List of fugitives from justice who disappeared

This is a list of fugitives from justice, notable people who disappeared or evaded capture while being sought by law enforcement agencies in connection with a crime, and who are currently sought or were sought for the duration of their presumed natural lifetime. Listing here does not imply guilt and may include persons who are or were wanted only for questioning.

Before 1900Edit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
9th century Muhammad Ibn Qasim (al-Alawi) 34   Abbasid Caliphate Ibn Qasim was an Alid Imam[1] who led a rebellion that took place in the city of Taloqan. Ibn Qasim was arrested by the authorities and hauled away to Baghdad, but later escaped, and was never heard of again.[2]
11th century Afshin Bey 60–61 Afshin Bey was a Khorasani Turkmen commander of the Seljuk Empire who after fleeing to Anatolia in 1067 after being on the run for committing a murder disappeared again in 1077 after going to Aleppo on a mission to crush rebellions,[3] and was never seen again.
1324 Alice Kyteler 60–61   Lordship of Ireland Kyteler was awaiting trial for charges of heresy, witchcraft, sorcery, etc. stemming from the 1324 death of her fourth husband, John Poer, when she fled, allegedly to England. A maidservant who did not escape, Petronilla de Meath, was convicted, tortured and burned at the stake.[4]
1682 John Coxon unknown   Spanish Empire
  Jamaica
Buccaneer and member of the Brethren of the Coast who was noted for his numerous raids against the Spanish and the Jamaican territory. He later become a pirate hunter and was ordered to hunt down Jean Hamlin, but vanished without a trace shortly after.[5]
1696 Henry Every (sometimes spelled 'Avery') 37   England Every, an English pirate, vanished after perpetrating one of the most profitable pirate raids in history. Despite a worldwide manhunt and an enormous bounty on his head, Every was never heard from again.[6] In March, Every had led his ship, the Fancy, to the island of New Providence. Every and his crew spent months living there and soon lost their ship. By June, Every and his crew were forced to flee the island. The crew then split up, with Every possibly setting sail toward Ireland. A manhunt for Every lasted for at least a decade. There were several unconfirmed sightings of him and contradictory reports of his death during the 18th century. Most of them are considered unreliable, however, and his fate is unknown.[7]
1800 Jack York unknown   Canada York was a Canadian slave[8] from Quebec who was charged with raping a woman named Ruth Tufflemier and was arrested in August 1800. The charge was later changed to burglary, and the trial took place on 12 September 1800. York was convicted and sentenced to death, but later escaped and was never seen again.[9]
1864 Rufus Henry Ingram 30   United States Bushwhacker who led Captain Ingram's Partisan Rangers, a gang of Confederate raiders who robbed banks and stagecoaches across California. On 15 July 1864, Ingram and his followers attempted to rob a mine, but were intercepted by police. Ingram managed to escape, fleeing into Missouri, never to be seen again.[10]
1864 Five Confederate prisoners of war Various   United States On 15 July 1864, a train carrying Confederate prisoners of war collided head-on with a coal train near Shohola, Pennsylvania, leading to multiple deaths and numerous injuries. During the fiasco, five of the prisoners transported on the train managed to escape and were never recaptured.[11]
1873 William J. Sharkey 26–27   United States Sharkey was a convicted murderer and minor New York City Democratic politician who earned national notoriety for escaping from The Tombs disguised as a woman in 1873. Sharkey reportedly fled to Cuba, which had no extradition treaty with the United States. His ultimate fate is unknown.[12]
1873 Bloody Benders Various   United States Family of serial killers who killed at least 11 people in Labette County, Kansas from 1871 to 1873. Shortly before the discovery of their crimes, they fled south and were never recaptured. Over the years, several people were arrested because police thought they might be a member of the Bender family, but none were definitely confirmed.[13]
1875 Moses Ehrich unknown   United States Ehrich was an American businessman and underworld figure known as "'Old Unger" who served as a fence to burglars, thieves and shoplifters from his Eldridge Street store throughout the mid-to-late 19th century.[14][15][16] He was indicted four or five times on charges of receiving stolen goods during the administration of A. Oakey Hall, but always escaped conviction. Ehrich was represented by Hall in later years.[17] Ehrich disappeared from New York City in 1875, escaped to Canada,[18][19] and was never seen again.
1875 Black Bart 46   United States Outlaw and successful stagecoach robber active in California and Oregon between the 1870s and 1880s, known for leaving behind poetic messages after his robberies. He was arrested and served a sentence in 1888, and disappeared from public view after his release.[20]
1876 Agustus "Gus" Heffron unknown   United States Heffron was an American fugitive and a sidekick of fellow American fugitive Davy Crockett (who was a 23-year-old younger relative of the better-known famed American frontiersman Davy Crockett).[21] Unlike Crockett, who had been killed after escaping from jail, Heffron after being shot and sent to jail in New Mexico later escaped on 31 October 1876 and fled for the Colorado mountains and was never seen again.[22]
1878 Procopio 37   United States Mexican desperado alleged to have committed about a dozen murders in California, but was convicted only of cattle theft and banditry. He escaped prison in 1877, but differing accounts exist of his fate.[23]
1880 Hoodoo Brown unknown   United States Leader of the Dodge City Gang, a group of gamblers and gunfighters who ruled over the city of Las Vegas, New Mexico between 1879 and 1880, in which they committed a variety of crimes including robberies, murders and thefts. In the summer of 1880, local citizens formed a vigilante group and drove Brown out of the state, with his ultimate fate left unclear.[24]
1881 Michael O'Rourke 19–20   United States O'Rourke, an American fugitive and gambler from Arizona who was imprisoned, later escaped from jail on 18 April 1881.[25] O'Rourke may later have been killed, but this is unknown for certain.
1885 Mysterious Dave Mather 34   United States "Mysterious" Dave Mather was a lawman who served in Kansas and the New Mexico Territory who was indicted for the murder of a man in Dodge City,[26] which he committed with his brother. The pair posted bail before they could be tried, and Mather never resurfaced afterwards.
1886 Massai 39   United States Chiricahua Apache tribe member who fought against settlers and soldiers with Geronimo. In 1906, he disappeared from public record, with his fate subject to speculation.[27]
1887 Dan Bogan 27   United States Gunfighter and outlaw responsible for several murders in the Texas Panhandle, who was convicted and sentenced to death for murdering a Texas Ranger in Wyoming in 1887. He escaped from jail and headed south, but authorities lost track of him, leaving his ultimate fate unclear.[28]
1889 Apache Kid unknown   United States Haskay-bay-nay-ntayl, better known as the Apache Kid,[29] was an army scout and later a renegade active in the U.S. states of Arizona and New Mexico who escaped from jail on 2 November 1889,[30] and was said to have killed many people during that time. He was eventually caught and sent to jail. He was later released and became a wanted fugitive again and was never recaptured.
1896 Francis Hermann 39–40   United States Hermann, who was from England and later moved to the United States' Salt Lake City, Utah, was a pastor who was a known murderer and was also accused of murdering multiple people which included his own family members.[31] Hermann had fled town in 1896 and was never seen again.[32]

1900sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1903 Sam Carey unknown   United States Known as "Laughing Sam Carey", he was a member of the Hole-in-the-Wall Gang, a group of loosely-knit outlaws who operated in Johnson County, Wyoming, during the 1880s and 1890s. Little is known about Carey himself, including much of his personal history, and he was the singular member of the gang not known to have been apprehended, disappearing from history circa 1903.[33]
1908 Belle Gunness 48   United States Gunness, who was a Norwegian-American serial killer, vanished on 28 April 1908 after a house fire (suspected arson) and withdrawing huge amounts of money from her bank accounts.[34] Although the remains of a headless woman found after the fire were suspected to be those of Belle Gunness, this remains unverified and debated.[35]
1908 Robert Leroy Parker
(alias Butch Cassidy)
42   United States After the two Hole-in-the-Wall Gang outlaws escaped from jail, "Wanted dead or alive" posters were posted throughout the country, with rewards of as much as $30,000 for information leading to their capture or deaths.[36] They were supposedly killed in a shootout with Bolivian police around 7–8 November, although authorities were unable to positively identify the bodies.
Harry Alonzo Longabaugh (alias The Sundance Kid) 40–41
1908 Etta Place 30-31   United States Etta Place was a companion of the American outlaws Robert LeRoy Parker, alias Butch Cassidy and Harry Alonzo Longabaugh, alias Sundance Kid. The three were members of the outlaw gang known as Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch. Both her origin and her fate remain unknown. Various claims have been made about her life after the death of Longabaugh. Some believe that she returned to New York City, while other theories suggest she moved back to Texas and started a new life there. One claim is that she returned to her life as a schoolteacher. Also various claims contend that she returned to prostitution, living the remainder of her life in Texas, California, or New York, but these claims are mere speculation, without any supporting evidence.

1910sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1910 Burt Alvord 43   United States An ex-lawman who served in Arizona, Alvord later joined a train robbery gang composed of several prominent outlaws. They were all caught in Mexico and he served two years in prison before being released in 1906. He later moved to Central America and worked on the Panama Canal, but his definite fate is unknown.[37]
1910 Sylvestro "Pedro" Morales unknown   United States Mexican bandit known for his violent criminal actions in California during the 1880s. Imprisoned for the 1889 murder of a rancher, he was later released for good behavior in 1909, whereupon he murdered a gang member who had betrayed him. Despite extensive searches by authorities, he was never recaptured.[38]
1914 Peter Madden unknown   United States Madden was an American thief, gang leader, and labor racketeer who in June 1914 was arrested for his suspected involvement in a street mugging.[39] On 25 June he was sent to The Tombs, as he was with another mugging that he did with John Ryan as they were both charged with stealing the wallet of William Beard in Madison Square. On 10 September he and Ryan were handcuffed together and sent to the nearby Criminal Courts Building. Two deputy sheriffs then noticed that Madden was missing. Finding Ryan alone, he explained that Madden had escaped while crossing the bridge. However, authorities believed Madden had slipped away down one of the two unguarded stairways while the prisoners were marched through the second floor of the Criminal Courts Building.[40] Madden was never seen again and what became of him is unknown.
1916 Béla Kiss 39   Austria-Hungary Kiss was a Hungarian serial killer and murderer of 24 young women before he was drafted in the Austro-Hungarian Army in the First World War. Upon the discovery of his crimes he was traced to a Serbian hospital, but escaped a few days before investigators arrived. Although there were several reported sightings of the killer (notably in New York City in 1932), his true fate remains a mystery.[41]

1920sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1922 Edward F. Sands 27   United States Sands was a suspect in the murder of Hollywood director William Desmond Taylor on 1 February 1922. He disappeared shortly after that, and was never seen again.[42]
1925 David Brown 29–30   United States Brown, a left-handed pitcher in Negro league baseball, disappeared in 1925[43] before he could be questioned about a man's murder.[44]

1930sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1931 Raymond "Craneneck" Nugent 35–36   United States Egan's Rats' Gang member Raymond "Craneneck" Nugent who was a killer, bank robber, and associate of Fred "Killer" Burke disappeared in April 1931 and no trace of him was ever found.[45]
1937 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe 24 (Cole)
31 (Roe)
  United States Cole and Roe, both convicted bank robbers (Cole went into Alcatraz for kidnapping also) in Oklahoma, had been caught during earlier, independent escape attempts from that state's McAlester Prison. Judged to be escape risks, they were both incarcerated in high-security Leavenworth Prison, then transferred to higher-security Alcatraz in 1936.[46] They escaped from Alcatraz, on 16 December 1937,[46] and although officials were quick to conclude they perished in the attempt, their remains were never found and their fate remains unclear.[47]

1940sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1940 Eleanor Jarman 39   United States In 1933, Jarman and two men robbed a clothing store in Chicago, Illinois, murdering the store owner in the process.[48] Jarman was jailed and served about six years of her sentence, but escaped in 1940. She eluded police while making intermittent contact with her family and son. She is thought to have died when contact ended in the 1990s.
1944 Mieczysław Kosmowski 30–31   Poland Kosmowski, a Polish Nazi collaborator, Gestapo agent and war criminal[49][50] was last seen in 1944 in Bydgoszcz, when he evacuated with the German Army.[51] In 1955, he was accused of denouncing several Poles to the Germans and a wanted poster was issued for him in 1957, and at the request of the court a warrant was issued, which was valid from 1957 until 2009.
1945 Szilveszter Matuska 52–53   Hungary Matuska was a convicted Hungarian mass murderer and mechanical engineer. He had made two successful and at least two unsuccessful attempts to derail passenger trains in three European countries. His execution was commuted to life imprisonment under an extradition agreement.[52] Matuska escaped from jail in Vác in 1945 and his ultimate fate is unknown.
1945 Petar Brzica 28   Independent State of Croatia An Ustaše guard at the Jasenovac Concentration Camp, Petar Brzica was involved in a "contest" to kill the most Serbian prisoners in one night. Brzica won the "contest", bragging of murdering up to 1,360 people. Brzica's post-war fate remains unknown, though reports of him living as an elderly man in Croatia surfaced in 2009.[53]
1945 Heinrich Müller 45   Germany Müller, a Nazi Gestapo chief, was last seen in the Führerbunker on the evening of 1 May 1945.[54] While there he had stated that his intention was to avoid being taken into custody by the Soviet forces advancing on Berlin. His CIA file and related documents state that while the record is "...inconclusive on Müller's ultimate fate... [he] most likely died in Berlin in early May 1945". Other theories have suggested that he either escaped to South America like many other fugitive Nazis and lived out his life there (the Israelis continued to investigate his whereabouts into the 1960s) or was protected by U.S. or Soviet intelligence under a new identity. Müller is the most senior Nazi official whose fate is unknown.[55]
1945 Ivan Marchenko unknown   Germany Ivan the Terrible is a nickname given to a notorious guard at the Treblinka extermination camp, known as Ivan Marchenko from statements by other guards at the camp. He is accused of extreme cruelty to prisoners at the camp, cutting off the ears of workers as they walked by or killing them outright, and torturing victims with pipes, a sword, and whips before they entered the gas chambers.[56] The true identity of Ivan the Terrible remains unknown.
1945 Karl Künstler 44   Germany SS-Obersturmbannführer and commander of the Flossenbürg concentration camp, under whose leadership executions of Polish and Soviet citizens skyrocketed. He was later demoted due to his constant alcohol abuse, and was presumably killed during the Battle of Nuremberg in April 1945.
1945 Richard Kunze 73   Germany Politician of the German Social Party, a precursor to the Nazi Party, known for his anti-Semitic rhetoric and policies who served in the Reichstag until its dissolution in 1945. Kunze was himself arrested following the Battle of Berlin, but later went missing in May 1945, never to be seen again.[57]
1945 Lorenz Hackenholt 31   Germany Schutzstaffel member who built and operated the gas chambers at the Belzec extermination camp in Poland, personally carrying out the executions of numerous people. Hackenholt disappeared in late 1945, initially thought to have been killed by partisans in Italy, but this hasn't been conclusively proven, and he hasn't been seen since.[58]
1945 Stepan Fedak 44   Ukraine Fedak was a Ukrainian independence activist who had previously attempted to assassinate Poland's Chief of State, Marshal Józef Piłsudski. Fedak later served as a lieutenant in the Galicia division between 1943 and 1945. He disappeared without trace in Berlin toward the end of World War II.[59]
1947 Frederick J. Tenuto unknown   United States Tenuto also known as "Angel of Death" was a New York City mobster and criminal[60] who escaped from the Philadelphia County Prison in a jailbreak on 10 February 1947. He was on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list as number 14 for over a decade, the longest on record at the time.[61] He replaced Stephen William Davenport who was number 12, as the first replacement who was not among the original ten, but was removed on 9 March 1964, due to reports that Tenuto had been killed and secretly buried, though it is not known for sure if this is true. His ultimate fate is unknown.

1960sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1960 James Squillante 41   United States Squillante, a caporegime in the Gambino crime family, disappeared after being indicted on extortion charges. He is believed to have been murdered in a car crusher and his body disposed of in a crushed automobile that was subsequently melted down in an open hearth furnace.[62][63] No physical evidence has ever been found to substantiate this claim and no one was ever charged in connection with the disappearance.
1962 Frank Morris 35   United States Morris and brothers Clarence and John Anglin escaped from Alcatraz prison in the U.S. state of California and disappeared. After extensive investigation, authorities presumed that they drowned in attempting to escape from the island prison, but no bodies were ever recovered. They may have survived, and the official investigation is still open nearly 60 years after their escape. The U.S. Marshal Service has stated that the investigation will remain open on each individual man until proof of death has been established or the date of the fugitive's 100th birthday, whichever comes first.[64]
Clarence Anglin 31
John Anglin 32
1965 Charles Rogers 43   United States Rogers, a reclusive unemployed seismologist in Houston, Texas, has remained at large since the "Icebox Murders" of his parents were discovered on 23 June, leading to a warrant for his detention as a material witness. He was declared legally dead in 1975.[65][66]
1965–1966 Columbus serial shooter unknown   United States From September 1965 to May 1966, an unknown individual perpetrated four shootings in Columbus and West Jefferson, Ohio, killing three and wounding one. The killings ceased and no suspect was ever arrested, with the motive behind the shootings believed to be the work of a thrill killer.[67]
1968 Siegfried Rautenberg 26   West Germany Waiter who was indicted for the October 1968 murder of prostitute Monika Schwiegerhausen in Hamburg, who was found drowned in the Pepermölenbek river, but was also sought as a suspect in the murders of two other prostitutes dating back to May of that year. He fled Germany and joined the Spanish Legion, which refused to extradite him until his supposed death in 1975, when he died during a failed attempt to escape from the Spanish Sahara. His body was never recovered, and he officially remains a fugitive.[68]
1969 Sharon Kinne 30   Mexico Kinne (known as La Pistolera) was an American woman convicted of homicide in Mexico and was awaiting trial for the murder of her husband James Kinne when she escaped from Ixtapalapa prison on 7 December 1969. Despite extensive manhunts in Mexico and the United States, her whereabouts are unknown.[69]

1970sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1970 Leo Burt 22   United States Burt allegedly participated in the Sterling Hall bombing on the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus on 24 August 1970, and on 2 September was indicted federally in Madison, Wisconsin. He disappeared in 1970 and has not been seen since.[70][71]
August 24, 1970 Thomas Brooks III 22   United States Brooks, who was serving a 20-year sentence for his role in a 1968 murder, walked away from a prison work crew in Isle of Wight County, Virginia and was never recaptured.[72]
1971 Anthony Cox 35–36   United States American film producer and second husband of Yoko Ono who kidnapped their daughter Kyoko after losing a custody battle, hiding out with the help of The Living Word Fellowship. He later left the cult and has allowed their daughter to be in close contact with her mother, but their exact whereabouts remain unknown.[73]
1971 Elmer Crawford 40–41   Australia The Crawford family murder was the 1970 killing of pregnant mother Therese and her three children: Kathryn, James and Karen. The family car was located at the bottom of a cliff at Loch Ard Gorge in Port Campbell, Victoria, Australia on 2 July 1970. The bodies of Therese and her children were still inside.[74] A July 1971 coroner's inquest found that Elmer Crawford murdered his wife and three children in their Cardinal Road, Glenroy home. Crawford had constructed an electrocution device, using a 15-metre (49 ft) length of electrical lead and alligator clips. He attached the alligator clips to his wife's ears while she slept and electrocuted her. He then beat his children to death, presumably using a hammer, then loaded their bodies into the family's FE Holden vehicle. He then drove them 200 kilometres (120 mi) to Port Campbell where he connected a hose from the exhaust to the driver's side window,[75] before pushing the car containing the bodies over the cliff edge in an effort to make the crime look like murder-suicide.[76] Crawford disappeared after and has not been seen since.[77]
1971 D. B. Cooper unknown   United States Dan Cooper (also referred to as D. B. Cooper) was the name used by an unidentified man who hijacked Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 305 on 24 November, and parachuted from it during mid-flight with $200,000 he had extorted. No trace of him has ever been found.[78]
1972 Henri Young 61   United States Young was a convicted bank robber and murderer,[79] who while serving one of a series of prison terms, attempted a 1939 escape from Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary with four other inmates. During the escape attempt two inmates were shot, and one died of his wounds. All surviving were quickly recaptured. Two, Young and Rufus McCain, received sentences of solitary confinement and served them at Alcatraz for a period of three years (until autumn of 1942). He was released from Washington State Penitentiary in 1972, and then jumped parole and, according to Washington State authorities, his whereabouts are unknown.[80]
1972 Jamal Al-Gashey 19   Israel Palestinian terrorist and member of the Black September Organization who was the one of the eight perpetrators of the Munich massacre. While he was initially arrested along with two others, Al-Gashey was later released as part of a prisoner exchange, and since then is believed to be residing in North Africa.[81]
1973 Frank Matthews 38–39   United States Matthews was a major heroin and cocaine trafficker who operated throughout the eastern seaboard during the late 1960s and early 1970s. In 1973, the Drug Enforcement Administration arrested Matthews in Las Vegas, but he paid bail then disappeared. Matthews allegedly took 15 to 20 million dollars with him and fled the country, leaving behind his common-law wife, their three sons, and their Staten Island mansion.[82] He was never known to be seen again.
1974 John Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan 39   United Kingdom Lord Lucan went missing after the murder in London of his children's nanny, Sandra Rivett, for which he was the prime suspect.[83] It was speculated that the murder in the family home in Belgravia was a case of mistaken identity, and that Lucan had intended to kill his wife. He was declared legally deceased in 2016, thereby making his son George the 8th Earl of Lucan.
1976 Frank Blackhorse 28–29   United States Blackhorse (believed to be born Francis or Frank DeLuca, and also known under several aliases besides Blackhorse) was a member of the American Indian Movement and was charged with shooting an FBI officer during the Wounded Knee incident in 1973, although no conclusive evidence was presented. Blackhorse is believed to have disappeared in 1976.[84]
1976 Bradford Bishop 39   United States Bishop disappeared 2 March from Bethesda, Maryland, shortly after allegedly murdering his wife, mother, and children.[85] On 18 March, the Bishop family car was found abandoned at an isolated campground in Elkmont, Tennessee.[86] On 10 April 2014, the FBI named him the 502nd fugitive to be placed on its List of 10 Most Wanted Fugitives.[87]
1979 William Morales 29   United States Morales was an American bomb maker for Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional Puertorriqueña who was convicted in February 1979 for possession of explosives, and possession and transportation of explosives and a shotgun. He escaped from Bellevue Hospital in May 1979 and subsequently fled to Mexico, where he was held by the authorities before he emigrated to Cuba in 1988. He is currently on the FBI Most Wanted domestic terrorists list with a reward of $100,000 for information leading to his arrest.[88]
1979 Assata Shakur 32   United States Shakur, born JoAnne Deborah Byron and sometimes known by her married name JoAnne Deborah Chesimard, is a former member of the Black Liberation Army who was convicted of the first-degree murder of state trooper Werner Foerster during a shootout on the New Jersey Turnpike in 1973. While serving a life sentence, she escaped from prison in 1979 and reappeared in Cuba in 1984 where she was granted political asylum. The FBI added her to its list of most-wanted terrorists as Joanne Deborah Chesimard,[89] and is offering $2 million for her capture.

1980sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1980 Luiz Baú 41   Brazil Baú, a schizophrenic pedophile imprisoned for the 1975 murder of his underage victim, escaped from prison in January 1980, whereupon he killed an additional three boys and a farm worker between 12 and 16 February. He was arrested again several days later, but escaped again, with his ultimate fate unclear.[90]
1981 Masoud Keshmiri unknown   Iran Militant from the People's Mujahedin of Iran who infiltrated the Islamic Republican Party, rising up to the ranks before planting an incendiary bomb in a briefcase at the Prime Minister's office on 30 August 1981. The subsequent explosion killed eight people, including the incumbent president and the prime minister. Keshmiri was initially believed to have died, but it was later revealed that he had escaped.[91]
1983 Víctor Manuel Gerena 25   United States Gerena is an American fugitive wanted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation[92] for the September 1983 White Eagle armed robbery. The $7 million in cash that was stolen was the largest cash robbery in U.S. history at that time.[93] He was a known member of the Los Macheteros gang. On 14 May 1984, Gerena became the 386th fugitive to be placed on the FBI's Top Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.
1984 Richard Lynn Bare 19   USA Richard Lynn Bare was arrested just over fourteen months after the death of his and Jeffrey "Jeff" Burgess' (1964 or 1965 – 2012) best friend Sherry Lyall Hart at the Jumping Off Place (a cliff in the northwestern region of North Carolina. The state police and Federal Bureau of Investigation suspect Lynn Bare tossed Lyall Hart off the cliff area on the night of January 15, 1984 when she refused and condemned the sexual advances of Lynn Bare, who then chased her down to his (Lynn Bare's) 1977 Ford Mustang, at which time he pistol-whipped Lyall Hart.[94] She was bleeding extremely heavily from that moment on. Before tossing Lyall Hart off the cliff, Lynn Bare ordered Burgess to drive down to J.D.'s (then a beer store), turn around and come back up and pick Lynn Bare up.[95] Lyall Hart's remnants were found eleven months following the incident. Three months after the findings, Burgess and Lynn Bare were arrested for her murder; the earlier was taken to Ashe County jail, the latter was escorted to Wilkes County jail. Early July 17, 1985 (eighteen months following the murder), Lynn Bare escaped from the confinement and wasn't seen from then on. His friend Burgess was released pending the arrest of Lynn Bare. Burgess, however, died at age 47 in 2012.[95][94]
1984 Ronnie Eckstine 38   USA Ronnie Eckstine was arrested in February 1984 on charges of forgery and evasion of arrest. However, he escaped from jail the following month by exchanging identification bracelets with another prisoner and leaving on their bail. His whereabouts remains unknown.[96]
1984 Sukumara Kurup 38   India Sukumara Kurup is one of the most wanted criminals in Kerala, India, sought in connection to the infamous Chacko murder case. On 21 January 1984, Kurup, under the pretense of offering a lift to Chacko, spiked his drink and subsequently strangled him and burnt his body. Kurup allegedly committed the crime with his two accomplices to fake his own death and claim the insurance proceeds. Upon realizing that the police were on to him, he fled and has been on the run since January 1984. Kurup remains untraced.[97]
1984 Edward L. Montoro 52   United States Motion picture producer/distributor Edward L. Montoro disappeared in 1984 after taking more than $1 million from his own company, Film Ventures International. It was speculated that he fled to Mexico.[98]
1985 Christopher Dale Flannery 46–47   Australia Flannery, nicknamed "Mr. Rent-a-Kill" is alleged to have been an Australian contract killer. He left school at the age of fourteen and received his first criminal conviction later that year. At 17, he was convicted of burglary, auto theft, assault against police, carrying firearms and rape, and was sentenced to seven years imprisonment.[99] On 23 April 1985, Flannery was allegedly sent to murder Tony "Spaghetti" Eustace. Eustace was found by two schoolchildren who were returning home from sports training at about 7 pm. He had been shot six times in the back outside the Airport Hilton in North Arncliffe and was lying beside his gold Mercedes, bleeding profusely; he then died. After this Flannery disappeared and police stated that they believed Flannery to have been responsible for up to a dozen murders.[100] He is presumed to be dead.
1985 Hassan Izz-Al-Din 22-23   Lebanon Izz-Al-Din is a fugitive from Lebanon who is currently wanted by the U.S. Government for his alleged involvement in the hijacking of TWA Flight 847 that took place on 14 June 1985.[101] A reward of $5 million is being offered for information leading to his capture.[102]
1985 Elizabeth Ann Duke 44   United States Duke is an American fugitive and former teacher best known for her involvement with radical left-wing political organizations and subsequent flight from prosecution. She remains wanted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on charges related to the bombings carried out by the May 19th Communist Organization in the early 1980s. Duke disappeared in October 1985 and her fate remains unknown. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $50,000 for information leading directly to the arrest and conviction of Duke.[103]
1986 Mahmoud Mahmoud Atta 32   Israel American citizen and alleged militant who was suspected of perpetrating a bus bombing on the West Bank, killing one and severely injuring others. Thought to be done on behalf of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Atta was arrested in June 1987 in Venezuela and extradited to Israel, where he was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1990. His current status is unclear.[104]
1986 Suitland murderer unknown   USA Serial killer who was linked to the abductions, rapes and murders of five women from October 1986 to January 1987, whose bodies were later found dumped in Suitland, Maryland. Convicted murderer Alton Alonso Best is considered a prime suspect, but as he has never been charged with any of the killings, they officially remain unsolved.[105]
1988 Alejandro Máynez unknown   Mexico Mexican drug trafficker responsible for the murders of at least two women in Ciudad Juárez between 1988 and 1990, committed together with his cousin and a female accomplice, allegedly as part of a devil-worshipping cult. None of the trio have ever been arrested, and they remain fugitives from authorities.[106]
1989 Arthur Lee Washington Jr. 39   United States Washington, an American fugitive and member of the Black Liberation Army, disappeared after 12 April 1989 after being involved in a shootout with a New Jersey state trooper. He was on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list from 1989 to 2000,[107] and has never been caught.

1990sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age at disappearance Country Circumstances
1990 Byron McLaughlin 35   United States McLaughlin, a former Major League Baseball player, pleaded guilty in a California court to money laundering charges stemming from his production and sale of counterfeit footwear in Mexico but did not appear for his sentencing and is believed to have fled the country.[108]
1991 Glen Stewart Godwin 33   United States Godwin was sentenced to 26 years to life in prison for the 1980 murder and robbery of drug dealer Kim LeValley in Palm Springs, California.[109] Godwin escaped from Folsom State Prison in Folsom, California, in 1987.[110] He fled to Mexico, where he was arrested for drug trafficking and sentenced to seven years and six months in prison in 1991.[111] While American authorities were working on Godwin's extradition proceedings, one of his fellow inmates at Puente Grande prison who was a member of a Mexican drug cartel died, and Godwin's extradition was delayed as it was suspected that he killed the inmate. Godwin was last seen in September 1991 before he escaped from Puente Grande prison. He was on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list from 1996 to 2016.[112]
1991 Brian Eley 45   United Kingdom Former British Chess Champion indicted on charges of sexually molesting young boys from the late 1970s until the late 1980s. He was arrested in July 1991, but released on bail and fled. There have been reported sightings of him in Amsterdam.[113]
1993 Aarni Neuvonen unknown   Estonia Neuvonen, real name Vadim Rozenberg, also known under the aliases of Aarni Rozenberg and Vadim Petrov, is the largest-ever perpetrator of employment fraud in Estonia, who disappeared after 9 February 1993. He is known for having collected money with promise of overseas jobs from thousands of people and disappearing after having caused over (estimated) 10 million EEK of damages in 1993,[114] and has not been seen since.
1993 Chhota Shakeel unknown   India Shakeel, whose birth name is Mohammed Shakeel Babu Miyan Shaikh, is an Indian crime boss and high-ranking leader of the D-Company (Dawood Company), a criminal group based in South Asia. He became one of the most wanted men in India and the United States after his alleged participation in the 1993 Bombay bombings. It is unknown whether he is dead or alive, but there have been rumors and theories on how he could have died.[115]
1993 Matteo Messina Denaro 31   Italy Messina Denaro, nicknamed 'U siccu' (the skinny man), due to his physical constitution, or even Diabolik, is considered one of the most wanted and dangerous fugitives in the world.[116] Undisputed leader and representative of the Trapani mafia, he is currently the richest and most powerful boss of all Cosa Nostra.
1993 Roberto Solis unknown   United States Solis is an armored car robber, poet, and was imprisoned 17 years for the murder of a security guard during a robbery in 1969.[117] Solis was given parole in 1992,[118] but was involved with theft in October 1993 after which he disappeared and is currently wanted by the police.[119]
1993 Adam Emery 31   United States Emery disappeared from the Claiborne Pell Newport Bridge with his wife after being convicted of second-degree murder in Rhode Island on 10 November.[120] He was released on bail the same day of his conviction, and the couple's car was found abandoned on the bridge. His wife's remains were found in 1994 in Narragansett Bay, and Emery was declared dead in absentia in 2004.
1993 Antonio Anglés 27   Spain Anglés is a Spanish criminal sought in connection with the Alcàsser Girls crime that took place in Valencia during the night of 13 November 1992. Anglés friend Miquel Ricart was convicted of raping and killing the three girls that night, and it was alleged that Anglés was also present and participated. In 1993, Anglés ran away from Spain. Some people saw him in various places such as Ireland, the United States, and his birth country, Brazil, but those alleged sightings have been proven wrong. Anglés's whereabouts remain a mystery.
1994 Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar 38–39   India Dawood Ibrahim is a Mumbai underworld criminal mobster and drug dealer most wanted by India with a reward of $25 million[121] over his head, and has been wanted since 1994.[122] He is currently believed to be residing in Pakistan, according to the Indian government, and heads the Indian organised crime syndicate D-Company which he founded in Mumbai in the 1970s.[123][124][125][126][127] Dawood is wanted on the charges of murder, extortion, targeted killing, drug trafficking, terrorism and various other cases. He was designated as a global terrorist in 2003 by India and the United States with a reward of US$25 million for his capture for his believed role in the 1993 Bombay bombings. In 2011, he was named number three on The World's 10 Most Wanted Fugitives by the FBI and Forbes.[128]
1994 Protais Mpiranya 33-34   Rwanda A Rwandan soldier, who is alleged to have participated in the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Mpiranya is believed to have fled Rwanda following the genocide. The UN war crimes tribunal has offered a $5 million reward for Mpiranya's capture.[129]
1996 Vernon Henry 74   United States Henry was a suspected familicide criminal who, according to Idaho State Police, Henry's own children and the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, murdered Heather Jenee (1978 or 1979 – 1996, his daughter) and Connie Marie (1953 or 1954 – 1996, his wife) on August 11 or early August 12 with a pistol or revolver gun not long after the earlier (Heather) came back following a night with her boyfriend.[130][131] Several children of the Henry family were watching the crime when it happened in the area of Coeur d'Alene and Athol, Idaho.[131] As of 2022 Henry has not been arrested, although he is wanted for two counts of first-degree murder, for unlawful flight to avoid prosecution and using a firearm when committing a felony.[132][133] The 1986 Toyota Camry in which he fled was never found as of 2022.
1997 Attilio Cubeddu 52   Italy Cubeddu is a criminal from Sardinia who was a member of Anonima sarda, a term used for bandits engaged in various kinds of crime in the island, in particular kidnapping, from the 1960s onward.[134] Since 1997, he is on the "List of most wanted fugitives in Italy" of the ministry of the Interior, since he disappeared after he left the prison of Badu 'e Carros in Nuoro, where he was detained for murder, serious injury and kidnapping. In 1998 investigations were extended internationally for his extradition.[135]
1997 Shafi Muhammad Burfat 31-32   Pakistan Shafi Muhammad Burfat is the founder and current chairman of Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz, a party in Sindh, Pakistan which believes in the freedom of Sindhudesh from Pakistan. On 1 April 2013 the party was declared a terrorist organization and banned by the home ministry of Pakistan.[136] Burfat has been added by the Federal Investigation Agency to its Red Book and his whereabouts remains unknown.[137]
1998 Ismael Zambada Garcia unknown   Mexico Garcia is Mexican suspected drug lord and fugitive[138] who has been wanted since 1998. He was a farmer, but later became a drug lord when began his criminal career by smuggling small amounts of drugs. Zambada has been featured on America's Most Wanted,[139][140] and a US$5 million reward for information leading for his capture has been offered by the FBI.
1998 Gilbert Wynter 37   United Kingdom Wynter, a jeweler and enforcer for the Adams crime family, disappeared in London on 9 March 1998. His disappearance is believed to be related to the murder of Saul Nahome in December that year; both men were involved in a drug deal where £800,000 went missing.[141]
1998 Michel Barrera 18   United States Bank robber and possible MS-13 gang member active in the Miami metropolitan area wanted on charges of bank robbery and attempted murder of police officers. He is additionally suspected of a murder in 2007.[142]
1998 John Ruffo 43   United States Ruffo is an American former business executive, white-collar criminal and confidence man, who in 1998 was convicted in a scheme to defraud many US and foreign banking institutions of over US$350 million. The swindle is considered one of the most significant cases of bank fraud in US history.[143] He disappeared on 9 November 1998 has been a fugitive from justice ever since, and is on the U.S. Marshals 15 Most Wanted Fugitives list.
1998 Pedro Alonso López 53   Colombia Pedro Alonso López is a serial killer who was active in the nations of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Known as the "Monster of the Andes", López claimed to have raped and murdered over 300 young girls starting with his first victim in 1969. He mainly targeted girls who were 12 years old and came from impoverished families. In 1980, Pedro López was arrested by Ecuadorian police after an attempted abduction, where he proceeded to confess to the murders of 103 girls. The authorities did not believe him and convicted him of only three murders, for which he was sentenced to 16 years imprisonment. After serving 14 years behind bars, Pedro Alonso López was declared "insane" and committed to a mental hospital in Colombia, where he spent the next year. In 1998, López was found by officials to be "legally sane", so he was released from custody. His whereabouts are currently a mystery, but the "Monster of the Andes" is still wanted in connection to a 2002 cold case in Peru.[144]
1998 Giovanni Motisi 48   Italy Giovanni Motisi, also known as 'U Pacchiuni (Sicilian for '"The Fatman"'), is a member of the Mafia in Sicily from the Altarello neighborhood in Palermo. He has been on the most wanted list of the Italian ministry of the Interior since 1998.[145] In March 2001, he escaped an attempt to arrest him.[146] In 2002 he was replaced as the capo mandamento of the Pagliarelli neighborhood by Antonio Rotolo when the latter left prison, because as a fugitive he did not manage the Mafia family sufficiently, and is currently wanted by the government.
1999 Víctor Manuel Vázquez Mireles 32   United States Suspected Mexican drug lord and member of the Gulf Cartel sought on drug trafficking charges in assault since the 1999 Matamoros standoff. Vázques Mireles was arrested by Mexican authorities in 2003 and detained until 2020, when he was released from prison and is now alleged to have continued with his criminal activities.[147]

2000sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age (at disappearance) Country Circumstances
2000 Credonia Mwerinde 47   Uganda Credonia Mwerinde was a co-founder of the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God; a sect that splintered from the Roman Catholic Church in Uganda. Believing the world was to end upon the millennium, many members of the sect expressed discontent in the weeks following 1 January. Resultingly, a purge ensued ultimately culminating in a fire at the Kanungu Church which killed more than 900 followers on 17 March,[148] and authorities discovered two mass graves containing additional mutilated human remains.[149]
2000 Peter Tham 52   Singapore Stockbroker and former director of Pan-Electric Industries who fled the country circa September 2000, amidst an investigation that he was concealing personal assets. He was last traced to the Indonesian island of Batam, but disappeared completely after that.[150]
2001 David Carroll 48   Canada A Canadian outlaw biker and a reputed gangster who disappeared on 28 March 2001 after being indicted on 13 counts of first-degree murder. At the time the warrant was issued, Carroll was in Ixtapa, Mexico.[151]
2001 Tahir Jalil Habbush 51   Iraq Former government official who served as the head of intelligence under Saddam Hussein, known for informing MI6 that the country had no WMDs. A reward of up to $1 million is available for any information leading to his capture.[152]
2001 John Paul 62   United States Paul, an American racecar driver who was last seen in Thailand,[153] disappeared on his boat in 2001 while being sought for questioning by officials regarding the disappearance of his ex-girlfriend, and has not been seen since.[154]
2001 Robert William Fisher 40   United States Fisher disappeared after 10 April 2001, after his house in Scottsdale, Arizona blew up and caught fire. His family was found dead in the home and he is believed to be the person who murdered them and rigged the natural gas explosion.[155][156]
2001 Fulgence Kayishema 41   Rwanda Militiaman sought for war crimes committed during the 1994 Rwandan genocide, including an incident where he supplied a squadron with fuel to burn down a church, killing 2,000 civilians. He remains at large.[157]
2001 Zeferino Peña Cuéllar unknown   Mexico Peña Cuéllar is a Mexican fugitive who disappeared on 30 October 2001, after 14 gunmen dressed in military uniforms stormed an estate in the Hacienda Santa Lucía neighborhood in Monterrey in an attempt to kill him.[158] After several of his accomplices were arrested and/or killed, he disappeared from public view. Investigators suspect he may have retired from the Gulf Cartel, fleeing Mexico and hiding in Brazil, Canada, or Cuba with the fortune he made during his tenure.
2002 Alyan Muhammad Ali al-Wa'eli unknown   Yemen Ali al-Wa'eli is an Arab fugitive from Yemen who was formerly on the "Seeking Information" lists,[159] and been wanted since 11 February 2002 by the United States Department of Justice's FBI. Ali al-Wa'eli's current whereabouts are unknown.
2002 Renato Cinquegranella 52–53   Italy Renato Cinquegranella is an Italian criminal and a member of the Camorra.[160] Cinquegranella is on the "List of most wanted fugitives in Italy" of the ministry of the Interior.[161] Since 2002 Cinquegranella is wanted for mafia-type criminal association, murder, illegal possession of weapons and extortion.[162]
2002 Achemez Gochiyayev 31–32   Russia Gochiyayev, a Russian from Karachayevsk who is believed to be behind the Russian apartment bombings, terrorist actions that took place in 1999[163] that killed 293 people and led Russia into the Second Chechen War.[164] He is a wanted fugitive in Russia.[165] After 5 March 2002, according to news reports, he is said to have fled to Georgia and later probably to Turkey, after he was last seen in 2002. His current whereabouts are unknown.
2003 Sajida Talfah 66   Iraq Talfah is the cousin and widow of former Iraq President Saddam Hussein,[166] who is believed to have fled Iraq[167] and went to Qatar on 19 March 2003 hours before the bombing of Baghdad. Talfah has not been seen since and is currently wanted by the police.
2003 Saif al-Adel unknown   Egypt Saif al-Adel is an Egyptian senior member of al-Qaeda and he is believed to be the next leader of al-Qaeda after Ayman al-Zawahiri and is also a former military colonel. Adel was placed on the FBI's list of most wanted terrorists since it was started in 2001. The State Department's Rewards for Justice Program is currently offering up to US$10 million for information on his location.[168][169] Both Al-Adel and Saad bin Laden were implicated in the suicide bombing that took place on 12 May 2003 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.[170][171][172]
2003 Jorge López Pérez unknown   Mexico Pérez, who is nicknamed "El Chuta", is a Mexican suspected drug lord and high-ranking member of Los Zetas, a criminal group based in Tamaulipas, Mexico.[173] Pérez had an unspecified bounty placed on him on 18 June 2003,[174] and had not been seen since then.
2004 Masood Azhar 45   Pakistan Azhar is the founder and leader of the Pakistan-based terrorist organisation Jaish-e-Mohammed, active mainly in the Pakistani-administered portion of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.[175] He was arrested in December 2001, detained for one year[176] and reappeared on 26 January 2014 after being in seclusion. He was not seen after that, but was said to be behind several attacks. On 1 May 2019, Masood Azhar was listed as an international terrorist by the United Nations Security Council,[177] and is currently wanted by the government.[178]
2004 Vicente Castaño 47   Colombia Former leader of the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia, a right-wing paramilitary organization responsible for the murders of opposing leftist guerillas and narcotrafficking. Aside from these charges, Castaño is wanted for allegedly murdering his brother Carlos Castaño Gil.[179]
2005 Alexis Flores 29–30   Honduras Flores, a Honduran fugitive wanted for the kidnapping, rape and murder of five-year-old Iriana DeJesus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was last seen when he was incarcerated for 60 days and deported to Honduras after his release in June 2005.[180] Flores was added to the FBI's Top Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 2 June 2007.[181]
2005 Ye Zheyun 40   China Zheyun, a Chinese businessman who was accused of being involved in a Belgian football corruption and betting scandals, was last seen in early November 2005 and has not been seen since.[182]
2006 Fawzi Mutlaq al-Rawi unknown   Iraq Mutlaq al-Rawi, the leader of the Syrian led Ba'athist movement in Iraq, was added to the Iraq Most Wanted List in 2006[183] and has not been seen since.
2006 Ali Sayyid Muhamed Mustafa al-Bakri 39   Egypt Member of Al-Qaeda's Shura council and former member of Egyptian Islamic Jihad known for financing and training militants. On the list since 2006, he is believed to be hiding in Iran.[184]
2006 Mohammed Younis al-Ahmed unknown   Iraq Younis al-Ahmed is a former senior member of the Ba'ath Party in Iraq. He disappeared in 2006, potentially went into hiding, and a large bounty has been placed on him.[185]
2006 Abdullah Al-Rimi unknown   Yemen Al-Rimi, or Abdullah Ahmed Al-Remi, has been described as an "important al-Qaeda recruiter",[186] and became wanted by the FBI, and sought in connection with possible terrorist threats against the United States. On 3 February 2006, together with 22 others, 12 of them al-Qaeda members, Al-Rimi escaped from a Yemeni jail in Sanaa, according to a BBC report.[187] They reportedly escaped by digging a 140-meter tunnel to a nearby mosque.
2006 Iqlaque Fakir Mohammed Shaikh 29   India Iqlaque Fakir Mohammed Shaikh from New Mangalwar Peth, India, was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of Gudrun Corvinus, a German archaeologist of the Nepal Research Center in Kathmandu. She was a member of the Afar expedition in Ethiopia which discovered the famous skeleton called "Lucy". While working in the Namib Desert, she discovered animal fossils from the Miocene period. Corvinus moved to Nepal in 1984 and explored the region, specifically the Dang Deokhuri District, Dun valley, and Siwalik Hills. He was given 14 days' parole to look after his sick wife, but on the last day of parole was suspected to have run off with his wife and mother. Despite numerous sightings, he is still at large and has not been taken into custody.[188]
2006 Abd Al Aziz Awda 55   Palestine Abd Al Aziz Awda is one of the founders of the Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine or Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ).[189] Awda was listed as a "Specially Designated Terrorist" under United States law on 23 January 1995, and has been wanted since 24 February 2006.
2007 Abdulreza Shahlai 50   Iran Iranian brigadier general serving in the Quds Force who was designated as a terrorist by the United States government, alleging that he has funded terrorist groups responsible for the murder of American troops in Iraq and for a failed assassination attempt against a former Saudi Arabian ambassador.[190]
2007 Raghad Hussein 35   Iraq Raghad Hussein is the eldest daughter of former Iraq President Saddam Hussein who has been wanted since August 2007. The International police agency Interpol has stated that she and her aides had been assisting the insurgency in Iraq.[191] Hussein's current whereabouts are unknown.
2007 Omid Tahvili 37   Canada Tahvili, an Iranian Canadian gangster who is the kingpin of an organized crime family in Canada which is connected to various international crime organizations, escaped from jail in November 2007 disguised as a janitor. In April 2008, Forbes.com, after consulting law enforcement agencies around the world, listed him as one of the world's ten most wanted fugitives.[192]
2008 Jason Derek Brown 38   United States Brown is an American fugitive wanted for first degree murder and armed robbery in Phoenix, Arizona on 29 November 2004, and on 8 December 2007 was named by the FBI as the 489th fugitive to be placed on the Ten Most Wanted list.[193] Last confirmed sighting was in August 2008.
2009 Vassilis Palaiokostas 42   Greece Palaiokostas is a Greek fugitive who escaped by helicopter twice from the Greek high-security Korydallos Prison while serving a 25-year sentence for kidnapping and robbery. He is believed to have been the mastermind of the kidnapping of Giorgos Mylonas, a Greek industrialist, as the ransom paid was traced back to him. In 2000 he was convicted for the 1995 kidnapping of Alexander Haitoglou, the CEO of Haitoglou Bros, a food company in Northern Greece and sentenced to 25 years in prison.[194] On the afternoon of 22 February, Palaiokostas again escaped from Korydallos Prison in Athens by helicopter,[195] and has not been seen since.
2009 Julio César Godoy Toscano 44   Mexico Businessman and former member of the Party of the Democratic Revolution who was due to be elected for the Chamber of Deputies, but was then indicted for alleged connections to organized crime, specifically to La Familia Michoacana. He was granted immunity from prosecution, and has evaded arrest ever since.[196]
2009 Shaileshkumar Jain 39   India Indian internet entrepreneur indicted in California for several counts of wire fraud and trafficking of stolen goods dating back to 2001, but fled the country after failing to appear at trial. He is currently sought after by the FBI, who are offering a prize for any information leading to his arrest.[197]
2009 Edgardo Leyva Escandón 40   Mexico Escandón is a Mexican suspected criminal and high-ranking member of the Tijuana Cartel, a criminal group based in Baja California. On 22 October 2009, the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned Leyva Escandón under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (sometimes referred to simply as the "Kingpin Act"), for his involvement in drug trafficking along with five other international criminals and one entity.[198] He is currently wanted in Mexico.
2009 Jakrapob Penkair 40   Thailand Thai politician and media personality, diplomat and politician who served as a member of parliament for Bangkok,[199] the government spokesperson of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra from 2003 to 2005, and later as a cabinet minister from 2007 to 2008 under the premiership of Samak Sundaravej. Penkair was forced to step down after allegations of lèse majesté,[200] a legal weapon commonly used in Thailand to silence dissent, and has been in exile since the 2009 Thai political unrest, and is currently wanted.

2010sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age (at disappearance) Country Circumstances
2010 Fausto Isidro Meza Flores 28   Mexico Mexican drug lord and high-ranking leader of the Beltrán-Leyva Organization, a cartel known for trafficking drugs over to the United States and for their bloody feuds with rival cartels. A bounty of US$5 million provided by the FBI is provided for any information for any leads that result in his capture.[201]
2011 Mahmoud Reza Khavari 59   Iran
  Canada
Iranian-Canadian banker and former chairman of Bank Melli Iran who was charged with fraud following the 2011 Iranian embezzlement scandal. He fled to Canada, where he presumably remains to this day, unable to be extradited as the two countries do not have an extradition treaty.[202]
2011 Prakashanand Saraswati 82   India Religious leader and writer who founded the Radha Madhav Dham, a non-profit organization which promotes Hinduist values. In 2008, Saraswati was denounced by three former members who said he had sexually molested as children, and subsequently convicted of 20 counts of child molestation in 2011. However, before he could be imprisoned, his bail was paid and he promptly disappeared, possibly escorted by followers to Mexico from there to India using a fake ID.[203]
2011 Xavier Dupont de Ligonnès 50   France Dupont de Ligonnès disappeared from Nantes, France.[204] His wife, four children and two dogs had been shot and buried in the back garden of the family home. He was seen leaving a hotel in south-eastern France a few days after his family was murdered. He was the prime suspect in the killings and the subject of an international arrest warrant. A man was arrested in Glasgow, Scotland in October 2019 on suspicion of being Dupont de Ligonnès, and was positively identified as such in the media, before the authorities announced that it was a case of mistaken identity.[205] His whereabouts remain unknown.
2011 Ricardo Asch 54   Argentina Asch is an Argentine obstetrician, gynecologist, endocrinologist, and fugitive who was imprisoned, but was released in early 2011.[206] Subsequently, the judge ruled that as Asch had already been tried in Argentina and acquitted, and as no new evidence was provided, the double jeopardy rule applied, thus Asch was free and would not be extradited to the U.S.[207]
2011 David Durham 43   United States Durham was pulled over in a routine traffic stop by a Lincoln City, Oregon policeman on the night of 23 January and later shot the officer. He has not been seen since.[208][209] Law enforcement investigators have theorized that Durham attempted to swim across Alsea Bay and drowned.[210]
2011 Ezedin Abdel Aziz Khalil 28–39   Iran Khalil who is also known as Yasin al-Suri, is allegedly a senior al-Qaeda facilitator and financier based in Iran, according to the U.S. government. As of 22 December 2011, a $10 million from the U.S. Rewards for Justice Program[211] is being offered for his capture.
2012 Samantha Lewthwaite 28   United Kingdom Lewthwaite, who is also known as Sherafiyah Lewthwaite and The White Widow, is a British Muslim woman who is a fugitive from Kenya and one of most wanted terrorism suspects in the world,[212] and is also believed to be a member of the radical Islamic militant group Al-Shabaab who is Somalia-based.[213] Lewthwaite has been wanted since 4 January 2012 and there is currently a warrant for her arrest.[214]
2012 Arnoldo Jimenez 30   United States Jimenez is an American fugitive who was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 8 May 2019. He is wanted for the murder of his wife, Estrella Carrera, who was found dead in a bathtub at her apartment in Burbank, Illinois.[215] Jimenez is the 522nd fugitive to be placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $100,000 for information leading to his capture.[216]
2012 Eugene Palmer 73   United States Palmer is an American fugitive who was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 29 May 2019. He is wanted for allegedly shooting and killing his daughter-in-law, Tammy Palmer, on 24 September 2012 in Stony Point, New York.[217] Palmer is the 523rd fugitive to be placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $100,000 for information leading to his capture.[218]
2013 Lo Fu-chu 69   Taiwan Fu-chu, a Taiwanese politician,[219] was at one time the leader of the Celestial Alliance criminal organization. On 28 March 2013, Lo was convicted of stock manipulation, money laundering, and insider trading and was sentenced to four years in jail and fined NT$6 million (US$200,000). Later he was released on a NT$10 million (US$330,000) bond, but then failed to report to police on 24 April 2013 when he was to start his sentence. He is believed to have fled to either the United States, Australia, or China,[220] where he has many relatives and friends, but this is unknown for sure.
2013 Fausto Isidro Meza Flores 30   Mexico Meza Flores is a Mexican drug lord and high-ranking leader of the Beltrán Leyva Cartel. The FBI offered a US$5 million bounty for information regarding his whereabouts.[221] His last known residence was in the state of Nuevo León, where he was reportedly seen with some of his family members at a youth basketball game in San Pedro Garza García on 19 January 2013.[222]
2013 Abu Mohammad al-Julani 38–42   Syria Al-Julaini is the current commander-in-chief of Tahrir al-Sham, an Islamist militant group active in Syria. The American State Department has designed him as a globally wanted terrorist, offering a $10 million reward for any information leading to his capture.[223] As of 2020, he was last seen recruiting people from villages around the Idlib Governorate.[224]
2013 Jose Rodolfo Villarreal-Hernandez 35   Mexico Villarreal-Hernandez is a Mexican fugitive who was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 13 October 2020. He is wanted for organizing the murder of a man in Southlake, Texas.[225] Villarreal-Hernandez is the 524th fugitive to be placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. A reward of up to $1,000,000 is offered for information leading to his capture.[226]
2014 Serhiy Kurchenko 28   Ukraine Kurchenko, a Ukrainian businessman and the founder and owner of the group of companies that specialize in trading of liquefied natural gas. He achieved success at an early age as he is also the former owner and president of FC Metalist Kharkiv and the Ukrainian Media Holding group. He is currently on the international wanted list.[227] He disappeared in February 2014,[228] but resurfaced in Moscow where he bought a mansion on Rublevo-Uspenskoe highway and continued to run his gas and coal businesses in the occupied regions of Donbas.[229]
2014 Oleksandr Yakymenko 50   Ukraine Russian-Ukrainian military pilot and former Head of the Security Service indicted on terrorism charges following the Euromaidan protests in February 2014. Along with other top officials, he fled to Russia, where he presumably resides to this day.[230]
2014 Andriy Klyuyev 50   Russia Politician and businessman indicted on 7 March 2014, on charges of mass murder relating to the War in Donbas. Klyuyev supposedly fled to and currently lives in Donetsk, which is controlled by the separatist Donetsk People's Republic.[231]
2014 Bastian Vasquez 24   Norway Vasquez who is also known as Abu Safiyyah is a Norwegian jihadist who became wanted after failing to appear in court in 2013 for being in propaganda videos for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).[232] As of 29 June 2014 Vasquez was known to have appeared as the presenter in an ISIL propaganda video that was released by Al Hayat Media Center. Vasquez, who has not been heard of after that, is believed to have been murdered in early 2015,[233] but this is not known for certain to be true.
2014 Anders Cameroon Østensvig Dale 35   Norway Dale, also known as Muslim Abu Abdurrahman and Abu Abdurrahman the Norwegian,[234] is a Norwegian Yemen-based terrorist who was last seen in July 2014 and is currently sought by the police as his current whereabouts are unknown. In September 2014 he was blacklisted by the United Nations Security Council as one of 11 wanted terrorists since the United States had requested his blacklisting.[235][236]
2014 Tiger Memon 54   India Indian terrorist and one of the prime conspirators behind the 1993 Bombay bombings, which resulted in the deaths of 257 people. He was indicted for the crime on 15 September 2014, together with three of his brothers, but he remains at large.[237]
2014 Ibrahim al-Banna 48–49   Egypt Al-Banna who is also known as Abu Ayman al-Masri is an Egyptian fugitive who on 14 October 2014 was added to the U.S. State Department's Rewards for Justice wanted list [238][239] After al-Banna had fled to Yemen he was thought to have been killed on 15 February 2018 by gunmen from the Nour al-Din al-Zenki Movement in Syria.[240][241] This later proven to be false and al-Banna is currently being sought.[242]
2015 Tareq Kamleh 29–30   Australia Kamleh is an Australian fugitive and medical doctor who had joined the Islamic extremist group ISIL in 2015 to work as a paediatric doctor after traveling to Syria and has tried to get other doctors to join as well.[243] In June 2018 several Islamic State fighters tweeted that Kamleh had been killed during the battle of Raqqa in either September or October 2017, but this has not been verified.[244]
2015 Hayat Boumeddiene 26   France Boumeddiene is a French woman currently being sought by French police as a suspected accomplice of her common law husband Amedy Coulibaly, who killed one police officer in the Montrouge shooting of 8 January 2015, and four people he had taken hostage in the Porte de Vincennes siege of 9 January, in which he was killed by police. Boumeddiene had moved to the areas ISIS-held in Iraq and Syria shortly before the attacks. Although she was reported dead in March 2019, a witness claimed she had escaped from Al-Hawl in November 2019[245] She was convicted in absentia to a 30-year prison sentence on December 16, 2020.[246]
2015 Ahmad Umar 43   Somalia High-ranking Somali militant and current leader of Al-Shabaab, appointed after the death of his predecessor in April 2015.[247]
2015 Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi 48–49   Pakistan Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhavi,[248] a Pakistani Islamic militant and Islamist who is known as the top leader of the militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba and currently serves as Supreme Commander of operations in Kashmir and as a member of LeT's General Council. Although Lakhvi was released from jail on bail on 10 April 2015,[249] he is currently listed on India's NIA Most Wanted list.[250]
2015 Nemesio Oseguera Cervantes 48   Mexico Cervantes is a Mexican drug lord and leader of the Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG), a criminal group based in Jalisco. He is the most-wanted criminal in Mexico and one of the most-wanted in the U.S. Both governments are offering up to MXN$30 million and US$10 million, respectively, for information that leads to his arrest. On 1 May 2015, the Mexican government launched Operation Jalisco, a military-led campaign that intended to combat organized crime groups in Jalisco and capture their respective leaders. He is wanted for drug trafficking, organized crime involvement, and illegal possession of firearms. El Mencho is reportedly responsible for coordinating drug trafficking operations in the Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Oceania. Under his command, the CJNG became one of Mexico's leading criminal organizations.[251]
2015 Khalid Batarfi 37–39   Yemen Saudi Arabian militant and the current emir of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. He was initially apprehended by security forces in 2011, but later freed during the Battle of Mukalla on 2 April 2015.[252]
2015 Bhadreshkumar Chetanbhai Patel 24   India Patel is an Indian fugitive wanted for murdering his wife at a Dunkin' Donuts store in Hanover, Maryland on 12 April 2015. He was last seen at Newark Penn Station. He was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 18 April 2017.[253]
2015 Mykola Azarov 67   Ukraine Politician and former Prime Minister of Ukraine from 2010 to 2014, wanted on charges of abuse of power relating to the Ukrainian crisis. He has set up a government in exile outside the country, which is seen as a pro-Russian puppet.[254]
2016 Pavlo Lebedyev 54   Ukraine Ukrainian–Russian businessman and financier who served as the People's Deputy of Ukraine and Minister of Defense. He was indicted for desertion and criminal activities on 14 March 2016, and has since fled to Russia, where he is now a member of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs.[255]
2016 Alejandro Castillo 17   United States Castillo is wanted for his involvement in the murder of 23-year-old Truc Quan "Sandy" Ly Le in Charlotte, North Carolina. He was last seen on surveillance video crossing the border into Mexico from Nogales, Arizona. He was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 24 October 2017.[256]
2016 Jho Low 35   Malaysia Malaysian businessman accused of masterminding the fraud scheme of the 1MDB scandal, from which he funnelled US$4.5 billion into his personal bank accounts. An international fugitive, he is believed to be hiding in Macau, China.[257]
2016 Jorge Luis Mendoza Cárdenas unknown   Mexico Mendoza Cárdenas is a Mexican suspected drug lord known as La Garra and high-ranking leader of the Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG).[258] In August 2008, he was arrested for his alleged participation in the murder of a family of six in Jalisco, but he was later released from prison without a public explanation and his name was not mentioned in the legal proceedings.[259] He has been wanted by the Drug Enforcement Administration since November 2016.[260]
2017 Shunsuke Takasugi 69   Japan Takasugi is wanted for cheating his fans of over 50 million yen (about US$450,000) from 2003 to 2012. He used the influence of his role as Kazuya Oki/Kamen Rider Super-1 in the seventh installment of the Kamen Rider series, Kamen Rider Super-1, to cheat his fans by saying that "Super-1's henshin belt was taken by the Yakuza (gangsters) and I need money to get it back." Since then, he has refused to return the money and was supposed to report to court, but disappeared sometime in 2017.[261]
2017 Sayeed Salahudeen 73   Pakistan Syed Mohammed Yusuf Shah, commonly known as Syed Salahudeen, is the head of Hizb-ul-Mujahideen,[262] a pro-Pakistan Kashmiri separatist militant organisation operating in Kashmir. He also heads the United Jihad Council, a Pakistan-based conglomeration of jihadist militant groups,[263][264] with the goal of annexing Jammu and Kashmir to Pakistan.[265][266][267][268] Salahuddin vowed to block any peaceful resolution to the Kashmir conflict, threatened to train more Kashmiri suicide bombers, and vowed to turn the Kashmir Valley "into a graveyard for Indian forces".[269][270] He is currently listed on the Most Wanted List of India's National Investigation Agency.[271] He is named as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist by the U.S. Department of State.[272][273]
2017 Gregorian Bivolaru 65   Romania Romanian yoga instructor and spiritual guru who had previously served charges of child molestation and sexual assault of children in his native country. In 2017, he was indicted for the trafficking of minors by Finnish authorities, but disappeared after he was released from a prison in Romania.[274]
2017 Ruja Ignatova 37   Bulgaria Bulgarian convicted fraudster who founded a cryptocurrency Ponzi scheme known as OneCoin, which has been described by The Times as "one of the biggest scams in history" [275] and duped billions of dollars from investors. Ignatova has not been seen since 2017; she was charged in absentia by U.S. authorities in early 2019 on charges of wire fraud, securities fraud and money laundering[276] and faces up to 90 years in prison for her role in the OneCoin scheme.
2018 Sami al-Oraydi 45   Jordan Jordanian militant who served as a former religious authority for the Al-Nusra Front, before being appointed as the senior sharia official for the Guardians of Religion Organization in February 2018.[277]
2018 John M. Pyle 62   United States After his 24 June 2016 arrest for possession of child pornography,[278] noted ultramarathoner John Pyle forfeited his passport and posted bail bond of US$90,000 (equivalent to $101,618 in 2021) before boarding a Carnival cruise ship bound for Cozumel, Mexico. Pyle was last seen in the Mexican state of Nuevo León on 16 February 2018, and by June it was believed he was no longer in that nation.[279]
2018 Monica Witt 39   United States Former OSI special agent and defense contractor charged with spying on behalf of the Iranian government, for whom she is alleged to have been working since 2013.[280]
2019 Dmytro Salamatin 54   Ukraine Former politician and government official indicted on charges of abuse of power in favor of Russia, allegedly costing the country $560 million. He is believed to have fled into Russia, and to be currently living there.[281]
2019 Abu Humam al-Shami 41–42   Syria Former military chief of the al-Qaeda affiliated Al-Nusra Front and leader of the Guardians of Religion Organization. He was falsely reported as deceased in 2015, but this was disproven when the U.S. Department of Justice announced a reward for his apprehension on 12 September 2019.[282]
2019 Ibrahim al Qosi 59   Sudan Sudanese paymaster for Al-Qaeda who was previously interned at Guantanamo Bay. He was repatriated to his native country in 2012, but has since moved to Yemen and resumed activities for the militant group, for which he was designated a Wanted Terrorist in November 2019.[283]

2020sEdit

Date of disappearance Person(s) Age (at disappearance) Country Circumstances
2020 Jan Marsalek 40   Austria The Austrian former manager and COO of the (now-defunct) German payment-processing firm Wirecard is considered a prime culprit in what became known as the Wirecard scandal. He disappeared in June 2020, shortly before the fraud emerged. He is also suspected to have been involved in multiple other crimes, including espionage and the theft of at least €500 million.[284][285][286] Marsalek is thought to have fled to Russia,[287] Belarus or another country.[288]
2020 Guillermo Álvarez Cuevas 75   Mexico Ex-footballer and former owner of the Cruz Azul football club indicted on charges of money laundering, racketeering and extortion, transferring his assets mainly to the U.S. and Spain.[289]
2020 Little Rock serial stabber unknown   USA Purported serial killer who has been linked to four seemingly random stabbings in Little Rock, Arkansas that occurred from August 2020 to April 2021, three of which were fatal. Despite the announcement of a cash reward and an active investigation into the case, no suspect has been arrested and the killer is presumed to be still at large.[290]
2020 Abu Ubaidah Youssef al-Annabi 52   Algeria Jihadist militant and current emir (leader) of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, designated as a wanted terrorist by the U.S. since November 2020.[291]
2021 Taras Kozak 49   Ukraine Kozak is a politician, media proprietor and businessman wanted on charges of treason and attempted looting of national funds from occupied Crimea. He is believed to be residing in Belarus.[292]
2021 Gillmore Hoefdraad 58   Suriname Hoefdraad was a former governor of the Central Bank and Minister of Finance of Suriname. He disappeared in July when the Prosecutor General filed a request to the National Assembly to prosecute him for dubious transactions.[293] He was sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment in December 2021.[294] Last seen in Skeldon, Guyana.[293]
2021 Yulan Adonay Archaga Carias 39   Honduras Archaga Carias is a Honduran fugitive who was added to the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on 3 November 2021, the 526th fugitive to be placed on that list. He is wanted for racketeering, narcotics trafficking, and firearms offenses. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $100,000 for information leading to his capture.[295]

See alsoEdit

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