nearco x Rosy Legend by Dark Legend 1945 2000 Guineas Stakes, 2nd[38]
    9:8–0–0 Derek Brazil Ch.h. 1978 Kublai Khan x Epinette by Blackamoor 1982 Grande Prêmio Taça de Ouro, 18th[448][449]
    9:8-0-0 Devi's Bag United States Dkb/br.h. 1981 Halo x Ballade by Herbager 1984 Flamingo Stakes, 4th
    9:8–1–0 Donatello II France Ch.h. 1934 Blenheim x Delleana by Clarissimus 1937 Grand Prix de Paris, 2nd[450][38]
    9:8–1–0 Herold Germany Br.h. 1917 Dark Ronald x Hornisse by Ard Patrick 1920 Henkel-Rennen (Deutsches 2000 Guineas), 2nd[38][450]
    9:8–1–0 Horometer Canada Br.g. 1931 Hourless x Star Pal by North Star 1934 William Hendrie Memorial Handicap, 2nd
    9:8–1–0 King Glorious United States Dkb/br.h. 1986 Naevus x Glorious Natalie by Reflected Glory 1989 Gold Tush, 2nd
    9:8–1–0 Mistress Ford France B.m. 1933 Blandford (IRE) x Polly Flinders II by Teddy 1936 Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, 2nd[38]
    9:8–0–0 Sea the Stars Ireland B.h. 2006 Cape Cross x Urban Sea by Miswaki 2008 Maiden race, 4th
    9:8–1–0 Sicambre France Br.h. 1948 Prince Bio x Sif by Rialto 1950 Prix Morny, 2nd[38]
    9:8–1–0 Smarty Jones United States Ch.h. 2001 Elusive Quality x I'll Get Along by Smile 2004 Belmont Stakes, 2nd
    9:8–0–1[38] Sun Chariot Ireland B.m. 1939 Hyperion x Clarence by Diligence
    9:8–1–0 Trastevere Peru B.h. 1965 Agamenon x Libertina by Leading Light 1968 Clásico José Olaya, 2nd[451]
    8:7-0-1 Anita Peabody United States B.m. 1925 Luke McLuke x La Dauphine by The Tetrarch 1927 Schuylerville Stakes, 3rd[452]
    8:7–0–0 Big Brown United States B.h. 2005 Boundary x Mien by Nureyev 2008 Belmont Stakes, DNF
    8:7-0-1 Bleeker Street United States Gr.m. 2018 Quality Road x Lemon Liqueur by Exchange Rate 2022 Diana Stakes, 3rd
    8:7–1–0 El Gran Senor United States B.h. 1981 Northern Dancer x Sex Appeal by Buckpasser 1984 Epsom Derby, 2nd
    8:7–0–1 Grand Parade Ireland Blk.h. 1916 Orby x Grand Geraldine by Desmond 1918 Moulton Stakes, 3rd
    8:7–1–0 Graustark United States Ch.h. 1963 Ribot x Flower Bowl by Alibhai 1966 Blue Grass Stakes, 2nd[38]
    8:7-0-0 Grozny Peru Gr.h.1995 Privato x Lady Tere by Niobrara 1998 Gran Premio Nacional Augusto B. Leguia, 7th
    8:7–0–0 Hula Dancer United States Gr.m. 1960 Native Dancer x Flash On by Ambrose Light 1963 Prix de Diane, 5th
    8:7–0–1 King Kamehameha Japan B.h. 2001 Kingmambo x Manfath by Last Tycoon 2004 Keisei Hai, 3rd
    8:7–1–0 Kingman United Kingdom B.h. 2011 Invincible Spirit x Zenda by Zamindar 2014 2000 Guineas Stakes, 2nd
    8:7–1–0 Macaroni United Kingdom B.h. 1860 Sweetmeat x Jocose by Pantaloon 1862 Debut race
    8:7–1–0 Mihono Bourbon Japan Ch.h. 1989 Magnitude x Katsumi Echo by Charlet 1992 Kikuka Sho, 2nd
    8:7–0–0 Reel United States Gr.m. 1838 Glencoe x Gallopade by Catton[453]
    8:7–0–0 Rock Fall United States Dkb/br.h. 2011 Speightstown x Renda by Medaglia d'Oro 2014 Maiden race, 8th
    8:7–1–0 Sea Bird France Ch.h. 1962 Dan Cupid x Sicalade by Sicambre 1964 Grand Critérium, 2nd
    8:7–0–0 Set Fool Chile B.h. 1983 Settlement Day x Trima by El Tirol 1987 Gran Premio Internacional, 4th
    8:7–0–0 Shakespeare United States B.h. 2001 Theatrical x Lady Shirl by That's a Nice 2005 Breeders' Cup Turf
    8:7–1–0 Sinndar Ireland B.h. 1997 Grand Lodge x Sinntara by Lashkari 2000 Ballysax Stakes, 2nd
    8:7–0–1 Sircat Sally United States Dkb/br.m. 2014 Surf Cat x Sister Sally by In Excess ) 2017 San Clemente Handicap, 3rd[454]
    7:6–1–0 St Patrick Great Britain Ch.h. 1817 Walton x Dick Andrews mare by Dick Andrews 1821 Fitzwilliam Stakes, 2nd
    7:6–1–0 Lexington United States B.h. 1850 Boston x Alice Carneal by Sarpedon (GB) 1854 Jockey Club Purse, 2nd[455]
    7:6–1–0 Partner Great Britain Ch.h. 1718 Jigg x Sister to Mixbury, by Curwen's Bay Barb[456] 1728 race, 2nd
    7:6–0–0 Barbaro United States B.h. 2003 Dynaformer x La Ville Rouge by Carson City 2006 Preakness Stakes, DNF
    7–6–1–0 Eternal Rule Canada Dkb/br.g. 2008 Tribal Rule x Eternal Legend By Gold Legend 2012 Bold Venture Stakes, 2nd
    7:6–0–0 Val d'Or France B.h. 1902 Flying Fox x Wandora by Bruce 1905 Grand Prix de Paris, 4th
    6:5–1-0 Agnes Flora Japan B.m. 1987 Royal Ski x Agnes Lady by Remand 1990 Yushun Himba, 2nd
    6:5–0–1 Graydar United States Gr.h. 2009 Unbridled's Song x Sweetest Smile by Dehere 2012 Allowance race, 3rd[457]
    6:5–0–0 Hoist the Flag United States B.h. 1968 Tom Rolfe x Wavy Navy by War Admiral 1970 Champagne Stakes, DQ to last (finished 1st)[458]
    6:5–0–0* Justify United States Ch.c. 2015 Scat Daddy x Stage Magic by Ghostzapper 2016 Santa Anita Derby, DQ[67][104][105]
    6:5–1–0 Kingston Treasure Hong Kong Gr.g. 1995 Spectacular Love x Attempting by Try My Best 1999 Camellia Divided Handicap, 2nd[459]
    6:5–1–0 Majesticperfection United States B.h. 2006 Harlan's Holiday x Act So Noble by Wavering Monarch 2010 Maiden race, 3rd[460]
    6:5–1–0 Meld Great Britain B.m. 1952 Alycidon x Daily Double by Fair Trial 1954 Debut race, 2nd
    6:5–1–0 Sebring Australia Ch.h. 2005 More Than Ready x Pure Speed by Flying Spur 2008 Champagne Stakes, 2nd[461]
    6:5–1–0 Voltaire Great Britain Br.h. 1826 Blacklock x mare by Phantom 1829 St Leger Stakes, 2nd
    6:5–0–0 Zilzal United States Ch.c 1986 Nureyev x French Charmer by Le Fabuleux 1989 Breeders' Cup Mile, 6th
    5:4–0–1 Apalachee United States B.h. 1971 Round Table x Moccasin by Nantallah 1974 2000 Guineas, 3rd
    5:4–1–0 Barremina Panama Ch.h. 1971 Royal Medal x Bacacay by Moslem Clásico Louis Martínez, 2nd
    5:4–1–0 Bletchingly Australia Br.h. 1970 Biscay x Coogee (GB) by Relic (USA)
    5:4–1–0 Cipayo Argentina B.h. 1974 Lacydon x Tsarina by Tamerlane 1977 Gran Premio Jockey Club, 2nd[462]
    5:4–0–1 Common Great Britain Ch.h. 1888 Isomony x Thistle by Scottish Chief 1891 Eclipse Stakes, 3rd[463]
    5:4–0–0 Flanders United States Ch.m. 1992 Seeking The Gold x Starlet Storm by Storm Bird 1994 Matron Stakes, DQ (finished 1st)
    5:4–0–0 Magnum Moon United States B.h. 2015 Malibu Moon x Dazzling Song by Unbridled's Song 2018 Kentucky Derby, 19th
    5:4-1-0 Mr. Zippity Do Dah United States Ch.h. 1984 Exuberant x Catchy Little Tune by Daryl's Joy 1986 Whas Stakes, 2nd
    5:4–0–1 Noblesse Ireland Ch.m. 1960 Mossborough x Duke's Delight by His Grace 1963 Prix Vermeille, 3rd
    5:4–1–0 Riddlesworth Great Britain Ch.h. 1828 Emilius x Fillagree by Soothsayer 1831 Epsom Derby, 2nd
    5:4–1–0 Uruguayo Argentina B.h. 1968 Pronto x Unna by Cyrus the Great [464]
    4:3–1–0 Blandford Ireland Br.h. 1919 Swynford x Blanche by White Eagle 1921 Windsor Castle Stakes, 2nd[38]
    4:3–0–0 Buddha United States Gr.h. 1999 Unbridled's Song x Cahooters by Storm Cat 2001 Maiden race, 10th[465]
    4:3–0–0 Demarchelier Great Britain B.h. 2016 Dubawi x Loveisallyyouneed by Sadlers Wells 2019 Belmont Derby, DNF
    4:3–0–0 Guatan Argentina B.h. 1941 Floretista x Guayaca by Cabalista 1944 Premio Guilermo Kemmis, 5th[466]
    4:3–0–0 Smooth Roller United States B.g. 2011 Hard Spun x Catch the Moment by Unbridled 2015 Harry F. Brubaker Stakes, 4th[467]
    4:3–1–0 Violence United States Dkb/br.h. 2010 Medaglia d'Oro x Violent Beauty by Gone West 2013 Fountain of Youth Stakes, 2nd[468]
    4:3–0–0 Wild Dayrell Great Britain Br.h. 1852 Ion x Ellen Middleton by Bay Middleton 1855 Doncaster Cup, DNF
    3:2–0–1 Bois Roussel Great Britain Br.h. 1935 Vatout x Plucky Liege by Spearmint 1938 Grand Prix de Paris, 3rd[469]
    3–2–0–1 New Year's Day United States Br.h 2011 Street Cry x Justwhistledixie by Dixie Union 2013 Maiden race, 3rd[470]
    3:2–0–0 Nureyev United States B.h. 1977 Northern Dancer x Special by Forli 1980 2000 Guineas Stakes, DQ (finished 1st)
    3:2–0–0 Wilkes France Ch.h. 1952 Court Martial x Sans Tares (GB) by Sind[471]

    *The disqualification of Justify in the 2018 Santa Anita Derby is currently under appeal.[472]

    $10 million prizewinning horses

    edit
     
    Orfevre swoops on by to win the 72nd Kikuka Sho.
     
    Deep Impact

    The following horses have earned over $10 million in prize money. Most of them raced (at least in part) in Japan, Hong Kong, Australia and/or Dubai due to large purse sizes.[473] Where applicable, the conversion to US$ was made at the time the horse raced so does not reflect current exchange rates. Different methodologies for currency conversions may result in slightly different rankings.

    Most of the above horses belong to the Nearco sireline, mostly through the branches established by Sunday Silence and Northern Dancer. However, Curlin, Arrogate, Winx, Hokko Tarumae, Panthalassa, and Gun Runner descend instead from the Native Dancer sire line through Mr. Prospector. Both Nearco and Native Dancer were grandsons of Phalaris.[469]

    North American records

    edit
     
    Citation, the first racehorse to win one million dollars

    In 1951, Citation became the first horse to win one million dollars. In 1979, Affirmed became the first horse to break the two million dollar barrier,[506] finishing his career with earnings of $2.3 million. Spectacular Bid broke this record in 1980, amassing career earnings of $2.8 million.[507] Purses began to increase sharply soon afterwards thanks in large part to the Breeders' Cup. The next record holders were John Henry, who earned $6.6 million by the end of his career in 1984 and Alysheba, with earnings of $6.7 million by the end of his career in 1988. Cigar was the next to hold the North American earnings title, finishing his career in 1998 with earnings just shy of $10 million ($9,999,815). That remained the North American record until Curlin in 2008, who earned $10.5 million.[508] California Chrome broke this record in 2016 with career earnings of $14.8 million, and was in turn surpassed by Arrogate when he won the 2017 Dubai World Cup to take his career earnings over $17 million.[509]

    See also

    edit

    References

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