List of lakes of the Lake District

This list contains the lakes, tarns and reservoirs in the Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England.

Only one body of water, Bassenthwaite Lake, is traditionally named a lake.[1] Larger bodies of water in the Lake District are generally named as mere or water, whilst smaller ones are denoted by tarn. Some writers, particularly in the media, refer to Lake Windermere though this use is deprecated.

Physical characteristics of the main lakesEdit

This table gives details of those bodies of water with a surface area of at least 0.1km².

Name Length (km)[2] Max. width (km)[2] Area (km²)[2] Volume (m³ x 106)[3] Mean depth (m)[2] Max. depth (m)[2] Surface elev. (m) Retention time (days)[2][4] Trophic state index
Bassenthwaite Lake 6.2 1.1 5.3 27.7 5.3 19.0 68.0 30 eutrophic
Blea Water[5] 0.55 0.17 0.51 3.1 488
Blelham Tarn[6] 0.67 0.29 0.11 0.7 6.8 14.5 42.0 50 eutrophic
Brotherswater 0.6 0.43 0.19 1.2 7.2 15.0 157.0 21 oligotrophic
Burnmoor Tarn[7] 0.83 0.24 1.23 5.1 13.0 253
Buttermere 2.0 0.54 0.9 15.1 16.6 28.6 100.3 140 oligotrophic/mesotrophic
Cogra Moss[8] 0.68 0.16 0.84 5.4 225
Coniston Water 8.7 0.73 4.9 113.4 24.1 56.1 43.6 340 mesotrophic/oligotrophic
Crummock Water 4.0 0.85 2.5 66.7 26.7 43.9 97.8 200 oligotrophic/mesotrophic
Derwent Water 4.6 1.91 5.4 29.1 5.5 22.0 75.0 55 mesotrophic
Devoke Water[9] 1.17 0.34 1.89 5.5 236
Easedale Tarn[10] 0.5 0.10 0.53 5.1 282
Elter Water 1.0 0.4 0.1637 0.5 3.3 7.0 53.0 20 outer basin: mesotrophic
middle basin: eutrophic
inner basin: hypereutrophic
Ennerdale Water 3.8 1.1 3.0 53.5 17.8 42.0 112.2 200 oligotrophic/mesotrophic
Esthwaite Water 2.5 0.62 1.0 6.2 6.4 15.5 65.2 100 eutrophic/hypereutrophic
Grasmere 1.6 0.6 0.6 4.7 7.7 21.5 63.4 25 eutrophic
Grisedale Tarn[11] 0.55 0.11 1.28 11.6 33.0 538
Haweswater 6.9 0.9 3.9 88.8 23.4 57.0 246.0 500 mesotrophic
Hayeswater[12] 0.9 0.16 0.30 1.9 426
Kentmere Reservoir[13] 0.7 0.16 0.78 5.0 297
Levers Water[14] 0.5 0.14 1.07 7.9 413
Loweswater 1.8 0.55 0.6 5.0 8.4 16.0 125.0 150 mesotrophic
Over Water[15] 0.73 0.20 0.45 2.3 10.0 188
Rydal Water 1.2 0.36 0.3 1.6 4.4 18.0 53.0 9[16] eutrophic/mesotrophic
Seathwaite Tarn[17] 1.15 0.24 1.33 5.5 374
Tarn Hows[18] 0.85 0.14 0.75 5.4 188
Thirlmere 6.0 0.78 3.3 50.4 16.1 46.0 178.0 280 oligotrophic
Ullswater 11.8 1.02 8.9 219.7 25.3 63.0 145.0 350 oligotrophic/mesotrophic
Wastwater 4.8 0.82 2.9 110.4 40.2 76.0 61.0 350 oligotrophic
Wet Sleddale Reservoir[19] 1.0 0.31 2.33 7.6 277
Windermere[20] 16.8 1.6 14.8 314.3 21.25 64.0 39.0   slightly eutrophic
 Windermere (north) 7.0 1.6 8.1 202.1 25.1 64.0 39.0 180 slightly eutrophic
 Windermere (south) 9.8 1.0 6.7 112.2 16.8 42.0 39.0 100 slightly eutrophic

Map of major lakesEdit

The map shows the locations of the lakes with a volume over 4 x 106 m³ and gives an indication of the volume of water in each lake. The markers suggest this by showing the size of a drop of water where the volume of the drop would be in proportion to the quantity of water in the lake (the diameter of the drop is proportional to the cube root of the lake's volume).[3]

Lakes, tarns and reservoirsEdit

Former lakes, tarns and reservoirsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bassenthwaite Lake was previously known as either Broadwater or Bastunthwaite Water, according to different sources, but is no longer known by these names.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Table of lake facts". Environment Agency. Archived from the original on 23 February 2006. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b "UK Lakes Portal". Environmental Information Platform. NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  4. ^ Retention time is an approximate value for mean retention time
  5. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Blea Water". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  6. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Blelham Tarn". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  7. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Burnmoor Tarn". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  8. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Cogra Moss". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  9. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Devoke Water". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  10. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Easedale Tarn". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  11. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Grisedale Tarn". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  12. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Hayeswater". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  13. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Kentmere Reservoir". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  14. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Levers Water". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  15. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Over Water". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Seathwaite Tarn". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  18. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Tarn Hows". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  19. ^ "UK Lakes Detail - Wet Sleddale Reservoir". Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  20. ^ Overall figures for Windermere derived from the two lake portions listed separately here.
  21. ^ "Dam-busters will put part of Cumbria back together". The Mail. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2018.