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List of invertebrates of California

This list of invertebrates of California lists invertebrate species (animals without a backbone) that are found in the US State of California. This list includes animals from the land, from freshwater, and from the ocean. The sequence of phyla is alphabetical.

Species that are endemic to the State of California are indicated using an [e], introduced species with an [i], and invasive species with an [n].

Contents

AcanthocephalaEdit

AcoelomorphaEdit

Annelida[1][2]Edit

ArthropodaEdit

Subphylum Crustacea

Class BranchiopodaEdit

Order AnostracaEdit

Family Branchinectidae, fairy shrimpEdit
Species Common name
Branchinecta conservatio Conservancy fairy shrimp
Branchinecta longiantenna Longhorn fairy shrimp
Branchinecta sandiegoensis San Diego fairy shrimp
Branchinecta lynchi Vernal Pool fairy shrimp
Streptocephalus woottoni Riverside fairy shrimp
Pacifastacus fortis Shasta crayfish, placid crayfish

Order NotostracaEdit

Family Triopsidae, tadpole shrimpEdit
Species Common name
Lepidurus packardi Vernal pool tadpole shrimp

Class MalacostracaEdit

Order DecapodaEdit

Family Atyidae, freshwater shrimpEdit
Species Common name
Syncaris pacifica California freshwater shrimp

BrachiopodaEdit

BryozoaEdit

ChaetognathaEdit

ChordataEdit

Subphylum Urochordata[3]

Class AscidiaceaEdit

Order EnterogonaEdit

Family Aplousobranchia,[3] sea squirtsEdit
Species Common name
Aplidium californicum Sea Pork
Aplidium solidum Red Ascidian, Sea Pork
Clavelina huntsmani
Cystodytes lobatus
Didemnum carnulentum
Diplosoma listerianum
Distaplia smithi
Distaplia occidentalis
Eudistoma molle
Eudistoma psammion
Euherdmania claviformis
Polyclinum planum Elephant ear tunicate
Pycnoclavella stanleyi
Ritterella pulchra
Ritterella rubra
Synoicum parfustis
Trididemnum opacum
Family Phlebobranchia, sea squirtsEdit
Species Common name
Ascidia ceratodes
Corella willmeriana Transparent tunicate, transparent sea squirt, solitary tunicate
Ciona savignyi[i][n] Pacific transparent sea squirt or solitary sea squirt
Perophora annectens
Family StolidobranchiaEdit
Species Common name
Botryllus schlosseri
Boltenia villosa
Cnemidocarpa finmarkiensis
Halocynthia igaboja
Metandrocarpa taylori
Pyura haustor
Styela montereyensis

Subphylum Cephalochordata

Family StolidobranchiaEdit
Species Common name
Branchiostoma californiense[4]

Class InsectaEdit

Order ColeopteraEdit

Family Carabidae, ground beetlesEdit
Species Common name
Cicindela ohlone Ohlone tiger beetle
Elaphrus viridis Delta green ground beetle
Family Cerambycidae, longhorn beetlesEdit
Species Common name
Desmocerus californicus dimorphus Valley elderberry longhorn beetle
Family Scarabaeidae, scarabsEdit
Species Common name
Polyphylla barbata Mount Hermon June beetle

Order DipteraEdit

Family Mydidae, mydas fliesEdit
Species Common name
Rhaphiomidas terminatus abdominalis Delhi Sands flower-loving fly

Order LepidopteraEdit

Family Hesperiidae, skippersEdit
Species Common name
Pyrgus ruralis lagunae Laguna Mountains skipper
Family NymphalidaeEdit
Species Common name
Speyeria zerene behrensii Behren's silverspot butterfly
Speyeria callippe callippe Callippe silverspot butterfly
Speyeria zerene myrtleae Myrtle's silverspot butterfly
Speyeria zerene hippolyta Oregon silverspot butterfly
Euphydryas editha bayensis Bay checkerspot butterfly
Euphydryas editha quino Quino checkerspot
Family Lycaenidae, gossamer-winged butterfliesEdit
Species Common name
Euphilotes enoptes smithi' Smith's blue butterfly
Euphilotes battoides allyni El Segundo blue butterfly
Glaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdesensis Palos Verdes blue butterfly
Icaricia icarioides missionensis Mission blue butterfly
Incisalia mossii bayensis San Bruno elfin butterfly
Family Riodinidae, metalmarksEdit
Species Common name
Apodemia mormo langei Lange's metalmark butterfly
Family Polyommatinae, blues butterfliesEdit
Species Common name
Lycaeides argyrognomon lotis Lotis blue butterfly
Family Sphingidae, hawk moths, sphinx mothsEdit
Species Common name
Euproserpinus euterpe Kern primrose sphinx moth

Order OrthopteraEdit

Family AcrididaeEdit
Species Common name
Trimerotropis infantilis Zayante band-winged grasshopper

CnidariaEdit

CtenophoraEdit

CycliophoraEdit

EchinodermataEdit

EchiuraEdit

EntoproctaEdit

EctoproctaEdit

GastrotrichaEdit

GnathostomulidaEdit

HemichordataEdit

KinorhynchaEdit

LoriciferaEdit

MicrognathozoaEdit

MolluscaEdit

Class GastropodaEdit

Order ArchaeogastropodaEdit

(Clade Vetigastropoda, superfamily Haliotoidea or superfamily Pleurotomariacea (archaeology))

Family HaliotidaeEdit
Species Common name
Haliotis sorenseni White abalone

Order PulmonataEdit

(Superfamily Helicoidea)

Family HelminthoglyptidaeEdit
Species Common name
Helminthoglypta walkeriana Banded Dune Snail, Morro shoulderband

Order HelicoideaEdit

Family MonadeniidaeEdit
Species Common name
Monadenia setosa Trinity bristle snail

MesozoaEdit

NematodaEdit

NematomorphaEdit

NemerteaEdit

OnychophoraEdit

TonguewormsEdit

PhoronidaEdit

PlacozoaEdit

PlatyhelminthesEdit

PogonophoraEdit

PoriferaEdit

PriapulidaEdit

RotiferaEdit

SipunculaEdit

TardigradaEdit

XenoturbellidaEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Wood & James (1993)
  2. ^ a b c d James, S W (1994)
  3. ^ a b Watanabe, James M.
  4. ^ Vargas & Dean (2010)

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Watanabe, James M. (2011). "Ascidians".
  • Gordon Ramel. "The Invertebrate Phyla".
  • James, S W (1994). "New Species Of Diplocardia And Argilophilus (Annelida, Oligochaeta, Megascolecidae) From Southern California". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Washington,Biological Society of Washington. 107: 12.
  • Wood, Hulton B.; Samuel W. James (April 1993). "Native and Introduced Earthworms from Selected Chaparral, Woodland, and Riparian Zones in Southern California" (PDF). United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station. Retrieved 5 August 2014. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Vargas, José A.; Dean, Harlan K. (2010). "On Branchiostoma californiense (Cephalochordata) from the Gulf of Nicoya estuary, Costa Rica" (PDF). Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (CIMAR). Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  • ,, , (March 2014). "Threatened and Endangered Invertebrates - California Department of Fish and Wildlife". http://www.dfg.ca.gov/biogeodata/cnddb/pdfs/TEAnimals.pdf. California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved 5 August 2014. External link in |work= (help)CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)