List of heads of government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This article lists the heads of government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly the Republic of the Congo and Zaire) since the country's independence in 1960.

The current head of government is Prime Minister Sylvestre Ilunga, since 20 May 2019.

Titles of heads of governmentEdit

  • 1960: Prime Minister
  • 1960–1961: Chairman of the College of Commissioners-General
  • 1961–1966: Prime Minister
  • 1971–1990[a]: First State Commissioner
  • 1990–1997; 2006–present: Prime Minister

Heads of government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1960–present)Edit

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Republic of the Congo (1960–1971)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1   Patrice Lumumba
(1925–1961)
24 June 1960
(appointed)
5 September 1960
(dismissed)
73 days Mouvement National Congolais
(Lumumba faction)
2   Joseph Iléo
(1921–1994)
5 September 1960 20 September 1960 15 days Mouvement National Congolais
(Kalonji faction)
3   Justin Marie Bomboko
(1928–2014)
4 October 1960 9 February 1961 128 days Independent
  Antoine Gizenga
(1925–2019)
(disputed)[b]
13 December 1960 5 August 1961 235 days Parti Solidaire Africain
(Gizenga faction)
(2)   Joseph Iléo
(1921–1994)
9 February 1961 2 August 1961 174 days Mouvement National Congolais
(Kalonji faction)
4   Cyrille Adoula
(1921–1978)
2 August 1961 30 June 1964 2 years, 333 days Mouvement National Congolais
5   Moïse Tshombe
(1919–1969)
10 July 1964 13 October 1965 1 year, 95 days CONACO
6   Évariste Kimba
(1926–1966)
18 October 1965 14 November 1965 32 days CONAKAT
7   Léonard Mulamba
(1928–1986)[c]
25 November 1965 26 October 1966 335 days Military
Post abolished (26 October 1966 – 27 October 1971)

Republic of Zaire (1971–1997)Edit

Post abolished (27 October 1971 – 6 July 1977)
8   Mpinga Kasenda
(1937–1994)
6 July 1977 6 March 1979 1 year, 243 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
9   André Bo-Boliko Lokonga Monse Mihambo
(1934–2018)
6 March 1979 27 August 1980 1 year, 174 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
10   Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond
(1938–2003)
27 August 1980 23 April 1981[d] 239 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
11   N'singa Udjuu Ongwabeki Untubu
(born 1934)
23 April 1981 5 November 1982 1 year, 196 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
12   Léon Kengo wa Dondo
(born 1935)
5 November 1982 31 October 1986 3 years, 360 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
Post vacant (31 October 1986 – 22 January 1987)
13   Mabi Mulumba
(born 1941)
22 January 1987 7 March 1988 1 year, 45 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
14   Sambwa Pida Nbagui
(1940–1998)
7 March 1988 26 November 1988 264 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
(12)   Léon Kengo wa Dondo
(born 1935)
26 November 1988 4 May 1990 1 year, 159 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
15   Lunda Bululu
(born 1942)
4 May 1990 1 April 1991 332 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
16   Mulumba Lukoji
(1943–1997)
1 April 1991 29 September 1991[e] 181 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
17   Étienne Tshisekedi
(1932–2017)
29 September 1991 1 November 1991 33 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
18   Bernardin Mungul Diaka
(1933–1999)
1 November 1991 25 November 1991 24 days Democratic Assembly for the Republic
(10)   Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond
(1938–2003)
25 November 1991 15 August 1992 264 days Union of Federalists and Independent Republicans
(17)   Étienne Tshisekedi
(1932–2017)
15 August 1992 18 March 1993 215 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
19   Faustin Birindwa
(1943–1999)
18 March 1993 14 January 1994 302 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
(12)   Léon Kengo wa Dondo
(born 1935)
6 July 1994 2 April 1997 2 years, 270 days Union of Independent Democrats
(17)   Étienne Tshisekedi
(1932–2017)
2 April 1997 9 April 1997 7 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
20   Likulia Bolongo
(born 1939)
9 April 1997 16 May 1997[f] 7 days Military

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1997–present)Edit

Post abolished (16 May 1997 – 30 December 2006)
21   Antoine Gizenga
(1925–2019)
30 December 2006 10 October 2008 1 year, 285 days Unified Lumumbist Party
22   Adolphe Muzito
(born 1957)
10 October 2008 6 March 2012 3 years, 148 days Unified Lumumbist Party
  Louis Alphonse Koyagialo
(1947–2014)
Acting Prime Minister
6 March 2012 18 April 2012 43 days Unified Lumumbist Party
23   Augustin Matata Ponyo
(born 1964)
18 April 2012 17 November 2016 4 years, 213 days People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy
24   Samy Badibanga
(born 1962)
17 November 2016 18 May 2017 182 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
25   Bruno Tshibala
(born 1956)
18 May 2017 7 September 2019 2 years, 112 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
26   Sylvestre Ilunga
(born 1947)
7 September 2019 Incumbent 135 days People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy

Rank by time in officeEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ After Law No. 90-002 of 5 July 1990 was promulgated, the position of "First State Commissioner" was replaced with "Prime Minister." See Articles 94 — 98 of the Constitution of Zaire (as amended by Law No. 90-002) for details. Source
  2. ^ Prime Minister of the Free Republic of the Congo, in rebellion at Stanleyville, during the Congo Crisis.[1]
  3. ^ Chief of Staff since October 1964, until named Prime Minister after coup of 25 November 1965. Removed from premiership 26 October 1966, following pressure from army high command. Mobutu became head of government as well as head of state. Born Kasaï 1930, Joined Force publique 1949, Sergeant Major by 1960, quickly became an officer. 1962 assigned to command the 3rd Groupement at Kisangani. 'Gained international fame for.. defence of Bukavu and for conducting one of the most decisive battles of the 1964 north-east revolution. When Kisangani was recaptured from rebel forces in 1964 he was named military governor of the entire northeastern region.' 'General Mulamba has always enjoyed great popularity with the troops. He is known for his straightforward approach to problems. He has a sizeable farm outside Kinshasa to which, he has said, he would like to retire some day.' (Sydney Taylor, The New Africans, 1967, p.102)
  4. ^ Fled into exile while on an official visit to Belgium.
  5. ^ Resigned after the military riots in Kinshasa.
  6. ^ Deposed in the First Congo War.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ James, Alan (1996). Britain and the Congo Crisis, 1960–63 (illustrated ed.). Springer. pp. xix. ISBN 9781349245284.

External linksEdit