List of fully civilian crewed orbital spaceflights

Following the definition that a civilian is someone who is not part of their country's armed forces, there have been a total of 22 fully civilian crewed orbital space missions (2022), listed below:[1][2]

ListEdit

No. Mission[3] / Emblem Spacecraft Date of launch Date of landing Crew Station Outcome
1 Soyuz TMA-3
 
Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #213
18 October 2003 30 April 2004   Alexander Kaleri
 /  Michael Foale
  Pedro Duque
International Space Station Success
2 Soyuz TMA-03M
 
Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #703
21 December 2011 1 July 2012   Oleg Kononenko
  André Kuipers
  Donald Pettit
International Space Station Success
3 Soyuz TMA-07M
 
Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #704A
19 December 2012 14 May 2013   Roman Romanenko
  Chris Hadfield
  Thomas Marshburn
International Space Station Success
4 Soyuz TMA-11M
 
Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #711
7 November 2013 14 May 2014   Mikhail Tyurin
  Richard Mastracchio
  Koichi Wakata
International Space Station Success
5 Soyuz TMA-17M
 
Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #717
23 July 2015 11 December 2015   Oleg Kononenko
  Kimiya Yui
  Kjell Lindgren
International Space Station Success
6 Soyuz TMA-20M
 
Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #720
19 March 2016 6 September 2016   Aleksey Ovchinin
  Oleg Skripochka
  Jeffrey Williams
International Space Station Success
7 Soyuz MS-01 Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #731
7 July 2016 30 October 2016   Anatoli Ivanishin
  Takuya Onishi
  Kathleen Rubins
International Space Station Success
8 Soyuz MS-03 Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #733
17 November 2016 2 June 2017   Oleg Novitskiy
  Thomas Pesquet
  Peggy A. Whitson
International Space Station Success
9 Soyuz MS-05 Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #736
28 July 2017 14 December 2017   Sergey Ryazansky
  Paolo Nespoli
  Randolph Bresnik
International Space Station Success
10 Soyuz MS-06 Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #734
12 September 2017 28 February 2018   Alexander Misurkin
  Joseph Acaba
  Mark Vande Hei
International Space Station Success
11 Soyuz MS-08 Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #738
21 March 2018 4 October 2018   Oleg Artemyev
  Richard Arnold
  Andrew Feustel
International Space Station Success
12 Soyuz MS-09 Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #739
6 June 2018 20 December 2018   Sergey Prokopyev
  Serena Auñón-Chancellor
  Alexander Gerst
International Space Station Success
13 Soyuz MS-17 Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #747
14 October 2020 17 April 2021   Sergey Ryzhikov
  Sergey Kud-Sverchkov
  Kathleen Rubins
International Space Station Success
14 Soyuz MS-18 Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #748
Yu.A. Gagarin
9 April 2021 17 October 2021   Oleg Novitsky
  Pyotr Dubrov
  Mark T. Vande Hei
International Space Station Success
15 SpaceX Crew-2
 
Crew Dragon Endeavour C206.1 23 April 2021 9 November 2021   Shane Kimbrough
  K. Megan McArthur
  Akihiko Hoshide
  Thomas Pesquet
International Space Station Success
16 Inspiration4
 
Crew Dragon Resilience C207.2 16 September 2021 18 September 2021   Jared Isaacman
  Sian Proctor
  Hayley Arceneaux
  Christopher Sembroski
Low Earth orbit Success
17 Soyuz MS-19 Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #749
5 October 2021 30 March 2022   Anton Shkaplerov
  Klim Shipenko
  Yulia Peresild
International Space Station Success
18 SpaceX Crew-3
 
Crew Dragon Endurance C210.1 11 November 2021 6 May 2022   Raja Chari
  Thomas Marshburn
  Matthias Maurer
  Kayla Barron
International Space Station Success
19 Soyuz MS-20 Soyuz MS 11F732A48 #752 8 December 2021 20 December 2021   Aleksandr Misurkin
  Yusaku Maezawa
  Yozo Hirano
International Space Station Success
20 Soyuz MS-21 Soyuz MS 11F732 #750 18 March 2022   Oleg Artemyev
  Denis Matveev
  Sergey Korsakov
International Space Station In orbit
21 Axiom Mission 1 Dragon 2 Endeavour (C206.3) 8 April 2022 15 April 2022  /  Michael López-Alegría
  Larry Connor
  Mark Pathy
  Eytan Stibbe
International Space Station Success
22 SpaceX Crew-4 Dragon 2 Freedom ((C212.1)) 27 April 2022   Kjell N. Lindgren
  Robert Hines
  Samantha Cristoforetti
  Jessica Watkins
International Space Station In orbit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Crew Dragon has flown four more people—all private citizens—into space". 2021-09-15. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
  2. ^ Jonathan McDowell [@planet4589] (2021-09-09). "Soyuz TMA-3, TMA-3M, TMA-7M, TMA-11M, TMA-17M, TMA-20M, Soyuz MS-01, MS-03, MS-05, MS-06, MS-08, MS-09, MS-17, MS-18 and SpaceX Crew-2. As well as 13 all-civilian suborbital space flights" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  3. ^ Jonathan McDowell (2022-04-27). "Jonathan's Space Report | Human Spaceflight: Rides". Retrieved 2022-04-27.