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The tables in this article list buildings from around the world by usable space (volume), footprint (area), and floor space (area). Here, building refers to single structures that are suitable for continuous human occupancy. There are, however, some exceptions, including factories and warehouses.

The Aerium near Berlin is the largest uninterrupted volume in the world, while Boeing's factory in Everett, Washington, United States is the world's largest building by volume. The AvtoVAZ main assembly building in Tolyatti, Russia is the largest building in area footprint. The Yiwu International Trade City in Yiwu, China is the largest building in terms of total floor area.[1] Due to the incomplete nature of this list, buildings are not ranked.

Largest usable volumeEdit

This table lists the buildings around the world with the largest usable space, sorted by volume, with a volume of at least 1,000,000 m3 (35,000,000 cu ft).

Name Country and territory Place Floor area Volume Description Source
Boeing Everett Factory   United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m2 (4,280,000 sq ft) 13.3 million m3 (472 million cu ft) Boeing's assembly site for a selection of the company's largest aircraft, originally built for construction of the 747. [2]
Great Mosque of Mecca   Saudi Arabia Hijaz 356,000 m2 (3,830,000 sq ft) 8 million m3 (282 million cu ft)

(Approximate)

The largest mosque in the world and the most sacred place for Muslims also surrounds Islam's holiest place, the Kaaba. [3][4]
Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant   France Toulouse-Blagnac 122,500 m2 (1,319,000 sq ft) 5.6 million m3 (199 million cu ft) The assembly hall of the Airbus A380, the world's largest airliner. [5]
Aerium   Germany Halbe, Brandenburg 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) 5.2 million m3 (184 million cu ft) A hangar originally intended to house the construction of a giant airship, this building now houses an indoor theme park, called Tropical Islands Resort. [6]
Meyer Werft Dockhalle 2   Germany Papenburg, Niedersachsen 63,000 m2 (680,000 sq ft) 4.72 million m3 (167 million cu ft) Dry dock for construction of cruise ships. [7]
Boeing Composite Wing Center   United States Everett, Washington 111,500 m2 (1,200,000 sq ft) 3.7 million m3 (131 million cu ft) Boeing's assembly site for the production of composite wings for the 777-8 and 777-9. [8]
NASA Vehicle Assembly Building   United States Kennedy Space Center, Florida 32,374 m2 (348,470 sq ft) 3.66 million m3 (130 million cu ft) Originally built to enable simultaneous assembly and shelter for four Saturn V rockets. [9]
Inex Sipoo   Finland Sipoo 195,000 m2 (2,100,000 sq ft) 3.4 million m3 (98.6 million cu ft) Large grocery distribution center, completed in 2018. [10]
The O2   United Kingdom London 104,634 m2 (1,126,270 sq ft) 2.79 million m3 (98.6 million cu ft) Originally the Millennium Dome designed for London's millennium celebrations and since converted into an entertainment centre. [11]
The Palace of Parliament   Romania Bucharest 365,000 m²

(3,930,000 sq ft)

2.55 million m3 (90 million cu ft) Heaviest building in the world, as well as the largest legislature building in the world accommodating the two houses of the Parliament of Romania: the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, along with three museums and an international conference center. [2-b]
Tesco Ireland Distribution Centre   Ireland Donabate, Fingal 80,194 m2 (863,200 sq ft) 1.55 million m3 (54.83 million cu ft) Large dry grocery distribution center near Dublin. Opened in 2007 at a cost of €70 million. [12][13]

[14][15]

Target Import Warehouse   United States Savannah, Georgia 187,664 m2 (2,020,000 sq ft) 1.5 million m3 (16.2 million cu ft) Built to distribute imported product to internal Target distribution centers.
Austal USA (Module Manufacturing Facility)   United States Mobile, Alabama 68,250 m2 (734,600 sq ft) 1.365 million m3 (48.204 million cu ft) The facility is capable of constructing six large aluminium vessels such as the US Navy's Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) and/or Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV) per year. [16]
Hanover Fairground (Halls 3–9)   Germany Hannover, Niedersachsen 114,535 m2 1.15 million m3 Largest exhibition ground in the world with 27 halls. Halls 1–2 and 10–27 are in separate adjacent buildings. [17]
National Exhibition Centre (Halls 1-5)   United Kingdom Birmingham, West Midlands 186,000 m2 1.14 million m3 Large exhibition centre southeast of Birmingham. Halls 6-20 are in a separate building. [18]
2800 Polar Way   United States Richland, Washington 46,929 m2 (505,140 sq ft) 1.029 million m3 (36.241 million cu ft) A 35-metre (116 ft) tall refrigerated warehouse completed in July 2015. [19][20]
[21][22]
Hangar One   United States Moffett Federal Airfield, Mountain View, California 32,375 m2 (348,480 sq ft) 1 million m3 (35 million cu ft) A naval airship hangar opened in 1933 as the hangar for the rigid airship USS Macon (ZRS-5). The hangar measures 345 meters (1,133 feet) long, 94 meters (308 feet) wide, with a peak of 60 meters (198 feet) high. [23]

Largest footprintEdit

 
AvtoVAZ main assembly line building

This table lists the buildings throughout the world with the largest footprint on the ground, covering at least 100,000 m2 (1,100,000 sq ft).

Name Country and territory Place Footprint Length × width Description Map/Source
AvtoVAZ main assembly building   Russia Tolyatti 887,800 m2 (9,556,000 sq ft) 1930 m x 460 m Automobile factory for Lada cars [24]
Jaguar Land Rover Solihull plant   United Kingdom Solihull 526,000 m2 (5,660,000 sq ft) 1700 m x 980 m Automobile factory for Jaguar Land Rover cars [25]
Aalsmeer Flower Auction Building   Netherlands Aalsmeer 518,000 m2 (5,580,000 sq ft) 740 m x 700 m [26]
The Dubai Mall   United Arab Emirates Dubai 500,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft)
Nissan Nissan Motor Manufacturing UK   United Kingdom Sunderland 496,000 m2 (5,340,000 sq ft) 1090 m x 595 m Automobile factory for Nissan cars [27]
Tesla Factory   United States Fremont, California 427,354 m2 (4,600,000 sq ft) Automobile production facility of Tesla Motors.[28]
Boeing Everett Factory   United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m2 900 m x 495 m Boeing's assembly site for a selection of the company's largest aircraft, originally built for construction of the 747. [29]
Daikin Texas Technology Park   United States Waller, Texas 393,000 m2

(4.23 million sq ft)

Factory and distribution center for heating and air conditioning products. [30][31]
Michelin Distribution Center   United States Spartanburg, South Carolina 371,612 m2

(4 million sq ft)

336 m x 1097 m Michelin's distribution center. [32]
The Palace of Parliament   Romania Bucharest 365,000 m²

(3,930,000 sq ft)

Heaviest building in the world, as well as the largest legislature building in the world accommodating the two houses of the Parliament of Romania (the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies), along with three museums and an international conference center. [2-b]
Great Mosque of Mecca   Saudi Arabia Hijaz 356,000  m2 (4,300,000 sq ft) The most sacred place for the Muslims, and surrounds Islam's holiest place, the Kaaba. [3][4]
Toyota Toyota Manufacturing UK   United Kingdom Derby 334,000 m2 (3,600,000 sq ft) 910 m x 427 m Automobile factory for Toyota cars [33]
Wolfsburg Volkswagen Plant Building 1B   Germany Wolfsburg, Niedersachsen 300,000 m2 (3,200,000 sq ft) Car factory. [34]
Detroit Diesel   United States Detroit, Michigan 300,000 m2 (3,200,000 sq ft) Daimler Trucks North America's North American powertrain manufacturing plant, producing engines, transmissions, and driveline components. [35][36]
Nike - North America Logistics Center   United States Memphis, Tennessee 260,000 m2

(2.8 million sq ft)

[37][38]
Wolfsburg Volkswagen Plant Building 12   Germany Wolfsburg, Niedersachsen 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft) Car factory. [39]
John Deere North American Parts Distribution Center   United States Milan, Illinois 246,000 m2 (2,650,000 sq ft) [40][41]
Rivian Automotive Assembly Plant   United States Normal, Illinois 220,000 m2 920 m x 200 m As of 2017, the company planned for this plant to be the primary North American location for Rivian's manufacturing. [42]
Indonesia Convention Exhibition   Indonesia Bumi Serpong Damai 220,000 m2 The biggest and most spacious exhibition, convention and entertainment center in Indonesia, spanning a total area of over 220,000 square meters. It has 10 exhibition halls, a convention hall, outdoor exhibition space, pre-function lobby, and 33 meeting, with parking capacity of up to 5,000 cars.[43] [44]
Belvidere Assembly Plant   United States Belvidere, Illinois 210,000 m2 700 m x 300 m Assembles the Jeep Cherokee. [45]
New Century Global Center   China Chengdu 200,000 m2 500 m x 400 m "The Global Center will be home to business offices, hotels, theaters, high-end shopping malls, a faux Mediterranean village, family-themed attractions, university complexes and more."[46] [47]
Tesla Gigafactory 1   USA Storey County, Nevada 200,000 m2 (1.9 million sq ft) 500 m x 400 m Lithium-ion battery factory. [48]
Dagenham Engine Plant   United Kingdom London 180,000 m2 (1,937,503 sq ft) 525 m x 300 m Engine factory. [49]
NASA Michoud Assembly Facility   United States New Orleans, Louisiana 174,000 m2 735 m x 410 m Used for manufacture of Curtiss-Wright C-76 Caravan cargo aircraft, engines for Sherman tank and Patton tank, S-IB and S-IC stages for Saturn rocket, Space Shuttle External Tank. [50]
Target Import Warehouse   United States Lacey, Washington 159,000 m2 1,060 m x 150 m Built to distribute imported product to internal Target distribution centers. [51]
Faurecia Saline Plant   United States Saline, Michigan 143,000 m2 Faurecia Interiors Systems.
Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant   France Toulouse-Blagnac 122,500 m2 470 m x 270 m The assembly hall of the Airbus A380, the world's largest airliner. [52]
Evrolend shop mall   Russia Ivanovo 117,800 m2 (1,268,000 sq ft) 581.5 × 202.5 m Built in 1960s to textile industrial combine. [53]
Amazon Distribution Center   United States Schertz, Texas 117,450 square metres (1,264,200 sq ft) 675 m x 174 m Distributes products to Amazon customers.
Lauma Fabrics   Latvia Liepāja 115,645 m2 (1,244,790 sq ft) 229 m x 505 m Lauma Fabrics is a manufacturing company which produces raw materials for lingerie production. [54]
Ames Distribution Center   United States Carlisle, Pennsylvania 113,177 m2 (1,218,230 sq ft) 617 m x 183 m Distributes products for The AMES Companies, Inc. [55]
The O2   United Kingdom London 104,634 m2 (1,126,270 sq ft) 365 m diameter An exhibition and entertainment center.
Dollar General Distribution Center   United States Fulton, Missouri 104,612 m2 (1,126,030 sq ft) 400 m x 262 m Distributes products for The Dollar General Corporation. [56]

Largest floor areaEdit

 
Concourse B part of Terminal 3 at Dubai International Airport
 
Ciputra Surabaya, Indonesia's largest building by floor area
 
The Pentagon

This table lists the top buildings throughout the world with the largest amount of floor area, with usable floor space across multiple stories of at least 400,000 m2 (4,300,000 sq ft).

Name Country and territory Place Floor area Notes
New Century Global Center   China Chengdu 1,760,000 m2 (18,900,000 sq ft) [57][58]
Dubai International Airport Terminal 3   United Arab Emirates Dubai 1,713,000 m2 (18,440,000 sq ft) Three buildings connected by tunnels.[1]
Abraj Al-Bait Endowment   Saudi Arabia Mecca 1,575,815 m2 (16,961,930 sq ft) [59]
Istanbul Airport Main Terminal   Turkey Istanbul 1,440,000 m2 (15,500,000 sq ft)
CentralWorld   Thailand Bangkok 1,024,000 m2 (11,020,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
Aalsmeer Flower Auction   Netherlands Aalsmeer 990,000 m2 (10,700,000 sq ft) [60]
Beijing Capital International Airport Terminal 3   China Beijing 986,000 m2 (10,610,000 sq ft) Three buildings connected by train.[61]
The Venetian Macao   Macau Macau 980,000 m2 (10,500,000 sq ft) Largest casino in the world.[62]
Sands Cotai Central   Macau Macau 890,000 m2 (9,600,000 sq ft) [63]
Ciputra World Surabaya   Indonesia Surabaya 750,000 m2 (8,100,000 sq ft) [64]
Berjaya Times Square   Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 700,000 m2 (7,500,000 sq ft) [65]
Central Park Jakarta Complex   Indonesia Jakarta 660,000 m2 (7,100,000 sq ft) [66]
Perpa Trade Center   Turkey Istanbul 660,000m2 (7,100,000 sq ft) [67]
Kemang Village   Indonesia Jakarta 650,000 m2 (7,000,000 sq ft) [68]
Gandaria City   Indonesia Jakarta 650,000 m2 (7,000,000 sq ft) [69]
The Palazzo   United States Las Vegas, Nevada 645,581 m2 (6,948,980 sq ft) [70]
Grand Indonesia   Indonesia Jakarta 640,000 m2 (6,900,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
The Pentagon   United States Arlington County, Virginia 610,000 m2 (6,600,000 sq ft) [71][72]
K-25   United States Oak Ridge, Tennessee 609,000 m2 (6,560,000 sq ft) Demolished in 2013.[73]
United States Air Force Plant 4   United States Fort Worth, Texas 603,870 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) [74]
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol   Netherlands Amsterdam 650,000 m2 (7,000,000 sq ft) [75]
Hamad International Airport   Qatar Doha 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) [76]
Ciputra World 1 Complex   Indonesia Jakarta 583,000 m2 (6,280,000 sq ft) [77]
Marina Bay Sands   Singapore Singapore 581,400 m2 (6,258,000 sq ft) [78]
Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower   Vietnam Hanoi 580,000 m2 (6,200,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 1   Hong Kong Chek Lap Kok 570,000 m2 (6,100,000 sq ft) [79]
Suvarnabhumi Airport   Thailand Samut Prakan 563,000 m2 (6,060,000 sq ft) [80]
ATL Logistics Centre, Centre B   Hong Kong New Territories 550,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft) [81]
Barcelona Airport Terminal 1   Spain Barcelona 546,000 m2 (5,880,000 sq ft) [82]
Warren G. Magnuson Health Sciences Center   United States Seattle, Washington 533,000 m2 (5,740,000 sq ft)
Osaka Station City[citation needed]   Japan Umeda, Osaka 530,000 m2 (5,700,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
Renaissance Center   United States Detroit, Michigan 515,000 m2 (5,540,000 sq ft) [83][84]
Indira Gandhi International Airport Terminal 3   India Delhi 502,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft) [85]
Siam Paragon   Thailand Bangkok 500,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft) [86]
Incheon International Airport Terminal 1   South Korea Seoul 496,000 m2 (5,340,000 sq ft) [87]
FCA US LLC Headquarters and Technology Center   United States Auburn Hills, Michigan 490,000 m2 (5,300,000 sq ft) [88]
Tesla Factory   United States Fremont, California 490,000 m2 (5,300,000 sq ft) [28]
Barajas Airport Terminal 4 main building   Spain Madrid 470,000 m2 (5,100,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
Tesla Gigafactory 1   USA Storey County, Nevada 455,000 m2 (4.9 million sq ft) [48]
Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Terminal 2   India Mumbai 450,000 m2 (4,800,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
Persian Gulf Complex (Persian: مجتمع خلیج فارس‎, mojtama'e Khalij-e Fars)   Iran Shiraz 444,000 m2 (4,780,000 sq ft) [89]
Narita International Airport Terminal 1   Japan Narita 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft) [90]
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport Terminal 3   Indonesia Tangerang 422,804 m2 (4,551,020 sq ft) [91]
Mid Valley Megamall   Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 420,000 m2 (4,500,000 sq ft) [92]
Willis Tower   United States Chicago, Illinois 418,000 m2 (4,500,000 sq ft) [93]
USAA McDermott Building   United States San Antonio, Texas 414,642 m2 (4,463,170 sq ft) [94]
Taipei 101   Taiwan Taipei 412,500 m2 (4,440,000 sq ft) [95]
Nagoya Station   Japan Nagoya 410,000 m2 (4,400,000 sq ft) [96]
Boeing Plant   United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m2 (4,280,000 sq ft) Value is footprint; floor space is greater.[2]

Special categoriesEdit

 
Ericsson Globe

This list of special categories includes a variety of buildings which are the largest of their type.

Type of building Name Country and territory Place Floor area Volume
Department store Shinsegae Centum City[97]   South Korea Busan 509,810 m2 (5,487,500 sq ft)
Industrial building Boeing Everett Factory   United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m2 (4.3 million sq ft) 13.3 million m3 (472 million cubic ft)
Legislature building Palace of the Parliament[98]   Romania Bucharest 365,000 m2 (3.93 million sq ft) 2.55 million m3 (90 million cu ft)
Bus depot Millennium Park Bus Depot   India Delhi 305,265 m2 (3.6 million sq ft)
Courthouse Istanbul Çağlayan Justice Palace   Turkey Istanbul 300,000 m2 (3.0 million sq ft)
Bus terminal Tel Aviv Central Bus Station   Israel Tel Aviv 230,000 m2 (2.5 million sq ft)
Museum Louvre Museum   France Paris 210,000 m2 (2,260,421 sq ft)
Current residence Presidential Complex   Turkey Ankara 200,020 m2 (2,152,997 sq ft)
Current royal residence Istana Nurul Iman   Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 200,000 m2 (2,152,782 sq ft)
Royal palace Royal Palace of Caserta   Italy Caserta 235,000 m2 (2,529,519 sq ft) 2 million m3 (70 million cu ft)
Shipbuilding hall Meyer Werft Dockhalle 2   Germany Papenburg, Niedersachsen 63,000 m2 (678,000 sq ft) 4.72 million m3 (167 million cu ft)
Hemispherical building Ericsson Globe[99]   Sweden Stockholm 600,000 m3 (21 million cu ft)

See alsoEdit

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