List of largest land carnivorans

This list contains terrestrial members of the order Carnivora with an average reported mass of 160 kilograms (350 lb) or more, all bears and pantherine cats.

Rank Common name Scientific name Family Average
mass (kg)
Maximum
mass (kg)
Image Maximum
length
(m)
Shoulder
height
(m)
Native range
by continent
1 Polar bear Ursus maritimus Ursidae 360 1,002 Ursus maritimus.jpg 3 1.60 North America, Eurasia
2 Brown bear Ursus arctos Ursidae 318 1,090(in captivity, 751 in the wild, possibly more) Kodiak bear in germany.jpg 3 1.53 North America, Eurasia, formerly Africa
3 Tiger Panthera tigris Felidae 227 388.78 (disputed)[1][2][3] Amur tiger.jpg 3.9 [4] 1.32 Asia
4 Lion Panthera leo Felidae 200[2] 375 (in the wild;[5][6] disputed)[7] Lion (Panthera leo) (30941994012).jpg 3.9 1.4 Africa, Asia.
5 American black bear Ursus americanus Ursidae 159 500 01 Schwarzbär.jpg 2.41 1.10 North America
6 Asiatic black bear Ursus thibetanus Ursidae 136 363 Ursus thibetanus ussuricus Kaliningrad Zoo.JPG 2.0 1.10 Asia
7 Spectacled bear Tremarctos ornatus Ursidae 136 200 Tremarctos ornatus 25.jpg 2.0 1.0 South America
8 Sloth bear Melursus ursinus Ursidae 136 192 Sloth bear.jpg 1.9 0.9 Asia
9 Jaguar Panthera onca Felidae 113 160[8][9] Panthera onca.jpg 2.1 0.9 North America, South America
10 Giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca Ursidae 113 160 Giant panda.jpg 2.0 1.0 Asia

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wood, G. L. (1983). The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats. Sterling Publishing. ISBN 978-0-85112-235-9.
  2. ^ a b Kitchener, A.; Yamaguchi, N. (2009). "What is a Tiger? Biogeography, Morphology, and Taxonomy". In Tilson, R.; Nyhus, P. J. (eds.). Tigers of the World: The Science, Politics and Conservation of Panthera tigris. Academic Press. pp. 53–84. ISBN 978-0-08-094751-8.
  3. ^ Brakefield, Tom (1993). "Tiger: Phantom stripes". Big Cats: Kingdom of Might. Voyageur Press. p. 32−47. ISBN 978-0-89658-329-0.
  4. ^ Close [23] Mazák, V. (1981). "Panthera tigris" (PDF). Mammalian Species. 152 (152): 1–8. doi:10.2307/3504004. JSTOR 3504004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 March 2012.
  5. ^ Wood, G. L. (1976). The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats. Guinness Superlatives. ISBN 978-0-900424-60-1.
  6. ^ Wood, G. L. (1983). The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats. Sterling Publishing. ISBN 978-0-85112-235-9.
  7. ^ "East African Business Digest", University Press of Africa, with contributions from the Kenya National Chamber of Commerce & Industry, 1963, retrieved 2018-03-18
  8. ^ Nowak, Ronald M. (1999). "Carnivora, Felidae". Walker's Mammals of the World. Vol. 2. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 797–836. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9. |volume= has extra text (help)
  9. ^ Burnie, David; Wilson, Don E. (2001). Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. New York City: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0-7894-7764-5.