Weekly Shōnen Jump
Weekly Shōnen Jump (Japanese: 週刊少年ジャンプ, Hepburn: Shūkan Shōnen Janpu, stylized in English as WEEKLY JUMP) is a weekly shōnen manga anthology published in Japan by Shueisha under the Jump line of magazines. It is the best-selling manga magazine, as well as one of the longest-running; the first issue was released with a cover date of August 1, 1968. The manga series within the magazine target young male readers and tend to consist of many action scenes and a fair amount of comedy. The chapters of series that run in Weekly Shōnen Jump are collected and published in tankōbon volumes under the "Jump Comics" imprint every two to three months.
Cover of the first issue of Weekly Shōnen Jump, released in 1968
|Former editors||Tadashi Nagano|
|First issue||August 1, 1968|
The mid-1980s to the mid-1990s represents the era when the magazine's circulation was at its highest, 6.53 million copies per week. As of early 2017, it had a weekly circulation of 1.9 million copies. The magazine sold over 7.5 billion copies since 1968, making it the best-selling comic/manga magazine. Many of the best-selling manga originate from Weekly Shōnen Jump.
Shōnen Jump spawned the Jump magazine line as well as the Jump Comics imprint label for publishing tankōbon. Weekly Shōnen Jump has two sister magazines called Jump SQ, created after the fall of Monthly Shōnen Jump, and Saikyō Jump. The magazine has also had several international counterparts, including the current North American Weekly Shonen Jump. It also spawned a crossover media franchise including anime and video games (since Famicom Jump) which bring together various Shōnen Jump characters.
Weekly Shōnen Jump was launched by Shueisha on July 2, 1968, to compete with the already-successful Weekly Shōnen Magazine and Weekly Shōnen Sunday. Weekly Shōnen Jump's sister publication was a manga magazine called Shōnen Book, which was originally a male version of the short-lived shōjo manga anthology Shōjo Book. Prior to issue 20, Weekly Shōnen Jump was originally called simply Shōnen Jump as it was originally a bi-weekly magazine. In 1969, Shōnen Book ceased publication at which time Shōnen Jump became a weekly magazine and a new monthly magazine called Bessatsu Shōnen Jump was made to take Shōnen Book's place. This magazine was later rebranded as Monthly Shōnen Jump before eventually being discontinued and replaced by Jump SQ.
Golden age (1980s-90s)
Hiroki Goto was appointed chief editor in 1986 and remained in the position until 1993. His tenure saw significant increases in circulation, and the serialization of numerous popular series. When asked about the period, Goto stated: “We only tried to create manga that everybody can enjoy. There were no specific rules. Idol and tabloid magazines dominated in the Media & Entertainment industry at that time and we aimed to stand out from the crowd by using only manga as our weapon.” Famicom Jump: Hero Retsuden, released in 1988 for the Family Computer was produced to commemorate the magazine's 20th anniversary. It was followed by a sequel: Famicom Jump II: Saikyō no Shichinin in 1991, also for the Family Computer. Shōnen Jump's circulation continued to increase year on year until 1995, peaking at 6.53 million copies. By 1998, circulation had dropped to 4.15 million copies, a decline in part ascribed to the conclusion of popular manga series Dragon Ball and Slam Dunk.
Declining circulation and digital distribution (2000s- present)
In 2000, two more games were created for the purpose of commemorating the magazine's anniversaries. A crossover fighting game titled Jump Super Stars was released for the Nintendo DS in 2005. It was followed by Jump Ultimate Stars in 2006. A new crossover game, J-Stars Victory Vs., was released in 2014 for the PlayStation 3 and PlayStation Vita to commemorate Jump's 45 anniversary. Circulation for the magazine continued to decline through the 2000s and into the 2010s. Due to the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, the shipment of the 15th issue of 2011 was delayed in some areas of Japan. In response, Shueisha published the series included in that issue for free on its website from March 23 to April 27.
On July 11, 2013, the Namco Bandai Group opened an amusement park themed around Weekly Shōnen Jump series. Titled J-World Tokyo, it is located on the third floor of the Sunshine City World Import Mart Building in Ikebukuro and is 1.52 acres. In celebration of the magazine's 45th anniversary in 2013, Shueisha began a contest where anyone can submit manga in three different languages, Japanese, English and Chinese. Judged by the magazine's editorial department, four awards will be given, a grand prize and one for each language, each including 500,000 yen (about US$4,900) and guaranteed publication in either Jump, its special editions, North American edition, China's OK! Comic, or Taiwan's Formosa Youth.
On September 22, 2014, the free Shōnen Jump+ (少年ジャンプ+, Shōnen Janpu Purasu, abbreviated J+) mobile app and website was launched in Japan. It sells digital versions of the Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine, simultaneous with its print release, and tankōbon volumes of individual Jump series past and present. However, it also has large samples of the manga that can be read for free. There are also series that are serialized exclusively on the app, such as Marvel × Shōnen Jump+ Super Collaboration; unlike those in Weekly Shōnen Jump, these series may be aimed at adult men or women. These exclusive series are later published in print tankōbon volumes under the Jump Comics+ imprint.
A mobile phone app titled "Jump Live" was launched in August 2013, it features exclusive content from the artists whose series run in Weekly Shōnen Jump. By 2017, print circulation was down to under two million, less than a third of its peak during the golden age. This decline follows similar trends seen by other magazines in the sector.
On January 28, 2019, Shueisha launched the global English-language version of Shōnen Jump+, titled Manga Plus. It is freely available in every country except China and South Korea, which have their own separate services. A Spanish-language version was launched in February 2019, and has a different library of content. Like the Japanese app, it has large samples of manga that can be read for free including all the current titles of Weekly Shōnen Jump, a sizeable number of titles from Shōnen Jump+ and some titles from Jump Square. However, unlike the Japanese version; the latest chapters of current Weekly Shōnen Jump manga are made available free for a limited-time and it does not sell content.
Weekly Shōnen Jump, in association with parent company Shueisha, holds annual competitions for new or up and coming manga artists to create one-shot stories. The best are put to a panel of judges (including manga artists past and present) where the best are given a special award for the best of these new series. The Tezuka Award, named for manga pioneer Osamu Tezuka, is given for all different styles of stories. The Akatsuka Award, named for gag manga pioneer Fujio Akatsuka, is a similar competition for comedy and gag manga. Many Weekly Shōnen Jump manga artists have gotten their start either winning or being acknowledged by these competitions.
WSJ is also the center of the Shueisha's branding of its main manga products due to the popularity and recognition of the series and characters published in it. Although the manga are published both in the main magazine as well as in the Jump Comics imprint line of tankōbon, they also are republished in various other editions such as kanzenban and "Remixes" of the original work, usually publishing series older or previously established series. The Jump brand is also used on the tankōbon released of their manga series, related drama CDs, and at "Jump Festa", a festival showing off the people and products behind the Weekly Shōnen Jump manga titles.
Circulation and demographic
Weekly Shōnen Jump is the bestselling manga magazine in Japan. In 1982, Weekly Shōnen Jump had a circulation of 2.55 million. By 1995, circulation numbers swelled to 6.53 million. The magazine's former editor-in-chief Masahiko Ibaraki (2003-2008) stated this was due to the magazine including "hit titles such as Dragon Ball, Slam Dunk, and others." After hitting this peak, the circulation numbers continued to drop. 1998's New Year's issue was the first time in 24 years that Weekly Shōnen Jump lost as the highest selling shōnen manga magazine (4.15 million copies sold), ceding to Weekly Shōnen Magazine (4.45 million). It was not until 2007 that the magazine saw its first increase in 11 years, from 2.75 million to 2.78 million. An increase that Ibaraki credited to One Piece.
By publishing shōnen manga, the magazine is targeted to young boys. However, Index Digital reported in 2005 that the favorite non-shōjo magazine of elementary and middle school-aged female readers is Weekly Shōnen Jump at 61.9%. Strengthening it, Oricon conducted a poll among 2,933 female Japanese readers on their favorite manga magazines in 2007. Weekly Shōnen Jump was the number one answer, with One Piece, Death Note, and The Prince of Tennis cited as the reasons. In 2009, it was reported that 62.9% of the magazine's readers were under the age of fourteen.
There are currently twenty-one manga titles being serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump. Out of them, Hunter × Hunter is serialized on an irregular basis.
|Act-Age (アクタージュ act-age)||Tatsuya Matsuki, Shiro Usasaki||January 2018|
|Agravity Boys (AGRAVITY BOYS, Agurabiti Bōizu)||Atsushi Nakamura||December 2019|
|Black Clover (ブラッククローバー)||Yūki Tabata||February 2015|
|Bone Collection (ボーンコレクション, Bōn Korekushon)||Jun Kirarazaka||April 2020|
|Chainsaw Man (チェンソーマン)||Tatsuki Fujimoto||December 2018|
|Dr. Stone (ドクターストーン)||Riichiro Inagaki, Boichi||March 2017|
|Guardian of the Witch (魔女の守人, Majo no Moribito)||Asahi Sakano||February 2020|
|Haikyu!! (ハイキュー!!)||Haruichi Furudate||February 2012|
|Hunter × Hunter (ハンター×ハンター, Hantā Hantā)||Yoshihiro Togashi||March 1998|
|Jujutsu Kaisen (呪術廻戦)||Gege Akutami||March 2018|
|Mashle: Magic and Muscles (マッシュル-MASHLE-, Masshuru)||Hajime Kōmoto||January 2020|
|Mission: Yozakura Family (夜桜さんちの大作戦)||Hitsuji Gondaira||August 2019|
|Mitama Security: Spirit Busters (ミタマセキュ霊ティ, Mitama Sekyureti)||Tsurun Hatomune||September 2019|
|Moriking (森林王者モリキング, Shinrin Ōja Morikingu)||Tomohiro Hasegawa||April 2020|
|My Hero Academia (僕のヒーローアカデミア, Boku no Hīrō Akademia)||Kōhei Horikoshi||July 2014|
|One Piece (ワンピース, Wan Pīsu)||Eiichirō Oda||August 1997|
|The Promised Neverland (約束のネバーランド, Yakusoku no Neverland)||Kaiu Shirai, Posuka Demizu||August 2016|
|Time Paradox Ghostwriter (タイムパラドクスゴーストライター, Taimu Paradokusu Gōsutoraitā)||Kenji Ichima, Tsunehiro Date||May 2020|
|Undead Unluck (アンデッドアンラック, Andeddo Anrakku)||Yoshifumi Tozuka||January 2020|
|We Never Learn (ぼくたちは勉強ができない, Bokutachi wa Benkyou ga Dekinai)||Taishi Tsutsui||February 2017|
|Yuuna and the Haunted Hot Springs (ゆらぎ荘の幽奈さん, Yuragi-sou no Yūna-san)||Tadahiro Miura||February 2016|
Jump Next! (ジャンプNEXT!, Janpu NEXT!) was originally a seasonal offshoot of the Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine published on Japanese holidays. It became its own independent anthology that is published every other month on March 14, 2014. The magazine was published under the name Akamaru Jump (赤マルジャンプ, Akamaru Janpu) prior to April 30, 2010. Jump Next! features many amateur manga artists who get their one-shots published in the magazine. It also puts additional one-shot titles by professional manga artists, which promote upcoming series to be published in the main magazine. Lately it's also featuring the last chapters of cancelled series from Weekly Shōnen Jump, such as Enigma and Magico. It also features yonkoma of popular series such as Death Note and Naruto, as well as the pilot chapter of Bleach. Jump Next! has had several other past special versions:
- Aomaru Jump (青マルジャンプ, Aomaru Janpu) was a single issue of Akamaru Jump. One-shots that were featured in Aomaru Jump were Dead/Undead, Shōgai Oyaji Michi!, The Dream, Mieruhito, Yūtō ☆ Hōshi, and Fuku wa Jutsu.
- Jump the Revolution! (ジャンプ the REVOLUTION!) was a special edition of Akamaru Jump that was published in two issues in November 2005 and 2006. Jump the Revolution! contained one-shots of upcoming Weekly Shōnen Jump series and soon to be Jump SQ series.
V Jump (Vジャンプ, Bui Janpu) was originally an offshoot of the Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine in a special issue called Weekly Shōnen Jump Tokubetsu Henshū Zōkan V Jump (週刊少年ジャンプ特別編集増刊 V JUMP). The special issues lasted from 1992 through 1993. V Jump became its own independent anthology in 1993 for coverage of games, including video and card games.
Super Jump (スーパージャンプ, Sūpā Janpu) was also originally an offshoot of the Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine in a special issue called Weekly Shōnen Jump Tokubetsu Henshū Zōkan Super Jump (週刊少年ジャンプ特別編集増刊 スーパージャンプ). The magazine was published from 1968 to 1988, when it became a separate anthology for seinen manga.
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Manga titles from Weekly Shōnen Jump are translated into many foreign languages, and some even have their own separate version of the Weekly Shōnen Jump anthology. Weekly Shōnen Jump manga are also published in many other countries where the magazine itself is not published, like the United Kingdom, Argentina, Mexico, Spain, Australia, and South Korea.
Shonen Jump, published in North America by Viz Media, debuted in November 2002, with a January 2003 cover date. Though based on Weekly Shōnen Jump, the English language Shonen Jump is retooled for English readers and the American audience and is published monthly, instead of weekly. It features serialized chapters from seven manga series, and articles on Japanese language and culture, manga, anime, video games, and figurines. In conjunction with the magazine, Viz launched new imprints for releasing media related to the series presented in the magazine, and other shōnen works. This includes two new manga imprints, an anime DVD imprint, a fiction line for releasing light novels, a label for fan and data books, and a label for the release of art books.
Prior to the magazine's launch, Viz launched an extensive marketing campaign to promote the magazine and help it succeed where other manga anthologies in North America have failed. Shueisha purchased an equity interest in Viz to help fund the venture, and Cartoon Network, Suncoast, and Diamond Distributors became promotional partners in the magazine. The first issue required three printings to meet demand, with over 300,000 copies sold. It was awarded the ICv2 "Comic Product of the Year" award in December 2002, and continued to enjoy high sales with a monthly circulation of 215,000 in 2008. Shonen Jump was discontinued in April 2012 in favor of its digital successor, Weekly Shonen Jump.
Weekly Shonen Jump
Weekly Shonen Jump, Viz Media's successor to the monthly print anthology Shonen Jump, was a North American digital shōnen manga anthology published simultaneously with the Japanese editions of Weekly Shōnen Jump, in part to combat the copyright violation of manga through bootleg scanlation services. It began serialization on January 30, 2012, as Weekly Shonen Jump Alpha with a lineup of six titles and new issues published online two weeks after Japanese release, but within a year had expanded to twelve ongoing series, and on January 21, 2013, it underwent a rebranding and transitioned to simultaneous publication with Japan.
Banzai! is a German-language version of Weekly Shōnen Jump published by Carlsen Verlag that was published from 2001 through December 2005 before being canceled. In addition to the Weekly Shōnen Jump manga series, the magazine also included original German language manga-influenced comics. The magazine competed as a sister publication to a shōjo anthology called Daisuki. It had a circulation of 140,000 copies.
Remen Shaonian Top
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Rèmén Shàonián Top (熱門少年TOP) is the former weekly Chinese-language version of Weekly Shōnen Jump, published in Taiwan by Da Ran Publishing. In the 1990s Da Ran went bankrupt and the magazine had to cease publication. Rèmén Shàonián Top serialized series such as Yu-Gi-Oh!, Tottemo! Luckyman, Hikaru no Go, and One Piece as well as several other domestic manhua.
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Formosa Youth (寶島少年 Báodǎo Shàonián) is the current[when?] weekly Chinese version of Weekly Shōnen Jump. Formosa Youth features various series from Weekly Shōnen Jump. The Formosa Youth magazine translates Weekly Shōnen Jump manga up to date. A sister publication of Formosa Youth is Dragon Youth Comic (龍少年 Lóng Shàonián), which specializes in domestic manhua. In 1977, the Tong Li company was created and founded by Fang Wan-Nan which created bootlegs, this ended in 1992. A law in Taiwan restricted the act of bootlegging all manga. During 1992, Tong Li created many manga and manhua magazines, New Youth Bulletin, Youth Comic, Margaret Girl, Dragon Youth Comic, and Formosa Youth. Some series like One Piece and Hikaru no Go were first published in the manga/manhua magazine Rèmén Shàonián Top (熱門少年TOP) by Da Ran Publishing, but when Daran Publishing went bankrupt the series were transferred to Formosa Youth.
EX-am is the Hong Kong version of Weekly Shōnen Jump published by Culturecom Holdings's comic division Culturecom Comics, the largest comic distributors in all of Asia. The magazine published Hunter × Hunter, Captain Tsubasa and Dragon Ball—which holds the highest circulation of manga in Hong Kong, alongside the highest of domestic manhua which would be Chinese Hero: Tales of the Blood Sword.
C-Kids (ซีคิดส์ See Kít) is the Thai language Weekly Shōnen Jump published by Siam Inter Comics. C-Kids publishes many Weekly Shōnen Jump series such as One Piece, Gintama along with many original manga-influenced comics from the division Cartoon Thai Studio like EXEcutional.
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Boom (บูม) is another Thai language Weekly Shōnen Jump published by Nation Edutainment. Boom publishes many Weekly Shōnen Jump series such as Naruto, Death Note along with many original manga-influenced comics from Factory Studio like Meed Thii Sib-Sam and Apaimanee Saga.
Swedish Shonen Jump
In November 2004, Manga Media began publication of a Swedish language version of Weekly Shōnen Jump in Sweden, called Shonen Jump as a sister publication to their existing magazines Manga Mania and Shojo Stars. The magazine included chapters from various popular Weekly Shōnen Jump titles including Bleach, Naruto, Shaman King, and Yu-Gi-Oh!. In November 2007, after 37 issues published, Manga Media ceased publication of the magazine. It had a circulation of 30,000 copies.
Norwegian Shonen Jump
A Norwegian language edition of Weekly Shōnen Jump began publication in Norway in March 2005. Published by Schibsted Forlagene, the Norwegian edition was a direct translation of Bonnier's Swedish version of the magazine, containing the same series and titles. When Bonnier lost the license for Weekly Shōnen Jump, the Norwegian version also ceased publication, with the last issue released on February 26, 2007. They also created two short lived book imprints: "En Bok Fra Shonen Jump" (a book from Shonen Jump) for profile books and "Dragon Ball Ekstra" (Dragon Ball Extra) a line specifically for manga written by Akira Toriyama. Also a film comic based on the Dragon Ball Z anime was released under the "TV Anime Comic" imprint.
Jump Comics is used as an imprint label for publishing manga, most often for collected tankōbon volumes of manga series originally serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump and other Jump magazines. The imprint is published in the U.S. under the names Shonen Jump and Shonen Jump Advanced. Shōnen Jump Advanced was created for the distribution of manga series considered more mature due to content or themes. Series released under SJA include Eyeshield 21, Ichigo 100%, Pretty Face, I"s, Hunter × Hunter, Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo (first edition) and Death Note.
Weekly Shōnen Jump formerly ran a manga line of aizōban editions called Jump Comics Deluxe. Jump Comics+ is the imprint for all the manga series exclusively digitally released on the app and website Shonen Jump+ after the chapters of the series get reunited and released in print in tankōbon format. Weekly Shōnen Jump has also run a line of light novels and guidebooks called Jump J-Books. Weekly Shōnen Jump has also run a line bunkobon editions called Shueisha Comic Bunko. A line of large square-bound phone book size issues of early Jump Comics series named Shueisha Jump Remix has also been published.
|Year / Period||Weekly circulation||Magazine sales||Sales revenue (est.)||Issue price|
|January 2008 to September 2008||2,788,334||108,745,026||¥26,098,806,240|
|October 2008 to September 2009||2,809,362||146,086,824||¥35,060,837,760|
|October 2009 to September 2010||2,876,459||149,575,868||¥35,898,208,320|
|October 2010 to September 2011||2,890,000||150,280,000||¥36,067,200,000|
|October 2011 to September 2012||2,838,000||147,576,000||¥35,418,240,000|
|October 2012 to September 2013||2,812,041||146,226,132||¥36,556,533,000||¥250|
|October 2013 to September 2014||2,701,042||140,454,184||¥35,113,546,000|
|October 2014 to September 2015||2,449,792||127,389,184||¥33,121,187,840||¥260|
|October 2015 to September 2016||2,220,000||115,440,000||¥30,014,400,000|
|October 2016 to September 2017||1,903,542||98,984,184||¥25,735,887,840|
|October 2017 to September 2018||1,773,125||92,202,500||¥23,972,650,000|
|October 2018 to September 2019||1,670,245||86,852,740||¥22,581,712,400|
|1968 to September 2019||3,117,207||7,639,739,401[a]||¥1,663,464,829,400 ($20.194 billion)||¥218|
The following table lists the manga series that have had the highest circulation in Shōnen Jump magazine. It lists the number of issues where they're serialized, and estimated circulation figures and sales revenue of those Shōnen Jump issues (based on the magazine circulation figures above). Of the series listed below, only Bleach and Gintama began their serialization after the conclusion of the golden age in the late 1990s.
|Manga series||First Issue||Final Issue||Issues||Weekly circulation (est.)||Total circulation (est.)||Sales revenue (est.)|
|KochiKame||#42, 1976||#42, 2016||1,960||3,117,207||6,109,725,720||¥1,264,713,224,040 ($15.448 billion)|
|JoJo's Bizarre Adventure||#1-2, 1987||#19, 2003||752||4,801,765||3,610,927,280||¥713,117,176,736 ($8.937 billion)|
|One Piece||#34, 1997||present||940||3,332,759||3,175,460,142||¥765,039,111,480 ($8.825 billion)|
|Dragon Ball||#51, 1984||#25, 1995||519||5,696,397||2,956,430,000||¥553,694,900,000 ($6.939 billion)|
|Naruto||#43, 1999||#50, 2014||700||3,284,492||2,299,144,444||¥545,946,848,920 ($6.53 billion)|
|Bleach||#36-37, 2001||#38, 2016||698||3,127,815||2,183,214,876||¥533,008,161,240 ($6.169 billion)|
|Dragon Quest||#45, 1989||#52, 1996||349||5,971,250||2,083,966,250||¥395,953,587,500 ($4.962 billion)|
|Gin Tama||#2, 2004||#42, 2018||704||2,825,175||1,988,923,401||¥513,733,058,820 ($5.714 billion)|
|Slam Dunk||#42, 1990||#27, 1996||276||6,110,000||1,686,360,000||¥330,841,200,000 ($4.146 billion)|
|Ultimate Muscle||#22, 1979||#21, 1987||387||3,963,359||1,533,820,000||¥270,256,200,000 ($3.387 billion)|
|Rurouni Kenshin||#19, 1994||#43, 1999||255||5,566,784||1,419,530,000||¥298,101,300,000 ($3.736 billion)|
|Yu-Gi-Oh!||#42, 1996||#15, 2004||343||4,035,569||1,384,200,000||¥290,682,000,000 ($3.643 billion)|
|Hunter × Hunter||#14, 1998||present||390||2,895,187||1,129,122,930||¥261,372,714,104 ($3.879 billion)|
|Fist of the North Star||#41, 1983||#35, 1988||245||4,536,857||1,111,530,000||¥200,075,400,000 ($2.508 billion)|
|City Hunter||#13, 1985||#50, 1991||193||4,940,743||953,563,399||¥171,641,411,820 ($2.151 billion)|
|Captain Tsubasa||#18, 1981||#37-38, 1997||178||4,649,038||827,528,750||¥159,040,125,000 ($1.993 billion)|
|Saint Seiya||#1, 1986||#49, 1990||110||4,801,000||528,110,000||¥95,059,800,000 ($1.191 billion)|
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