List of governors of Missouri

The governor of Missouri is the head of government of the U.S. state of Missouri and the commander-in-chief of the Missouri National Guard. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Missouri Legislature,to convene the legislature and grant pardons, except in cases of impeachment.

Governor of Missouri
Seal of Missouri.svg
Mike Parson official photo (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Mike Parson

since June 1, 2018
StyleThe Honorable
ResidenceMissouri Governor's Mansion
Term lengthFour years, renewable once[1]
PrecursorGovernor of Missouri Territory
Inaugural holderAlexander McNair
FormationSeptember 18, 1820
(202 years ago)
 (1820-09-18) Constitution of Missouri
DeputyLieutenant Governor of Missouri
SalaryUS$133,820.88 per year
(2013)[2]
WebsiteOfficial Website

The following is a list of governors of Missouri since its territory became part of the United States.

Number of Governors of Missouri by party affiliation[a]
Party Governors
Democratic 38
Republican 15
Democratic-Republican 3
Liberal Republican 1

Missouri was part of the Louisiana Purchase, which the United States purchased from France in 1803. In its first year it was part of Louisiana. In 1804 all of the territory above what is modern-day Louisiana was broken off and administered by a governor based in St. Louis, Missouri until statehood.

Prior to the purchase both France and Spain administered the territory in a similar manner. France initially had a commandant in charge of Upper Louisiana. Spain around 1770 began having a lieutenant governor in St. Louis and governor in New Orleans, Louisiana ruling the whole territory. For a list of governors under Spanish and French rule see Louisiana Governor. For a list of lieutenant governors ruling Upper Louisiana under French and Spanish control see List of commandants of the Illinois Country.

Since the state capitol moved to Jefferson City in 1826 the governor has lived in the Missouri Governor's Mansion a block east of the Missouri State Capitol (although the current mansion is the third one).

Two governors have served non-consecutive terms, Phil M. Donnelly and Kit Bond.

The current governor is Mike Parson, a member of the Republican Party.

GovernorsEdit

List of Missouri Governors

QualificationsEdit

Anyone who seeks to be elected Governor of Missouri must meet the following qualifications:[3]

  • Be at least thirty years old
  • Be a citizen of the United States for at least 15 years
  • Be a resident of Missouri for at least 10 years

Commandant of LouisianaEdit

Commandant of Louisiana
No. Commandant Term in office Appointed by
1     Amos Stoddard
    October 26, 1762 – May 11, 1813   
(aged 50)
March 10, 1804

October 1, 1804
Thomas Jefferson

Governor of the District of LouisianaEdit

On March 26, 1804, an act of congress divided Louisiana into two territories or districts: land south of the 33rd parallel became the Territory of Orleans; land north of the 33rd parallel, the District of Louisiana. The act took effect October 1, 1804, upon which the District of Louisiana was placed under the governance of Indiana Territory, then governed by William Henry Harrison.[4]

Governors of the District of Louisiana
No. Governor Term in office Appointed by
1     William Henry Harrison
    February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841   
(aged 68)
October 1, 1804

July 4, 1805
Thomas Jefferson

Governors of Louisiana Territory and Missouri TerritoryEdit

The citizens of the District of Louisiana, unhappy with the governance specified by the act of 1804, set about immediately to petition Congress for a return to a military-style government to which they were accustomed under Spanish rule. Congress responded by passing an act on March 3, 1805 which changed the name of the District of Louisiana to the Territory of Louisiana. Power was vested in a governor who was appointed by the president to a term of 3 years. During times of vacancy, the secretary would act as governor.[4]

On June 4, 1812, the Territory of Louisiana was renamed the Territory of Missouri to avoid confusion with the newly admitted state of Louisiana. Later, Arkansas Territory was separated from the Territory of Missouri on July 4, 1819.[4]


Governors of Louisiana Territory and Missouri Territory
No. Governor Term in office Appointed by
1     James Wilkinson
    March 24, 1757 – December 28, 1825   
(aged 68)
July 4, 1805

March 3, 1807[b]
Thomas Jefferson
2   Meriwether Lewis
    August 18, 1774 – October 11, 1809   
(aged 35)
March 3, 1807

October 11, 1809
(died in office)[c]
3   Benjamin Howard
    1760 – September 18, 1814   
(aged 53–54)
April 17, 1810

October 31, 1812[d]
James Madison
4   William Clark
    August 1, 1770 – September 1, 1838   
(aged 68)
July 1, 1813

September 18, 1820
5   Alexander McNair
    May 5, 1775 – March 18, 1826   
(aged 50)
September 18, 1820

November 15, 1824[e]
James Monroe

Governors of MissouriEdit

Parties

  Democratic-Republican (3)   Democratic (38)   Republican (15)   Liberal Republican (1)

Governors of the State of Missouri
No. Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor[f]
1     Alexander McNair
    May 5, 1775 – March 18, 1826   
(aged 50)
September 18, 1820[g]

November 15, 1824
Democratic-
Republican
1820   William Henry Ashley
2   Frederick Bates
    June 23, 1777 – August 4, 1825   
(aged 48)
November 15, 1824

August 4, 1825
(died in office)
Democratic-
Republican
1824 Benjamin Harrison Reeves
(resigned July 1825)
3   Abraham J. Williams
    February 26, 1781 – December 30, 1839   
(aged 58)
August 4, 1825[h]

January 20, 1826
Democratic-
Republican
N/A Vacant
4     John Miller
    November 25, 1781 – March 18, 1846   
(aged 64)
January 20, 1826

November 19, 1832
Democratic 1825
(special)[i]
1828   Daniel Dunklin
5   Daniel Dunklin
    January 14, 1790 – August 25, 1844   
(aged 54)
November 19, 1832

September 30, 1836
(resigned)[j]
Democratic 1832 Lilburn W. Boggs
6   Lilburn Boggs
    December 14, 1796 – March 14, 1860   
(aged 63)
September 30, 1836

November 16, 1840
(term limited)[k]
Democratic Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
1836   Franklin Cannon
7   Thomas Reynolds
    March 12, 1796 – February 9, 1844   
(aged 47)
November 16, 1840

February 9, 1844
(died in office)
Democratic 1840 Meredith Miles Marmaduke
8   Meredith Miles Marmaduke
    August 28, 1791 – March 26, 1864   
(aged 72)
February 9, 1844

November 20, 1844
Democratic Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
9   John C. Edwards
    June 24, 1804 – October 14, 1888   
(aged 84)
November 20, 1844

November 20, 1848
(term limited)
Democratic 1844   James Young
10   Austin Augustus King
    September 21, 1802 – April 22, 1870   
(aged 68)
November 20, 1848

January 3, 1853
(term limited)
Democratic 1848 Thomas Lawson Price
11   Sterling Price
    September 14, 1809 – September 29, 1867   
(aged 58)
January 3, 1853

January 5, 1857
(term limited)
Democratic 1852 Wilson Brown
(appointed August 27, 1855)
12   Trusten Polk
    May 29, 1811 – April 16, 1876   
(aged 64)
January 5, 1857

February 27, 1857
(resigned)[l]
Democratic 1856 Hancock Lee Jackson
13   Hancock Lee Jackson
    May 12, 1796 – March 19, 1876   
(aged 79)
February 27, 1857

October 22, 1857
(successor took office)[m]
Democratic Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
14   Robert Marcellus Stewart
    March 12, 1815 – September 21, 1871   
(aged 56)
October 22, 1857

January 3, 1861
Democratic 1857
(special)[n]
  Hancock Lee Jackson
15   Claiborne Fox Jackson
    April 4, 1806 – December 6, 1862   
(aged 56)
January 3, 1861

July 23, 1861[o]
Democratic 1860 Thomas Caute Reynolds
16     Hamilton Rowan Gamble
    November 29, 1798 – January 31, 1864   
(aged 65)
July 31, 1861[p]

January 31, 1864
(died in office)
Republican N/A   Willard Preble Hall
17   Willard Preble Hall
    May 9, 1820 – November 2, 1882   
(aged 62)
January 31, 1864

January 2, 1865
Republican Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
18   Thomas Clement Fletcher
    January 21, 1827 – March 25, 1899   
(aged 72)
January 2, 1865

January 12, 1869
(term limited)
Republican 1864   George Smith
19   Joseph W. McClurg
    February 22, 1818 – December 2, 1900   
(aged 82)
January 12, 1869

January 4, 1871
(term limited)
Republican 1868 Edwin O. Stanard
20     B. Gratz Brown
    May 28, 1826 – December 13, 1885   
(aged 59)
January 4, 1871

January 3, 1873
(term limited)
Liberal Republican 1870   Joseph J. Gravely
(died April 28, 1872)
21     Silas Woodson
    May 18, 1819 – October 9, 1896   
(aged 77)
January 3, 1873

January 12, 1875
(term limited)
Democratic 1872 Charles Phillip Johnson
22   Charles Henry Hardin
    July 15, 1820 – July 29, 1892   
(aged 72)
January 12, 1875

January 8, 1877
(term limited)
Democratic 1874   Norman Jay Coleman
23   John Smith Phelps
    December 22, 1814 – November 20, 1886   
(aged 71)
January 8, 1877

January 10, 1881
(term limited)
Democratic 1876 Henry Clay Brockmeyer
24   Thomas Theodore Crittenden
    January 1, 1832 – May 29, 1909   
(aged 77)
January 10, 1881

January 12, 1885
(term limited)
Democratic 1880 Robert Alexander Campbell
25   John S. Marmaduke
    March 14, 1833 – December 28, 1887   
(aged 54)
January 12, 1885

December 28, 1887
(died in office)
Democratic 1884 Albert P. Morehouse
26   Albert P. Morehouse
    July 11, 1835 – September 23, 1891   
(aged 56)
December 28, 1887

January 14, 1889
(lost renomination)
Democratic Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
27   David R. Francis
    October 1, 1850 – January 15, 1927   
(aged 76)
January 14, 1889

January 9, 1893
(term limited)
Democratic 1888   Stephen Hugh Claycomb
28   William J. Stone
    May 7, 1848 – April 14, 1918   
(aged 69)
January 9, 1893

January 11, 1897
(term limited)
Democratic 1892 John Baptiste O'Meara
29   Lawrence Vest Stephens
    December 1, 1858 – January 10, 1923   
(aged 64)
January 11, 1897

January 14, 1901
(term limited)
Democratic 1896 August Henry Bolte
30   Alexander Monroe Dockery
    February 11, 1845 – December 26, 1926   
(aged 81)
January 14, 1901

January 9, 1905
(term limited)
Democratic 1900 John Adams Lee
(resigned April 25, 1903)
Thomas L. Rubey
(appointed April 25, 1903)
31   Joseph W. Folk
    October 28, 1869 – May 28, 1923   
(aged 53)
January 9, 1905

January 11, 1909
(term limited)
Democratic 1904   John C. McKinley
32     Herbert S. Hadley
    February 20, 1872 – December 1, 1927   
(aged 55)
January 11, 1909

January 13, 1913
(term limited)
Republican 1908 Jacob Friedrich Gmelich
33     Elliot Woolfolk Major
    October 20, 1864 – July 9, 1949   
(aged 84)
January 13, 1913

January 8, 1917
(term limited)
Democratic 1912   William Rock Painter
34   Frederick D. Gardner
    November 6, 1869 – December 18, 1933   
(aged 64)
January 8, 1917

January 10, 1921
(term limited)
Democratic 1916 Wallace Crossley
35     Arthur M. Hyde
    July 12, 1877 – October 17, 1947   
(aged 70)
January 10, 1921

January 12, 1925
(term limited)
Republican 1920   Hiram Lloyd
36   Samuel Aaron Baker
    November 7, 1874 – September 16, 1933   
(aged 58)
January 12, 1925

January 14, 1929
(term limited)
Republican 1924 Phillip Allen Bennett
37   Henry S. Caulfield
    December 9, 1873 – May 11, 1966   
(aged 92)
January 14, 1929

January 9, 1933
(term limited)
Republican 1928 Edward Henry Winter
38     Guy Brasfield Park
    June 10, 1872 – October 1, 1946   
(aged 74)
January 9, 1933

January 11, 1937
(term limited)
Democratic 1932   Frank Gaines Harris
(died December 30, 1944)
39   Lloyd C. Stark
    November 23, 1886 – September 17, 1972   
(aged 85)
January 11, 1937

February 26, 1941
(term limited)[q]
Democratic 1936
40     Forrest C. Donnell
    August 20, 1884 – March 3, 1980   
(aged 95)
February 26, 1941[r]

January 8, 1945
(term limited)
Republican 1940
41     Phil M. Donnelly
    March 6, 1891 – September 12, 1961   
(aged 70)
January 8, 1945

January 10, 1949
(term limited)
Democratic 1944 Walter Naylor Davis
42   Forrest Smith
    February 14, 1886 – March 8, 1962   
(aged 76)
January 10, 1949

January 12, 1953
(term limited)
Democratic 1948 James T. Blair Jr.
43   Phil M. Donnelly
    March 6, 1891 – September 12, 1961   
(aged 70)
January 12, 1953

January 14, 1957
(term limited)
Democratic 1952
44   James T. Blair Jr.
    March 15, 1902 – July 12, 1962   
(aged 60)
January 14, 1957

January 9, 1961
(term limited)
Democratic 1956 Edward V. Long
(resigned September 23, 1960)
Vacant
45   John M. Dalton
    November 9, 1900 – July 7, 1972   
(aged 71)
January 9, 1961

January 11, 1965
(term limited)
Democratic 1960   Hilary A. Bush
46   Warren E. Hearnes
    July 24, 1923 – August 16, 2009   
(aged 86)
January 11, 1965

January 8, 1973
(term limited)
Democratic 1964 Thomas F. Eagleton
(resigned December 27, 1968)
Vacant
1968   William S. Morris
47     Kit Bond
    (1939-03-06) March 6, 1939 (age 83)
January 8, 1973

January 10, 1977
(lost election)
Republican 1972   William C. Phelps
48     Joseph P. Teasdale
    March 29, 1936 – May 8, 2014   
(aged 78)
January 10, 1977

January 12, 1981
(lost election)
Democratic 1976
49     Kit Bond
    (1939-03-06) March 6, 1939 (age 83)
January 12, 1981

January 14, 1985
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1980   Kenneth J. Rothman
50   John Ashcroft
    (1942-05-09) May 9, 1942 (age 80)
January 14, 1985

January 11, 1993
(term limited)
Republican 1984 Harriett Woods
1988 Mel Carnahan
51     Mel Carnahan
    February 11, 1934 – October 16, 2000   
(aged 66)
January 11, 1993

October 16, 2000
(died in office)[s]
Democratic 1992 Roger B. Wilson
1996
52   Roger B. Wilson
    (1948-10-10) October 10, 1948 (age 74)
October 16, 2000

January 8, 2001
(succssor took office)[t]
Democratic Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
  Joe Maxwell
(appointed November 15, 2000)
53   Bob Holden
    (1949-08-24) August 24, 1949 (age 73)
January 8, 2001

January 10, 2005
(lost renomination)
Democratic 2000
54     Matt Blunt
    (1970-11-20) November 20, 1970 (age 52)
January 10, 2005

January 12, 2009
(not candidate for election)
Republican 2004   Peter Kinder
55     Jay Nixon
    (1956-02-13) February 13, 1956 (age 66)
January 12, 2009

January 9, 2017
(term limited)
Democratic 2008
2012
56     Eric Greitens
    (1974-04-10) April 10, 1974 (age 48)
January 9, 2017

June 1, 2018
(resigned)[u]
Republican 2016 Mike Parson
57   Mike Parson
    (1955-09-17) September 17, 1955 (age 67)
June 1, 2018[v]

Incumbent[w]
Republican Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Vacant
  Mike Kehoe
(appointed June 18, 2018)
2020

Civil WarEdit

Missouri, a slave state, was a border state during the Civil War under Union control. However, it was officially recognized as a Confederate state by the Confederate government and was represented in the Confederate Congress and by a star on the Confederate flag. There were two competing governments for the course of the war. The Emancipation Proclamation did not consider Missouri a seceding state, therefore it was not part of Reconstruction. The Missouri Provisional Government is considered the official one on this list.

Missouri secession (Confederate)Edit

Missouri Provisional Government (Union)Edit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Table only includes state governors. 52 people have served as governor, two twice; the table includes these non-consecutive terms as well.
  2. ^ Wilkinson was removed from office by President Thomas Jefferson due to heavy criticism regarding his actions as governor and suspected involvement in the Aaron Burr conspiracy.[5]
  3. ^ Lewis committed suicide or was murdered in Tennessee while en route to Washington to answer complaints about his actions as governor.[6]
  4. ^ Howard resigned from office to accept a commission as brigadier general of the Eighth Military Department.[7]
  5. ^ McNair continued his term as state governor began on August 9, 1821
  6. ^ Vacancies in the office of the lieutenant governor are only listed if they lasted for the entire term. For a complete list of vacancies, see List of Lieutenant Governors of Missouri.
  7. ^ McNair began his term as territorial governor on August 10, 1821.
  8. ^ As president of the state senate, Williams succeeded to the governorship and filled unexpired gubernatorial term of Bates until a special election could be held. The office of lieutenant governor had been vacant following the resignation of Reeves in July 1865.
  9. ^ Elected in a special election.
  10. ^ Dunklin resigned from office to be Surveyor General of Missouri and Illinois.
  11. ^ Lieutenant governor Boggs succeeded to governorship and filled the unexpired gubernatorial term of Dunklin and was later elected governor in his own right.
  12. ^ Polk resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.[8]
  13. ^ Lieutenant governor Jackson succeeded to governorship and filled the unexpired gubernatorial term of Polk until a special election could be held.
  14. ^ Elected in a special election.
  15. ^ The Missouri state convention declared the executive department of the state had expatriated itself and their offices vacant.[9] Jackson had fled the capital and aligned himself with the Confederacy.
  16. ^ Gamble was elected the provisional governor of Missouri by the state convention.[9]
  17. ^ Stark stayed on as governor beyond the scheduled January 13 departure because the election of Donnell was challenged by the Missouri House of Representative.[10][11]
  18. ^ The Missouri House of Representatives refused to certify the election of Donnell on his scheduled January 13 inauguration until being ordered to do so by the Missouri Supreme Court after the House challenged the election which Donnell won by 3,613 votes.[10][11]
  19. ^ Carnahan, who was term-limited, died in a plane crash while he was campaigning for a seat in the United States Senate.
  20. ^ Wilson assumed office at 1:10 AM after Carnahan's body had been formally identified. The date is muddied by online resources which give conflicting dates. The National Governors Association biography lists October 18 as the start date. However, a New York Times article entitled "Pilot Sought Better Weather Before Crash," implies that the swearing in occurred on October 18 or perhaps even on October 19. The article was published on October 19 and it says the official change occurred at 1:10 AM, immediately after Carnahan was identified.[12][13]
  21. ^ Greitens resigned due to allegations of sexual assault.
  22. ^ Lieutenant governor Parson succeeded to governorship and filled the unexpired gubernatorial term of Greitens and was later elected governor in his own right.
  23. ^ Parson's full term will expire on January 13, 2025; He will be term limited.

SuccessionEdit

Other high offices heldEdit

This is a table of congressional, other governorships, and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Missouri except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
Benjamin Howard 1809–1812 (territorial) U.S. Representative from Kentucky
John Miller 1826–1832 H
John C. Edwards 1844–1848 H
Austin Augustus King 1848–1853 H
Sterling Price 1853–1857 H
Trusten Polk 1857 S*
Willard Preble Hall 1864–1865 H
Joseph W. McClurg 1869–1871 H
B. Gratz Brown 1871–1873 S
John S. Phelps 1877–1881 H Military Governor of Arkansas[14]
Thomas Theodore Crittenden 1881–1885 H
David R. Francis 1889–1893 Ambassador to Russia, U.S. Secretary of the Interior
William J. Stone 1893–1897 H S
Alexander Monroe Dockery 1901–1905 H
Arthur M. Hyde 1921–1925 U.S. Secretary of Agriculture
Henry S. Caulfield 1929–1933 H
Forrest C. Donnell 1941–1945 S
Kit Bond 1973–1977
1981–1985
S
John Ashcroft 1985–1993 S U.S. Attorney General
Mel Carnahan 1993–2000 Posthumously elected U.S. Senator

Living former governors of MissouriEdit

As of June 2018, there are seven former governors of Missouri who are currently living, the oldest governor of Missouri being Kit Bond (served 1973–1977 and 1981–1985, born 1939). The most recent governor of Missouri to die was Joseph P. Teasdale (served 1977–1981, born 1936) on May 8, 2014. The most recently serving governor of Missouri to die was Mel Carnahan, who served from January 11, 1993 until his death in a plane crash at the age of sixty-six on October 16, 2000.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Kit Bond 1973–1977
1981–1985
(1939-03-06) March 6, 1939 (age 83)
John Ashcroft 1985–1993 (1942-05-09) May 9, 1942 (age 80)
Roger B. Wilson 2000–2001 (1948-10-10) October 10, 1948 (age 74)
Bob Holden 2001–2005 (1949-08-24) August 24, 1949 (age 73)
Jay Nixon 2009–2017 (1956-02-13) February 13, 1956 (age 66)
Matt Blunt 2005–2009 (1970-11-20) November 20, 1970 (age 52)
Eric Greitens 2017–2018 (1974-04-10) April 10, 1974 (age 48)

ReferencesEdit

General

  • "Missouri History - Governors". Missouri Secretary of State. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
  • "Missouri History - Lieutenant Governors". Missouri Secretary of State. Retrieved 2008-09-11.

Constitutions

Specific

  1. ^ "Missouri Constitution of 1875". Article V, Section 12. A person who has served as governor for more than one and one-half terms in two consecutive terms shall not be elected governor for the succeeding term.
  2. ^ "CSG Releases 2015 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Governor of Missouri".
  4. ^ a b c Shoemaker, Floyd Calvin (1916). Missouri's Struggle for Statehood, 1804-1821. Jefferson City: The Hugh Stephens Printing Co. OCLC 4014912. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
  5. ^ Houck, Louis (1908). A History of Missouri from the Earliest Explorations and Settlements Until the Admission of the State Into the Union. Vol. 2. Chicago: R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company. OCLC 1199284. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
  6. ^ Lewis, Meriwether; Clark, William; Coues, Elliott; Jefferson, Thomas (1893). History of the Expedition Under the Command of Lewis and Clark. Vol. 1. New York: Francis P. Harper. OCLC 302121. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
  7. ^ Herndon, Dallas Tabor (1922). Centennial History of Arkansas. Vol. 1. Chicago, Little Rock: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-89308-068-6. OCLC 11549182.
  8. ^ "POLK, Trusten". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
  9. ^ a b Journal of the Missouri State Convention Held at Jefferson City, July, 1861. St. Louis: George Knapp & Co., Printers and Binders. 1861. OCLC 2650423. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
  10. ^ a b "Politics In Missouri". The New York Times. 1941-02-22.
  11. ^ a b "Orders Donnell Seated". The New York Times. 1941-02-20.
  12. ^ Bellamy, Clayton (2000-10-17). "Missouri Gov Mel Carnahan Killed In Plane Crash". Stateline.org. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
  13. ^ Fountain, John W. (2000-10-19). "Pilot Sought Better Weather Before Crash". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
  14. ^ "PHELPS, John S." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2008-09-17.

External linksEdit