List of invasive species in Florida

Invasive species in Florida are introduced organisms that cause damage to the environment, human economy, or human health in Florida.[1] Native plants and animals can become threatened by from the spread of invasive species.

The Burmese python is considered an invasive species in Florida









According to the non-governmental organisation FLEPPC, the invasive species of plant in 2019 are the following list. Compared to older lists, a number of species have been removed when it became more apparent that they were in fact native to Florida or that their impact was less severe than feared by the organisation, while three or four species have been added in the last decade or so, and two species were originally misidentified. There are many more exotic species in Florida which occur as ornamental garden plants or garden escapes. FLEPPC has no legal authority, this list is merely a recommendation.[56][57] In Florida, a number of plant species are declared invasive species by either state of federal legislature. Most of these are water plants which are not listed below.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Florida's Exotic Fish and Wildlife". Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  2. ^ "Rattus norvegicus (brown rat)".
  3. ^ "Rattus rattus (black rat)".
  4. ^ "Axis axis (Indian spotted deer)".
  5. ^ "Land Mammals - House Mouse". Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  6. ^ "Wild Hog". Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  7. ^[dead link]
  8. ^ "Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)" (PDF). Florida State Parks. Florida Department of Environmental Protection. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  9. ^ "Vulpes vulpes (red fox)".
  10. ^ Tilmant, James T. (September 1980). Investigations of Rodent Damage to the Thatch Palms Thrinax morrisii and Thrinax radiata on Elliott Key, Biscayne National Park, Florida (PDF). Everglades National Park, South Florida Research Center (Technical report). National Park Service. M-589.
  11. ^ Palmer, Geoffrey H.; Koprowski, John L.; Pernas, Anthony J. (February 2014). "Distribution and spread of an introduced insular population of red-bellied squirrels (Sciurus aureogaster) in Florida". Mammalia. 78 (1): 67–73. doi:10.1515/mammalia-2012-0141. Retrieved 2 December 2022.
  12. ^ "Rhesus Macaque". Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  13. ^ Ober, Holly K.; DeGroote, Lucas W.; Mizell, Russell F. (2 November 2017). "Baiting the Nine-Banded Armadillo". UF/IFAS Extension. University of Florida. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  14. ^ Taulman, J F; Robbins, L W (1996). "Recent range expansion and distributional limits of the nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) in the United States". Journal of Biogeography. 23 (5): 635–648. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.1996.tb00024.x.
  15. ^ "Passer domesticus (house sparrow)".
  16. ^ "cairina moschata (muscovy duck)". Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  17. ^ "Columba livia (pigeons)".
  18. ^ "Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)".
  19. ^ "Pavo cristatas (Peacock)".
  20. ^ Tracey, John; Gehrke, Brandon (2022). "Sturnus vulgaris (common starling)". Cabi Compendium. CABI Compendium: 51979. doi:10.1079/cabicompendium.51979. S2CID 253611022.
  21. ^ "Sturnus Vulgaris (European starling)".
  22. ^ "Northern African Python". Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  23. ^ "Python sebae (African rock python)". 17 August 2020.
  24. ^ "WEC295/UW340: Florida Invader: Tegu Lizard".
  25. ^ "Ctenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)".
  26. ^ "Brown anole". Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  27. ^[dead link]
  28. ^ "Boa constrictor imperator". Global Invasive Species Database.
  29. ^ "Boa constrictor (common boa)". 10 September 2010.
  30. ^ "Hemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)".
  31. ^ Krysko, Kenneth L; Enge, Kevin M; Donlan, Ellen M; Seitz, Jason C (2007), "Distribution, Natural History, and Impacts of the Introduced Green Iguana in Florida", Iguana: Conservation, Natural History, and Husbandry of Reptiles, International Reptile Conservation Foundation, 14 (3): 142–151
  32. ^[bare URL PDF]
  33. ^ "Trachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)".
  34. ^
  35. ^ "Eleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)".
  36. ^ "WEC320/UW365: The Invasion of Exotic Reptiles and Amphibians in Florida".
  37. ^ "Greenhouse Frog (Eleutherodactylus planirostris)". Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  38. ^ "Hemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)".
  39. ^ "Monopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)".
  40. ^ "Blue Tilapia". Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  41. ^ "Black Acara". Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  42. ^ "Bullseye Snakehead". Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  43. ^ "Clown Knifefish". Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission.
  44. ^ "Lionfish: An Invasive Species".
  45. ^ "lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) - Species Profile".
  46. ^ "Cichlasoma urophthalmum (Mayan cichlid)".
  47. ^ "Channa argus argus (northern snakehead)".
  48. ^ "Astronotus ocellatus (oscar)".
  49. ^ "Pike Killifish (Belonesox belizanus) - Species Profile".
  50. ^ "Tilapia mariae (spotted tilapia)".
  51. ^ "Clarias batrachus (walking catfish)".
  52. ^ "Acanthogobius flavimanus".
  53. ^ "Cyprinus carpio". Global Invasive Species Database.
  54. ^ "Cyprinus carpio".
  55. ^ a b c d Chouvenc, Thomas, Rudolf H. Scheffrahn, and Lyle Buss. "Termite Species Distribution in Florida and UF Termite Identification Services: ENY-2079/IN1360, 05/2022." EDIS 2022.3 (2022)
  56. ^ "List of invasive plant species" (PDF). FLEPPC website ( Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. 2013.
  57. ^[bare URL PDF]
  58. ^ Evans, Jason M. (2013). "Pistia stratiotes L. in the Florida Peninsula: Biogeographic Evidence and Conservation Implications of Native Tenure for an ′Invasive′ Aquatic Plant". Conservation and Society. 11 (3): 233. doi:10.4103/0972-4923.121026. ISSN 0972-4923.
  59. ^ "Invasive Species: Aquatic Species - Water Lettuce (Pistia stratiotes)". National Invasive Species Information Center. National Agricultural Library, United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2014-03-22.